简明英汉词典

pay off
v.
还清(债务等)付清, 报复, 赢利

美国传统词典[双解]

pay
pay 1
AHD:[p3]
D.J.[pei]
K.K.[pe]
v.(动词)
paid[p3d] pay.ingpays
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To give money to in return for goods or services rendered:
支付,付款:因所提供的服务或商品而付给钱:
pay the cashier.
向出纳员付款

(2)

To give (money) in exchange for goods or services:
花费,偿付:为商品或服务而支付(钱):
paid three dollars for a hamburger; paid an hourly wage.
花三美元买了一个汉堡包;支付一小时的工酬

(3)

To discharge or settle (a debt or an obligation):
偿还,还清:偿付或结清(债务或责任):
paying taxes; paid the bill.
交纳税款;付帐单

(4)

To give recompense for; requite:
回报:给予报酬;报答:
a kindness that cannot be paid back.
无法报答的和善

(5)

To give recompense to; reward or punish:
以牙还牙,回报:给予报偿;报复或惩罚:
I'll pay him back for his insults.
对他的侮辱我要报复

(6)

To bear (a cost or penalty, for example) in recompense:
受报应,付代价:忍受(代价,罪等)以作为赔偿:
She paid the price for her unpopular opinions.
她为自己不受欢迎的观点付出了代价

(7)

To yield as a return:
酬劳:作为回报给予:
a savings plan that paid 12 percent interest.
支付百分之十二利率的储蓄计划

(8)

To afford an advantage to; profit:
有利于:给…以好处;有益于:
It paid us to be generous.
慷慨对我们有好处

(9)

To give or bestow:
给,予:
paying compliments; paying attention.
称赞;给予关注

(10)

To make (a visit or call).
做(拜访)或打(电话)

(11)

past tense and past participle paidor payed [p3d] To let out (a line or cable) by slackening.
【过去时态与过去分词】 paid或 payed [p3d] 慢慢放松:通过松开使(绳索或缆绳)脱出
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To give money in exchange for goods or services.
付款:为商品或服务而付款

(2)

To discharge a debt or an obligation.
偿清:偿还债务或责任

(3)

To bear a cost or penalty in recompense:
付代价,得到报应:承受费用或刑罚作为偿还:
You'll pay for this mischief!
你会因恶作剧而受惩罚

(4)

To be profitable or worthwhile:
有利,值得:
It doesn't pay to get angry.
不值得生气
adj.(形容词)

(1)

Of, relating to, giving, or receiving payments.
付款的,收款的:支付的、与支付有关的、给予或获得支付的

(2)

Requiring payment to use or operate:
需交费的:需要交纳使用或运作费用的:
a pay telephone.
交费电话

(3)

Yielding valuable metal in mining:
有开采价值的:通过开采能产生有价值金属的:
a pay streak.
含有开采价值的矿层
n.(名词)

(1)

The act of paying or state of being paid.
付款,收款:付报酬或得报酬的行为或状态

(2)

Money given in return for work done; salary; wages.
酬金,工资:做工作而获得的报酬;工资;周薪

(3)

Recompense or reward:
报酬,酬劳:
Your thanks are pay enough.
你的谢意已足够了

(4)

Retribution or punishment.
报复,惩罚

(5)

Paid employment:
雇佣:支付费用的雇佣:
the workers in our pay.
我们雇佣的工人

(6)

A person considered with regard to his or her credit or reliability in discharging debts.
有良好信用的人,有支付能力的人:被认为是在还债方面守信或可靠的人

常用词组

pay off

(1)

To pay the full amount on (a debt).
偿清(债务) :支付(债务)的全部数额

(2)

To effect profit:
带来利益:
a bet that paid off poorly.
没有多大利息的赌注

(3)

To get revenge for or on; requite.
报复:为…或向…报复;报复

(4)

To pay the wages due to (an employee) upon discharge.
结算工资:由于要解雇(雇员)支付工资

(5)

Informal To bribe.
【非正式用语】 贿赂

(6)

Nautical To turn or cause to turn (a vessel) to leeward.
【航海】 使(船首)转向下风:转向或使(船)转向下风

pay out

(1)

To give (money) out; spend.
把(钱)花掉;花费

(2)

To let out (a line or rope) by slackening.
缓缓放松:通过放松使(绳或索)放出

pay up
To give over the full monetary amount demanded.
付清全部款项:缴清所要求的全部资金数额

习惯用语

pay (one's) dues
To earn a given right or position through hard work, long-term experience, or suffering:
获得自己应得的:通过艰苦工作、长期的经验或痛苦而获得应得的权利或地位:
She paid her dues in small-town theaters before getting a part in a Broadway play.
她通过在小城镇的戏剧院出名后才在纽约百老汇戏剧娱乐业获得了一席之地

pay (one's) way
To contribute one's own share; pay for oneself.
付出,出钱:捐献出自己的一份;为自己支付

pay the piper
To bear the consequences of something.
承担某事的后果

pay through the nose【非正式用语】
To pay excessively.
付出过高的代价

语源

(1)

