简明英汉词典

recoil
[ri5kCil]
n.
畏缩, 后退, 弹回, 反作用, 后座力
vi.
退却, 畏缩, 弹回, 撤退, 反冲

美国传统词典[双解]

recoil
re.coil
AHD:[r1-koil“]
D.J.[ri6k%il]
K.K.[r!6k%!l]
v.intr.(不及物动词)
re.coiledre.coil.ingre.coils

(1)

To spring back, as upon firing.
弹回,跳回:弹回,如因开火而弹回

(2)

To shrink back, as in fear or repugnance.
退却,后退:缩回,如因害怕或厌恶而缩回

(3)

To fall back; return:
报应;回报:
“Violence does, in truth, recoil upon the violent”(Arthur Conan Doyle)
“事实上,暴力最终回报应在暴力者身上”(阿瑟·科南·多伊尔)
n.(名词)
AHD:也作 [r?“koil”]

(1)

The backward action of a firearm upon firing.
后坐:因开火而引起的枪炮的向后运动

(2)

The act or state of recoiling; reaction.
后退,退缩:弹回的行为或状态;反应

语源

(1)

Middle English recoilen
中古英语 recoilen

(2)

from Old French reculer
源自 古法语 reculer

(3)

re- [re-]
re- [前缀re-,表“又,返回”]

(4)

cul [buttocks] from Latin c?s * see (s)keu-
cul [臀部] 源自 拉丁语 c?s *参见 (s)keu-

继承用法

recoiler
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

recoilblenchquailshrinkflinch

(2)

These verbs all mean to draw back involuntarily, as through fright, timidity, or abhorrence. To recoil is to spring back; the term can imply a physical motion or an emotional withdrawal or retreat:
这些动词都意为如因争斗、羞涩或厌恶等而不自愿地撤回。Recoil 的意思是弹回; 这个词既可指物理运动,也可指感情上的退缩或退回:
“Those who had felt his strength recoiled from his presence” (Sir Walter Scott).
“那些感觉到他的力量的人都不再表露自己” (华尔特·斯科特先生)。
“With a sudden revulsion his heart recoiled from its purpose” (Henry Wadsworth Longfellow).
“因为突然的变化,他放弃了它的目的” (亨利·华兹伍兹·朗费罗)。

(3)

Blench suggests shying away, as to evade something unpleasant or threatening:
Blench 意指避开,如躲避令人不快或有威胁的事物:
“split-second dealmaking and risks that would make a currency dealer blench” (Financial Times).
“使现金交易商得以逃避的瞬间的交易和风险” (《金融时报》)。

(4)

Quail implies cringing loss of courage, as that resulting from being intimidated:
Quail 暗指畏缩、丧失勇气,如因受威胁等:
“She made Barnes quail before her by the shafts of contempt which she flashed at him” (Thackeray). To shrink is to start back instinctively, as in avoidance:
“她向他射去轻蔑的利剑,使巴尼斯在她面前丧失了勇气” (萨克雷)。Shrink 指本能地后缩, 如为逃避:
“These are the times that try men's souls. The summer soldier and the sunshine patriot will, in this crisis, shrink from the service of their country” (Thomas Paine).
“这正是考验人类灵魂的时候,在这个危急存亡之际,那些喜欢枝草茂盛的士兵和习惯于风和日丽的爱国者们将不再为他们的祖国服务” (托马斯·潘恩)。

(5)

Flinch denotes a shrinking away from what is unpleasant or difficult; it often implies a faint-hearted retreat, as from a necessary undertaking:
Flinch 含有从不愉快或困难之中退缩出来之意;它常指从诸如某个必须行使的任务中胆怯地退缩出来:
“We did not flinch but gave our lives to save Greece” (Simonides).
“我们并没有畏缩,而是将我们的毕生贡献给拯救希腊的事业中” (西摩尼得斯)

现代英汉词典

recoil
[rI5kCIl]
vi.

(1)

退却;畏缩
She recoiled at the sight of the snake.
她看到蛇就退缩了。

(2)

(与on, upon连用)报应,产生相反后果

(3)

(枪发射时)反撞,反冲

词性变化

recoil
[rI5kCIl]
n.
(枪的)反撞,反冲

现代英汉综合大辞典

recoil
[ri5kCil]
vi.

