简明英汉词典

outlaw
[5autlC:]
n.
歹徒, 逃犯, 丧失公权者
v.
将...放逐, 宣布...为不合法

美国传统词典[双解]

outlaw
out.law
AHD:[out“l?”]
D.J.[6aut7l%8]
K.K.[6a&t7l%]
n.(名词)

(1)

A fugitive from the law.
逃犯:逃离法律的亡命之徒

(2)

A habitual criminal.
惯犯

(3)

A rebel; a nonconformist:
反叛者:反抗者;不遵照准则的人:
a social outlaw.
社会的叛逆者

(4)

A person excluded from normal legal protection and rights.
不受法律保护的人:被剥夺法律保护和公民权的人

(5)

A wild or vicious horse or other animal.
野马:未驯服或难驯服的马或其他动物
v.tr.(及物动词)
out.lawedout.law.ingout.laws

(1)

To declare illegal:
宣布为非法:
outlawed the sale of firearms.
宣告贩卖军火是非法的

(2)

To place under a ban; prohibit:
禁止:使处于禁止之下;禁止:
outlawed smoking in the house.
室内禁止吸烟

(3)

To deprive (one declared to be a criminal fugitive) of the protection of the law.
剥夺(被宣布为逃犯的人)的法律保护

语源

(1)

Middle English outlaue
中古英语 outlaue

(2)

from Old English ?a
源自 古英语 ?a

(3)

from Old Norse ?i
源自 古斯堪的纳维亚语 ?i

(4)

from ?r [outlawed, banished]
源自 ?r [非法的,驱逐的] ?t [out] * see ud- ?t [在…之外] *参见 ud-

(5)

l?g [law] * see legh-
l?g [法律] *参见 legh-

继承用法

outlaw
adj.(形容词)

注释
The word outlaw brings to mind cattle rustlers and gunslingers of the Wild West, but it comes to us from a much earlier time, when guns were not yet invented but cattle stealing was. Outlaw can be traced back to the Old Norse word ?, “outlawed, banished,” made up of ?, “out,” and l?g, “law.” An ?i (derived from ?r ) was someone outside the protection of the law. The Scandinavians, who invaded and settled in England during the 8th through the 11th century, gave us the Old English word ?, which designated someone who because of criminal acts must give up his property to the crown and could be killed without recrimination. The legal status of the outlaw became less severe over the course of the Middle Ages. However, the looser use of the word to designate criminals in general, which arose in Middle English, lives on in tales of the Wild West.
单词outlaw 使人联想到美国西部的偷牛贼和持枪歹徒, 然而在此之前很早这词就已存在了,那时枪还没有发明出来,但已有偷牛贼了。Outlaw 可溯源到古斯堪的纳维亚语 utlagr, 意为“非法的,被放逐的”, 由ut 意为“在…外”和 log 意为“法律”组成。 Utlagi (从 utlagr 衍生而来)形容不受法律保护的人。 在8世纪到11世纪间侵略并定居于英格兰的斯堪的纳维亚人创造了古英语词utlaga, 指由于犯罪行为而必须把财产献给皇家并且即使被杀死也不能反诉。在中世纪时期被放逐者的法律地位不如以前那么严格了。然而中世纪英语中兴起的命名罪犯总称的这种宽松用法在美国西部的传说中仍然存在

现代英汉词典

outlaw
[5aJtlC:]
n.
罪犯;歹徒

词性变化

outlaw
vt.

(1)

宣布为罪犯

(2)

宣布为非法

现代英汉综合大辞典

outlaw
[5autlC:]
n.

(1)

被放逐者; 被剥夺公民权者; 逃犯; 亡命徒

(2)

被查禁的组织

(3)

难驯服的动物; 烈马

词性变化

outlaw
[5autlC:]
vt.

(1)

取缔; 剥夺...的法律保护

(2)

使失法律效力

(3)

宣布...为非法
outlaw the sale of drink
宣布出售酒类为非法
an outlawed debt
[美]失时效的债务

用法词典

outlaw
out外+law法律

英文相关词典

outlaw
convict    criminal    exile    outcast    

美国传统词典

outlaw
out.law
AHD:[out“l?”]
D.J.[6aut7l%8]
K.K.[6a&t7l%]
n.

(1)

A fugitive from the law.

(2)

A habitual criminal.

(3)

A rebel; a nonconformist:
a social outlaw.

(4)

A person excluded from normal legal protection and rights.

(5)

A wild or vicious horse or other animal.
v.tr.
out.lawed, out.law.ing, out.laws

(1)

To declare illegal:
outlawed the sale of firearms.

(2)

To place under a ban; prohibit:
outlawed smoking in the house.

(3)

To deprive (one declared to be a criminal fugitive) of the protection of the law.

语源

(1)

Middle English outlaue

(2)

from Old English ?a

(3)

from Old Norse ?i

(4)

from ?r [outlawed, banished] ?t [out] * see ud-

(5)

l?g [law] * see legh-

继承用法

outlaw
adj.

注释
The word outlaw brings to mind cattle rustlers and gunslingers of the Wild West, but it comes to us from a much earlier time, when guns were not yet invented but cattle stealing was. Outlaw can be traced back to the Old Norse word ?, “outlawed, banished,” made up of ?, “out,” and l?g, “law.” An ?i (derived from ?r ) was someone outside the protection of the law. The Scandinavians, who invaded and settled in England during the 8th through the 11th century, gave us the Old English word ?, which designated someone who because of criminal acts must give up his property to the crown and could be killed without recrimination. The legal status of the outlaw became less severe over the course of the Middle Ages. However, the looser use of the word to designate criminals in general, which arose in Middle English, lives on in tales of the Wild West.

英汉法学大词典

outlaw
取缔 ,使非法化,依法取缔

英汉航海大词典

outlaw
n.被剥夺法律保护者

英汉化学大词典

outlaw
n.歹徒,被剥夺公民权者;vt.使...失去法律效力

英汉经贸大词典

outlaw
n.被剥夺法律保护者

英汉计算机大词典

outlaw
n.歹徒(被剥夺公民权者);vt.使...失去法律效力

英汉能源大词典

outlaw
n.歹徒,被剥夺公民权者

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