Middle English paien
中古英语 paien

(2)

from Old French paiier
源自 古法语 paiier

(3)

from Late Latin [to appease]
源自 后期拉丁语 [缓和,使平静]

(4)

from Latin p33re} [to pacify]
源自 拉丁语 p33re} [安抚,平息]

(5)

from p3x p3c- [peace] * see pag-
源自 p3x p3c- [和平] *参见 pag-

注释
Given the unpeaceful feelings one often has in paying bills or income taxes, it is difficult to believe that the word pay ultimately derives from the Latin word p3, “peace.” However, it is not the peace of the one who pays that is involved in this development of meaning. From p3, meaning “peace” and also “a settlement of hostilities,” was derived the word p33re,} “to impose a settlement on peoples or territories.” In Late Latin p33re} was extended in sense to mean “to appease.” The Old French word paiier that developed from Latin p33re} came to have the specific application “to pacify or satisfy a creditor,” a sense that came into Middle English along with the word paien (first recorded around the beginning of the 13th century), the ancestor of our word pay.
人常常在支付帐单或收入调节税时有不安之感情,因而很难令人相信单词pay 来源于拉丁词语 pax “和平”。 但是,并不是支付人内心的平和与这个词意义的延伸意有关连。因为意思是“和平”和“敌视的和解”的单词pax 源于 pacare “给人民或领土以安宁”。 在后拉丁语中pacare 的意义被引申为“抚慰,使缓和。” 古法语单词paiier 来源于拉丁语 pacave, 后来开始具有“缓和、平息或使债主满意”这个具体用意,这种意思随同单词paien (大约在13世纪初首次记录)进入中世纪英语, 这个词就是单词pay 的前身

基本词义

pay
pay 2
AHD:[p3]
D.J.[pei]
K.K.[pe]
v.tr.(及物动词)
payed或 paid [p3d] pay.ingpays【航海】
To coat or cover (seams of a ship, for example) with waterproof material such as tar or asphalt.
在…上涂柏油:用防水材料如沥清或柏油涂在(如船缝上)

语源

(1)

Obsolete French peier
已废法语 peier

(2)

from Old French
源自 古法语

(3)

from Latin pic3e
源自 拉丁语 pic3e

(4)

from pix pic- [pitch]
源自 pix pic- [沥青,柏油]

现代英汉词典

pay
[peI]
vt., vi.
paid, paying

(1)

付(款);支付;缴纳
He paid £5 for the book.
他买这本书花了五英镑。
"I'd like to pay by cheque, please."
我想用支票支付。
I paid $150 for that walki-lookie.
我花了一百五十美元买了那台轻便电视摄影机。
"The international corporation paid $50,000 for the firm, and $2,000 for its goodwill."
"这家跨国公司用五万美元买下了这家商号,两千美元买下了它的信誉。"

(2)

付清(账单、债务)
Can you lend me some money - I can pay you back tomorrow.
你能借给我点儿钱吗?我明天就可以还给你。
Have I paid you back the $20 you lent me?
你借给我的二十美元我还给你了吗?
Have you paid the electricity bill for the last month yet?
你缴了上个月的电费了吗?

(3)

生利;有…收益;值得(麻烦);合算
It pays me to keep that stock.
持有那种股票对我有利。
It will pay to read a dictionary if you have time.
"如果你有时间,翻翻词典是值得的。"
It will pay in the long run if the setting off of firecrackers is effectively banned in the cities.
"从长远来看,在城市里真正有效地禁放鞭炮,是值得的。"

(4)

做;致;说
pay a visit
访问
pay a call
拜会
pay a compliment
致意
pay one's respects
致敬
The workers paid homage to the king when he came to the factory for a visit.
"当国王来到工厂参观时,工人们向他致敬。"

(5)

给;与
pay attention
注意

(6)

遭受惩罚
She has paid the penalty for her theft.
她犯的偷窃罪已受到惩罚。
He paid dearly for his careless slip.
他为自己粗心的失误付出了巨大的代价。

词性变化

pay
n.
工资;薪金;津贴

习惯用语

in the pay of
被收买的;被豢养的;当狗腿子的
This man is in the pay of the enemy.
此人是被敌人收买的。

常用词组

pay back

(1)

报复 (= pay off, pay out, serve out)
I'll certainly pay you back for what you did to me!
"你那样对待我,我一定要回敬你的!"

(2)

偿还;偿付
How can I pay you back for all your kindness?
你的这番好意我该怎么报答呢?

pay off

(1)

还清;偿清

(2)

报复;偿还

(3)

结清工资解雇(某人)

(4)

成功
Did your plan pay off?
你的计划成功了吗?
Our plan certainly paid off; it was a great idea.
"我们的计划当然成功了,那是个很好的主意。"

pay out

(1)

花费;支出
I paid out a lot of money for that car.
为了那辆汽车我花了不少钱。

(2)

放松(绳子);放出

pay up
(不情愿地)付清;还清(债务)

美国传统词典

pay
pay 1
AHD:[p3]
D.J.[pei]
K.K.[pe]
v.
paid[p3d] pay.ing, pays
v.tr.

