简明英汉词典

orange
[5CrindV]
n.
柑, 桔, 橙, 橙色

基本词义

Orange
[5CrindV]
[史]奥林奇派的

美国传统词典[双解]

orange
or.ange
AHD:[?r“1nj, ?r“-]
D.J.[6%8rind9, 6%r-]
K.K.[6%r!nd9, 6$r-]
n.(名词)

(1)

Any of several southeast Asian evergreen trees of the genus Citrus, widely cultivated in warm regions and having fragrant white flowers and round fruit with a yellowish or reddish rind and a sectioned, pulpy interior, especially C. sinensis, the sweet orange, and C. aurantium, the Seville or sour orange.
柑桔:一种东南亚柑属 常绿乔木,广泛种植于温暖地区,长有带香味的白色的花、果皮为红色或黄色的圆形果实和多汁的果肉,尤指 甜橙 和 酸橙

(2)

The fruit of any of these trees, having a sweetish, acidic juice.
橘:这些树的带有甜酸汁水的果实

(3)

Any of several similar plants, such as the Osage orange and the mock orange.
相似的植物,如桑橙和山梅

(4)

Color The hue of that portion of the visible spectrum lying between red and yellow, evoked in the human observer by radiant energy with wavelengths of approximately 590 to 630 nanometers; any of a group of colors between red and yellow in hue, of medium lightness and moderate saturation.
【色彩】 橙色,橘黄色:可见光谱中介于和黄色之间的那一部分色彩,该部分色彩通过波长在约590—630纳米之间的辐射线可被人眼观察;几组在色彩上介于红色和黄色之间的颜色,该颜色中等明亮且中度饱和

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old French pume orenge
源自 古法语 pume orenge

(3)

translation and alteration influenced by Orenge [Orange, a town in France]
受 奥兰治 [奥兰治,法国一城镇]

(4)

of Old Italian melarancio
古意大利语 melarancio的翻译和变化

(5)

mela [fruit]
mela [果实]

(6)

arancio [orange tree] alteration of Arabic n3j from Persian n3g from Sanskrit n3òga?} [possibly of Dravidian origin]
arancio [桔树] 阿拉伯语 n3化 源自 波斯语 n3g 源自 梵文 n3òga?} [可能源于达罗毗茶]

继承用法

orange
adj.(形容词)

注释
Oranges imported to China from the United States reflect a journey come full circle, for the orange had worked its way westward for centuries, originating in China, then being introduced to India, and traveling on to the Middle East, into Europe, and finally to the New World. The history of the word orange keeps step with this journey only part of the way. The word is possibly ultimately of Dravidian origin, that is, it comes from a language or languages in a large non-Indo-European family of languages, including Tamil and Telugu, that are spoken in southern India and northern Sri Lanka. The Dravidian word or words were adopted into the Indo-European language Sanskrit with the form n3òga?.} As the fruit passed westward, so did the word, as evidenced by Persian n3g and Arabic n3. Arabs brought the first oranges to Spain, and the fruit rapidly spread throughout Europe. The important word for the development of our term is Old Italian melarancio, derived from mela, “fruit,” and arancio, “orange tree,” from Arabic n3. Old Italian melarancio was translated into Old French as pume orenge, the o replacing the a because of the influence of the name of the town of Orange, from which oranges reached the northern part of France. The final stage of the odyssey of the word was its borrowing into English from the Old French form orenge. Our word is first recorded in Middle English in a text probably composed around 1380, a time preceding the arrival of the orange in the New World.
从美国进口到中国的桔子恰恰反映出兜圈子似的行进里程,因为原产于中国的桔子几个世纪以来不断向西行进,先是被引入印度,之后传播到中东国家、欧洲,最后引进了新大陆,orange 这个词的发展历史只与桔子的发展历程在一部分时段上是有其同步性的, 它最可能是来源于达罗毗荼,也就是说,它来源于非印一欧语系中的一种或多种语言,包括用于印度南部和斯里兰卡北部的泰米尔语和泰卢固语。达罗毗荼语是以梵文形式引入印欧语系的,形式如narangch。 当这种水果向西传播时,这个单词也同样西传,从以下可得到明证,如波斯语中的narang 和阿拉伯语中的 naranj。 阿拉伯人把第一批桔子带到西班牙后,这种水果又迅速传遍整个欧洲。我们现时所用的这个词的发展期中重要的一词便是古意大利语melarancio ,源于 mela, “水果”及 arancio, “桔树”, 来源于阿拉伯语naranj。 古意大利语melarancio 翻译成古法语为 pume orenge, o 变换为 a 是因为受奥伦奇城名的影响, 桔子即由此地进入法国北部。这一单词长途跋涉的最后一站是它由古法语orenge 进入英语词汇。 我们所用的这一词汇最初载入中世纪英语是在大约1380年左右的一份文本当中,早于桔子进入新大陆的时间

