简明英汉词典

only
[5Eunli]
adj.
唯一的, 单独的, 最好的, 最合适的
adv.
仅仅, 只不过
conj.
但是, 可是

美国传统词典[双解]

only
on.ly
AHD:[?n“l?]
D.J.[6ounli8]
K.K.[6onli]
adj.(形容词)

(1)

Alone in kind or class; sole.
唯一的:在种类或级别中与众不同的;独特的

(2)

Standing alone by reason of superiority or excellence.
出众的:因杰出和优秀而突出的
adv.(副词)

(1)

Without anyone or anything else; alone:
单独地:没有其它别的事物;独自地:
room for only one passenger.
单人客房

(2)

At the very least:
仅仅:
If you would only come home. The story was only too true.
只要你肯回家来。这故事是千真万确的

(3)

And nothing else or more:
只有,仅仅:
I only work here.
我只在这里工作

(4)

Exclusively; solely:
专门地,唯一地:
facts known only to us.
这些事只有我们才知道

(5)

In the last analysis or final outcome:
最后的分析,最终结果:
actions that will only make things worse.
最后使事情更糟糕的行为

(6)

With the final result; nevertheless:
最终结局,仍然:
received a raise only to be laid off.
加薪的结果只是被派遣而已

(7)

As recently as:
最近地:
called me only last month.
上个月刚通知我

(8)

In the immediate past:
刚才:
only just saw her.
刚才还看见她了
conj.(连接词)

(1)

Were it not that; except.
假如;除非

(2)

With the restriction that; but:
条件是,但是:
You may go, only be careful.
你可以去,但要小心

(3)

However; and yet:
然而,毕竟:
The merchandise is well made, only we can't use it.
这种商品做工精致,然而我们不能用

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old English 3oc}
源自 古英语 3oc} 3n [one] * see one 3n [一个] *参见 one

(3)

-loc [having the form of] * see -ly 1
-loc [具有这种形式的] *参见 -ly1

用法

(1)

When used as an adverb, only should be placed with care to avoid ambiguity. Generally this means having only adjoin the word or words that it limits. Variation in the placement of only can change the meaning of the sentence, as the following examples show:
当only 用作副词时应注意避免意义模糊。 一般来说,这意味着把only 放在被限定词的旁边。 Only 的位置的改变, 会改变整个句子的内容,例如:
Dictators respect only force;
独裁者只认同暴力;
they are not moved by words.
他们不会被言辞所打动。
Dictators only respect force;
独裁者只重视权力;
they do not worship it.
他们不崇拜它。
She picked up the receiver only when he entered, not before.
他刚一进来她就接到了电话。
She only picked up the receiver when he entered;
她只在他进来的时候接电话;
she didn't dial the number.
她没有拨电话。

(2)

Though strict grammarians insist that the rule for placement of only should always be followed, there are occasions when placement of only earlier in the sentence seems much more natural. In the following example only is placed according to the rule:
虽然严格的语法学家主张应该遵循only 位置的用法规则, 但有时only 放在的句子开头,看起来十分自然。 下面例子中only 的位置是按规则安排的:
The committee can make its decision by Friday of next week only if it receives a copy of the latest report.
委员会只有在收到最后的报告后,才可以在下周五作出决定。

(3)

Placement of only earlier in the sentence, immediately after can, would serve the rhetorical function of warning the reader that a condition on the statement follows.See Usage Note at not
Only 的位置紧跟在 can 的后边且在句子开头, 可以利用倒装句型提醒读者后边是一个条件参见 not

现代英汉词典

only
[5EJnlI]
adv.
只有,仅仅
I had only 20 pence.
我只有20 便士。
I only touched it!
我只不过摸了它一下!
Only a doctor can do that.
只有医生才能这样做。
"Only after the anaesthetist gave the patient an anaesthetic, could the operation be conducted."
"只有在麻醉师给病人施行麻醉以后,手术才能进行。"

词性变化

only
adj.
唯一的
She is the only girl in her family.
她是家里唯一的女孩。
You seem to be getting fatter - the only answer is to do more exercise. (喻)
你好象越来越胖了。唯一的解决办法是多活动些。
"The only passengers, a young woman and her two baby daughters, were unhurt."
"飞机上的旅客只有一位年轻妇女和她的两个女婴儿,她们没有受伤。"
It must be the only modern house in the district.
这一定是本地区唯一的现代化住宅。

现代英汉综合大辞典

only
[5Eunli]
adj.

