简明英汉词典

ought
[C:t]
aux.
(~ to [verb] ) 应当, 应该

美国传统词典[双解]

ought
ought 1
AHD:[?t]
D.J.[%8t]
K.K.[%t]
v.aux.(助动词)

(1)

Used to indicate obligation or duty:
应当:用于表示义务或责任:
You ought to work harder than that.
你应当更努力地工作

(2)

Used to indicate advisability or prudence:
应该:用于表示合理可行或谨慎的态度:
You ought to wear a raincoat.
你应该穿件雨衣

(3)

Used to indicate desirability:
应该:用于表示愿望:
You ought to have been there; it was great fun.
你真应该去哪儿;太好玩了

(4)

Used to indicate probability or likelihood:
该:用于表示可能性或相似性:
She ought to finish by next week.
下星期她该完成了

语源

(1)

Middle English oughten [to be obliged to]
中古英语 oughten [受迫做…]

(2)

from oughte [owned]
源自 oughte [被拥有的]

(3)

from Old English 3e [past tense of] 3gan [to possess] * see ?ik-
源自 古英语 3e [] 3gan的过去时 [拥有] *参见 ?ik-

用法

(1)

Ought to is sometimes used without a following verb if the meaning is clear:
如果意思明确,有时ought to 后面不需跟动词:
Should we begin soon? Yes, we ought to.
我们马上开始吗? 是的,开始。

(2)

In questions and negative sentences, especially those with contractions, to is also sometimes omitted:
在疑问句和否定句中,尤其是带缩写的这些句子中,to 有时也会被省略:
Oughtn't we be going soon?
难道我们不马上走吗?

(3)

Although the omission of to was formerly possible in English, it is now considered nonstandard. · Usages such as He hadn't ought to come and She shouldn't ought to say that are common in many varieties of American English. They should be avoided in written English, however, in favor of the more standard variant ought not to.
尽管以前在英语里省略to 是可能的, 但现在这样做就会被认为不标准。例如他不会来 和 她不该说 之类的用法在各种美式英语中很普遍。 但在书面英语中应避免这样使用,而应使用更标准的变体ought not to

基本词义

ought
ought 2
AHD:[?t]
D.J.[%8t]
K.K.[%t]
pron.(代词)
adv.(副词)
Variant of aught 1
aught的变体1

基本词义

ought
ought 3
AHD:[?t]
D.J.[%8t]
K.K.[%t]
n.(名词)
Variant of aught 2
aught的变体2

基本词义

ought
ought 4
AHD:[?t]
D.J.[%8t]
K.K.[%t]
v.Obsolete (动词)【废语】
A past participle of owe
owe的过去分词

现代英汉词典

ought
[C:t]
v.

(1)

应该, 应当
You ought to work harder.
你应该更努力工作。
You ought to have come earlier.
你本该来得早一点儿。
The table-tennis game ought to / should have finished by now.
乒乓球比赛现在应该已经结束了。

(2)

大概会,可能会
Prices ought to come down soon.
价格可能会很快下跌。

现代英汉综合大辞典

ought
[C:t]
v.aux.
[oughtest或oughtst是古体,无时态和人称变化, 其后常接动词不定式, 表示过去时用完成式不定式]

(1)

[表示责任、义务]应该; 应当; 总应该

(2)

[表示合适、明智等, 后接动词不定式的完成式]本应; 本当; 早应该

(3)

[表示可能性]大概

(4)

[口语中表示愿望]...才好
You ought to do your duty.
你应该尽到自己的责任。
One ought not to cross the street against the red light,
人们不该在红灯时过马路。
You ought to have told me that yesterday.
那件事你本应昨天就告诉我。
She ought to have been more careful.
她本应该小心才是。
It ought to have been done long ago.
这事早该做完的。
It ought to be a fine day tomorrow morning.
明天旱晨大概是个好天气。
You ought to see the picture.
这部影片你去看看才好。

词性变化

ought
[C:t]
n.
应尽的义务, 责任
obedience to the ought
对义务的服从

继承用法

oughtness
n.
有义务的状态

用法词典

ought
v.aux.[无时态和人称变化,后接动词不定式]应当,应该(expressing duty or obligation表示责任或义务;should应该)

英文相关词典

ought
must    should    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

ought
应当

美国传统词典

ought
ought 1
AHD:[?t]
D.J.[%8t]
K.K.[%t]
v.aux.

(1)

Used to indicate obligation or duty:
You ought to work harder than that.

(2)

Used to indicate advisability or prudence:
You ought to wear a raincoat.

(3)

Used to indicate desirability:
You ought to have been there; it was great fun.

(4)

Used to indicate probability or likelihood:
She ought to finish by next week.

语源

(1)

Middle English oughten [to be obliged to]

(2)

from oughte [owned]

(3)

from Old English 3e [past tense of] 3gan [to possess] * see ?ik-

用法

(1)

Ought to is sometimes used without a following verb if the meaning is clear:
Should we begin soon? Yes, we ought to.

(2)

In questions and negative sentences, especially those with contractions, to is also sometimes omitted:
Oughtn't we be going soon?

(3)

Although the omission of to was formerly possible in English, it is now considered nonstandard. · Usages such as He hadn't ought to come and She shouldn't ought to say that are common in many varieties of American English. They should be avoided in written English, however, in favor of the more standard variant ought not to.

基本词义

ought
ought 2
AHD:[?t]
D.J.[%8t]
K.K.[%t]
pron.
adv.
Variant of aught 1

基本词义

ought
ought 3
AHD:[?t]
D.J.[%8t]
K.K.[%t]
n.
Variant of aught 2

基本词义

ought
ought 4
AHD:[?t]
D.J.[%8t]
K.K.[%t]
v.Obsolete
A past participle of owe

英汉化学大词典

ought
aux.应该,本应,才好

英汉计算机大词典

ought
aux.应该(本应,才好)

电子邮件: 版权所有 一切网及原始资料出版社Copyright © 2004