简明英汉词典

relieve
[ri5li:v]
vt.
减轻, 解除, 援救, 救济, 换班

美国传统词典[双解]

relieve
re.lieve
AHD:[r1-l?v“]
D.J.[ri6li8v]
K.K.[r!6liv]
v.tr.(及物动词)
re.lievedre.liev.ingre.lieves

(1)

To cause a lessening or alleviation of:
减缓:导致…的减轻或缓和:
relieved all his symptoms; relieved the tension.
减轻了他的所有症状;缓和紧张局面

(2)

To free from pain, anxiety, or distress.
免于痛苦:脱离痛苦,焦虑或者苦恼

(3)

To furnish assistance or aid to.
救济:为…提供帮助或援助

(4)

To rescue from siege.
弛缓:从围困解救出来

(5)

To release (a person) from an obligation, a restriction, or a burden, as by law or legislation.
解除义务:解除(一个人的)义务,限止或负担,如通过法律或立法方式解除

(6)

To free from a specified duty by providing or acting as a substitute.
使替班:用提供或充当替代物的方式从特定的义务中解脱出来

(7)

To make less tedious, monotonous, or unpleasant:
给予变化:使变得较不乏味,较不单调或较不令人不快:
Only one small candle relieved the gloom.
只要有一支小小的蜡烛就能增添朦胧的意境

(8)

To make prominent or effective by contrast; set off.
使醒目:通过比较变得突出或印象深刻的;衬托出

(9)

Informal To rob or deprive:
【非正式用语】 抢劫或掠夺:
Pickpockets relieved him of his money.
扒手偷走了他的钱

习惯用语

relieve oneself
To urinate or defecate.
排泄:小便或大便

语源

(1)

Middle English releven
中古英语 releven

(2)

from Old French relever
源自 古法语 relever

(3)

from Latin relev3e
源自 拉丁语 relev3e

(4)

re- [re-]
re- [前辍,表“后退”]

(5)

lev3e [to raise] * see leg wh-
lev3e [提高] *参见 leg wh-

继承用法

relievable
adj.(形容词)

reliever
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

relieveallayalleviateassuagelightenmitigatepalliate

(2)

All of these verbs mean to make something less severe or more bearable. To relieve is to ease and make more endurable something causing discomfort or distress:
所有这些动词意味着使某事变得不太严重或更可忍受。Relieve 指缓解或使造成不快或压抑的某事变得可以忍受:
“that misery which he strives in vain to relieve” (Henry David Thoreau).
“他徒劳地奋力去减轻苦难” (亨利·大卫·梭罗)。
“The counselor relieved her fears” (Sir Walter Scott).
“顾问消除了她的恐惧” (瓦尔特·施科特爵士)。

(3)

Allay suggests relief at least for the time being from what is burdensome or painful:
Allay 意味着至少是暂时从造成负担或痛苦的事物中解脱出来:
“This music crept by me upon the waters,/Allaying both their fury and my passion/With its sweet air” (Shakespeare).
“在水面音乐爬上我的心头/平息了他们的愤怒和我的热情/用它甜美的声音” (莎士比亚)。

(4)

Alleviate connotes temporary lessening of distress without removal of its cause:
Alleviate 指短暂的减轻压抑而没有解决其根源:
“No arguments shall be wanting on my part that can alleviate so severe a misfortune” (Jane Austen). To assuage is to soothe or make milder:
“对我来说要减轻如此严重的不幸,不需要任何争论” (简·奥斯汀)。Assuage 是抚慰或使更适度:
“What shall assuage the unforgotten pain/And teach the unforgetful to forget?” (Dante Gabriel Rossetti).
“什么会抚慰不能忘却的痛苦/并且让无法忘怀的人学会遗忘?” (但丁·加布利亚尔·罗塞蒂)。

(5)

Lighten in this comparison signifies to make less heavy or oppressive:
Lighten 在这种比较中指使变得不太沉重或不太压抑:
Congress endeavored to lighten the taxpayers' burden.
国会努力减轻纳税人的负担。

(6)

Mitigate and palliate connote moderating the severity, force, or intensity of something that causes suffering:
Mitigate 和palliate 都意味着减弱造成痛苦的事物严重性、力量或强度:
“I . . . prayed to the Lord to mitigate a calamity which seemed to me past the capacity of man to remedy” (John Galt).
“我…向上帝祈祷,祈求他减轻这场人力所不能补救的灾难” (约翰·加尔特)。
“His well-known financial ability made men turn to him in the hour of distress, as of all statesmen the most fitted to palliate it” (William E.H. Lecky).
“他广为人知的融资能力使得人们在痛苦的时候向他求助,就象最合适的政治家来减轻它一样” (威廉E·H·勒凯)

现代英汉词典

relieve
[rI5li:v]
vt.
relieved, relieving

(1)

减少;减轻
a drug that relieves headaches
缓解头痛的药
This will relieve pressure on the trains to some extent.
这将会在一定程度上减轻对火车的压力。

(2)

换班;调班

(3)

解围;解救

(4)

(与of连用)免除;解除
Let me relieve you of that heavy parcel.
让我把你的重包裹解下来吧。

(5)

调剂
to relieve a dull evening
调剂一下枯燥的晚上

习惯用语

relieve oneself
解手;大便

relieve sb.'s mind
解除某人忧虑

现代英汉综合大辞典

relieve
[ri5li:v]
vt.