(1)

To give money to in return for goods or services rendered:
pay the cashier.

(2)

To give (money) in exchange for goods or services:
paid three dollars for a hamburger; paid an hourly wage.

(3)

To discharge or settle (a debt or an obligation):
paying taxes; paid the bill.

(4)

To give recompense for; requite:
a kindness that cannot be paid back.

(5)

To give recompense to; reward or punish:
I'll pay him back for his insults.

(6)

To bear (a cost or penalty, for example) in recompense:
She paid the price for her unpopular opinions.

(7)

To yield as a return:
a savings plan that paid 12 percent interest.

(8)

To afford an advantage to; profit:
It paid us to be generous.

(9)

To give or bestow:
paying compliments; paying attention.

(10)

To make (a visit or call).

(11)

past tense and past participle paidor payed [p3d] To let out (a line or cable) by slackening.
v.intr.

(1)

To give money in exchange for goods or services.

(2)

To discharge a debt or an obligation.

(3)

To bear a cost or penalty in recompense:
You'll pay for this mischief!

(4)

To be profitable or worthwhile:
It doesn't pay to get angry.
adj.

(1)

Of, relating to, giving, or receiving payments.

(2)

Requiring payment to use or operate:
a pay telephone.

(3)

Yielding valuable metal in mining:
a pay streak.
n.

(1)

The act of paying or state of being paid.

(2)

Money given in return for work done; salary; wages.

(3)

Recompense or reward:
Your thanks are pay enough.

(4)

Retribution or punishment.

(5)

Paid employment:
the workers in our pay.

(6)

A person considered with regard to his or her credit or reliability in discharging debts.

常用词组

pay off

(1)

To pay the full amount on (a debt).

(2)

To effect profit:
a bet that paid off poorly.

(3)

To get revenge for or on; requite.

(4)

To pay the wages due to (an employee) upon discharge.

(5)

Informal To bribe.

(6)

Nautical To turn or cause to turn (a vessel) to leeward.

pay out

(1)

To give (money) out; spend.

(2)

To let out (a line or rope) by slackening.

pay up
To give over the full monetary amount demanded.

习惯用语

pay (one's) dues
To earn a given right or position through hard work, long-term experience, or suffering:
She paid her dues in small-town theaters before getting a part in a Broadway play.

pay (one's) way
To contribute one's own share; pay for oneself.

pay the piper
To bear the consequences of something.

pay through the noseInformal
To pay excessively.

语源

(1)

Middle English paien

(2)

from Old French paiier

(3)

from Late Latin [to appease]

(4)

from Latin p33re} [to pacify]

(5)

from p3x p3c- [peace] * see pag-

注释
Given the unpeaceful feelings one often has in paying bills or income taxes, it is difficult to believe that the word pay ultimately derives from the Latin word p3, “peace.” However, it is not the peace of the one who pays that is involved in this development of meaning. From p3, meaning “peace” and also “a settlement of hostilities,” was derived the word p33re,} “to impose a settlement on peoples or territories.” In Late Latin p33re} was extended in sense to mean “to appease.” The Old French word paiier that developed from Latin p33re} came to have the specific application “to pacify or satisfy a creditor,” a sense that came into Middle English along with the word paien (first recorded around the beginning of the 13th century), the ancestor of our word pay.

基本词义

pay
pay 2
AHD:[p3]
D.J.[pei]
K.K.[pe]
v.tr.
payedor paid [p3d] pay.ing, paysNautical
To coat or cover (seams of a ship, for example) with waterproof material such as tar or asphalt.

语源

(1)

Obsolete French peier

(2)

from Old French

(3)

from Latin pic3e

(4)

from pix pic- [pitch]

英汉船舶大词典

pay off
n.付清,开始产油,清偿

英汉地质大词典

pay off
n.开始出油,产油井

英汉法学大词典

pay off
偿清 ,付清,给薪解雇,进行报复

英汉纺织大词典

pay off
n.松卷装置,清算

英汉航海大词典

pay off
vt.偿还,付清

英汉化学大词典

pay off
vt.付清,得到好处,贿赂

英汉海运大词典

pay off
偿还,收回

基本词义

pay off
结帐,解雇,船头偏离风向,偏航

基本词义

pay off
结帐解雇船头偏离风向偏航

基本词义

pay off
偿还,收回,结帐,解雇,船头偏离风向,偏航

英汉经贸大词典

pay off
n.付清

英汉计算机大词典

pay off
vt.付清(得到好处,贿赂

英汉建筑大词典

pay off
n.送料,续料,开始出油,产油井

英汉冶金大词典

pay off
n.放线装置,松卷装置

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