简明英汉词典

parent
[5pZErEnt]
n.
双亲, 父亲(或母亲)

美国传统词典[双解]

parent
par.ent
AHD:[par“…nt, p2r“-]
D.J.[6pW*r*nt, 6p#r-]
K.K.[6pWr*nt, 6p#r-]
n.(名词)

(1)

One who begets, gives birth to, or nurtures and raises a child; a father or a mother.
双亲之一(父或母):生育、培育或抚养孩子的人;父亲或母亲

(2)

An ancestor; a progenitor.
先辈;祖父

(3)

An organism that produces or generates offspring.
母体:生产或生育后代的生物体

(4)

A guardian; a protector.
监护人;保护人

(5)

A source or cause; an origin:
根源,起源:
Despair is the parent of rebellion.
走投无路是反抗的根源
v.(动词)
par.ent.edpar.ent.ingpar.ents
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

Usage Problem To act as a parent to; raise and nurture:
【用法疑难】 抚养,抚育:做…的家长;抚养或养育:
“A genitor who does not parent the child is not its parent”(Ashley Montagu)
“不养育孩子的父母不能称为孩子的父母”(阿什利·蒙塔古)

(2)

To cause to come into existence; originate.
使产生:引起…的存在;产起
v.intr.Usage Problem (不及物动词)【用法疑难】
To act as a parent.
抚育,抚养:做父(母)

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old French
源自 古法语

(3)

from Latin par?s parent- [from past active participle of] parere [to give birth] * see per- 1
源自 拉丁语 par?s parent- [] 源自parere的过去主动语态分词 [生,生育] *参见 per- 1

继承用法

parenthood
n.(名词)

用法
The Usage Panel is better disposed to accept the verb parent than in previous surveys, though a majority continues to find it unacceptable. In 1968 it was acceptable to only 19 percent of the Panel; in the most recent survey 45 percent accepted it in the sentence In looking for foster homes, we give preference first to relatives and second to families with prior experience in parenting. · The use of the verb parent to mean “act as a parent to” is not entirely new: it occurs as early as 1884 in a metaphorical context. But its use in a literal sense with respect to children is a recent development and reflects a modern reconceptualization of family life. The word is not completely synonymous with the traditional expression raise a child, though the precise nature of the differences may depend on the context. For some speakers, use of the word suggests a self-conscious shift from child to parent as the focus of the parental relationship, and it may be this implication that feeds critical reservations about the verb. But the usage also reflects a widespread practical realization that the activities required of a parent extend well beyond the direct interaction with the child emphasized in child raising. Thus the parenting classes for young parents offered by schools and state agencies encompass not only the activities traditionally associated with raising a child but also topics such as personal self-sufficiency, household financial management, and methods of dealing with schools and health care agencies.See Usage Note at father
用法小组比以往更倾向于接受动词parent 了, 虽然还有大部分人觉得不可接受。1968年仅有19%的小组成员认同这种用法;在最近的调查中,有45%的人接受了它,如在:在寻找收养家庭时,我们首先选孩子的亲戚,其次是有过养育孩子经历的家庭 这样的句子中的用法。 Parent 的意为“做…的父(母)”动词用法, 并不完全是个新用法:早在1884年,在一个比喻性的文章中就出现过了。但就孩子这方面而言,它的本义是近期发展的结果并反映了现代家庭生活的观念。这个词并不与习语 raise a child 完全同义, 尽管不同之处确切的性质可能取决于说话背景。但对一些人来说,使用这个词暗含一个把家长的关系作为重点的自觉的从孩子到父母的转换,也许正是这个隐含的用意引起了关于这个动词批评性的保留。然而,这个用法也反映了广泛的现实认识,即要求父母的活动扩展到超出直接与孩子的相互作用,这个相互作用在 child raising 这个短语中有所强调。 因此,由学校和国家专门部门向年轻家长提供的 parenting 课, 不仅包括传统上与抚养孩子有关的事务,而且还包括诸如个人自给自足、家庭财政管理和同学校和保健部门打交道的方法等课题参见 father

现代英汉词典

parent
[5peErEnt]
n.

(1)

父母;双亲
His parents are still alive.
他的父母都还活着。
Robert and Mary have become parents.
罗伯特和玛丽已经当了父母。

(2)

能繁殖的任何生物;亲本;母体
the parent tree
母树

(3)

根源;开始;起源
Intemperance is the parent of many evils.
纵欲是万恶之源。

词性变化

parent
vi.
作为…的父母

现代英汉综合大辞典

parent
[5pZErEnt]
n.

