简明英汉词典

reserve
[ri5zE:v]
n.
储备(物), 储藏量, 预备队
vt.
储备, 保存, 保留, 预定, 预约

美国传统词典[双解]

reserve
re.serve
AHD:[r1-z?rv“]
D.J.[ri6z*8v]
K.K.[r!6z)v]
v.tr.(及物动词)
re.servedre.serv.ingre.serves

(1)

To keep back, as for future use or for a special purpose.
保留,收藏:保留,如用于将来使用或某一特殊的目的

(2)

To set or cause to be set apart for a particular person or use.See Synonyms at book
存下:把或使…分离开来专门留给某人或某用途参见 book

(3)

To keep or secure for oneself; retain:
保留,保有:为自己保留;保持:
I reserve the right to disagree.See Synonyms at keep
我保留持不同意见的权利参见 keep
n.Abbr. res.(名词)缩写 res.

(1)

Something kept back or saved for future use or a special purpose.
储备物,收藏:留存下来供将来使用或用于某一特殊目的的东西

(2)

The act of reserving.
保留:保留的行为

(3)

The keeping of one's feelings, thoughts, or affairs to oneself.
自我克制:把感受、想法或事情全留给自己

(4)

Self-restraint in expression; reticence:
保守;慎言:在表达上的自我约束;沉默寡言:
“One feels it everywhere, a quality of reserve, something held back”(Rollene W. Saal)
“你到处感到一种拘谨感,受到拘束”(罗里尼W.萨尔)

(5)

Lack of enthusiasm; skeptical caution.
矜持,拘谨:缺少热情;带有怀疑的谨慎

(6)

An amount of capital held back from investment in order to meet probable or possible demands.
储备金;资本准备金:从投资中留存下来的,为了应付可能发生的需要的一部分资金

(7)

A reservation of public land:
保留地:公共土地的保留:
a forest reserve.
自然森林保护区

(8)

An amount of a mineral, fossil fuel, or other resource known to exist in a particular location and to be exploitable:
矿藏量;储量:已知存在于某一地区并要进行开发利用的某一矿产、矿物燃料或其他资源的数量:
the discovery of large oil reserves.
大量石油藏量的发现

(9)

Often reserves
常作 reserves

(10)

A fighting force kept uncommitted until strategic need arises.
后备军人:未投入战斗而保留下来直至产生战略性需要的作战力量

(11)

The part of a country's armed forces not on active duty but subject to call in an emergency.
后备部队:一国的不处于积极任务中但在紧急情况发生时随叫随到的分武装力量
adj.(形容词)
Held in or forming a reserve:
贮存的:保留或形成储备的:
a reserve supply of food.
食品供应储备

习惯用语

in reserve
Kept back, set aside, or saved.
保留;留出;存留

语源

(1)

Middle English reserven
中古英语 reserven

(2)

from Old French reserver
源自 古法语 reserver

(3)

from Latin reserv3e [to keep back]
源自 拉丁语 reserv3e [保留]

(4)

re- [re-]
re- [加强语义的前缀]

(5)

serv3e [to keep] * see ser- 1
serv3e [保留] *参见 ser- 1

继承用法

reservable
adj.(形容词)

reserver
n.(名词)

现代英汉词典

reserve
[rI5z\:v]
vt.
reserved, reserving

(1)

保留;留下备用

(2)

预订;预约
I have reserved a room for you at the hotel.
我已在旅馆为你预订了一个房间。

词性变化

reserve
n.

(1)

贮藏,储备
reserve of food
食物储备

(2)

外汇储备 (= foreign exchange reserve)

(3)

准备金,储备金

(4)

限价;最低价格

(5)

保护区
a nature reserve
自然保护区

(6)

谨慎;斟酌

(7)

候补队员;后备队员

(8)

后备部队

习惯用语

in reserve
备用的

without reserve
无保留地;无条件地
I believe your story without reserve.
我毫无保留地相信你说的。

现代英汉综合大辞典

reserve
[ri5zE:v]
vt.

