简明英汉词典

refuse
[ri5fju:z]
vt.
拒绝, 谢绝
n.
废物, 垃圾

美国传统词典[双解]

refuse
re.fuse 1
AHD:[r1-fy?z“]
D.J.[ri6fju8z]
K.K.[r!6fjuz]
v.(动词)
re.fusedre.fus.ingre.fus.es
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To indicate unwillingness to do, accept, give, or allow:
拒绝:表示不愿意做、接受、给予或允许:
She was refused admittance. He refused treatment.
她被拒绝加入;他拒绝治疗

(2)

To indicate unwillingness (to do something):
不愿:表示不情愿(做某事):
refused to leave.
不愿离开

(3)

To decline to jump (an obstacle). Used of a horse.
拒绝跳跃障碍:拒绝跳越(阻碍)。用于指赛马
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To decline to do, accept, give, or allow something.
拒绝:拒绝做、接受、给予或允许某物

语源

(1)

Middle English refusen
中古英语 refusen

(2)

from Old French refuser
源自 古法语 refuser

(3)

from Vulgar Latin *ref?3re}
源自 俗拉丁语 *ref?3re}

(4)

probably blend of Latin rec?3re} [to refuse] * see recuse
可能混合了 拉丁语 rec?3re} [拒绝] *参见 recuse

(5)

ref?3re} * see refute
ref?3re} *参见 refute

继承用法

refuser
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

refusedeclinerejectspurnrebuff

(2)

These verbs all mean to be unwilling to accept, consider, or receive someone or something.
这些动词都表示不愿接受、考虑或接纳某人或某物。

(3)

Refuse usually implies determination and often brusqueness:
Refuse 通常暗示决心且常带有粗鲁:
“The commander . . . refused to discuss questions of right” (George Bancroft).
“司令官拒绝讨论关于权力的问题” (乔治·班克罗夫特)。
“I'll make him an offer he can't refuse” (Mario Puzo). To decline is to refuse courteously:
“我将给他一个无法拒绝的提议” (马利奥·普佐)。Decline 意为有礼貌地拒绝:
“I declined election to the National Institute of Arts and Letters some years ago, and now I must decline the Pulitzer Prize” (Sinclair Lewis).
“数年前我婉言谢绝入选国家文学艺术协会,现在我又必须婉言谢绝接受普利策奖” (辛克莱尔·赖维斯)。

(4)

Reject suggests the discarding of someone or something as unsatisfactory, defective, or useless; it implies categoric refusal:
Reject 表示因为不令人满意、有缺陷或无用而抛弃;它暗示无条件的拒绝:
“He again offered himself for enlistment and was again rejected” (Arthur S.M. Hutchinson).
“他再次要求应征入伍,结果再次被回绝了” (亚瑟·S.M.霍金森)。
“Emphasize your choice by utter ignoring of all that you reject” (Ralph Waldo Emerson). To spurn is to reject scornfully or contemptuously:
“完全忽视你所拒绝的东西以强调你的选择。 (拉尔夫·伍尔夫·爱默森)。Spurn 指轻蔑或鄙视地拒绝:
“The more she spurns my love,/The more it grows” (Shakespeare).
“她越是轻蔑地拒绝我对她的爱,这爱便越是增长” (莎士比亚)。

(5)

Rebuff pertains to blunt, often disdainful rejection:
Rebuff 指粗鲁的且常带蔑视的拒绝:
“He had . . . forgotten himself, had gone too far in his advances, and had been rebuffed” (Robert Louis Stevenson).
“他得意忘形、得寸进尺,结果被毫不客气地回绝了” (罗伯特·路易斯·史蒂文森)

基本词义

refuse
ref.use 2
AHD:[rμf“y?s]
D.J.[6refju8s]
K.K.[6rWfjus]
n.(名词)
Items or material discarded or rejected as useless or worthless; trash or rubbish.
废物:被认为没有用或不值钱的东西或物质;垃圾

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old French refus [rejection, refuse]
源自 古法语 refus [抛弃,拒绝]

(3)

from refuser [to refuse] * see refuse 1
源自 refuser [拒绝] *参见 refuse1

现代英汉词典

refuse 1
[rI5fju:z]
vt., vi.
refused, refusing
(常与to连用)拒绝;不接受
She refused to help me.
她不肯帮助我。
Joan's mother refused to consent to let her go abroad.
琼的母亲不答应让她出国。
The big clock refused to welcome the New Year.
这只大钟不愿迎接新年。

基本词义

refuse 2
[5refju:s]
n.
废料;垃圾;废物
kitchen refuse
厨房的垃圾

现代英汉综合大辞典

refuse
[ri5fju:z]
vt.

(1)

拒绝; 辞退; 推辞

(2)

(马)不肯跳过(沟等)

(3)

(牌戏中)因同花的牌而出别的牌

(4)

【军】撤回(翼军); 撤出(阵地)

(5)

(机器等)出(故障)

(6)

再[重新]熔化
refuse sb. [sb.'s request]
拒绝某人[某人的要求]
refuse one's consent
不同意
refuse a suitor
拒绝求婚者
refuse to shut
(门等)关不上

词性变化

refuse
[ri5fju:z]
vi.

