简明英汉词典

reference
[5refrEns]
n.
提及, 涉及, 参考, 参考书目, 证明书(人), 介绍信(人)

美国传统词典[双解]

reference
ref.er.ence
AHD:[rμf“…r-…ns, rμf“r…ns]
D.J.[6ref**ns, 6refr*ns]
K.K.[6rWf+*ns, 6rWfr*ns]
n.Abbr. ref.(名词)缩写 ref.

(1)

An act of referring:
参考:参考的行为:
My careful writing results from many references to a dictionary.
我缜密的文章来源于经常查字典

(2)

Significance in a specified context:
特殊的重要性:在特定上下文中有特别的意义:
Her speeches have special reference to the African situation.
她的演讲对非洲形势有特定的意义

(3)

Meaning or denotation.
涵义:意思或含义

(4)

The state of being related or referred:
相关:被提及或被参考的状态:
with reference to; in reference to.
关于;就…而言

(5)

A mention of an occurrence or a situation:
提及:提到发生的事件或处境:
She made frequent references to her promotion.
她时常提到她的升迁

(6)

A note in a publication referring the reader to another passage or source.
参考书目:提示读者参考另外的篇章或资料的出版物注解

(7)

The passage or source so referred to.
参考资料:供参考的篇章或资料

(8)

A work frequently used as a source.
参考书:常被当作出处的作品

(9)

A mark or footnote used to direct a reader elsewhere for additional information.
参照符号:用来引导读者到别处寻找附加信息的符号或脚注

(10)

Law
【法律】

(11)

Submission of a case to a referee.
提交仲裁,提交裁判:把案件提交仲裁人或裁判员

(12)

Legal actions conducted before or by a referee.
仲裁引导,仲裁施行:由仲裁人或裁判员引导或施行的法律行为

(13)

A person who is in a position to recommend another or to vouch for his or her fitness, as for a job.
介绍人:可以为另一人推荐或保证他或她适合做如某工作的人

(14)

A statement about a person's qualifications, character, and dependability.
推荐信:对于某人资历、性格和可靠性的陈述
v.tr.(及物动词)
ref.er.encedref.er.enc.ingref.er.ences

(1)

To supply references to:
提供…参考:
“Our memories are addressed and referenced . . . by significant fragments of their own content”(Frederick Turner)
“我们的回忆是被它们自己内容的重要部分所引述和参考的”(弗雷德里克·特纳)

(2)

To mention in a reference; refer to:
提及:提到以供参考;指…:
He referenced her book in his speech.See Usage Note at allude
他在讲话中提及了她的书参见 allude

继承用法

referencer
n.(名词)

referential
AHD:[-…-rμn“sh…l] (形容词)

referentially
adv.(副词)

现代英汉词典

reference
[5ref(E)rEns]
n.

(1)

(与to连用)提及;涉及
to make references to the heroic deeds
提到英雄事迹

(2)

参考;查询
reference book
参考书,工具书
Keep this dictionary for reference.
这本词典留着查阅用。

(3)

证明;鉴定
When I was looking for a job, I asked my head teacher to give me a reference.
当我在找工作时,我向我的班主任要一份关于我情况的证明。

习惯用语

in reference
关于 (= with reference)

现代英汉综合大辞典

reference
[5refrEns]
n.

(1)

参考, 查询[阅], 询问, 访问

(2)

提到, 涉[论]及, 有关系[联]

(3)

职[授]权范围

(4)

证明, 介绍; 证明[介绍]信[人]

(5)

参考文献[资料, 书目, 符号, 电源], 说明书, 附[旁]注, 引证[用], 出处

(6)

基准(点), 标准, 依据, 坐标, 标记

(7)

读数起点位置[条件]
reference to one's plan
提到某人的计划
have reference to each other
彼此相互有关联
terms of reference
授权范围
references from sb.'s former employers
某人以前雇主对某人的证明
load one's pages with references
(在著作中)引用大量参考资料
reference marks
参考符号

词性变化

reference
[5refrEns]
vt.

(1)

给...加附注; 给...加参考符号[书目], 注明(资料来源)

(2)

定位, 核对(位置)
Each new volume is thoroughly referenced.
每本新书都有详细的附注。

reference
[5refrEns]
adj.
参考的, 参照的, 基准的, 标准的

习惯用语

bear a reference to
和...有关

have a reference to
和...有关

cross reference to
互相参看

give a reference to
提到, 介绍

in reference to
关于

with reference to
关于

make reference (to)
提到, 涉及到, 参考, 参看

with reference to
关于

without reference to
不管, 不顾; 和...无关

特殊用法

attitude reference
姿态基准

backward reference
向后引用

bank reference
银行征信(银行提供有关商号信誉等情况)

banker's reference
银行资信证明书

baseline reference
基线基准, 基线参考点

black-level reference
黑电平基准

business reference
业务参考

calibration reference
【分化】校准基准

internal reference
内反射

irregular reference
乱反射, 不规则反射

literature reference
参考文献书目

luminance reference
亮度基准(信号)

master angular reference
主准

model reference
参考模型, 模态基准

noncoherent reference
(电视中微分相位测量用的)非相干基准

ready reference
便览, 现成的参考资料

reciprocal reference
相互参照, 交互参照

roll axis reference
滚动轴基准

outside reference
外部基准

page reference
页码索引

phase reference
相位基准

post reference
过帐依据

quick reference (book)
现成参考(书)

