简明英汉词典

pain
[pein]
n.
痛苦, 疼, 痛, 劳苦, 努力
vt.
使痛苦

美国传统词典[双解]

pain
pain
AHD:[p3n]
D.J.[pein]
K.K.[pen]
n.(名词)

(1)

An unpleasant sensation occurring in varying degrees of severity as a consequence of injury, disease, or emotional disorder.
疼痛:作为伤害、疾病或感情的混乱的结果以各种不同严重程度出现的令人不快的情感

(2)

Suffering or distress.
痛苦或苦恼

(3)

pains The pangs of childbirth.
pains 阵痛:分娩时的剧痛

(4)

pains Great care or effort:
pains 辛苦,努力:极大的关注或努力:
take pains with one's work.
努力工作

(5)

Informal A source of annoyance; a nuisance.
【非正式用语】 烦恼的根源,棘手的事:苦恼的根源;讨厌的东西或人
v.(动词)
painedpain.ingpains
v.tr.(及物动词)
To cause pain to; hurt or injure.
伤害:引起痛苦;伤害或弄伤
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To be the cause of pain.
使痛苦:成为疼痛、痛苦的原因

习惯用语

on pain of或

under pain of
Subject to the penalty of a specified punishment, such as death.
违则以…处罚:应受一种指定惩罚的刑罚,如死刑

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old French peine
源自 古法语 peine

(3)

from Latin poena [penalty, pain]
源自 拉丁语 poena [刑罚,处罚;疼痛]

(4)

from Greek poin?} [penalty] * see k wei- 1
源自 希腊语 poin?} [惩罚] *参见 k wei- 1

参考词汇

(1)

painachepangsmartstitchthroetwinge

(2)

The central meaning shared by these nouns is “a sensation of severe physical discomfort”:
这些名词所共有的一个中心意思是“身体上极不舒服的感觉”:
abdominal pain;
腹痛;
aches and cramps in a leg;
腿上的疼痛和痉挛;
the pangs of childbirth;
生孩子的剧痛;
aspirin that alleviated the smart;
减轻刺痛的阿斯匹林;
a stitch in the side;
一侧的突然剧痛;
the throes of dying;
临死的苦痛;
a twinge of arthritis. See also Synonyms at effort
关节疼痛 参见同义词 effort

现代英汉词典

pain
[peIn]
n.

(1)

痛苦;悲痛
His bad behaviour caused his parents a great deal of pain.
他的不良行为使他的父母感到非常痛苦。

(2)

痛;疼痛
He had a pain in his head.
他头疼。
He has pains / a pain / pain in the shoulders.
他两肩痛疼。
Has the pain passed off yet?
不痛了吧?

(3)

苦恼;烦闷; 讨厌的人;讨厌的物;厌恶
She's a real pain.
她真是一个令人讨厌的人。
(= pain in the neck)

(4)

(pl) 辛苦;努力
"No pains, no gains.; No gains without pains.(谚)"
不劳则无获。
We must give him sth. for his pains.
我们必须给他点什么以便酬报他的辛劳。

习惯用语

be at pains to do sth.
苦心经营;辛苦地做

词性变化

pain
vt.

(1)

使(身体一部分)痛;伤害
My tooth is paining.
我牙痛。

(2)

使(精神)痛苦;使心痛
Your laziness pains your parents.
你的懒惰使你的父母痛苦。
After they had quarrelled there was a pained silence between them.
"他们发生争吵以后,双方都因感情上受到伤害而保持沉默。"
Everybody's pained to see such wastefulness.
任何人看到这种浪费现象都会很痛心的。

现代英汉综合大辞典

pain
[pein]
n.

