简明英汉词典

on the contrary
adv.
正相反

美国传统词典[双解]

contrary
con.trar.y
AHD:[k?n“trμr”?]
D.J.[6k%n7treri8]
K.K.[6k$n7trWri]
adj.(形容词)

(1)

Opposed, as in character or purpose:
反对的,违反的:相反的,如在性质或目的上:
contrary opinions; acts that are contrary to our code of ethics.
相反的意见;与我们的道德标准相悖的行为

(2)

Opposite in direction or position:
相反的:在方向上相反的或在位置上相对的:
playing scales in contrary motion.
逆向弹奏音阶

(3)

Adverse; unfavorable:
逆向的;不合人意的:
a contrary wind.
逆风

(4)

also [k…n-trar“?] Given to recalcitrant behavior; willful or perverse.
也作 [k…n-trar“?] 顽固的,任性的:好与人作对的;执拗的或故意作对的
n.(名词)
【复数】 con.trar.ies

(1)

Something that is opposite or contrary.
对立或相反的事物

(2)

Either of two opposing or contrary things:
对立方:两个对立或相反事物中的一方:
“Truth is perhaps . . . a dynamic compound of opposites, savage contraries for a moment conjoined”(A. Bartlett Giamatti)
“真理也许是…由对立物,由暂时结合在一起的截然相反的事物组成的一种不断变化的混合体”(A.巴特利特·贾马泰伊)

(3)

Logic A proposition related to another in such a way that if the latter is true, the former must be false, but if the latter is false, the former is not necessarily true.
【逻辑学】 反对命题 :一种与另一命题相互联系的命题,若后者为正确则前者一定是错误的,但若后者为错误的则前者不一定是正确的
adv.(副词)
In an opposite direction or manner; counter:
相反地,矛盾地:方向或行为上相反地;反方向地:
The judge ruled contrary to all precedent in the case.
法官在此案的审理中违背了所有的先例

习惯用语

by contraries【废语】
In opposition to what is expected.
与预期相反的

on the contrary
In opposition to what has been stated or what is expected:
相反的:与已说的话相反或与预期的相反的:
I'm not sick; on the contrary, I'm in the peak of health.
我没有病;恰恰相反,我健康极了

语源

(1)

Middle English contrarie
中古英语 contrarie

(2)

from Anglo-Norman
源自 英法语

(3)

from Latin contr3s
源自 拉丁语 contr3s

(4)

contr3} [against] * see kom
contr3} [反对] *参见 kom

(5)

-3s [-ary]
-3s [后缀,表“与…有关之物”]

继承用法

contrarily
adv.(副词)

contrariness
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

contrarybalkyperversewaywardornery

(2)

These adjectives mean given to acting in opposition to others.
这些形容词表示爱与别人或事物相反行事的。

(3)

Contrary applies especially to a person who is inherently self-willed and resistant to direction or counsel:
Contrary 尤指天生执拗且拒绝接受指导或建议的人:
Who can reason with you when you're being contrary?
你这样执拗,谁能跟你讲道理呢?

(4)

Balky describes an animal or a mechanical device that stops short and does not proceed or continue in operation; the word is also applicable to analogous human behavior:
Balky 形容突然停住不再前进的动物或者突然停下来不再继续运作的机械装置;这个词也可适用于与某些类似人的行为:
The balky horse refused the jump.
马逡巡不前拒绝跳过去。
The balky engine sputtered and stopped.
不听使唤的发动机劈啪作响地停了下来。
Even threats of indictment didn't loosen the tongue of the balky witness.
即使威胁要控告他也不能使这一不肯合作的证人说出一个字来。

(5)

Perverse implies disposition or determination to contravene what is expected or desired:
Perverse 含有与别人的预期或愿望相抵触的性格或决心之意:
He said no just to be perverse.
他只是故意作对才说不的。

(6)

Wayward stresses a flouting of authority that leads to erratic, capricious, or reprehensible behavior:
Wayward 强调一种对权威的蔑视,从而导致古怪的、反复无常或应受指责的行为:
“a lively child, who had been spoilt and indulged, and therefore was sometimes wayward” (Charlotte Bront?). One who is ornery is marked by a mean-spirited, often defiant contrariety:
“一个活泼的孩子,因为被娇宠溺爱而有时任性倔强” (夏洛蒂·勃朗特)。用Ornery 来形容人时具有心胸狭窄,又常常违抗不服的互相矛盾的特征:
When I tried to get the car salesman to lower his prices, he became ornery and dug in his heels. See also Synonyms at opposite
当我试图让汽车销售员把价格降低时,他不耐烦地蹭着脚,脾气暴躁起来 参见同义词 opposite

现代英汉综合大辞典

contrary
[5kCntrEri]
n.