(1)

拒绝

(2)

(马)不肯跳过; (纸牌)打不出同花牌
The horse refused at a fence.
马不肯跳过篱笆。

继承用法

refuser
n.
拒绝[抗拒, 推辞]者; 不信国教者; 不肯跳过垣篱的马

参考词汇
decline    

用法词典

refuse
来自拉丁语refundere“倒注”回去的过去分词refusus.re- + fundere回灌,注,倒

英文相关词典

refuse
decline    garbage    junk    litter    rebuff    reject    rubbish    rubble    trash    waste    accept    

[七国语言]英汉地质大词典

refuse
废料, 废石

[七国语言]英汉地理大词典

refuse
废石, 矸石

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

refuse
否认;拒绝;否决

[七国语言]英汉建筑大词典

refuse
废物

[七国语言]英汉矿业大词典

refuse
废石

[七国语言]英汉农业大词典

refuse
废物

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

refuse
废物

[七国语言]英汉冶金大词典

refuse
堆积场, 废料场

美国传统词典

refuse
re.fuse 1
AHD:[r1-fy?z“]
D.J.[ri6fju8z]
K.K.[r!6fjuz]
v.
re.fused, re.fus.ing, re.fus.es
v.tr.

(1)

To indicate unwillingness to do, accept, give, or allow:
She was refused admittance. He refused treatment.

(2)

To indicate unwillingness (to do something):
refused to leave.

(3)

To decline to jump (an obstacle). Used of a horse.
v.intr.
To decline to do, accept, give, or allow something.

语源

(1)

Middle English refusen

(2)

from Old French refuser

(3)

from Vulgar Latin *ref?3re}

(4)

probably blend of Latin rec?3re} [to refuse] * see recuse

(5)

ref?3re} * see refute

继承用法

refuser
n.

参考词汇

(1)

refuse, decline, reject, spurn, rebuff

(2)

These verbs all mean to be unwilling to accept, consider, or receive someone or something.

(3)

Refuse usually implies determination and often brusqueness:
“The commander . . . refused to discuss questions of right” (George Bancroft).
“I'll make him an offer he can't refuse” (Mario Puzo). To decline is to refuse courteously:
“I declined election to the National Institute of Arts and Letters some years ago, and now I must decline the Pulitzer Prize” (Sinclair Lewis).

(4)

Reject suggests the discarding of someone or something as unsatisfactory, defective, or useless; it implies categoric refusal:
“He again offered himself for enlistment and was again rejected” (Arthur S.M. Hutchinson).
“Emphasize your choice by utter ignoring of all that you reject” (Ralph Waldo Emerson). To spurn is to reject scornfully or contemptuously:
“The more she spurns my love,/The more it grows” (Shakespeare).

(5)

Rebuff pertains to blunt, often disdainful rejection:
“He had . . . forgotten himself, had gone too far in his advances, and had been rebuffed” (Robert Louis Stevenson).

基本词义

refuse
ref.use 2
AHD:[rμf“y?s]
D.J.[6refju8s]
K.K.[6rWfjus]
n.
Items or material discarded or rejected as useless or worthless; trash or rubbish.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old French refus [rejection, refuse]

(3)

from refuser [to refuse] * see refuse 1

英汉船舶大词典

refuse
n.废物,拒绝,垃圾

英汉地质大词典

refuse
n.废物,垃圾,废渣

英汉法学大词典

refuse
v.不予受理 ,拒绝

英汉纺织大词典

refuse
n.回丝,回毛,下脚

英汉航海大词典

refuse
n.拒绝

英汉环境大词典

refuse
n.垃圾,废物,渣

英汉化学大词典

refuse
vt.拒绝,再熔化;adj.报废的,无用的

英汉海运大词典

refuse
废料,废物,渣滓a.扔掉的,无用的

基本词义

refuse
废料,废物,渣滓,扔掉的,无用的,拒绝,垃圾

基本词义

refuse
废料,废物,渣滓

基本词义

refuse
拒绝垃圾

英汉经贸大词典

refuse
n.拒绝

英汉计算机大词典

refuse
vt.拒绝(再熔化);adj.报废的(无用的)

英汉机械大词典

refuse
n.再熔化,废物

英汉建筑大词典

refuse
vt.拒绝,再熔化

英汉农牧林大词典

refuse
n.废料,残渣,糟粕

英汉能源大词典

refuse
n.垃圾,废物

英汉汽车大词典

refuse
n.再溶化

英汉水利大词典

refuse
n.拒绝,再熔化,垃圾

英汉消防大词典

refuse
①垃圾<各种垃圾的总称> ②废物

英汉心理学大词典

refuse
拒绝

英汉冶金大词典

refuse
n.废料,渣

英汉医学大词典

refuse
n.拒绝,不愿

英汉中医大词典

refuse
n.拒绝

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