简明英汉词典

pawn
[pC:n]
n.
典当, 抵押物, 人质, (象棋)兵、卒, 爪牙, 被人利用的人
vt.
当掉, 以...担保

美国传统词典[双解]

pawn
pawn 1
AHD:[p?n]
D.J.[p%8n]
K.K.[p%n]
n.(名词)

(1)

Something given as security for a loan; a pledge or guaranty.
抵押品,典当物:当作借贷保证的事物;保证物或抵押物

(2)

The condition of being held as a pledge against the payment of a loan:
抵押:当作偿付贷款的保证的条件:
jewels in pawn.
典押的珠宝

(3)

A person serving as security; a hostage.
人质:作为保证的人;人质

(4)

The act of pawning.
抵押:抵押的事例
v.tr.(及物动词)
pawnedpawn.ingpawns

(1)

To give or deposit (personal property) as security for the payment of money borrowed.
典当:给予或寄存(个人财产)作为偿还借款的保证

(2)

To risk; hazard:
冒险;赌:
pawn one's honor.
以名誉作赌注

语源

(1)

Middle English paun
中古英语 paun

(2)

from Old French pan
源自 古法语 pan

(3)

of Germanic origin
日耳曼语源

继承用法

pawnable
adj.(形容词)

pawnage
n.(名词)

pawner
AHD:[p?“n…r] 或 pawnor [-n?r”] (名词)

基本词义

pawn
pawn 2
AHD:[p?n]
D.J.[p%8n]
K.K.[p%n]
n.(名词)

(1)

Abbr. PGames A chess piece of lowest value that may move forward one square at a time or two squares in the first move, capture other pieces only on a one-space diagonal forward move, and be promoted to any piece other than a king upon reaching the eighth rank.
缩写 P【游戏】 兵,小卒:价值最小的棋子,一次可向前移一方格或在第一步可移两格,只能吃对方靠对角线前方的一个子,当到达第八级时可升为除王以外的任何一棋子

(2)

A person or an entity used to further the purposes of another:
被人利用者,爪牙:为别人的目的而被利用的人或实体:
an underdeveloped nation that was a pawn in international politics.
在国际政治中被人利用的不发达国家

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old French pedon, paon
源自 古法语 pedon, paon

(3)

from Medieval Latin ped?} ped?n- [foot soldier]
源自 中世纪拉丁语 ped?} ped?n- [步兵]

(4)

from Late Latin [one who has wide feet]
源自 后期拉丁语 [大脚板的人]

(5)

from Latin p?s ped- [foot] * see ped-
源自 拉丁语 p?s ped- [脚] *参见 ped-

现代英汉词典

pawn 1
[pC:n]
n.

(1)

(国际象棋的)兵,卒

(2)

马前卒;走卒;受人利用的小人物

基本词义

pawn 2
[pC:n]
vt.
典当;抵押

词性变化

pawn
n.
典;当;抵押

习惯用语

in pawn
抵押

现代英汉综合大辞典

pawn
[pC:n]
n.
(国际象棋中的)兵, 卒; [喻]爪牙, 走卒, 可轻易牺牲、无足轻重的人或物

英文相关词典

pawn
deposit    pledge    

美国传统词典

pawn
pawn 1
AHD:[p?n]
D.J.[p%8n]
K.K.[p%n]
n.

(1)

Something given as security for a loan; a pledge or guaranty.

(2)

The condition of being held as a pledge against the payment of a loan:
jewels in pawn.

(3)

A person serving as security; a hostage.

(4)

The act of pawning.
v.tr.
pawned, pawn.ing, pawns

(1)

To give or deposit (personal property) as security for the payment of money borrowed.

(2)

To risk; hazard:
pawn one's honor.

语源

(1)

Middle English paun

(2)

from Old French pan

(3)

of Germanic origin

继承用法

pawnable
adj.

pawnage
n.

pawner
AHD:[p?“n…r] or pawnor [-n?r”] n.

基本词义

pawn
pawn 2
AHD:[p?n]
D.J.[p%8n]
K.K.[p%n]
n.

(1)

Abbr. PGames A chess piece of lowest value that may move forward one square at a time or two squares in the first move, capture other pieces only on a one-space diagonal forward move, and be promoted to any piece other than a king upon reaching the eighth rank.

(2)

A person or an entity used to further the purposes of another:
an underdeveloped nation that was a pawn in international politics.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old French pedon, paon

(3)

from Medieval Latin ped?} ped?n- [foot soldier]

(4)

from Late Latin [one who has wide feet]

(5)

from Latin p?s ped- [foot] * see ped-

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

pawn
抵押,当

英汉法学大词典

pawn
v.出典 ,当,典当 ;n.典当物,典质,人质

英汉化学大词典

pawn
n.典当,棘爪,勾

英汉海运大词典

pawn
抵押,典当

英汉计算机大词典

pawn
n.典当(棘爪,勾)

英汉建筑大词典

pawn
n.长廊,有顶的通道,典当

英汉能源大词典

pawn
n.典当,棘爪,勾

英汉心理学大词典

pawn
受摆布者

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