简明英汉词典

off
[C:f, Cf]
adj.
远的, 空闲的, 不工作的
adv.
离开, 在远方, 离去, 分离, 中断, 完成
prep.
从...离开, 脱离

基本词义

Off
abbr.
1.办公室,办事处 (Officer) 2.军官,官员(Officer)

美国传统词典[双解]

off
off
AHD:[?f, ?f]
D.J.[%8f, %f]
K.K.[%f, $f]
adv.(副词)

(1)

From a place or position:
离开:离开一个地方或职位:
drove off.
开走

(2)

At a certain distance in space or time:
一段时间,一段距离:在时间上或空间上有一定距离:
a mile off; a week off.
一英里远;放一星期的假

(3)

From a given course or route; aside:
远离,离开:离开给定的道路或路线;在一边:
swerved off into a ditch.
转弯掉进沟里了

(4)

Into a state of unconsciousness:
进入一种无知觉的状态:
I must have dozed off.
我一定是打盹睡过去了

(5)

So as to be no longer on, attached, or connected:
不附着, 不连接:不再有、不再带有或联结:
shaved off his mustache.
刮掉了他的胡子

(6)

So as to be divided:
分割:
marked off the playing field by yards.
以码来区隔球场

(7)

So as to be no longer continuing, operating, or functioning:
不继续运行:不再继续、不再工作或发挥作用:
switched off the radio.
关掉了收音机

(8)

So as to be completely removed, finished, or eliminated:
完全搬走、完成或排除:
kill off the mice.
杀光老鼠

(9)

So as to be smaller, fewer, or less:
变小,变少:更小、更少或几乎没有:
Sales dropped off.
销售量下降

(10)

So as to be away from work or duty:
离开工作或职责:
They took a day off.
他们休息一天

(11)

Offstage.
离开舞台(离开屏幕)
adj.(形容词)

(1)

Distant or removed; farther:
远的;远离的:
the off side of the barn.
马厩的那一边

(2)

Remote; slim:
遥远的;细小的:
stopped by on the off chance that they're home.
停下车看看,既使他们在家的可能性很小

(3)

Not on, attached, or connected:
没有穿的或联结的:
with his shoes off.
他没穿鞋子

(4)

Not operating or operational:
没有工作或不在运行的:
The oven is off.
炉子关着

(5)

No longer taking place; canceled:
不再发生;取消的:
The wedding is off.
婚礼取消了

(6)

Slack:
落后懈怠的:
Production was off this year.
今年产量不行

(7)

Not up to standard; below a normal or satisfactory level:
没有达到标准的;在正常或合格水平之下的:
Your pitching is off today.
你今天的投球情况不甚理想

(8)

Not accurate; incorrect:
不精确的;不正确的:
Your statistical results are off.
你的统计数据不精确

(9)

Somewhat crazy; eccentric:
有点疯狂的;古怪的:
I think that person is a little off.
我觉得那个人有点古怪

(10)

Started on the way; going:
开始上路的;准备走的:
I'm off to see the president.
我这就去见经理

(11)

Absent or away from work or duty:
不上班或离开职责的:
He's off every Tuesday.
他每个星期二都休息

(12)

Spent away from work or duty:
休假的:在离开职责中度过:
My off day is Saturday.
我的休息日是星期六

(13)

Being on the right side of an animal or a vehicle.
在(动物或车辆)右边的

(14)

Being the animal or vehicle on the right.
右边动物的,车辆右边的

(15)

Nautical Farthest from the shore; seaward.
【航海】 向海的:离岸最远的;向海的

(16)

Sports Toward or designating the side of the field facing the batsman in cricket.
【体育运动】 击球员右前方的:在板球赛中,面向或指向正对击球手的那一边

(17)

Off-color.
褪色的
prep.(介词)

(1)

So as to be removed or distant from:
为了被移走或远离:
The bird hopped off the branch.
那只鸟跳离枝条

(2)

Away or relieved from:
离开或从…解脱开:
off duty.
下班后

(3)

