简明英汉词典

ration
[5rAFEn]
n.
定量, 配给量, 定量配给
v.
配给, 分发, 实行定量配给

美国传统词典[双解]

ration
ra.tion
AHD:[r2sh“…n, r3“sh…n]
D.J.[6r#.*n, 6rei.*n]
K.K.[6r#.*n, 6re.*n]
n.(名词)

(1)

A fixed portion, especially an amount of food allotted to persons in military service or to civilians in times of scarcity.
给量,定量:一个固定的份量,特指在物资缺乏时供给军队股役人员或平民的一定量的粮食

(2)

rations Food issued or available to members of a group.
rations 给粮:发给或能发给集体成员的粮食
v.tr.(及物动词)
ra.tionedra.tion.ingra.tions

(1)

To supply with rations.
供给定量

(2)

To distribute as rations:
发粮:散发定量的粮食:
rationed out flour and sugar.See Synonyms at distribute
发放面粉和粮食参见 distribute

(3)

To restrict to limited allotments, as during wartime.
定量供给:在例如战争期间等时候,把某物供应制定在一定数量以下

语源

(1)

French
法语

(2)

from Latin rati?} rati?n- [calculation] * see ratio
源自 拉丁语 rati?} rati?n- [计算] *参见 ratio

现代英汉词典

ration
[5rAF(E)n]
n.
定量;限量
Have you used your ration of petrol for this week?
你用了这星期给你定量的汽油了吗?

词性变化

ration
vt.

(1)

定量配给
The government had to ration petrol during the war.
政府不得不在战争期间定量供应汽油。

(2)

(常与out连用)定量分配食品

现代英汉综合大辞典

ration
[5rAFEn]
n.

(1)

(供应品的)定量[额], 配给量

(2)

[常用复]口粮; 供应品;【军】给养; 紧急用的浓缩食物

(3)

(配给量的)一份
ration card
定量供应卡
draw rations
领取给养

词性变化

ration
[5rAFEn]
vt.

(1)

(按定额)配给; 分发

(2)

限量使用(食物、水等)
ration citizens when supplies are scarce
当物品供应缺乏时, 按定量配给市民
We have to ration the water.
我们必须限量用水。

习惯用语

an iron [emergency] ration
(备急用的)浓缩食物; 军用干粮

on short rations
处于配给量不足的情况下

put on rations
(对居民等)实行配给供应制

特殊用法

food ration

(1)

食物定量

(2)

口粮

contribution margin ration
边际收益率

gas-air ration
气体空气比例

hypothetical reflux ration
假设回流

nutritive ration
营养口粮

operational ration
军用干粮; 军粮

参考词汇
food    

英文相关词典

ration
allotment    allowance    amount    budget    measure    portion    quota    share    supply    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

ration
配给量;配给

美国传统词典

ration
ra.tion
AHD:[r2sh“…n, r3“sh…n]
D.J.[6r#.*n, 6rei.*n]
K.K.[6r#.*n, 6re.*n]
n.

(1)

A fixed portion, especially an amount of food allotted to persons in military service or to civilians in times of scarcity.

(2)

rations Food issued or available to members of a group.
v.tr.
ra.tioned, ra.tion.ing, ra.tions

(1)

To supply with rations.

(2)

To distribute as rations:
rationed out flour and sugar.See Synonyms at distribute

(3)

To restrict to limited allotments, as during wartime.

语源

(1)

French

(2)

from Latin rati?} rati?n- [calculation] * see ratio

英汉船舶大词典

ration
n.定量分配额,限额

英汉法学大词典

ration
定量 ,口粮,配给量

英汉航海大词典

ration
n.限额,定量

英汉环境大词典

ration
n.定量,定额,配给量

英汉化学大词典

ration
n.定量分配,定额,食物;vt.配给,定额,食物

英汉海运大词典

ration
(食品,供给品等)日定量限额

基本词义

ration
(食品,供给品等)日定量限额

英汉经贸大词典

ration
n.限额,定量,定额

英汉计算机大词典

ration
n.定量分配(定额,食物);vt.配给(定额,食物)

英汉建筑大词典

ration
n.定量,定额,给养

英汉农牧林大词典

ration
n.日粮,军用口粮,份食

英汉医学大词典

ration
n.定粮,口粮

英汉中医大词典

ration
n.定量,配给量

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