"see also" reference
参照法, 参见法

selected reference
选定基准(脉冲)

single reference
【自】单次访问

sky reference
天空基准

space fixed reference
【航空】空间固定基准

speed reference
速度参考值

stack reference
栈参考

subcarrier reference
基准副载波

technical reference
技术参考资料

timing reference
时间基准标记, 时间控制标记

title reference
书名参照

trade reference
行业介绍, 同业征信(由本行同业提供的有关商号的历史、背景、业务信用及经营规模等参考材料)

ullage reference
罐空计量的基准点

unclassified reference
公开参考资料[文献]

unresolved reference
未解决参考, 未定参考

vertical interval reference
【电子】帧(扫描)时间参考

voltage reference
参考电压, 基准电压

waveform reference
波形依据, 波形基准

white reference
基准白(色)

zero reference
零基准

zero distortion reference
零失真基准

zero time reference
【电子】零时间基准点

用法词典

reference
re- + fer+ -ence名词后缀

[七国语言]英汉电子大词典

reference
基准电压源

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

reference
参照;提及;参见

[七国语言]英汉信息大词典

reference
参考, 引用

英汉双解计算机词典

reference

引用
A language construct designating a declared language object. Example: an identifier.
一种语言构成成分,它可指引一个被说明过的语言对象。例如,一个标识符。

美国传统词典

reference
ref.er.ence
AHD:[rμf“…r-…ns, rμf“r…ns]
D.J.[6ref**ns, 6refr*ns]
K.K.[6rWf+*ns, 6rWfr*ns]
n.Abbr. ref.

(1)

An act of referring:
My careful writing results from many references to a dictionary.

(2)

Significance in a specified context:
Her speeches have special reference to the African situation.

(3)

Meaning or denotation.

(4)

The state of being related or referred:
with reference to; in reference to.

(5)

A mention of an occurrence or a situation:
She made frequent references to her promotion.

(6)

A note in a publication referring the reader to another passage or source.

(7)

The passage or source so referred to.

(8)

A work frequently used as a source.

(9)

A mark or footnote used to direct a reader elsewhere for additional information.

(10)

Law

(11)

Submission of a case to a referee.

(12)

Legal actions conducted before or by a referee.

(13)

A person who is in a position to recommend another or to vouch for his or her fitness, as for a job.

(14)

A statement about a person's qualifications, character, and dependability.
v.tr.
ref.er.enced, ref.er.enc.ing, ref.er.ences

(1)

To supply references to:
“Our memories are addressed and referenced . . . by significant fragments of their own content”(Frederick Turner)

(2)

To mention in a reference; refer to:
He referenced her book in his speech.See Usage Note at allude

继承用法

referencer
n.

referential
AHD:[-…-rμn“sh…l] adj.

referentially
adv.

[名词委审定]英汉计算机名词(第二版, 2002)

reference
参考

基本词义

reference
基准

英汉船舶大词典

reference
n.参考,参考资料;n.基准

英汉电力大词典

reference
n.参照,参考,基准,依据,坐标

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

reference
参考,引用;基准;访问;索引

英汉电信大词典

reference
n.依据,坐标

英汉地质大词典

reference
n.参考,参照,基准

英汉法学大词典

reference
n.参考 ,介绍信, 移送 ,移送案件

英汉广播大词典

reference
n.参考,基准,标准

英汉航海大词典

reference
n.参考资料

英汉航空大词典

reference
n.参考,出处;n.引用

英汉化学大词典

reference
n.参考,参考文献,基准,证明,谈到,职权;vt.定位,给...加参考符号

英汉海运大词典

reference
参考基准参考文献参考的基准的,标准的

基本词义

reference
参考基准参考文献,参考资料,引证证明书,介绍书提到,涉及仲裁,程序参考的基准的,标准的

基本词义

reference
参考,参看基准提到,涉及,关系参考文献,引证证明书,介绍书,仲裁程序

基本词义

reference
参考(气导)参考参考文献基准参考资料,仲裁,程序,参考的,基准的,标准的,参看,提到,涉及,关系,引证证明书,介绍书,仲裁程序依据,

英汉经贸大词典

reference
n.参考;n.参考资料

英汉计算机大词典

reference
n.参考(参考文献,基准;vt.定位(给...加参考符号)

英汉机械大词典

reference
n.参考,基准

英汉建筑大词典

reference
n.参考,依据,参考资料

英汉水利大词典

reference
n.参考,查阅,咨询

英汉消防大词典

reference
基准量,参考量

英汉心理学大词典

reference
参考

英汉医学大词典

reference
n.参考空白,对照

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