By consuming:
以…为食,靠…为食:
living off locusts and honey.
以吃蝗虫和蜂蜜为生

(4)

With the means provided by:
用由…提供的方式:
living off my pension.
靠我的养老金为生

(5)

Informal From:
【非正式用语】 从…来:
“What else do you want off me?”(Jimmy Breslin)
“你还想从我这得到些什么?”(吉米·布雷斯林)

(6)

Extending or branching out from:
从…扩充或分支出来的:
an artery off the heart.
从心脏分支出的动脉

(7)

Not up to the usual standard of:
没有达到通常水准的:
off his game.
他比赛中失常

(8)

So as to abstain from:
为了戒除的:
went off narcotics.
因麻醉而昏睡过去

(9)

Nautical To seaward of:
【航海】 距向海的方向的:
a mile off Sandy Hook.
距桑迪胡克一英里
v.(动词)
offedoff.ingoffs
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To go away; leave:
走开;离开:
Off with you or I'll call the police.
你走开,否则我就喊警察
v.tr.Slang (及物动词)【俚语】
To murder.
谋杀

语源

(1)

Variant of Middle English of
中古英语 of的变体

(2)

from Old English * see apo-
源自 古英语 *参见 apo-

用法

(1)

In Modern English the compound preposition off of is generally regarded as informal and is best avoided in formal speech and writing:
在现代英语中,复合介词off of 一般被认为是非正式的, 最好在正式讲演和作品中回避使用:
He stepped off (not off of ) the platform.
他跨过(不用 off of ) 月台。

(2)

Offis informal as well in its use to indicate a source: formal style requires I borrowed it from (not off ) my brother.
Off当用来指来源时也是非正式用法: 正式用法应是:我从 (不用 off ) 我兄弟那借来

现代英汉词典

off
[5Rf; (?@) C:f]
adv.

(1)

离开,离去
to drive off
开走

(2)

脱离,脱落
The handle came off.
那个把手掉了。
She took off her shoes.
她脱掉鞋子。

(3)

关掉, 关上
cut off the gas
关上煤气
Turn the light off.
把灯关掉。

(4)

相距,隔着
12 nautical miles off
12海里以外
several years off
隔好几年

(5)

分开;断开
cut off
割断

(6)

使不存在;使完成;使停止

(7)

不工作,休息
With only one day off in a week working people had barely enough time to arrange the household.
一周休息一天时,上班族只能有时间勉强安排家务。
have Sunday off
星期日休息

习惯用语

badly off
贫困,贫穷

better off
情况较好
You'd be better off with a bicycle.
你最好骑自行车。

right off
立刻,马上 (= straight off)

well off
富裕

worse off
情况较差

词性变化

off
prep.

(1)

离开
Keep off the grass.
勿践踏草坪。

(2)

脱离
Take the curtains off their hooks.
把窗帘从挂钩上取下来。
Two men took the parcel off the plane and carried it into the Customs House.
两个男子把这个包裹从飞机上取下,提着进了海关大楼。

(3)

从…去掉;从…减少
cut a piece off the loaf
从整个面包上切下一块

(4)

距离;离…;与…相隔
The ship was blown off course.
船被吹离了航道。
We are going off the subject.
我们离题了。
When a light passenger plane flew off course some time ago, it crashed in the mountains and its pilot was killed.
不久前,有架轻便客机飞离了航线,在山区坠毁,飞行员丧生了。

(5)

离开…;从…分岔
a narrow street off the High Street
从大街拐进去的一条窄巷

(6)

在离…海的附近
an island off the coast of southeast
东南沿海的一个岛屿

(7)

不再喜欢;不再吃(药)
He's off his food.
他吃不下饭。
He's off smoking.
他戒烟了。

off
adj.

(1)

不新鲜的,变质的
That fish smells off.
那条鱼有味了。

(2)

(在餐馆)不再供应的(菜)

(3)

过分的;不正常的
I thought it was a bit off, not even answering my letter!
我觉得这有点过分,居然连我的信也不回!