(1)

痛苦, 疼, 痛

(2)

[pl. ]辛苦, 劳苦; 努力, 费心

(3)

[pl. ]分娩阵痛

(4)

[古]刑罚, 处罚, 惩罚

(5)

[美]令人讨厌的人[物]
have a pain in the head
头痛
feel some [no, not much] pain
感到有些痛[不痛, 不太痛]
Do you suffer much pain ?
你疼得厉害吗?
You may save your pains.
您不必费心。
Her pains have begun.
她的产痛已经开始。

词性变化

pain
[pein]
vt.
[不用被动语态]使疼痛, 使痛苦, 使难过
It pains me to stoop down.
痛得我蹲下来。

pain
[pein]
vi.
作痛, 痛
My wound is still paining.
我的伤口还在痛。

继承用法

painkiller
[`peIn9kIlE(r)]
n.
止痛药

painstaker
[`peInz9teIkE(r)]
n.
辛苦的人; 努力的人

painsworthy
[`peInz9w\:TI]
adj.
值得费苦心的; 值得下工夫的

pained
[peInd]
adj.
痛苦的; 自尊心受到伤害的

习惯用语

a pain in the neck
[美俚]讨厌的家伙[任务]

be at (the) pains
尽力设法, 努力

be in pains
疼痛; 在苦恼中

feel no pain

(1)

不觉得痛

(2)

醉倒

for (all) one's pains

(1)

作为劳苦的报酬

(2)

尽管费尽力气[心机]

(3)

(反语)费力反而...

give sb. a pain
[美]令人讨厌, 惹人生气, 使人感到不舒服

give sb. a pain in the neck
[美]令人讨厌, 惹人生气, 使人感到不舒服

go to great pains
费很大劲儿; 煞费苦心

growing pains

(1)

发育性痛, 发身期痛

(2)

(企业等)早期发展过程中经历的困难

in pain
疼痛; 在苦恼中

labour pains
(分娩时的)阵痛, 产痛

No pains, no gains
[谚]不劳无获。

No gains without pains
[谚]不劳无获。

Nothing to be got without pains
[谚]不劳无获。

on pain of
违者以...论处

upon pain of
违者以...论处

under pain of
违者以...论处

put (a person) out of his pain
结束(某人[某动物]的)痛苦; 为怜悯起见杀死(某人[某动物])

put (an animal) out of its pain
结束(某人[某动物]的)痛苦; 为怜悯起见杀死(某人[某动物])

save one's pains
节省气力, 不用白费气力

spare no pains
不遗余力, 不辞劳苦, 全力以赴

take pains
费尽力气, 煞费苦心, 尽力设法

be at pains
费尽力气, 煞费苦心, 尽力设法

be at the pains of
费尽力气, 煞费苦心, 尽力设法

with great pain
煞费苦心地

用法词典

pain
中古英语peine<拉丁语poena惩罚

英文相关词典

pain
ache    discomfort    distress    hurt    irritation    pang    soreness    suffering    pleasure    relieve    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

pain
痛苦

[七国语言]英汉农业大词典

pain
疼痛

[七国语言]英汉医学大词典

pain

美国传统词典

pain
pain
AHD:[p3n]
D.J.[pein]
K.K.[pen]
n.

(1)

An unpleasant sensation occurring in varying degrees of severity as a consequence of injury, disease, or emotional disorder.

(2)

Suffering or distress.

(3)

pains The pangs of childbirth.

(4)

pains Great care or effort:
take pains with one's work.

(5)

Informal A source of annoyance; a nuisance.
v.
pained, pain.ing, pains
v.tr.
To cause pain to; hurt or injure.
v.intr.
To be the cause of pain.

习惯用语

on pain ofor

under pain of
Subject to the penalty of a specified punishment, such as death.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old French peine

(3)

from Latin poena [penalty, pain]

(4)

from Greek poin?} [penalty] * see k wei- 1

参考词汇

(1)

pain, ache, pang, smart, stitch, throe, twinge

(2)

The central meaning shared by these nouns is “a sensation of severe physical discomfort”:
abdominal pain;
aches and cramps in a leg;
the pangs of childbirth;
aspirin that alleviated the smart;
a stitch in the side;
the throes of dying;
a twinge of arthritis. See also Synonyms at effort

[名词委审定]英汉生理学名词(1989)

pain

[名词委审定]英汉医学名词(六, 外科, 1997)

pain
疼痛

英汉化学大词典

pain
n.痛苦,费力;vt.使...痛苦

英汉海运大词典

pain

英汉计算机大词典

pain
n.痛苦(费力);vt.使...痛苦

英汉消防大词典

pain
疼痛, 痛(苦)

英汉心理学大词典

pain

英汉医学大词典

pain
n.饥饿样不适感,绞痛

英汉中医大词典

pain
n.膝痛麻屈伸不利,饥饿样不适感,绞痛,疼痛

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