简明英汉词典

refer
[ri5fE:]
vt.
提交, 谈及, 归诸于, 指点把...提交, 使求助于
vi.
提到, 涉及, 查阅, 咨询

美国传统词典[双解]

refer
re.fer
AHD:[r1-f?r“]
D.J.[ri6f*8]
K.K.[r!6f)]
v.(动词)
re.ferredre.fer.ringre.fers
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To direct to a source for help or information:
引…去求助:指点到消息来源处寻求帮助或信息:
referred her to a heart specialist; referred me to his last employer for a recommendation.
叫她找心脏病专家;叫我向他以前的雇主查询对他的推荐

(2)

To assign or attribute to; regard as originated by.
归因于…:指派或归因于……;认为起源于……

(3)

To assign to or regard as belonging within a particular kind or class.
认为…属于:指定或认为属于一种特定的种类或类型

(4)

To submit (a matter in dispute) to an authority for arbitration, decision, or examination.
遵照:提交(有争议的事件)给权威机构仲裁、决定或检查

(5)

To direct the attention of:
使注意:引导……的注意力:
refer him to his duties.
叫他把注意力放到工作上
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To pertain; concern:
与…有关:涉及;关于:
questions referring to yesterday's lecture.
涉及昨天演讲的问题

(2)

To make mention or reference.
参照:引证或参考

(3)

To have recourse; turn:
依据:求助;查询:
refer to a dictionary.
查字典

语源

(1)

Middle English referren
中古英语 referren

(2)

from Old French referer
源自 古法语 referer

(3)

from Latin referre
源自 拉丁语 referre

(4)

re- [re-]
re- [前缀,表“又,再”]

(5)

ferre [to carry] * see bher- 1
ferre [携带] *参见 bher- 1

继承用法

referable
AHD:[rμf“…r-…-b…l, r1-f?r“-] (形容词)

referral
n.(名词)

referrer
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

referadvertmention

(2)

The central meaning shared by these verbs is “to call or direct attention to something”:
这些动词的中心意思是“引起或引导对某事的注意”:
referred to my indiscretion;
归因于我的不慎重;
adverting to childhood experiences;
言及少年时期的经历;
often mentions his old friend. See also Synonyms at attribute, resort
常提及他的老朋友 参见同义词 attributeresort

用法
It is sometimes believed that the phrase refer back is redundant, since the prefix re- means “back,” but the objection is misplaced. In fact, an expression can refer either to something that has already been mentioned or to something that is yet to be mentioned, and the distinction between refer back and refer ahead may thus be required for clarification. For example, the sentence Jones promised that if he was elected to the council, Harris would be made the council president is ambiguous, because the pronoun he may either refer back or refer ahead. See Usage Note at allude, redundancy
人们有时认为短语refer back 是重复的, 因为前缀re- 意为“过去的,后面的”, 但这一异议是错误的。事实上,一种表达方法可以指已经提到的东西,也可以指即将提到的东西,所以refer back 和 refer ahead 之间的区别可能会要求进行区分。 例如句子琼斯保证如果他被选进委员会,哈里斯将被选为委员会主席 是不明确的, 因为代词他 可以指后面的,也可以指前面的 参见 alluderedundancy

现代英汉词典

refer
[rI5f\:(r)]
vt., vi.
-rr-

(1)

(常与to 连用)

(2)

涉及;提到
Keats is referring to epic poetry when he mentions Homer's 'proud demesne'.
"当济慈提到荷马的'骄傲的领域'时,他指的是史诗。"

(3)

查资料;参考

(4)

针对;有关
The new law does not refer to farm land.
新法律与耕地无关。

(5)

提交;交付
The shop referred the complaint to the manufacturers.
商店把投诉转交给制造商。

现代英汉综合大辞典

refer
[ri5fE:]
vt.
(referred; referring)

(1)

提交, 委托

(2)

