简明英汉词典

rattle
[5rAtl]
v.
发出卡嗒卡嗒声, 喋喋不休, 急忙地做
n.
吓吱声, 喋喋不休的人

美国传统词典[双解]

rattle
rat.tle 1
AHD:[r2t“l]
D.J.[6r#tl]
K.K.[6r#tl]
v.(动词)
rat.tledrat.tlingrat.tles
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To make or emit a quick succession of short percussive sounds.
发嘎嘎声:产生或发出快速、持续不断的简短敲击声

(2)

To move with such sounds:
嘎嘎地行进:一边发出上面的声音一边前进:
A train rattled along the track.
火车喀嚓喀嚓地在铁轨上疾驶

(3)

To talk rapidly and at length, usually without much thought:
夸夸其谈,喋喋不休:以很快的速度发表长篇大论,通常是不加思考地讲话:
rattled on about this and that.
喋喋不休地讲这讲那
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To cause to make a quick succession of short percussive sounds:
使发嘎嘎声:使发出快速的,持续不断的简短敲击声音:
rattled the dishes in the kitchen.
使厨房里的碗盆嘎嘎作响

(2)

To utter or perform rapidly or effortlessly:
急速地讲:快速或毫不费力地说话和表演:
rattled off a list of complaints.
说出一大堆抱怨的话

(3)

Informal To fluster; unnerve:
【非正式用语】 使慌乱;使不安:
The accident rattled me.See Synonyms at embarrass
事故使我不安参见 embarrass
n.(名词)

(1)

A rapid succession of short percussive sounds.
嘎嘎声:快速的,连续不断的短促敲击的声音

(2)

A device, such as a baby's toy, that produces short percussive sounds.
嘎嘎响的玩具,拔浪鼓:像儿童玩具之类的发出短促敲击声音的器具

(3)

A rattling sound in the throat caused by obstructed breathing, especially near the time of death.
呼噜声:由于呼吸受阻而在喉中发出的短促尖利的声音,尤指人临死前发出的声音

(4)

The series of horny structures at the end of a rattlesnake's tail.
音响构造:响尾蛇尾部尖端能发出连续响声的结构

(5)

Loud or rapid talk; chatter.
聊天:大声急促的谈话;聊天

语源

(1)

Middle English ratelen
中古英语 ratelen

(2)

perhaps from Middle Dutch
可能源自 中古荷兰语

(3)

[probably of imitative origin]
[可能起源于拟音词]

注释
A large proportion (86 percent) of the Usage Panel approved the use of the verb rattle in the sense “to unnerve” in the first edition of The American Heritage Dictionary, published in 1969. But we may ask how the verb rattle came to have such a sense. The earliest use of the word is found in a name, Johannes Ratellebagg, recorded in a document of around 1273; the earliest use of the word as a common noun (in the sense “to flap, used of a banner”) is found in a work written about 1300 and copied in manuscript around 1330. It is thought that the word probably comes from Middle Dutch ratelen, which may be imitative in origin. In any case, the word ratelen was used mainly in intransitive senses such as “to make a rattling sound.” Already in Middle English, however, the transitive sense “to babble something” existed, and other transitive senses, as in “to make something rattle,” “to stir up, rouse,” “to drive in a rapid, rattling manner,” came into existence from the 16th century on. The transitive sense “to unnerve,” that is, “to make somebody rattle,” is first found in an American work of 1869.
词语用法专题小组中有相当一部分人(百分之八十六)都同意rattle 这个词有“使人不安”的意思, 1969年出版的美国经典辞书 第一版收录了这一意思。 但人们不禁要问动词rattle 为何有了这个意思。 该词最早的使用发现于1273年前后记载的一个文件中的Johannes Ratellebagg 这个名字中; 1300年这个词第一次被用作普通名词(意为“飘扬,用于旗帜”),1330年又见于手抄的印本中。人们认为这个词可能来自原来可能是拟声词的中古德语ratelen 。 不过无论怎样,ratelen 这个词本来只是作为不及物动词来使用, 如发出嘎嘎声等意思。在中古英语中,“含糊不清地说出”这一及物动词的意思就已存在,该词其它的及物意思,如“使发出嘎嘎声”、“激起,唤醒”“嘎嘎响地急速向前拖”从16世纪开始就形成了。及物意思“使不安,”即“使某人惊慌”首先出现于1869年的美国作品中

基本词义

rattle
rat.tle 2
AHD:[r2t“l]
D.J.[6r#tl]
K.K.[6r#tl]
v.tr.(及物动词)
rat.tledrat.tlingrat.tles【航海】
To secure ratlines to (shrouds).
扎梯绳:给(桅索)扎梯绳

语源

(1)

Back-formation from rattling [ratline]
源自 rattling的逆构词 [绳梯]

(2)

variant of ratline
ratline的变体

现代英汉词典

rattle
[5rAt(E)l]
vt., vi.
-tled, -tling

(1)

发出格格声
She rattled some coins in the box.
她把盒子里的硬币摇得哗啦哗啦作响。

(2)

使紧张;使紊乱

(3)

(常与off连用)不假思索地讲
He rattled off the poem.
他把诗文不假思索地背出。

(4)

(常与on连用)罗罗嗦嗦,喋喋不休地讲

词性变化

rattle
n.

(1)

格格作响的玩具

(2)

格格声

现代英汉综合大辞典

rattle
[5rAtl]
vi.