(1)

退却[缩], 畏缩; 撤退

(2)

跳回, 弹回, 产生反作用(力); 【军】(枪)产生后坐力, 反冲

(3)

重[再]绕

(4)

[喻]报应
recoil from doing sth.
对做某事畏缩不前
A gun recoils after being fired.
枪在射击后向后坐。
Revenge may recoil upon the person who takes it.
报复者常会受到报应。

词性变化

recoil
[ri5kCil]
n.

(1)

退回, 撤回; 畏缩; 弹回

(2)

后坐(力)

继承用法

recoil-labeling
n.
反冲标记

recoil-operated
adj.
用后退力来动作的

recoilless
[rI`kRIllIs]
adj.
无后坐力的

习惯用语

recoil on [upon]
报应

特殊用法

aggregate recoil
【核】原子团反冲

[七国语言]英汉电子工程大词典

recoil
反冲, 跳回

[七国语言]英汉机械大词典

recoil
弹回, 跳回

[七国语言]英汉机械工程大词典

recoil
反冲

[七国语言]英汉矿业大词典

recoil
返冲

[七国语言]英汉物理大词典

recoil
反冲

[七国语言]英汉原子能大词典

recoil
反冲

美国传统词典

recoil
re.coil
AHD:[r1-koil“]
D.J.[ri6k%il]
K.K.[r!6k%!l]
v.intr.
re.coiled, re.coil.ing, re.coils

(1)

To spring back, as upon firing.

(2)

To shrink back, as in fear or repugnance.

(3)

To fall back; return:
“Violence does, in truth, recoil upon the violent”(Arthur Conan Doyle)
n.
AHD:also [r?“koil”]

(1)

The backward action of a firearm upon firing.

(2)

The act or state of recoiling; reaction.

语源

(1)

Middle English recoilen

(2)

from Old French reculer

(3)

re- [re-]

(4)

cul [buttocks] from Latin c?s * see (s)keu-

继承用法

recoiler
n.

参考词汇

(1)

recoil, blench, quail, shrink, flinch

(2)

These verbs all mean to draw back involuntarily, as through fright, timidity, or abhorrence. To recoil is to spring back; the term can imply a physical motion or an emotional withdrawal or retreat:
“Those who had felt his strength recoiled from his presence” (Sir Walter Scott).
“With a sudden revulsion his heart recoiled from its purpose” (Henry Wadsworth Longfellow).

(3)

Blench suggests shying away, as to evade something unpleasant or threatening:
“split-second dealmaking and risks that would make a currency dealer blench” (Financial Times).

(4)

Quail implies cringing loss of courage, as that resulting from being intimidated:
“She made Barnes quail before her by the shafts of contempt which she flashed at him” (Thackeray). To shrink is to start back instinctively, as in avoidance:
“These are the times that try men's souls. The summer soldier and the sunshine patriot will, in this crisis, shrink from the service of their country” (Thomas Paine).

(5)

Flinch denotes a shrinking away from what is unpleasant or difficult; it often implies a faint-hearted retreat, as from a necessary undertaking:
“We did not flinch but gave our lives to save Greece” (Simonides).

[名词委审定]英汉化学名词(1991)

recoil
反冲

[名词委审定]英汉力学名词(1993)

recoil
反冲

[名词委审定]英汉物理学名词(1996)

recoil
反冲

英汉船舶大词典

recoil
n.后坐,反冲,重绕,后坐

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

recoil
重绕

英汉地质大词典

recoil
n.弹回,反冲,反跳

英汉纺织大词典

recoil
n.重绕,反冲,弹回,反冲,重绕,后坐

英汉化学大词典

recoil
vt.反冲,反作用,碰撞,重绕,退缩;n.反冲,反作用,碰撞,反冲原子,重绕,退缩

英汉海运大词典

recoil
反冲力,反座力弹回,跳回反冲后座

基本词义

recoil
弹回,跳回,反冲,后座反冲力,反座力vi.弹回,跳回,反冲,后座

英汉计算机大词典

recoil
vt.反冲(反作用,碰撞;n.反冲(反作用,碰撞

英汉机械大词典

recoil
n.反冲,重绕

英汉建筑大词典

recoil
n.跳回,弹回

英汉农牧林大词典

recoil
n.反冲,反跳,跳回

英汉能源大词典

recoil
n.弹回,反冲,反跳

英汉汽车大词典

recoil
n.反冲力

英汉冶金大词典

recoil
n.反冲,回跳

英汉医学大词典

recoil
n.反冲,反冲标记

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