(1)

储备; 贮藏; 保存

(2)

保留; 留下[出, 给];【宗】保留(赦罪权); 留出(部分)圣餐

(3)

推迟; 延迟

(4)

预定[约]; 租定(座位, 房间等)

(5)

把...除外; 限制

(6)

改期(宣判等)

(7)

救(命); 让活着

(8)

注定
reserve one's strength [oneself] for the next battle
养精蓄锐以利再战
All rights (are) reserved.
保留所有权利(版权所有, 不许翻印)。
The judge reserved his decision.
那法官延迟了他的判决。
A greatfutureisreservedforyou.
远大的前程等待着你。

词性变化

reserve
[ri5zE:v]
n.

(1)

贮藏(物); 储备; 保存(物); 保留

(2)

[常用复]后备军; 后备队(员); 预备役; 预备舰队; 预备役军人; (博览会等的)预备奖品

(3)

保留地, 专用地

(4)

限度; 最低价格

(5)

储备金; 公积金

(6)

谨慎; 缄默; 隔阂; 含蓄; 冷淡; (艺术手法)不夸张; 节制; 条件

(7)

秘密; 未透露的消息

(8)

埋藏量; (石油)贮量

(9)

代替品

(10)

防染物; (电镀用的)防镀剂
the first reserve
预备役[军]
the second reserve
后备役[军]
a game reserve
禁猎区
a forest reserve
森林保留地
reserve of manner
态度的冷淡

reserve
[ri5zE:v]
adj.
预备的; 后备的; 限制的
a reserve price
最低价格

习惯用语

be placed on the reserve
被编入后备舰队

be reserved for
留作, (专)供...之用

break down all reserve
消除一切隔阂

call up the reserves
召集预备役

in reserve
留下的, 备用的

have in reserve
留作预备

keep in reserve
留作预备

place a reserve upon (a house)
给(房子)标上拍卖的最低价格

place to reserve
留作备用款[公积]

throw off reserve
消除隔阂

with reserve
有[无]保留

without reserve
有[无]保留

reserve clause
保留条款

特殊用法

active reserve
活动准备金

actual reserve
实际贮量

additional reserve
追加准备金

aggregate reserves
总合准备金

alkali reserve
碱储量; 碱藏

alkaline reserve
碱贮备, 碱贮量

allowance reserve
折让准备

ample cash reserves
充分的现金储备

annuity reserve
年金准备金

appropriations reserve
经费准备金

bad debt reserve
坏帐准备

bank reserve
银行准备金

basis reserve
基本准备金

benefit fund reserve
福利基金准备

biological reserve
生物保护区

biosphere reserve
生物圈保护区

bonus payment reserve
奖金准备

borrowed reserve
借入准备金

breathing reserve
呼吸贮备; 换气贮备

building fund reserve
建筑基金准备

capital reserve
准备金

capital surplus reserve
公积金准备

cardiac reserve
【医】心潜力

cash reserve
现金储蓄[准备], 准备金; 现金余额

central gold reserve
中央黄金准备

centralized reserve
集中准备

claims reserve
赔款准备金

commodity reserves
商品储备

compulsory reserve
强迫准备

contingency reserve
意外事项准备金, 应急储备金

contingent reserve
意外公积金; 意外准备金

contract(ual) reserve
合同准备金; 契约规定准备金

convertible reserve
兑换准备金

covered reserve
特别保管准备; 秘密准备; 提存资金准备

currency reserve
货币储备

default loss compensation reserve
违约损失赔偿准备

depletion reserve
折耗准备

deposited reserve
存储准备(金)

depreciation reserve
折旧准备

developed reserves
【采矿】可靠储量

dividend reserve
股利准备

dividend equalization reserve
股息平衡准备金

dollar reserve
美元储备

donated land reserve
捐赠土地准备

drought reserve
应付财务困难的准备金

earned surplus reserve
营业公积金准备

emergency reserve
紧急预备费

equalization reserve
外汇平衡准备; 均衡补偿准备

excess bank reserves
超额银行准备金

exchange reserves
中央银行所持有的自由兑换外汇准备

external reserves
外汇准备金

fiduciaryreserve
保证发行准备, 信用准备

fixed minimum reserve
固定最低准备金

flexible reserve
灵活性准备, 可变准备

variable reserve
灵活性准备, 可变准备

flowing reserve
移动预备林, 连续森林资源

forage reserves
饲料储备

forest reserve
保护林

fractional reserve
部分准备

free reserve
自由准备金

"free" gold reserve
可动用的黄金储备

fund holder reserve
提有专款的准备

funded reserve
投资基金, 投资于指定有息债券的准备金; 提有专款的准备

gold and foregin exchange reserves
黄金外汇储备

gold standard reserve
金本位准备

guarantee reserve
保证准备金

hidden reserve
秘密公积金, 秘密盈余

secret reserve
秘密公积金, 秘密盈余

hot reserve

(1)