(1)

发出格格的响声

(2)

格嗒格嗒地行进

(3)

振[颤]动

(4)

疾走; 飞跑; 快速行驶

(5)

(不加思考)滔滔不绝地说

(6)

(人死前)喉咙发出呼噜呼噜响
The windows were -ling in the wind.
风吹在窗上发出格格的响声。
The car rattled along at great speed.
那辆车以极快的速度驶过。

词性变化

rattle
[5rAtl]
vt.

(1)

使发出格格声

(2)

急促地讲[背诵]; 匆忙地做; 使迅速移动[通过]

(3)

使紊乱, 使烦恼

(4)

使觉醒, 使振作

(5)

打草赶走猎物

(6)

破口大骂
rattle a bill through the House
使议案在议会中匆匆通过
Somebody is -ling the door handle.
有人把门把手弄得格格地响。

rattle
[5rAtl]
n.

(1)

格嗒格嗒声

(2)

吵闹声

(3)

发出格格作响的玩具

(4)

(临死的人)喉部发出的呼噜声

(5)

喋喋不休的话; 说个不停的人

(6)

(响尾蛇的)音响器官

(7)

响(亮程)度, 急响器

继承用法

rattlebag
n.
口袋形的发响玩具

rattlebox
[`rAtlbCks]
n.

(1)

格格响的玩具盒

(2)

【植】猪屎豆

(3)

[美]说个没完的人

rattleain,rattlehead,rattlepate
n.
愚蠢而饶舌的人, 头脑空虚的人

rattlebush
n.
野百合

rattleroot
[`rAtlrU:t,-rJt]
n.
任何可治蛇咬的植物

rattlesnake
[5rAt(E)lsneIk]
n.
响尾蛇

rattletrap
n.

(1)

(格格响的)破车

(2)

古玩; [pl. ]零碎东西

(3)

[俚]饶舌的人

习惯用语

get rattled

(1)

紧张; 不知所措

(2)

生气

rattle around in

(1)

在(大而空荡荡的)房屋里住或工作

(2)

[喻]占据不能胜任的高位

rattle away [on, along]
喋喋不休地讲

rattle off
轻易[不假思索]地说出[背出]; 滔滔不绝地讲话或背诵; 机械地弹奏; 轻快地弹奏

rattle on
喋喋不休地说, 轻快地说; 噼里啪啦地打响, 连续击打

rattle up
激起; 使活泼、生动

用法词典

rattle
中古英语ratelen,象声词

英文相关词典

rattle
clatter    confuse    disturb    fluster    patter    ruffle    unsettle    upset    

美国传统词典

rattle
rat.tle 1
AHD:[r2t“l]
D.J.[6r#tl]
K.K.[6r#tl]
v.
rat.tled, rat.tling, rat.tles
v.intr.

(1)

To make or emit a quick succession of short percussive sounds.

(2)

To move with such sounds:
A train rattled along the track.

(3)

To talk rapidly and at length, usually without much thought:
rattled on about this and that.
v.tr.

(1)

To cause to make a quick succession of short percussive sounds:
rattled the dishes in the kitchen.

(2)

To utter or perform rapidly or effortlessly:
rattled off a list of complaints.

(3)

Informal To fluster; unnerve:
The accident rattled me.See Synonyms at embarrass
n.

(1)

A rapid succession of short percussive sounds.

(2)

A device, such as a baby's toy, that produces short percussive sounds.

(3)

A rattling sound in the throat caused by obstructed breathing, especially near the time of death.

(4)

The series of horny structures at the end of a rattlesnake's tail.

(5)

Loud or rapid talk; chatter.

语源

(1)

Middle English ratelen

(2)

perhaps from Middle Dutch

(3)

[probably of imitative origin]

注释
A large proportion (86 percent) of the Usage Panel approved the use of the verb rattle in the sense “to unnerve” in the first edition of The American Heritage Dictionary, published in 1969. But we may ask how the verb rattle came to have such a sense. The earliest use of the word is found in a name, Johannes Ratellebagg, recorded in a document of around 1273; the earliest use of the word as a common noun (in the sense “to flap, used of a banner”) is found in a work written about 1300 and copied in manuscript around 1330. It is thought that the word probably comes from Middle Dutch ratelen, which may be imitative in origin. In any case, the word ratelen was used mainly in intransitive senses such as “to make a rattling sound.” Already in Middle English, however, the transitive sense “to babble something” existed, and other transitive senses, as in “to make something rattle,” “to stir up, rouse,” “to drive in a rapid, rattling manner,” came into existence from the 16th century on. The transitive sense “to unnerve,” that is, “to make somebody rattle,” is first found in an American work of 1869.

基本词义

rattle
rat.tle 2
AHD:[r2t“l]
D.J.[6r#tl]
K.K.[6r#tl]
v.tr.
rat.tled, rat.tling, rat.tlesNautical
To secure ratlines to (shrouds).

语源

(1)

Back-formation from rattling [ratline]

(2)

variant of ratline

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

RATTLE
= Road Accident TabulaTion LanguagE,道路事故制表语言

英汉电信大词典

rattle
n.喀啦声

英汉化学大词典

rattle
vt.发卡搭声,使...觉醒,迅速移动,扰乱;n.爆炸声

英汉进出口商品词汇大全

rattle
拨浪鼓(玩具)

英汉计算机大词典

rattle
vt.发卡搭声(使...觉醒,迅速移动;n.爆炸声

英汉建筑大词典

rattle
n.嘎吱声,呱嗒声

英汉农牧林大词典

rattle
n.喀啦声

英汉汽车大词典

rattle
n.车印,车辙;n.汽车咯嗒咯嗒的行驶

英汉中医大词典

rattle
n.哮吼,格格声

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