(1)

父亲; 母亲; [pl. ]双亲; 祖先

(2)

【生】亲本, 母体

(3)

起源, 根源, 根本

(4)

美国加州柑桔品种名
He comes of poor parents.
他出身贫穷。
Industry is the parent of success.
勤奋是成功之母。
Pride is the parent of all evils.
骄傲是万恶之根。

词性变化

parent
[5pZErEnt]
adj.
母体的, 来源的
a parent firm
母公司
the parent tree
母体树

继承用法

parenthood,parentship
n.
父母的身分

parent-in-law
n.
配偶的父母

parent-investor
n.
母公司投资人

parent-stand
n.
母树林

特殊用法

backcross parent
回交亲本

boarding parents
寄养父母

donor parent
供方亲体, 授与亲体

female parent
母本

male parent
父本

non-recurrent parent
非回交亲本

pollen parent
花粉亲体, 父本

redioactive parent
放射性母体

recurrent parent
【遗】回交亲本, 轮回亲本

top-cross parent
【遗】顶交亲本

parent of a state
母态

用法词典

parent
来自拉丁语parens父母,原义是parere[父]生[子女]

英文相关词典

parent
child    

[七国语言]英汉原子能大词典

parent
母体

英汉双解计算机词典

parent

双亲(段)
In any hierarchical system, the element that is immediately superior to the element in question, e.g. in a tree structure the node that points to the particular node in question.
在任何层次方法中,直接位于所讨论元素之上的一个元素。例如在树形结构中,指向所讨论的 的特定结点的上一个结点。参阅tree structure, parent segment。

美国传统词典

parent
par.ent
AHD:[par“…nt, p2r“-]
D.J.[6pW*r*nt, 6p#r-]
K.K.[6pWr*nt, 6p#r-]
n.

(1)

One who begets, gives birth to, or nurtures and raises a child; a father or a mother.

(2)

An ancestor; a progenitor.

(3)

An organism that produces or generates offspring.

(4)

A guardian; a protector.

(5)

A source or cause; an origin:
Despair is the parent of rebellion.
v.
par.ent.ed, par.ent.ing, par.ents
v.tr.

(1)

Usage Problem To act as a parent to; raise and nurture:
“A genitor who does not parent the child is not its parent”(Ashley Montagu)

(2)

To cause to come into existence; originate.
v.intr.Usage Problem
To act as a parent.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old French

(3)

from Latin par?s parent- [from past active participle of] parere [to give birth] * see per- 1

继承用法

parenthood
n.

用法
The Usage Panel is better disposed to accept the verb parent than in previous surveys, though a majority continues to find it unacceptable. In 1968 it was acceptable to only 19 percent of the Panel; in the most recent survey 45 percent accepted it in the sentence In looking for foster homes, we give preference first to relatives and second to families with prior experience in parenting. · The use of the verb parent to mean “act as a parent to” is not entirely new: it occurs as early as 1884 in a metaphorical context. But its use in a literal sense with respect to children is a recent development and reflects a modern reconceptualization of family life. The word is not completely synonymous with the traditional expression raise a child, though the precise nature of the differences may depend on the context. For some speakers, use of the word suggests a self-conscious shift from child to parent as the focus of the parental relationship, and it may be this implication that feeds critical reservations about the verb. But the usage also reflects a widespread practical realization that the activities required of a parent extend well beyond the direct interaction with the child emphasized in child raising. Thus the parenting classes for young parents offered by schools and state agencies encompass not only the activities traditionally associated with raising a child but also topics such as personal self-sufficiency, household financial management, and methods of dealing with schools and health care agencies.See Usage Note at father

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

parent
(双)亲,父(代),母(体);【NT】上层;父类

英汉电信大词典

parent
n.原始的,本源的

英汉地质大词典

parent
n.亲本,母体,原始的

英汉法学大词典

parent
n.根源, 母亲

英汉航海大词典

parent
n.父母

英汉航空大词典

parent
n.父亲,母亲

英汉化学大词典

parent
n.根源,父母;adj.母体的,原始的

英汉海运大词典

parent
父亲,母亲母体起源母体的

基本词义

parent
父亲,母亲母体起源a.母体

基本词义

parent
母体的,父亲,母亲,起源,母体

英汉经贸大词典

parent
n.父母

英汉计算机大词典

parent
n.父母;adj.原始的

英汉心理学大词典

parent
双亲

英汉医学大词典

parent
n.亲本,亲代

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