简明英汉词典

on balance
adv.
总而言之

美国传统词典[双解]

balance
bal.ance
AHD:[b2l“…ns]
D.J.[6b#l*ns]
K.K.[6b#l*ns]
n.(名词)

(1)

A weighing device, especially one consisting of a rigid beam horizontally suspended by a low-friction support at its center, with identical weighing pans hung at either end, one of which holds an unknown weight while the effective weight in the other is increased by known amounts until the beam is level and motionless.
天平,秤:一种称重量的器具,特别指那种中间有一个低摩擦支撑物水平悬吊在一根坚硬横杆上的秤,两个重量完全相等的秤盘挂在两头,一头盛未知的重物,另一头放有效砝码,用已知的数量抬高,直到横杆呈水平状态并且停止运动

(2)

A state of equilibrium or parity characterized by cancellation of all forces by equal opposing forces.
平衡:平衡或均等的状态,具有所有力量被相反的力量所抵消的特点

(3)

The power or means to decide.
决定的力量或方法

(4)

A state of bodily equilibrium.
身体的平衡状态

(5)

A stable mental or psychological state; emotional stability.
平静:稳定的精神或心理状态;情绪稳定

(6)

A harmonious or satisfying arrangement or proportion of parts or elements, as in a design.
调和;和谐:协调的,令人满意的各部分或各因素之间的安排或比例,如在一个图案中

(7)

An influence or force tending to produce equilibrium; counterpoise.
平衡力:趋向于产生平衡的影响或力量;平衡、均衡

(8)

The difference in magnitude between opposing forces or influences.
制衡:两种相对立的力量或影响在大小上的差距

(9)

Accounting
【会计学】

(10)

Equality of totals in the debit and credit sides of an account.
收支平衡:在帐目中借方和贷方总数相等

(11)

The difference between such totals, either on the credit or the debit side.
收支差额:无论是贷方还是借方在总数上的差额

(12)

Something that is left over; a remainder.
余额:剩下的某物;余数

(13)

Chemistry Equality of mass and net electric charge of reacting species on each side of an equation.
【化学】 化学平衡:反应式两边在质量或起反应的纯净电荷方面的均等

(14)

Mathematics Equality with respect to the net number of reduced symbolic quantities on each side of an equation.
【数学】 平衡式:在等式两边有关约减符号数量的净值均等

(15)

A balance wheel.
平衡的转轴
v.(动词)
bal.ancedbal.anc.ingbal.anc.es
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To determine the weight of (something) in or as if in a weighing device.
称重量:在或好象在称重量的器具中称(某物)的重量

(2)

To compare by or as if by turning over in the mind:
衡量:(好象)在脑子中反复地来回比较:
balanced the pros and cons before making a final decision.
在做出最后决定前权衡赞成和反对两方面的意见

(3)

To bring into or maintain in a state of equilibrium.
使平衡:进入或保持一种平衡状态

(4)

To act as an equalizing weight or force to; counterbalance.
使抵消:以相等的重量或力量做…;使平衡

(5)

Accounting
【会计学】

(6)

To compute the difference between the debits and credits of (an account).
计算收支差额:计算借方和贷方(在总数上)的差额

(7)

To reconcile or equalize the sums of the debits and credits of (an account).
使收支平衡:使借方和贷方的总额数相符或相等

(8)

To settle (an account, for example) by paying what is owed.
使帐目平衡:以支付所欠款来结算(例如,帐目)

(9)

To bring into or keep in equal or satisfying proportion or harmony.
使和谐,使谐调:进入或保持相等的或令人满意的比例或和谐状态

(10)

Mathematics To bring (an equation) into balance.
【数学】 使(方程式)平衡

(11)

Chemistry To bring (an equation) into balance.
【化学】 使(反应式)平衡

(12)

To move toward and then away from (a dance partner).
前后交替移动:向前移动然后再离开(舞伴)
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To be in or come into equilibrium.
平衡:在或进入平衡状态

(2)

To be equal or equivalent.
均衡:相等或相当

(3)

To sway or waver as if losing or regaining equilibrium.
犹豫不决:摇摆或晃动,好象失去或恢复平衡

(4)

To move toward and then away from a dance partner.
前后交替移动:向前移动然后又远离舞伴

习惯用语

in the balance
In an undetermined and often critical position:
悬而未决;紧要关头:处于未确定的或经常是关键性的位置:
Our plans were left hanging in the balance. Resolution of these matters is still in the balance.
我们的计划被搁置下来处于悬而未决的状态。这些事情的结果尚未可知

on balance
Taking everything into consideration; all in all.
总的来说:将一切事情考虑在内;包括一切地

语源

(1)

Middle English balaunce
中古英语 balaunce

(2)

from Old French
源自 古法语

(3)

from Vulgar Latin *bilancia [having two scale pans]
源自 俗拉丁语 *bilancia [有两个带刻度秤盘的]

(4)

from Latin bilanx
源自 拉丁语 bilanx

(5)

bi- [two] * see dwo-
bi- [两个] *参见 dwo-

(6)

lanx [scale]
lanx [刻度]

参考词汇

(1)

balanceequilibriumequipoisepoise

(2)

The central meaning shared by these nouns is “a state of stability resulting from the cancellation of all forces by equal opposing forces”:
这些名词所具有的共同的中心意思是“一种稳定的状态,产生于所有力量被相等的对立力量所抵消”:
upsetting the balance of nature through the use of insecticides;
由于杀虫剂的使用破坏自然界的平衡;
equilibrium of power between Western and Eastern countries;
东西方国家之间的权力均衡;
the weights of a scale in equipoise;
处于平衡状态的秤盘法码;
a poise between disparate and contradictory emotions. See also Synonyms at proportion, remainder imbalance
根本对立,相互矛盾的感情之间的平衡 参见同义词 proportionremainderimbalance

现代英汉词典

balance
[5bAlEns]
n.