(1)

反面, [pl.]对立物, 相反的事物

(2)

矛盾,【逻】反对命题
quite the contrary
恰恰相反
Cruelty is the contrary of kindness.
残忍是仁慈的反面。
He is neither tall nor the contrary.
他不高也不矮。
Many things in our lives go by -ries.
生活中的许多事情都是事与愿违。
I know she's unhappy, all her brave talk to the contrary.
我知道她是不幸的, 尽管她嘴上逞强。

词性变化

contrary
[5kCntrEri]
adj.

(1)

相反的

(2)

不利的, 逆风的, 逆行的

(3)

反对的, 对抗的

(4)

[kEn5trZEri] [口]故意作对的, 执拗的

(5)

【植】直角的
be contrary to one's expectation
出乎意料地
Hot and cold are contrary terms.
热与冷是相反的词语。
Our sailing boat was delayed by contrary winds.
我们的帆船被逆风耽搁了。
Don't be so contrary
! 别那么固执!
The boy was swimming in a direction contrary to the current.
那男孩逆流游去。

contrary
[5kCntrEri]
adv.
相反地, 反对地, 矛盾地
act contrary to nature
违反自然

继承用法

contrariness
n.
相反, 不利, 固执, 倔强

习惯用语

be contrary to
与...相反

by -ries
相反地; 出乎预料地

on the contrary
(与此)相反, (不是...)而是, 反之

quite the contrary
恰恰相反

just the contrary
恰恰相反

to the contrary

(1)

反对地, 与此相反地, 有相反情况

(2)

尽管...

参考词汇
opposite    

美国传统词典

contrary
con.trar.y
AHD:[k?n“trμr”?]
D.J.[6k%n7treri8]
K.K.[6k$n7trWri]
adj.

(1)

Opposed, as in character or purpose:
contrary opinions; acts that are contrary to our code of ethics.

(2)

Opposite in direction or position:
playing scales in contrary motion.

(3)

Adverse; unfavorable:
a contrary wind.

(4)

also [k…n-trar“?] Given to recalcitrant behavior; willful or perverse.
n.
pl. con.trar.ies

(1)

Something that is opposite or contrary.

(2)

Either of two opposing or contrary things:
“Truth is perhaps . . . a dynamic compound of opposites, savage contraries for a moment conjoined”(A. Bartlett Giamatti)

(3)

Logic A proposition related to another in such a way that if the latter is true, the former must be false, but if the latter is false, the former is not necessarily true.
adv.
In an opposite direction or manner; counter:
The judge ruled contrary to all precedent in the case.

习惯用语

by contrariesObsolete
In opposition to what is expected.

on the contrary
In opposition to what has been stated or what is expected:
I'm not sick; on the contrary, I'm in the peak of health.

语源

(1)

Middle English contrarie

(2)

from Anglo-Norman

(3)

from Latin contr3s

(4)

contr3} [against] * see kom

(5)

-3s [-ary]

继承用法

contrarily
adv.

contrariness
n.

参考词汇

(1)

contrary, balky, perverse, wayward, ornery

(2)

These adjectives mean given to acting in opposition to others.

(3)

Contrary applies especially to a person who is inherently self-willed and resistant to direction or counsel:
Who can reason with you when you're being contrary?

(4)

Balky describes an animal or a mechanical device that stops short and does not proceed or continue in operation; the word is also applicable to analogous human behavior:
The balky horse refused the jump.
The balky engine sputtered and stopped.
Even threats of indictment didn't loosen the tongue of the balky witness.

(5)

Perverse implies disposition or determination to contravene what is expected or desired:
He said no just to be perverse.

(6)

Wayward stresses a flouting of authority that leads to erratic, capricious, or reprehensible behavior:
“a lively child, who had been spoilt and indulged, and therefore was sometimes wayward” (Charlotte Bront?). One who is ornery is marked by a mean-spirited, often defiant contrariety:
When I tried to get the car salesman to lower his prices, he became ornery and dug in his heels. See also Synonyms at opposite

英汉航海大词典

on the contrary
prep.反之,相反地

英汉环境大词典

on the contrary
n.反之,相反

英汉化学大词典

on the contrary
adv.反之,相反

英汉经贸大词典

on the contrary
n.反之,相反

英汉计算机大词典

on the contrary
adv.反之(相反)

英汉能源大词典

on the contrary
n.反之,相反

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