(4)

在右侧的,右手边的

(5)

取消了的;不再举行了的
I'm afraid the meeting's off.
恐怕会不开了。

(6)

已经起跑的(选手)

(7)

关着的(电器)

(8)

不幸的,倒霉的(时期)
one of his off days
他倒霉的日子

(9)

安静的;低于通常水平的
Tickets are cheaper during the off season.
在(旅游)淡季票价较便宜。

基本词义

Off
abbr.

(1)

办公室,办事处 (Officer)

(2)

军官,官员(Officer)

现代英汉综合大辞典

off
[C:f, Cf]
adv.

(1)

离, 距
far off
a mile off
有一英里远
only three months off
只要再过三个月(只在三个月前)

(2)

离开, 走开
fly off
飞去
go off
走掉
Where are you off to?
你到哪里去?

(3)

脱离, 脱掉
get off
脱衣; 下马
fall off
(从马上)掉下来
look off
掉转视线
take off
脱(衣、帽、鞋等)

(4)

断掉, 休止
turn off the radio
关掉收音机
take a day off
休假一天

(5)

(动作)完了、中止
drink off
喝完
leave off work
停止工作
pay off
付清
The game was called off.
比赛取消了。

(6)

[表示情况]
comfortably off
收入很多, 生活宽裕
How are you off for fuel?
你们的燃料情况怎样?

(7)

(渐渐)减少; ...起来
cool off
冷起来; (热情)低落下来; (情绪)平静下来
wear off
(精力)衰退; (衣服)渐渐破损

(8)

折扣
ten per cent off
九折

(9)

欺骗
pass off a false article on a man
把假货卖给某人

词性变化

off
prep.

(1)

从; 从...离开[脱离, 去掉]
buy [borrow] sth. off sb.
向某人买[借]某物
A button is off his coat.
他的上衣的一个扣子掉了。
The rain ran off the roof.
雨水从屋顶流下来。

(2)

与...相隔, 离...
Keep off the grass.
请勿践踏草地。
The house stands miles off the main road.
那所房子离大路好几英里远。
She is three years off thirty.
再过三年她满三十岁。

(3)

低于...; 从...扣除
a dollar off the list price
比价目表的价格便宜一美元
take ten per cent off the price
减价百分之十

(4)

在...之外
The ship anchored off the island.
船在岛外抛锚。

off
adj.

(1)

远的, 那一边的
the off side of the wall
墙的那一边

(2)

(车马等)右侧的; (船)向海边的
an off horse
右边的马
the off hind wheel
右后轮
The ship kept the buoy on her off side.
这条船在浮标的左边。

(3)

(路等)分支的; 非主要的
an off branch of a river
河流的分支
an off street
小街
an off issue
枝节问题

(4)

停止了的; 休歇的; 空闲的
an off day
休假日
off hours
空闲的时间

(5)

低于通常水平的; 可能性极小的
an off season
淡季
an off year for apples
苹果的小年
There is an off chance of finding him at home.
在家里找到他的可能性很小。

(6)

[口]有点怪的; 不对头的; 失常的
feel off
觉得不舒服
seem to be a bit off
似乎有点怪[不正常]

(7)

(鱼、肉等)腐坏的
The fish is slightly off.
鱼有点儿坏了。

off
n.
(=off side)(板球击球员的)右前方
vt.

(1)

[口]宣布中止(谈判、合同等); 取消与...的约定

(2)

[美俚]杀掉
vi.
走开; 离开
Off, or I'll shoot!
走开! 不然我就开枪了。

继承用法

off-and-on
adv.
偶尔地; 不规则地; 时而

off-angle
adj.
斜的

off-axis
adj.
轴外的, 离轴的

off-balance
adj., adv.