(1)

天平;秤

(2)

平衡
The child couldn't keep his balance on his new bicycle.
孩子骑在他的新自行车上不能保持平衡。
You have to balance the advantages of living downtown against the disadvantages.
你必须权衡住在市中心的利弊。
He lost his balance and fell over.
他失去平衡,所以跌倒。

(3)

均衡
The growth of the new political party upset the balance of power.
新政党的壮大打破了力量的均势。
We try to strike a proper balance between the entirely demands of the two parties. (喻)
双方要求截然不同,我们力图在其间寻找适当的处置方法。

(4)

收支差额;余额
a bank balance
银行余额
The balance of the wages was devoted to new books on flower culture.
剩下来的工资全用来购买花卉栽培的新书上了。
May I take the balance of my holidays next month?
我能否在下个月使用还没休完的假期?
You may keep the balance.
找头你留着吧。

习惯用语

in the balance
(命运)未定,在危急中;不确定
Though her life was in the balance, she thought only of the safety of her fellows.
尽管她生命危急,但她一心只想着她伙伴们的安全。

off balance
不稳

on balance
总的来说
Their suggestion has, on balance, proved practicable.
总的说来,他们的建议已被证明是可行的。

词性变化

balance
vt., vi.
-anced, -ancing

(1)

权衡;对比

(2)

(使)平稳

(3)

(使)(重量、重要性或影响)均衡

(4)

使收支平衡
My accounts balance for the first time this year!
我的帐上今年第一次出现收支平衡!

美国传统词典

balance
bal.ance
AHD:[b2l“…ns]
D.J.[6b#l*ns]
K.K.[6b#l*ns]
n.

(1)

A weighing device, especially one consisting of a rigid beam horizontally suspended by a low-friction support at its center, with identical weighing pans hung at either end, one of which holds an unknown weight while the effective weight in the other is increased by known amounts until the beam is level and motionless.

(2)

A state of equilibrium or parity characterized by cancellation of all forces by equal opposing forces.

(3)

The power or means to decide.

(4)

A state of bodily equilibrium.

(5)

A stable mental or psychological state; emotional stability.

(6)

A harmonious or satisfying arrangement or proportion of parts or elements, as in a design.

(7)

An influence or force tending to produce equilibrium; counterpoise.

(8)

The difference in magnitude between opposing forces or influences.

(9)

Accounting

(10)

Equality of totals in the debit and credit sides of an account.

(11)

The difference between such totals, either on the credit or the debit side.

(12)

Something that is left over; a remainder.

(13)

Chemistry Equality of mass and net electric charge of reacting species on each side of an equation.

(14)

Mathematics Equality with respect to the net number of reduced symbolic quantities on each side of an equation.

(15)

A balance wheel.
v.
bal.anced, bal.anc.ing, bal.anc.es
v.tr.

(1)

To determine the weight of (something) in or as if in a weighing device.

(2)

To compare by or as if by turning over in the mind:
balanced the pros and cons before making a final decision.

(3)

To bring into or maintain in a state of equilibrium.

(4)

To act as an equalizing weight or force to; counterbalance.

(5)

Accounting

(6)

To compute the difference between the debits and credits of (an account).

(7)

To reconcile or equalize the sums of the debits and credits of (an account).

(8)

To settle (an account, for example) by paying what is owed.

(9)

To bring into or keep in equal or satisfying proportion or harmony.

(10)

Mathematics To bring (an equation) into balance.

(11)

Chemistry To bring (an equation) into balance.

(12)

To move toward and then away from (a dance partner).
v.intr.

(1)

To be in or come into equilibrium.

(2)

To be equal or equivalent.

(3)

To sway or waver as if losing or regaining equilibrium.

(4)

To move toward and then away from a dance partner.

习惯用语

in the balance
In an undetermined and often critical position:
Our plans were left hanging in the balance. Resolution of these matters is still in the balance.

on balance
Taking everything into consideration; all in all.

语源

(1)

Middle English balaunce

(2)

from Old French

(3)

from Vulgar Latin *bilancia [having two scale pans]

(4)

from Latin bilanx

(5)

bi- [two] * see dwo-

(6)

lanx [scale]

参考词汇

(1)

balance, equilibrium, equipoise, poise

(2)

The central meaning shared by these nouns is “a state of stability resulting from the cancellation of all forces by equal opposing forces”:
upsetting the balance of nature through the use of insecticides;
equilibrium of power between Western and Eastern countries;
the weights of a scale in equipoise;
a poise between disparate and contradictory emotions. See also Synonyms at proportion, remainder imbalance

英汉航海大词典

on balance
prep.总之,两抵

英汉化学大词典

on balance
adv.总的说来,总之,两抵

英汉计算机大词典

on balance
adv.总之(两抵,结果)

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