基本词义

Orange
Or.ange 1
AHD:[?r“1nj, ?“-]
D.J.[6%8rind9, 6%-]
K.K.[6%r!nd9, 6$-]
NONE(无词性)
Princely family of Europe ruling continously in the Netherlands since 1815. The name was first used for a former principality of southeast France that passed to the house of Nassau in 1530.
奥兰治王室的:自1815年以来一直统治荷兰的欧洲王室家族。这一名称最先为法国东南部的一个公国所使用,该公国于1530年并入拿骚王室

基本词义

Orange
Or.ange 2
AHD:[?r“1nj, ?r“-]
D.J.[6%8rind9, 6%r-]
K.K.[6%r!nd9, 6$r-]
NONE(无词性)

(1)

A city of southern California north-northeast of Santa Ana. It is a manufacturing center in a citrus-growing area. Population, 110,658.
奥伦奇:美国加利弗尼亚州南部城市,位于圣安那河东北偏北。是盛产柑桔地区的制造中心。人口110,658

(2)

A city of northeast New Jersey, a chiefly residential suburb of Newark and New York City. Population, 29,925.
奥伦奇:美国新泽西州东北部城市。纽华克镇及纽约市的一个主要居民郊区。人口29,925

(3)

A city of southeast Texas east of Beaumont. It is a port and processing center. Population, 19,381.
奥伦奇:美国得克萨州东南部城市,位于比芒德以东。是港口和加工业中心。人口19,381

现代英汉词典

orange
[5RrIndV; (?@) 5C:r-]
n.

(1)

橘;橙;柑

(2)

橙黄色

词性变化

orange
adj.
橘黄色的,橙色的

现代英汉综合大辞典

orange
[5CrindV]
n.

(1)

【植】橙(树); 柑(树); 桔(树); 柑桔类

(2)

橙[赤黄]色

(3)

[美俚]棒球
the mandarin(e) orange
中国柑

词性变化

orange
[5CrindV]
adj.

(1)

橙[柑, 桔]的

(2)

橙[赤黄]色的

继承用法

orange-brown
n.
橙棕色

orange-colored
adj.
橙色的, 桔色的; 赤黄色的

orangewood
[`RrIndVwJd;`R:-]
n.
橙木

orangey
[`CrIndVI;`R:-]
adj.
(颜色、滋味等)似桔子的

习惯用语

as round as an orange
极圆的

as round as an ball
极圆的

squeeze the orange
把好处都榨干; 吸吮其脂膏

suck the orange
把好处都榨干; 吸吮其脂膏

squeezed orange
无用的糟粕; 用处不大的人

特殊用法

acid orange
酸性橙; 酸性桔红

acridine orange
吖啶橙

alizarol orange
茜酚橙

amido fast orange
酰胺坚牢橙

aniline orange
苯胺橙

anthrene golden orange
蒽烯金橙

antimony orange
锑桔黄; 锑橙

arsenic orange (=orpiment)
雌黄

bitter orange
(西班牙产)苦橙

blood orange
血橙(橙的品种)

brilliant orange
亮橙; 亮桔红

cadmium orange
镉橙; 镉桔黄(颜料)

caledon gold orange
加里东金橙

chrome printing orange
铬印染橙

cibanone gold orange
汽巴弄金橙

cloth orange
布帛橙

common orange
甜橙

sweet orange
甜橙

cotton orange
棉染橙

diazamine orange
重氮胺橙

diazine fast orange
二嗪坚牢橙

diazol fast orange
重氮盐坚牢橙

duranol orange
杜南醇橙

duranthrene golden orange
杜南士林金橙

fast oil orange
坚牢油橙

flame orange
火焰橙色

German orange
德国橙; 酸性橙

gold orange
金橙; 酸性橙

icyl orange
衣色橙

indanthrene golden orange
阴丹士林金橙

Japanese summer orange
日本夏橙

king orange

mercadium orange
(硫化)汞镉橙

mineral orange (=red lead)
铅丹; 红丹

molybdate orange
钼桔红; 钼橙

molybdenum orange
钼橙

Moro orange
摩洛哥甜橙(柑桔品种名)

naphthol orange
萘酚橙

Natal orange
剌马钱子

osage orange
桑橙

pigment orange
颜料橙

Plaquemines O-
普拉奎明斯(柑桔品种名)

ponsol golden orange
滂梭金橙(染料)

rapid fast orange
快速坚牢橙

reddish orange
红橙色

Robertson navel orange
罗伯逊脐橙(柑桔品种名)

sour orange
酸橙; 苦橙

sugared orange
糖橙饼

temple orange (=tangor)
坦坡橙(桔和甜橙杂交的柑桔种)