把...归类[序, 因]于, 认为...是源于

(3)

谈[涉, 提]及, 提到, 指(的是)

(4)

参考[照], 引证, 查阅, 用户访问

(5)

指点[引, 示]

(6)

折合

(7)

叫某人查阅[询], 参看
refer a question to an expert
把问题提交给专家(处理)
the question referred to
所谈到的问题
refer sb. to the dictionary
叫某人去查字典
The invention of the compass is referred to China.
指南针是中国发明的。
The teacher referred him to Chapter V.
老师叫他看第五章。
The visitors are referred to the information desk.
让来访者到问事处去。
He referred his success to the good teaching he had had.
他把他的成功归于他以前所受的良好教育。

词性变化

refer
[ri5fE:]
vi.

(1)

提到, 说到

(2)

查阅, 求教, 求助于

(3)

涉及, 与...有关

(4)

应用, 适用
refer to the facts of history
提到史实
refer to sb. for information
向某人打听消息
What I have to say refers to all of you.
我要说的话涉及到你们大家。

习惯用语

refer oneself to
依赖, 求助于

refer to

(1)

提到, 谈到, 涉及

(2)

参考, 查阅

(3)

向...打听[查询]

(4)

认为与...有关, 认为...起源于...

refer to sb. [sth.] as
称某人[物]为

用法词典

refer
re- = back,回,归;拉丁词根fer拿,带

英文相关词典

refer
allude    direct    point    recommend    send    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

refer
参考;涉及

美国传统词典

refer
re.fer
AHD:[r1-f?r“]
D.J.[ri6f*8]
K.K.[r!6f)]
v.
re.ferred, re.fer.ring, re.fers
v.tr.

(1)

To direct to a source for help or information:
referred her to a heart specialist; referred me to his last employer for a recommendation.

(2)

To assign or attribute to; regard as originated by.

(3)

To assign to or regard as belonging within a particular kind or class.

(4)

To submit (a matter in dispute) to an authority for arbitration, decision, or examination.

(5)

To direct the attention of:
refer him to his duties.
v.intr.

(1)

To pertain; concern:
questions referring to yesterday's lecture.

(2)

To make mention or reference.

(3)

To have recourse; turn:
refer to a dictionary.

语源

(1)

Middle English referren

(2)

from Old French referer

(3)

from Latin referre

(4)

re- [re-]

(5)

ferre [to carry] * see bher- 1

继承用法

referable
AHD:[rμf“…r-…-b…l, r1-f?r“-] adj.

referral
n.

referrer
n.

参考词汇

(1)

refer, advert, mention

(2)

The central meaning shared by these verbs is “to call or direct attention to something”:
referred to my indiscretion;
adverting to childhood experiences;
often mentions his old friend. See also Synonyms at attribute, resort

用法
It is sometimes believed that the phrase refer back is redundant, since the prefix re- means “back,” but the objection is misplaced. In fact, an expression can refer either to something that has already been mentioned or to something that is yet to be mentioned, and the distinction between refer back and refer ahead may thus be required for clarification. For example, the sentence Jones promised that if he was elected to the council, Harris would be made the council president is ambiguous, because the pronoun he may either refer back or refer ahead. See Usage Note at allude, redundancy

英汉船舶大词典

refer
n.把...归类,涉及

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

refer
访问;引用;涉及,引证

英汉法学大词典

refer

英汉纺织大词典

refer
n.把...归类,涉及

英汉航海大词典

refer
n.参考

英汉化学大词典

refer
vt.参考,归类,谈及

英汉海运大词典

refer
交付,付讫

英汉经贸大词典

refer
n.参考

英汉计算机大词典

refer
vt.参考(归类,谈及

英汉机械大词典

refer
n.把...归类,涉及

英汉建筑大词典

refer
vt.参考,参看,引证

英汉心理学大词典

refer
涉及

英汉中医大词典

refer
n.谈到,提到,涉及

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