简明英汉词典

rather
[5rB:TE]
adv.
宁愿, 宁可, 更正确, 更合适, 有点, 相当

美国传统词典[双解]

rather
rath.er
AHD:[r2Y“…r, r?“Y…r]
D.J.[6r#H*, 6r$8H*]
K.K.[6r#H+, 6r$H+]
adv.(副词)

(1)

More readily; preferably:
宁可:更愿意地;较合意地:
I'd rather go to the movies.
我宁愿去看电影

(2)

With more reason, logic, wisdom, or other justification.
较合理地:有更多原因、学识、逻辑或其他证明地

(3)

More exactly; more accurately:
更确切地;更精确地:
He's my friend, or rather he was my friend.
他是我的朋友,不过更确切地说,他曾经是我的朋友

(4)

To a certain extent; somewhat:
相当地:达到一定程度地:
rather cold.
相当寒冷

(5)

On the contrary.
相反地

(6)

[r2“Y?r“, r?“-] Chiefly British Most certainly. Used as an emphatic affirmative reply.
[r2“Y?r“, r?“-] 【多用于英国】 当然:最肯定地。做为对肯定性回答的加强语气

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old English hrathor [comparative of] hr?the [quickly, soon]
源自 古英语 hrathor [] hr?the的比较级 [快地,很快地]

(3)

from hr?th [quick]
源自 hr?th [快的]

用法

(1)

In expressions of preference rather is commonly preceded by would or in formal style should :
在表达选择的意思时rather 一词往往跟在 would 或更正式的形式 should 之后:
We would rather rent the house than buy it outright.
我们宁可租这幢房子,也不愿直接买下它。
I should rather my daughter attended a public school.
我希望我的女儿能上公立学校。

(2)

The use of had in these constructions may now be more infrequent than it once was but is still encountered in reputable writing:
在上述结构中使用had 现在没有过去常用, 但即使在十分著名的文章中,还能发现这种用法:
I had rather be dead than be a slave.
我宁可死去,也不愿意当奴隶。

(3)

This use of had was once widely criticized as a mistake, the result of a misanalysis of the contraction in sentences such as I'd rather stay. But it is in fact a survival of the subjunctive form had that appears in constructions like had better and had best, as in
这种对had 的使用曾经招致广泛的批评, 人们认为这是由于对I'd rather stay 这句话简略形式的误解所致。 但实际上这是对例如在had better 或 had best 中 had 虚拟用法的延用,我们能说:
We had better leave her alone. (Notice that in these constructions would and should cannot be used.)
我们最好由她去(注意在这种句子中不可使用 would 或 should )。

(4)

This use of had shows an unbroken line of usage running back to Middle English, and traditional criticisms of these constructions are unfounded. · Before an unmodified noun only rather a is used: It was rather a disaster. When the noun is preceded by an adjective, however, both rather a and a rather are found: It was rather a boring party. It was a rather boring party. When a rather is used in this construction, rather can be construed as qualifying only the adjective, whereas with rather a it can be construed as qualifying either the adjective or the entire noun phrase. Thus a rather long ordeal can mean only “an ordeal that is rather long,” whereas rather a long ordeal can also mean roughly “a long process that is something of an ordeal.” Rather a is the only possible choice when the adjective itself does not permit modification: The horse was rather a long shot (not The horse was a rather long shot ). See Usage Note at better 1should
Had 的这种使用方法可以一直追溯到中古英语, 但历史上并没有对此方法批评的记载。在一个没有修饰词的名词前,一般只使用rather a : 真是一场灾难。 但当名词前有形容词时,rather a 和 a rather 就都能使用了: It was rather a boring party 。It was a rather a boring party 。 在这种搭配中,如果使用a rather , rather 只是用来修饰这个形容词; 如果使用rather a, 那么同时修饰形容词和名词,即可认为修饰形容词也可以为修饰名词词组。 因此a rather long ordeal 的意思仅指布道很长, 而rather a long ordeal 则可概略地指一个“像布道似的漫长过程。” 如果形容词本身没有引申义,那么就只能使用rather a : The horse was rather a long shot (而不是 The horse was a rather long shot ) 参见 better1should

现代英汉词典

rather
[5rB:TE; (?@) 5rATEr]
adv.