(1)

不稳固的[地]; 不平衡的[地], 倾斜的

(2)

[俗]不合乎常规的; 奇异的

off-bar
vt.
把...关[挡]在外面

off-bear
n.
移开, 除去; 拿去; 取走

offbeat
[Rf5bi:t; (?@) C:f-]
adj.
次要的; 不规则的; 不落俗套的

词性变化

off
n.
【音】弱拍

off-blast
n.
停风

off-bottom
n.
(离开炉底)全部熔化

off-budget
n.
预算外

off-button
n.
脱位[断路]旋钮

off-camera
adv., adj.
在电影[电视]镜头之外(的)

off-capacity
n.
容量不足(玻璃制品缺陷)

off-cast
n., adj.
抛弃的(人物); 废除(的)

off-centre
n.
中心偏移

off-chance
n.
侥幸, 万一的希望

off-color(ed)
adj.

(1)

颜色不对头的

(2)

下流淫猥的

off-contact
n.
开路触点, 触点断开

off-course
n.
偏离航向

offcut
n.
切余纸[板, 钢板]; 切下之物
adj.
不正常尺寸的, 不标准大小的

off-cycle
adj.
非周期的

off-day
n.
休息日

off-design
adj.
未预计的, 未预算的; 非设计的

off-diagonal
adj.
非对角(线)的

off-duty
[`Cf`djU:tI,`R:-]
adj.
备用的; 不值班的

off-flavo(u)r
n.
嗅气(味)

off-gas
n.
废气; 排气; 气态废物

off-gauge
adj.
非标准的; 等外的; 不按规格的
n.
不均匀厚度; 超差

off-go
n.
离开, 出发

off-going
adj.
出发的, 离去的

offgrade
n., adj.
等外(的); 不合格(的); 低级的

off-ground
n.
停止接地, 接地中断

off-heat
n.
废品(钢), 熔炼废品; 熔炼不合格

off-hour
[`Cf`aJE(r),`R:-]
n.
工作时间以外的时间

off-interval
n.
关闭间隔

off-iron
n.
铸铁废品

off-key
adj.
不协调的, 不合适的; 不正常的

offlap
n.
退覆; 分错距; 平移断层

off-let
n.
放水管

off-licence
n.
[英](不许堂饮只许外卖的)卖酒执照

off-limits
n., adj.
禁止入内(的); 超出范围(的)

offline
n.
脱机(设备) a. 不在铁路上的

off-load
vt., adj.
卸载(的); 卸下(的)

off-loader
n.
卸载机

off-loading
n.
卸载; 卸货

off-lying
adj.
离开的; 偏移的; 遥远的

off-melt
n.
熔炼废品

off-normal
adj.
不正常的, 偏离的, 超界的

off-odors
n.
脱臭

off-path
n., adj.
反常路径(的)

off-peak
adj.
正常的, 额定的, 非高峰的

off-position
n.
断开位置[状态]; 非操作位置

offprint
[5RfprInt; (?@) 5C:f-]
n.
抽印本, 单行本
vt.
翻印; 抽印; 选刊

off-rating
n., adj.
不正常条件(的); 非标准状态(的); 超出额定值(的)

off-resonance
n.
非共振

off-road
adj.
路(面)外的; 越野的-screen
n.

(1)

停拍

(2)

屏蔽停止

(3)

离开屏幕

off-scum
n.
废渣

off-sea
adj.
由海洋吹向陆地的; 离海的

off-season
n.
淡季; 非生产季节

off-side
n.
装置区外

off-size
n.
非规定尺寸, 等外品

offskip
n.
风景画中的远处

off-smelting
n.
熔炼废品

off-specification
n.
号外的, 不合格的

offspring
[5RfsprIN; (?@) 5C:f-]
n.
子孙; 后代; 产物; 结果; 幼苗; (动物的)仔

off-stage
n.,adv.,adj.
舞台后面(的); 幕后(的); (摄象和视野)离开舞台[屏幕]

off-state
n.
断电状态

off-stream
n.

(1)

停运; 停工

(2)

侧馏份
adj.
停用的

off-street
adj.
不在街上的, 路外的

off-sulphur
adj.
去硫的

off-switch
n.
切断开关

offtake
[`Cf`teIk,`R:-]
n.

