简明英汉词典

relief
[ri5li:f]
n.
(痛苦等的)减轻, (债务等的)免除, 救济, 调剂, 安慰, 浮雕, 地貌

美国传统词典[双解]

relief
re.lief
AHD:[r1-l?f“]
D.J.[ri6li8f]
K.K.[r!6lif]
n.(名词)

(1)

The easing of a burden or distress, such as pain, anxiety, or oppression.
减缓:缓解负担或忧虑,如痛苦,焦虑或压抑

(2)

Something that alleviates pain or distress.
缓和剂:减轻痛苦或忧虑的东西

(3)

Public assistance.
救济:公共的援助

(4)

Aid in time of danger, especially rescue from siege.
救难:危险时刻的援助,特别是从围困中解除出来

(5)

Release from a post or duty, as that of sentinel.
换哨:从职位或义务上被替换下来,如换岗哨

(6)

One who releases another by taking over a post or duty.
换哨者:接替别人的职位或义务的人

(7)

A pleasant or amusing change; a diversion.
娱乐:令人高兴或愉快的变化;消遣娱乐

(8)

The projection of figures or forms from a flat background, as in sculpture, or such a projection that is apparent only, as in painting.
浮雕:从平坦的背景上的凸起的物体或形状,如雕刻中的突出物,或只在绘画中才明显的突出物

(9)

A work of art featuring such projection.Also called relievo
浮雕作品:以这种凸现为特征的艺术作品也作 relievo

(10)

Geology The variations in elevation of an area of the earth's surface.
【地质学】 起伏:地球表面上一个区域中的海拔变化

(11)

Distinction or prominence due to contrast:
显眼:因对比而产生的区别或突起:
“The light brought the white church . . . into relief from the flat ledges”(Willa Cather)
“光芒使得白色的教堂凸现于平坦的壁台之上”(威拉·卡瑟)

(12)

Law Redress awarded by a court.
【法律】 赔偿:法庭给予的补偿

(13)

A payment made by the heir of a deceased tenant to a feudal lord for the privilege of succeeding to the tenant's estate.
继承权利金:死去佃农的继承人为继承佃农的地产而向封建地主缴纳的钱

习惯用语

on relief
Receiving public assistance because of need or poverty.
接受公共救济的:因为需要或贫困而接受公共救济的

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old French
源自 古法语

(3)

from relever [to relieve] * see relieve
源自 relever [减轻] *参见 relieve

(4)

Senses 6, 7, and 8, French
释义6,7和8 法语

(5)

from Italian rilievo * see bas-relief
源自 意大利语 rilievo *参见 bas-relief

现代英汉词典

relief
[rI5li:f]
n.

(1)

解脱的感觉
I felt great relief when I heard I had passed the examination.
听说我已经通过了考试,感到轻松多了。

(2)

换班的人;替班的人
a relief driver
替班司机

(3)

救助;救济
to send relief to flood victims
将救济物资运送给遭受水灾的灾民

(4)

(与of连用)驱逐;解放
the relief of the city
城市的解围

(5)

浮雕
in high relief
高浮雕
in low relief
低浮雕

(6)

地形的高低程度
relief map
立体地图

习惯用语

in bold relief
鲜明的;突出的 (= in sharp relief)

light relief
使人愉快的变化;调剂

现代英汉综合大辞典

relief
[ri5li:f]
n.

(1)

(指税, 压迫等的)减轻, 解除(痛苦, 烦恼等)

(2)

救济(难民等); 救济品

(3)

救援; 解围援兵

(4)

换班, 代替; 替换者;【军】换防(部队)

(5)

安慰; 消遣

(6)

浮雕; 浮雕品; 凸雕法

(7)

(绘画等用明暗法或色彩体)人[物]形象突出; 轮廓鲜明

(8)

地势的起伏

(9)

【机】退切,【电】卸载, 释放; 无输出;【机】保险; 放泄; 离隙
give a patient relief from pain
使病人减轻痛苦
provide relief for refugees
救济难民
relief of a sentry
哨兵的换岗
wood carving in relief
浮雕木刻

词性变化

relief
[ri5li:f]
adj.

(1)

使人宽慰的; 救济的

(2)

(表面)隆起的; 起伏不平的

(3)

【刷】凸版的; 凸版印刷的

(4)

立体的

(5)

防护的, 安全的
a relief fund
救济金
relief troop
援兵
a relief lesson
代(别人的)课
relief pitcher
【体】(棒球中的)替代投手
relief printing
凸板印刷
relief telescope
【军】体视望远镜
relief television
立体电视

继承用法

reliefgraph
n.
地形模型刻图仪

relief-ground
adj.
铲磨的

relief-map
n.
模型[立体]地图, 地形图

reliefless
adj.