暖机预备

(2)

预备用(设备)

income tax reserve
所得税准备金

industrial accident fund reserve
工伤抚养基金准备

initial reserve
初期准备金

insurance reserve
保险准备

insurance fund reserve
保险基金准备

interest reserve
利息准备

interest payable reserve
应付利息准备

international reserves
国际储备

inventory reserve
盘存准备金

investment reserves
投资准备金

joint reserves
公共准备金

labour reserve
劳动力储备

legal earned reserve
法定盈余准备金

legal earned surplus reserve
法定盈余公积金

legal minimum reserve
法定最低准备金

liability reserve
负债准备

liquid reserve
流动准备金

liquidation reserve
清偿准备金

loan loss reserves
烂帐准备金

local improvement reserve
地方改良准备金, 市政改良准备金

loss reserve
赔款准备金, 损失准备金

maintenance reserve
维修保养费准备

material reserve
物资储备

mine prospecting reserve
探矿准备金

minimum reserve
最低准备

momentary reserve
瞬时[短时]备用

monetary reserve
货币发行准备

natural reserve
自然保护区

nature reserve
自然保护区

near-cash reserves
准现金准备

net reserve
纯准备

net borrowed reserve
净借得准备金

net free reserves
自由准备净额

non-commercial reserves
非商业储备

offcial reserve(s)
官方储备

offset reserve
冲帐准备

open reserve
公开准备

open-market orders reserve
市面定购准备

operating reserve
营业准备

operational reserve
业务储备金

outside reserve
国外准备

overseas investment loss reserve
海外投资损失准备金

overseas market development reserves
海外市场开发准备金

pension (fund) reserve
养老金基金准备

percentage reserve
备用率, 备用功率百分数

petroleum reserves
石油储量

phase reserve
相位余量

policy reserves
保险单责任准备金

post-war reserve
战后准备

power reserve
备用功率, 功率后备

premium reserve
保险费准备

price fluctuation reserve
物价变动准备

primary reserve

(1)

主要准备

(2)

一次采油可采储量

probable reserves
可能储量

production reserve
生产储备

profit reserve
利润(分配)准备

profit sharing reserve
利润分享准备, 职工分红准备

program reserve
方案储备金

proved reserves
已探明矿藏量

qualifying reserve
限定准备金

recoverable reserves
工业储量

reinsurancereserve
分保责任准备金; 保险公积金

relief fund reserve
救济基金准备

renegotiation reserve
再仪价准备

repairs equalization reserve
修理费平衡准备

required reserve
法定准备金

revaluation reserve
重估价准备

revaluation surplus reserve
重估盈余准备

revenue reserves
营业盈余, 收入保留数, 保留盈余

secondary cash reserve
次级现金准备(即政府债券)

secret reserve
秘密准备金

securities transaction responsibility reserve
证券交易责任准备金

security reserve
保证准备

self-insurance reserve
自身保险准备金, 自保准备金

sinking fund reserve
偿债基金准备

special reserve
特别准备(金), 特别储备(金); 特别公积金

special bad debts reserve
特别呆帐准备

special contingency reserve
特别意外准备金

specie reserve
铸币准备, 硬币准备, 现金准备

spinning reserve

(1)

热备用

(2)