Thomson navel orange
汤姆生脐橙

toluylene orange
甲苯橙

valencia orange
巴伦西亚桔

xylenol orange
二甲酚橙

基本词义

Orange
[5CrindV]
adj.
【史】奥林奇派的

继承用法

Orangeism
[`CrIndVIzLm;`R:-]
n.
奥林奇派的主张和作法

Orangeman
[5RrIn5dVmEn]
n.
奥林奇派分子(1795年北爱尔兰的一个秘密团体的成员, 支持新教及英国王权)

用法词典

orange
来自古法语orenge<葡萄牙语auranja

[七国语言]英汉农业大词典

orange
橙子

[七国语言]英汉轻工业大词典

orange
桔子, 橙

美国传统词典

orange
or.ange
AHD:[?r“1nj, ?r“-]
D.J.[6%8rind/, 6%r-]
K.K.[6%r!nd/, 6$r-]
n.

(1)

Any of several southeast Asian evergreen trees of the genus Citrus, widely cultivated in warm regions and having fragrant white flowers and round fruit with a yellowish or reddish rind and a sectioned, pulpy interior, especially C. sinensis, the sweet orange, and C. aurantium, the Seville or sour orange.

(2)

The fruit of any of these trees, having a sweetish, acidic juice.

(3)

Any of several similar plants, such as the Osage orange and the mock orange.

(4)

Color The hue of that portion of the visible spectrum lying between red and yellow, evoked in the human observer by radiant energy with wavelengths of approximately 590 to 630 nanometers; any of a group of colors between red and yellow in hue, of medium lightness and moderate saturation.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old French pume orenge

(3)

translation and alteration influenced by Orenge [Orange, a town in France]

(4)

of Old Italian melarancio

(5)

mela [fruit]

(6)

arancio [orange tree] alteration of Arabic n3j from Persian n3g from Sanskrit n3òga?} [possibly of Dravidian origin]

继承用法

orange
adj.

注释
Oranges imported to China from the United States reflect a journey come full circle, for the orange had worked its way westward for centuries, originating in China, then being introduced to India, and traveling on to the Middle East, into Europe, and finally to the New World. The history of the word orange keeps step with this journey only part of the way. The word is possibly ultimately of Dravidian origin, that is, it comes from a language or languages in a large non-Indo-European family of languages, including Tamil and Telugu, that are spoken in southern India and northern Sri Lanka. The Dravidian word or words were adopted into the Indo-European language Sanskrit with the form n3òga?.} As the fruit passed westward, so did the word, as evidenced by Persian n3g and Arabic n3. Arabs brought the first oranges to Spain, and the fruit rapidly spread throughout Europe. The important word for the development of our term is Old Italian melarancio, derived from mela, “fruit,” and arancio, “orange tree,” from Arabic n3. Old Italian melarancio was translated into Old French as pume orenge, the o replacing the a because of the influence of the name of the town of Orange, from which oranges reached the northern part of France. The final stage of the odyssey of the word was its borrowing into English from the Old French form orenge. Our word is first recorded in Middle English in a text probably composed around 1380, a time preceding the arrival of the orange in the New World.

基本词义

Orange
Or.ange 1
AHD:[?r“1nj, ?“-]
D.J.[6%8rind/, 6%-]
K.K.[6%r!nd/, 6$-]
NONE
Princely family of Europe ruling continously in the Netherlands since 1815. The name was first used for a former principality of southeast France that passed to the house of Nassau in 1530.

基本词义

Orange
Or.ange 2
AHD:[?r“1nj, ?r“-]
D.J.[6%8rind/, 6%r-]
K.K.[6%r!nd/, 6$r-]
NONE

(1)

A city of southern California north-northeast of Santa Ana. It is a manufacturing center in a citrus-growing area. Population, 110,658.

(2)

A city of northeast New Jersey, a chiefly residential suburb of Newark and New York City. Population, 29,925.

(3)

A city of southeast Texas east of Beaumont. It is a port and processing center. Population, 19,381.

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

orange
【NT】橙色

英汉纺织大词典

orange
n.橙色,桔色

英汉化学大词典

orange
n.桔子,橙黄色,柑,桔子状;adj.桔色的

英汉海运大词典

orange
橙(色)a.橙色的

基本词义

orange
橙(色),橙黄色橙色的

基本词义

orange
橙黄色橙色的柑,桔,橙,桔黄色

基本词义

orange
柑,桔,橙橙黄色

英汉进出口商品词汇大全

orange
①橙,桔,柑②橙色染料

英汉计算机大词典

orange
n.桔子(橙黄色,柑;adj.桔色的

英汉建筑大词典

orange
n.橙,橙色

英汉农牧林大词典

orange
n.橙

英汉水利大词典

orange
n.桔树,柑桔类,桔色的

英汉冶金大词典

orange
n.橙色,桔色

英汉医学大词典

orange
n.橙黄,橙色的

英汉中医大词典

orange
n.橙,柑树,桔树

电子邮件: 版权所有 一切网及原始资料出版社Copyright © 2004