简明英汉词典

restrain
[ris5trein]
vt.
抑制, 制止

美国传统词典[双解]

restrain
re.strain
AHD:[r1-str3n“]
D.J.[ri6strein]
K.K.[r!6stren]
v.tr.(及物动词)
re.strainedre.strain.ingre.strains

(1)

To hold back or keep in check; control:
抑制:阻止或抑制;控制:
couldn't restrain the tears.
禁不住掉眼泪

(2)

To hold (a person) back; prevent:
阻止:阻挡(某人);阻止:
restrained them from going.
阻止他们去

(3)

To deprive of freedom or liberty.
剥夺:剥夺自由或特权

(4)

To limit or restrict.
限制,限定:限制或约束

语源

(1)

Middle English restreinen
中古英语 restreinen

(2)

from Old French restraindre restreign-
源自 古法语 restraindre restreign-

(3)

from Latin restringere [to bind back] * see restrict
源自 拉丁语 restringere [约束] *参见 restrict

继承用法

restrainable
adj.(形容词)

restrainedly
AHD:[-str3“n1d-l?] (副词)

restrainer
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

restraincurbcheckbridleinhibit

(2)

These verbs are compared as they mean to hold back or keep under control.
当这些动词的词意为抑制或处于控制之下时,常对它们进行比较。

(3)

Restrain implies restriction or limitation, as on one's freedom of action:
Restrain 意指对人的行动自由进行约束和限制:
“a wise and frugal government, which shall restrain men from injuring one another” (Thomas Jefferson).
“明智而节俭的政府会阻止人们彼此间的伤害” (托马斯·杰斐逊)。
He had difficulty restraining his curiosity. To curb is to restrain as if with reins:
他难以抑制住好奇心。 Curb 是象用辔头那样来约束:
“You might curb your magnanimity” (John Keats).
“你可以收敛一下你的宽宏大量” (约翰·济慈)。

(4)

Check implies arresting or stopping, often suddenly or forcibly:
Check 意为通常是突然或强有力地停止或阻止:
“a light to guide, a rod/To check the erring” (William Wordsworth). To bridle is often to hold in or govern one's emotions or passions:
“一束引路的光,一根/防止犯错误的棍” (威廉·华兹华斯)。Bridle 常指压抑或控制自己的感情或激情:
She tried with all her might to bridle her resentment.
她努力抑制住自己的怨恨。

(5)

Inhibit usually connotes a check, either self-imposed or involuntary, on one's actions, desires, thoughts, or emotions:
Inhibit 常指对某人的行为、意愿、思想或感情的自我施加或非自愿的约束:
For the compliant child parental disapproval is as strong an inhibiting force as the threat of punishment.
对于顺从的小孩,父母的反对是与惩罚的威胁具有同样强烈的抑制力量

现代英汉词典

restrain
[rI5streIn]
vt.
(常与from连用)抑制;束缚
to restrain oneself
自制;忍耐
I can't restrain my anger when I hear of people being cruel to animals.
当我听到人们残酷地对待动物时,我抑制不住愤怒。

现代英汉综合大辞典

restrain
[ris5trein]
vt.

(1)

克[抑, 遏]制

(2)

阻[制, 防, 禁]止

(3)

管束; 监禁

(4)

限定[制]
restrain one's anger[laughter]
抑制怒气[忍住笑]
restrain oneself
克制自己
restrain a child from (doing) mischief
制止小孩胡闹
restrain one's surprise from being visible
尽量不让自己的惊奇表露出来
restrain sb. of his liberty
束缚[剥夺]某人自由
restrain trade
限制贸易

继承用法

restrainability
n.

restrainable
adj.
可抑[遏]制的; 可制止[管束]的

restrainer
n.
抑制的人[物];【化】抑制剂(尤指摄影中用的溴化钾等)

restrainingly
adv.

英文相关词典

restrain
arrest    check    confine    control    curb    hold back    impede    inhibit    keep down    limit    restrict    retard    smother    stifle    suppress    impel    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

restrain
制止

美国传统词典

restrain
re.strain
AHD:[r1-str3n“]
D.J.[ri6strein]
K.K.[r!6stren]
v.tr.
re.strained, re.strain.ing, re.strains

(1)

To hold back or keep in check; control:
couldn't restrain the tears.

(2)

To hold (a person) back; prevent:
restrained them from going.

(3)

To deprive of freedom or liberty.

(4)

To limit or restrict.

语源

(1)

Middle English restreinen

(2)

from Old French restraindre restreign-

(3)

from Latin restringere [to bind back] * see restrict

继承用法

restrainable
adj.

restrainedly
AHD:[-str3“n1d-l?] adv.

restrainer
n.

参考词汇

(1)

restrain, curb, check, bridle, inhibit

(2)

These verbs are compared as they mean to hold back or keep under control.

(3)

Restrain implies restriction or limitation, as on one's freedom of action:
“a wise and frugal government, which shall restrain men from injuring one another” (Thomas Jefferson).
He had difficulty restraining his curiosity. To curb is to restrain as if with reins:
“You might curb your magnanimity” (John Keats).

(4)

Check implies arresting or stopping, often suddenly or forcibly:
“a light to guide, a rod/To check the erring” (William Wordsworth). To bridle is often to hold in or govern one's emotions or passions:
She tried with all her might to bridle her resentment.

(5)

Inhibit usually connotes a check, either self-imposed or involuntary, on one's actions, desires, thoughts, or emotions:
For the compliant child parental disapproval is as strong an inhibiting force as the threat of punishment.

英汉船舶大词典

restrain
n.拘束,抑制;n.约束

英汉法学大词典

restrain
v.监禁 ,拘束,限制,抑制,约束

英汉航海大词典

restrain
n.约束

英汉化学大词典

restrain
n.抑制,约束;vt.抑制,制止,约束,限制,箝制

英汉海运大词典

restrain
限制,约束,抑制,制止

基本词义

restrain
抑制,制止

基本词义

restrain
抑制,限制,约束

英汉经贸大词典

restrain
n.约束

英汉计算机大词典

restrain
vt.抑制(制止,约束

英汉机械大词典

restrain
n.抑制

英汉建筑大词典

restrain
vt.抑制,约束,克制

英汉农牧林大词典

restrain
n.抑制,制止

英汉汽车大词典

restrain
n.抑制

英汉水利大词典

restrain
n.抑制,制止

英汉中医大词典

restrain
n.禁忌,遏止,限制

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