运转备用

statutory reserve
法定准备

stores reserve
材料准备

strategic reserve
【军】战略储备

sundry reserves
杂项准备

supplementary reserve
附加准备金

surplus reserve
剩余准备, 公款准备

system reserve
系统贮备

tactical reserve
【军】战术预备队

tax reserve
纳税准备金

timber reserve
禁伐林区

total bank reserve
银行准备金总额

treasury reserves
财源

uncommitted reserve
未决定用途的准备金

under reserve
保留追偿数; 保留追偿权

undisclosed reserve
秘密准备金

unearned premium reserves
未满期责任准备金

unemployment reserve
失备金

unusual casualty reserve
非常灾害准备

uranium reserve
铀储量

valuation reserve
评价准备金

variable reserve
可变[弹性]准备

flexible reserve
可变[弹性]准备

voluntary reserve
自愿准备, 任意准备

war reserve
军需储备品

workable reserves
可采储量

working capital reserve
营运资金准备

参考词汇
keep    

用法词典

reserve
来自拉丁语reservare
英文相关词典

reserve
hold    keep    preserve    put aside    save    store    

[七国语言]英汉地理大词典

reserve
保留地

[七国语言]英汉电子大词典

reserve
预备

[七国语言]英汉电子工程大词典

reserve
预备, 备用

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

reserve
储藏;保留;限制;保存

[七国语言]英汉机械工程大词典

reserve
储备

[七国语言]英汉建筑大词典

reserve
予备

[七国语言]英汉矿业大词典

reserve
储备

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

reserve
贮藏

[七国语言]英汉信息大词典

reserve
预备

美国传统词典

reserve
re.serve
AHD:[r1-z?rv“]
D.J.[ri6z*8v]
K.K.[r!6z)v]
v.tr.
re.served, re.serv.ing, re.serves

(1)

To keep back, as for future use or for a special purpose.

(2)

To set or cause to be set apart for a particular person or use.See Synonyms at book

(3)

To keep or secure for oneself; retain:
I reserve the right to disagree.See Synonyms at keep
n.Abbr. res.

(1)

Something kept back or saved for future use or a special purpose.

(2)

The act of reserving.

(3)

The keeping of one's feelings, thoughts, or affairs to oneself.

(4)

Self-restraint in expression; reticence:
“One feels it everywhere, a quality of reserve, something held back”(Rollene W. Saal)

(5)

Lack of enthusiasm; skeptical caution.

(6)

An amount of capital held back from investment in order to meet probable or possible demands.

(7)

A reservation of public land:
a forest reserve.

(8)

An amount of a mineral, fossil fuel, or other resource known to exist in a particular location and to be exploitable:
the discovery of large oil reserves.

(9)

Often reserves

(10)

A fighting force kept uncommitted until strategic need arises.

(11)

The part of a country's armed forces not on active duty but subject to call in an emergency.
adj.
Held in or forming a reserve:
a reserve supply of food.

习惯用语

in reserve
Kept back, set aside, or saved.

语源

(1)

Middle English reserven

(2)

from Old French reserver

(3)

from Latin reserv3e [to keep back]

(4)

re- [re-]

(5)

serv3e [to keep] * see ser- 1

继承用法

reservable
adj.

reserver
n.

[名词委审定]英汉地质学名词(1993)

reserve
储量

英汉船舶大词典

reserve
n.备用的,储备,储油品;n.贮备

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

reserve
保留[存];预定[约][RES]

英汉电信大词典

reserve
n.预备,保留

英汉地质大词典

reserve
n.储备,保留,储备物

英汉法学大词典

reserve
v.保留财产 ,储备,推迟 ;n.保存 ,保留

英汉航海大词典

reserve
n.储备金,准备金

英汉环境大词典

reserve
n.储备,保留,储备物

英汉航空大词典

reserve
n.保留,保留;n.贮备

英汉化学大词典

reserve
n.保留,储备物,保存,储备,藏量,预备的;vt.保留,预定,推迟

英汉海运大词典

reserve
储备储备量储备品,备用品谨慎,小心备用的储备,保存保留

基本词义

reserve
储备储备量储备品,备用品a.备用的储备,保存保留

基本词义

reserve
保留,保持储备量,储备品,备用品储备,保存,预备,备用预定,预约,谨慎,小心后备基金

基本词义

reserve
保留,储备,保存预备,备用预定,预约,谨慎,小心

基本词义

reserve
储备量储备品,备用品备用的保留,储备,保存预备,备用预定,预约,谨慎,小心

英汉经贸大词典

reserve
n.保留;n.储备金,准备金

英汉计算机大词典

reserve
vt.保留(预定,推迟);adj.储备(保留,防染物

英汉机械大词典

reserve
n.保留,预定

英汉建筑大词典

reserve
n.保留,储备,预订

英汉农牧林大词典

reserve
n.储存,储备

英汉水利大词典

reserve
n.预定,保存,贮藏

英汉消防大词典

reserve
【消】后备消防车;后备人员

英汉医学大词典

reserve
n.储备,储备力

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