(1)

减轻, 解除, 使摆脱(痛苦、忧愁等)

(2)

安慰, 使放心

(3)

救济, 援救, 供应食品[物资]

(4)

免除(职务)(from , of)

(5)

换班, 交班休息, 为...代课

(6)

使不单调, 调剂

(7)

使突出, 使鲜明, 使成浮雕

(8)

[谑]偷, 窃去
relieve sb. from anxiety
消除某人的忧虑
relieve the people in flood-stricken area
救济水灾区的人们
relieve guard
换岗

词性变化

relieve
[ri5li:v]
vi.

(1)

救济

(2)

【军】接防; 接班

(3)

突出; 解除

(4)

成浮雕

继承用法

relievedly
adv.

习惯用语

relieve oneself [nature, the bowels]
大[小]便

relieve sb. of

(1)

解除某人的(负担等); 减轻某人的(痛苦等)

(2)

[俗]偷去(某物)

(3)

解除某人(职务)

用法词典

relieve
中古英语releven<古法语relever<拉丁语relevare再升起

英文相关词典

relieve
intensify    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

relieve
救护;解救

美国传统词典

relieve
re.lieve
AHD:[r1-l?v“]
D.J.[ri6li8v]
K.K.[r!6liv]
v.tr.
re.lieved, re.liev.ing, re.lieves

(1)

To cause a lessening or alleviation of:
relieved all his symptoms; relieved the tension.

(2)

To free from pain, anxiety, or distress.

(3)

To furnish assistance or aid to.

(4)

To rescue from siege.

(5)

To release (a person) from an obligation, a restriction, or a burden, as by law or legislation.

(6)

To free from a specified duty by providing or acting as a substitute.

(7)

To make less tedious, monotonous, or unpleasant:
Only one small candle relieved the gloom.

(8)

To make prominent or effective by contrast; set off.

(9)

Informal To rob or deprive:
Pickpockets relieved him of his money.

习惯用语

relieve oneself
To urinate or defecate.

语源

(1)

Middle English releven

(2)

from Old French relever

(3)

from Latin relev3e

(4)

re- [re-]

(5)

lev3e [to raise] * see leg wh-

继承用法

relievable
adj.

reliever
n.

参考词汇

(1)

relieve, allay, alleviate, assuage, lighten, mitigate, palliate

(2)

All of these verbs mean to make something less severe or more bearable. To relieve is to ease and make more endurable something causing discomfort or distress:
“that misery which he strives in vain to relieve” (Henry David Thoreau).
“The counselor relieved her fears” (Sir Walter Scott).

(3)

Allay suggests relief at least for the time being from what is burdensome or painful:
“This music crept by me upon the waters,/Allaying both their fury and my passion/With its sweet air” (Shakespeare).

(4)

Alleviate connotes temporary lessening of distress without removal of its cause:
“No arguments shall be wanting on my part that can alleviate so severe a misfortune” (Jane Austen). To assuage is to soothe or make milder:
“What shall assuage the unforgotten pain/And teach the unforgetful to forget?” (Dante Gabriel Rossetti).

(5)

Lighten in this comparison signifies to make less heavy or oppressive:
Congress endeavored to lighten the taxpayers' burden.

(6)

Mitigate and palliate connote moderating the severity, force, or intensity of something that causes suffering:
“I . . . prayed to the Lord to mitigate a calamity which seemed to me past the capacity of man to remedy” (John Galt).
“His well-known financial ability made men turn to him in the hour of distress, as of all statesmen the most fitted to palliate it” (William E.H. Lecky).

英汉地质大词典

relieve
n.减轻,减少,解除

英汉法学大词典

relieve
v.减轻 ,解除,免除

英汉航海大词典

relieve
n.救济

英汉航空大词典

relieve
n.换班,接替

英汉化学大词典

relieve
vt.减轻,分离,援救

英汉海运大词典

relieve
解除(职务,责任,岗位),解开,释放

基本词义

relieve
解脱,缓和,减轻,替换,解除(职务,岗位),解开,释放

基本词义

relieve
释放,解脱缓和,减轻,解除替换

英汉经贸大词典

relieve
n.救济

英汉计算机大词典

relieve
vt.减轻(分离,援救

英汉机械大词典

relieve
n.减轻

英汉建筑大词典

relieve
vt.减轻,解除,卸载

英汉水利大词典

relieve
n.减轻,卸载,解除

英汉消防大词典

relieve
①使…撤离归队 ②换…的班 ③解除(某人的现役职务)

英汉医学大词典

relieve
n.解除,减轻

英汉中医大词典

relieve
n.解除,减轻,止

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