(1)

唯一的

(2)

最适当的, 最好的
an only son
独生子
He is the only man for the position.
他是这个职位的最佳人选。

词性变化

only
[5Eunli]
adv.

(1)

只, 仅仅, 才

(2)

反而, 结果却, 不料
He can only do his best.
他只能尽力而为。
He came only yesterday.
他昨天才来。
The failure only strengthened our determination.
失败反而坚定了我们的决心。

only
[5Eunli]
conj.

(1)

可是, 不过

(2)

[与 that 连用]除了, 要不是

(3)

可惜
I'd do it with pleasure, only I am too busy.
我很乐意做此事, 不过我太忙。
I should like to go, only that I am ill.
要不是我有病, 我倒是很想去。
O-for him, you would not be here.
要不是为了他, 你不会到这里来。

习惯用语

if only
若是...那该多好啊; 真希望...; 只要, 只要...就好

not only ...but also
不但...而且

only by ... can
只有...才能

only for (=but for)
要是没有

only just
刚刚, 恰好

only not
简直是, 跟...差不多

only that
要不是, 若非

only too
非常; 实在; 太; 可惜

参考词汇
only     sole     single     unique    
都含“单一的”、“唯一的”意思。

(1)

only 系常用词, 指“唯一的”, 含“不会再多”之意, 如:
This is the only one.
这是唯一的一个。

(2)

sole语气比 only 强, 也较庄严, 指“单独的”, 即“一类中只有这一个”, 如:
my sole purpose
我唯一的目的。

(3)

single 指“一个”、“仅有一个”, 如:
a single chair in the room
屋里仅有的一把椅子。

(4)

unique指“独一无二的”、“无可匹敌的”, 如:
He was a unique genius.
他是个无与伦比的天才。

用法词典

only
来自古英语anlic
英文相关词典

only
just    merely    simply    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

only
唯一的;仅;只

美国传统词典

only
on.ly
AHD:[?n“l?]
D.J.[6ounli8]
K.K.[6onli]
adj.

(1)

Alone in kind or class; sole.

(2)

Standing alone by reason of superiority or excellence.
adv.

(1)

Without anyone or anything else; alone:
room for only one passenger.

(2)

At the very least:
If you would only come home. The story was only too true.

(3)

And nothing else or more:
I only work here.

(4)

Exclusively; solely:
facts known only to us.

(5)

In the last analysis or final outcome:
actions that will only make things worse.

(6)

With the final result; nevertheless:
received a raise only to be laid off.

(7)

As recently as:
called me only last month.

(8)

In the immediate past:
only just saw her.
conj.

(1)

Were it not that; except.

(2)

With the restriction that; but:
You may go, only be careful.

(3)

However; and yet:
The merchandise is well made, only we can't use it.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old English 3oc} 3n [one] * see one

(3)

-loc [having the form of] * see -ly 1

用法

(1)

When used as an adverb, only should be placed with care to avoid ambiguity. Generally this means having only adjoin the word or words that it limits. Variation in the placement of only can change the meaning of the sentence, as the following examples show:
Dictators respect only force;
they are not moved by words.
Dictators only respect force;
they do not worship it.
She picked up the receiver only when he entered, not before.
She only picked up the receiver when he entered;
she didn't dial the number.

(2)

Though strict grammarians insist that the rule for placement of only should always be followed, there are occasions when placement of only earlier in the sentence seems much more natural. In the following example only is placed according to the rule:
The committee can make its decision by Friday of next week only if it receives a copy of the latest report.

(3)

Placement of only earlier in the sentence, immediately after can, would serve the rhetorical function of warning the reader that a condition on the statement follows.See Usage Note at not

英汉法学大词典

only
adj.惟一 ,唯一

英汉化学大词典

only
adj.唯一的,最好的;adv.仅仅,单独地,反而

英汉计算机大词典

only
adj.唯一的(最好的);adv.仅仅(单独地,反而)

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