简明英汉词典

refrain
[ri5frein]
n.
重复, 叠句, [乐]副歌
vi.
节制, 避免, 制止

美国传统词典[双解]

refrain
re.frain 1
AHD:[r1-fr3n“]
D.J.[ri6frein]
K.K.[r!6fren]
v.(动词)
re.frainedre.frain.ingre.frains
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To hold oneself back; forbear:
忍耐,节制:自制以避免;忍住:
refrained from swearing.
忍住不骂
v.tr.Archaic (及物动词)【古语】
To restrain or hold back; curb.
克制,抑制:克制或抑制;约束

语源

(1)

Middle English refreinen
中古英语 refreinen

(2)

from Old French refrener [to restrain]
源自 古法语 refrener [克制]

(3)

from Latin refr?3re}
源自 拉丁语 refr?3re}

(4)

re- [re-]
re- [表示“后退,回映”等意思的前缀]

(5)

fr?3re} [to restrain] from fr?m [bridle] from frendere [to grind] * see ghrendh-
fr?3re} [克制] 源自 fr?m [辔头] 源自 frendere [磨碎] *参见 ghrendh-

继承用法

refrainer
n.(名词)

refrainment
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

refrainabstainforbear

(2)

The central meaning shared by these verbs is “to keep or prevent oneself from doing or saying something”:
这些动词的中心意思是“防止某人做某事或说什么话”:
refrained from commenting;
不妄加评论;
abstained from smoking;
戒烟;
can't forbear criticizing their ineptitude.
禁不住要批评他们的笨拙

基本词义

refrain
re.frain 2
AHD:[r1-fr3n“]
D.J.[ri6frein]
K.K.[r!6fren]
n.(名词)

(1)

A phrase, verse, or group of verses repeated at intervals throughout a song or poem, especially at the end of each stanza.
副句,副歌:一个短语、一句诗或一组诗句在一首歌或诗中每隔一段重复一次, 尤其在每个诗节的结尾处

(2)

Music for the refrain of a poem.
副歌:一首诗重复演唱部分的音乐

(3)

A song or melody.
一首歌,一首曲子

(4)

A repeated utterance or theme.
重复的话,重复的主题

语源

(1)

Middle English refrein
中古英语 refrein

(2)

from Old French refrain
源自 古法语 refrain

(3)

alteration of refrait [past participle of] refraindre [to break off, repeat]
refrait的变化 [] refraindre的过去分词 [中止,重复]

(4)

from Vulgar Latin *refrangere [to break off]
源自 俗拉丁语 *refrangere [中止]

(5)

alteration of Latin refringere * see refract
[x] 拉丁语 refringere的变化 *参见 refract

现代英汉词典

refrain 1
[rI5freIn]
vi.
(与from连用)抑制;自制;避免
to refrain from smoking
戒烟

基本词义

refrain 2
[rI5freIn]
n.
副歌,迭句;反复句

现代英汉综合大辞典

refrain
[ri5frein]
vi., vt.

(1)

忍住; 抑制, 制止

(2)

戒除(from)

(3)

避免[开]
refrain from crime
抑制犯罪
refrain from smoking
禁止吸烟

继承用法

refrainer
n.

refrainment
n.

习惯用语

refrain from
忍住; 戒绝; 不让自己做某事

英文相关词典

refrain
abstain    avoid    forego    shun    persist    

美国传统词典

refrain
re.frain 1
AHD:[r1-fr3n“]
D.J.[ri6frein]
K.K.[r!6fren]
v.
re.frained, re.frain.ing, re.frains
v.intr.
To hold oneself back; forbear:
refrained from swearing.
v.tr.Archaic
To restrain or hold back; curb.

语源

(1)

Middle English refreinen

(2)

from Old French refrener [to restrain]

(3)

from Latin refr?3re}

(4)

re- [re-]

(5)

fr?3re} [to restrain] from fr?m [bridle] from frendere [to grind] * see ghrendh-

继承用法

refrainer
n.

refrainment
n.

参考词汇

(1)

refrain, abstain, forbear

(2)

The central meaning shared by these verbs is “to keep or prevent oneself from doing or saying something”:
refrained from commenting;
abstained from smoking;
can't forbear criticizing their ineptitude.

基本词义

refrain
re.frain 2
AHD:[r1-fr3n“]
D.J.[ri6frein]
K.K.[r!6fren]
n.

(1)

A phrase, verse, or group of verses repeated at intervals throughout a song or poem, especially at the end of each stanza.

(2)

Music for the refrain of a poem.

(3)

A song or melody.

(4)

A repeated utterance or theme.

语源

(1)

Middle English refrein

(2)

from Old French refrain

(3)

alteration of refrait [past participle of] refraindre [to break off, repeat]

(4)

from Vulgar Latin *refrangere [to break off]

(5)

alteration of Latin refringere * see refract

英汉法学大词典

refrain
v.抑制

英汉航海大词典

refrain
n.抑制

英汉经贸大词典

refrain
n.抑制

英汉中医大词典

refrain
n.戒,忍,抑

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