习惯用语

bring [throw]into relief
把某物烘托出来; 使突出, 使鲜明

comic [light] relief
(严肃戏剧中的)轻松[滑稽]场面

find relief from
从... 中摆脱出来

for the relief of
为了救济...

go on relief
靠救济金生活

to my great relief
使我大为欣喜[放心]的是

in relief
浮雕一般, 鲜明地, 显著地

indoor [out] relief
院内[院外]救济(指对收容[未收容]在救济院的贫民的救济)

(much) to one's relief (=to one's great relief)
使某人大为放心, 使某人深感宽慰

on relief
接受救济的

stand out in relief against
与...成鲜明的对比

特殊用法

accumulator relief
储存[回收]槽排气

administer relief
进行救济

air relief
放气门

aliens relief
侨民救济

applied relief
捏雕, 捏塑

available relief
【地质】有效地势

axial relief
【机】轴向中隙角(后角)

burr and chip relief
排毛刺与碎屑的后角, 排屑间隙

compression relief
泄压旋塞

concave relief
空心浮雕

counter relief
对立浮雕

debt relief
债务免除

deep relief
高[深]浮雕

double taxation relief
解免重复课税, 解免双重课税

end relief
端形(端切口)

eye relief
眼睛间隙

final relief
大放气

fluid relief
内液压缓冲

full relief
圆雕

full mature relief
壮年中期地形

fund for relief
救剂基金

grinding relief
【冶】研磨用凹槽

high relief
深浮雕

hollow relief
浮雕模子

ifice relief
口型槽孔

incised relief
凹面浮雕(浮雕的人物形体刻在凹陷的平面上)

inner pressure relief
内部[舱内]减压

international disaster relief
国际赈灾事业

liquor relief
移液

low relief
浅浮雕

marginal relief
所得税减免界限

medium relief
中浮雕

out relief
院外救济

pressure relief
卸压

root relief
齿根修正[修形]

secondary relief
(刀具)副后(隙)面.副后角

side relief
侧面放汽(管路)

skirt relief
活塞侧缘凹口, 裙部凹槽

strain relief
应变消除; 溢流冒口, 出气冒口

stress relief
【冶】【化工】应力消除

sunk relief
陷浮雕(浮雕的最高点不超过版的平面)

surface relief
地势, 地面起伏

tax relief
税收减除, 减轻税收员担

therm relief
限热

total relief
【光】体视率

unemployment relief
失业救济

urgent relief
紧急救济

valve air relief
自动放气阀

wet relief
放气分离液

wife's earned income relief
妻子勤劳收入税收减免

用法词典

relief
来自中古法语relief<古法语relever再升起

英文相关词典

relief
aid    alleviation    alternate    assistance    change    ease    freedom    help    proxy    release    replacement    substitution    

[七国语言]英汉地质大词典

relief
地势, 起伏

[七国语言]英汉地理大词典

relief
地形

[七国语言]英汉电子大词典

relief
起伏

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

relief
救护;缓和;换班, 交班

[七国语言]英汉建筑大词典

relief
起伏

[七国语言]英汉矿业大词典

relief
地形起伏, 地势

[七国语言]英汉农业大词典

relief
地形

[七国语言]英汉轻工业大词典

relief
浮雕

[七国语言]英汉冶金大词典

relief
浮凸

[七国语言]英汉医学大词典

relief
减轻

美国传统词典

relief
re.lief
AHD:[r1-l?f“]
D.J.[ri6li8f]
K.K.[r!6lif]
n.

(1)

The easing of a burden or distress, such as pain, anxiety, or oppression.

(2)

Something that alleviates pain or distress.

(3)

Public assistance.

(4)

Aid in time of danger, especially rescue from siege.

(5)

Release from a post or duty, as that of sentinel.

(6)

One who releases another by taking over a post or duty.

(7)

A pleasant or amusing change; a diversion.

(8)

The projection of figures or forms from a flat background, as in sculpture, or such a projection that is apparent only, as in painting.

(9)

A work of art featuring such projection.Also called relievo

(10)

Geology The variations in elevation of an area of the earth's surface.

(11)

Distinction or prominence due to contrast:
“The light brought the white church . . . into relief from the flat ledges”(Willa Cather)

(12)

Law Redress awarded by a court.

(13)

A payment made by the heir of a deceased tenant to a feudal lord for the privilege of succeeding to the tenant's estate.

习惯用语

on relief
Receiving public assistance because of need or poverty.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old French

(3)

from relever [to relieve] * see relieve

(4)

Senses 6, 7, and 8, French

(5)

from Italian rilievo * see bas-relief

英汉船舶大词典

relief
n.浮雕,解脱,免除

英汉电力大词典

relief
n.安全释放,减压,卸荷

英汉电信大词典

relief
n.起伏,去载

英汉地质大词典

relief
n.降压,卸荷,解除;n.突起

英汉法学大词典

relief
n.法律补救 ,免责,税收减免

英汉纺织大词典

relief
n.凸纹,浮雕花纹

英汉航海大词典

relief
n.救济

英汉环境大词典

relief
n.地形,地势,突起

英汉航空大词典

relief
n.解除,减轻

英汉化学大词典

relief
n.减轻,无输出,援救,浮雕,生动,地形,背面;adj.起伏的,立体的,防护的

英汉海运大词典

relief
放泄保险,放出,放泄,保险,去载,卸荷,减压,无输出,换班,代替,地形,地势起伏,释放,解除,减荷,降压,后角,救助

基本词义

relief
释放,放出,放泄,保险去载,卸荷,减压无输出换班,代替

基本词义

relief
释放,放泄保险去载,卸荷,减压无输出换班,代替

基本词义

relief
地形,地势起伏释放,解除减荷降压后角救助

英汉经贸大词典

relief
n.救济

英汉计算机大词典

relief
n.减轻(无输出,援救;adj.起伏的(立体的,防护的)

英汉机械大词典

relief
n.离隙,后角

英汉建筑大词典

relief
n.地势凹凸不平,安全释放,卸荷

英汉农牧林大词典

relief
n.释放,放出

英汉汽车大词典

relief
n.离隙

英汉水利大词典

relief
n.地势,起伏,释放

英汉冶金大词典

relief
n.离隙,后角

英汉医学大词典

relief
n.缓减

英汉中医大词典

relief
n.缓解,解除,减轻

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