(1)

稍微;有点;颇;相当
rather cold weather
相当冷的天气
She was rather hurt by his unkind words.
"他出言不逊,使她相当伤心。"

(2)

(常与than连用)宁可,宁愿
I'd rather play tennis than swim.
我宁愿打网球,不愿游泳。

(3)

(常与than连用)更
These shoes are comfortable rather than pretty.
这双鞋不好看,但是舒服。
American young people would rather get advice from strangers.
美国的年轻人宁可从陌生人那里获取咨询。
We would rather receive money than the usual gifts.
我们宁可接受钱而不希望受到通常的礼物。

词性变化

rather
int.
当然
‘Would you like a swim?’ ‘Rather’
“你要游泳吗?”“当然!”

现代英汉综合大辞典

rather
[5rB:TE]
adv.

(1)

[常与would或had连用]宁愿, 宁可

(2)

稍微; 相当

(3)

[可与or连用]更确切, 更恰当; 更接近

(4)

[口] 当然, 确实如此

(5)

相反地, 倒不如说 ... 更...

(6)

[与连词 than 配合使用]与其...不如...; 宁可... 也不...
Which would you rather have, tea or coffee?
你喜欢喝茶; 还是咖啡?
I would rather you come tomorrow.
我宁愿你明天来。
He was rather tired.
他有些疲倦了。
You have done rather well.
你做得相当不错。
He went home very late last night, or rather, in the early hours this morning.
他是昨天深夜回家的, 或者更确切地说, 是今天凌晨。
Do you know her ? R-.
你认识她吗? 当然。
She was no better, but rather grew worse.
她的病情不但没好转, 反而恶化了。
He resigned rather than take part in such a dishonest transaction .
他宁愿辞职也不愿意参加这样一种欺骗的交易。

继承用法

ratherish
[`rB:TErIF;`rA-]
adv.
颇, 相当; 有点儿, 有几分

习惯用语

the rather that [because]
何况, 正因为...所以更加; 尤其是

would[had] rather ...
宁愿..., 倒愿意...

rather better than
似乎稍胜[较好]

rather than(otherwise)
不是别的而是...

rather too
稍微...一点

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

rather
宁愿;反而

美国传统词典

rather
rath.er
AHD:[r2Y“…r, r?“Y…r]
D.J.[6r#H*, 6r$8H*]
K.K.[6r#H+, 6r$H+]
adv.

(1)

More readily; preferably:
I'd rather go to the movies.

(2)

With more reason, logic, wisdom, or other justification.

(3)

More exactly; more accurately:
He's my friend, or rather he was my friend.

(4)

To a certain extent; somewhat:
rather cold.

(5)

On the contrary.

(6)

[r2“Y?r“, r?“-] Chiefly British Most certainly. Used as an emphatic affirmative reply.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old English hrathor [comparative of] hr?the [quickly, soon]

(3)

from hr?th [quick]

用法

(1)

In expressions of preference rather is commonly preceded by would or in formal style should :
We would rather rent the house than buy it outright.
I should rather my daughter attended a public school.

(2)

The use of had in these constructions may now be more infrequent than it once was but is still encountered in reputable writing:
I had rather be dead than be a slave.

(3)

This use of had was once widely criticized as a mistake, the result of a misanalysis of the contraction in sentences such as I'd rather stay. But it is in fact a survival of the subjunctive form had that appears in constructions like had better and had best, as in
We had better leave her alone. (Notice that in these constructions would and should cannot be used.)

(4)

This use of had shows an unbroken line of usage running back to Middle English, and traditional criticisms of these constructions are unfounded. · Before an unmodified noun only rather a is used: It was rather a disaster. When the noun is preceded by an adjective, however, both rather a and a rather are found: It was rather a boring party. It was a rather boring party. When a rather is used in this construction, rather can be construed as qualifying only the adjective, whereas with rather a it can be construed as qualifying either the adjective or the entire noun phrase. Thus a rather long ordeal can mean only “an ordeal that is rather long,” whereas rather a long ordeal can also mean roughly “a long process that is something of an ordeal.” Rather a is the only possible choice when the adjective itself does not permit modification: The horse was rather a long shot (not The horse was a rather long shot ). See Usage Note at better 1should

英汉法学大词典

rather
adv.比较

英汉化学大词典

rather
adv.宁愿,相当地,相反地

英汉计算机大词典

rather
adv.宁愿(相当地,相反地

英汉中医大词典

rather
n.有点儿,颇,相当

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