(1)

排出; 排出管道出口; 泄水处

(2)

支管

(3)

商品销售(量)
vt.
排去, 耗去

off-temper
n.
(玻璃制品)淬火不良, 钢化不足

off-test
adj.
未经检验的

off-the-books
adj.
黑市的

off-the-cuff
[`CfTE`kQf,`R:-]
adj.
即席的; 注意的

off-the-record
adj.
不留记录的; 不许发表[引用]的, 非正式的

off-the-shell
n.
【军】非弹药类

off-the-shelf
adj.
现成的, 成品的, 畅销的, 流行的

off-time
n.

(1)

停歇时间; 关机时间

(2)

不正常时间; 非正常状态

offtrack
n.
偏离磁道; 出线; 出机

off-tube
n.
截止管
adj.
带有断开电子管的

off-tune
adj.
失谐的

offward
adv., adj.
向海(的); 离岸(的); 从船内向船外

offware
n.
废品

off-white
n., adj.
米色(的); 灰白色(的); (掺有少量灰、黄或其他淡色的)白色(的)

习惯用语

be badly off
生活贫困, 运气不佳

be comfortably off
收入很多, 生活宽裕

better off
情况好些; 生活比较宽裕

be well off
处境良好, 生活好过

be worse off
情况更差, 更加贫困

either off or on
总之, 不管怎么样

far off
远离, 在远处

from the off
[俚]从头开始

Get off with you! (=Beoff! Off you go!)
走开! 去! 滚你的!

right off
立即, 马上

straight off
立即, 马上

take oneself off
走, 去, 逃

off and on
断断续续; 不规则地; 不时地

off and
[口]忽然, 意外地

offof
从...移开

offwith
拿掉,取[脱]去

英文相关词典

off
on    

[七国语言]英汉电子工程大词典

off
断开

[七国语言]英汉信息大词典

off
断开

美国传统词典

off
off
AHD:[?f, ?f]
D.J.[%8f, %f]
K.K.[%f, $f]
adv.

(1)

From a place or position:
drove off.

(2)

At a certain distance in space or time:
a mile off; a week off.

(3)

From a given course or route; aside:
swerved off into a ditch.

(4)

Into a state of unconsciousness:
I must have dozed off.

(5)

So as to be no longer on, attached, or connected:
shaved off his mustache.

(6)

So as to be divided:
marked off the playing field by yards.

(7)

So as to be no longer continuing, operating, or functioning:
switched off the radio.

(8)

So as to be completely removed, finished, or eliminated:
kill off the mice.

(9)

So as to be smaller, fewer, or less:
Sales dropped off.

(10)

So as to be away from work or duty:
They took a day off.

(11)

Offstage.
adj.

(1)

Distant or removed; farther:
the off side of the barn.

(2)

Remote; slim:
stopped by on the off chance that they're home.

(3)

Not on, attached, or connected:
with his shoes off.

(4)

Not operating or operational:
The oven is off.

(5)

No longer taking place; canceled:
The wedding is off.

(6)

Slack:
Production was off this year.

(7)

Not up to standard; below a normal or satisfactory level:
Your pitching is off today.

(8)

Not accurate; incorrect:
Your statistical results are off.

(9)

Somewhat crazy; eccentric:
I think that person is a little off.

(10)

Started on the way; going:
I'm off to see the president.

(11)

Absent or away from work or duty:
He's off every Tuesday.

(12)

Spent away from work or duty:
My off day is Saturday.

(13)

Being on the right side of an animal or a vehicle.

(14)

Being the animal or vehicle on the right.

(15)

Nautical Farthest from the shore; seaward.

(16)

Sports Toward or designating the side of the field facing the batsman in cricket.

(17)

Off-color.
prep.

(1)

So as to be removed or distant from:
The bird hopped off the branch.

(2)

Away or relieved from:
off duty.

(3)

By consuming:
living off locusts and honey.

(4)

With the means provided by:
living off my pension.

(5)

Informal From:
“What else do you want off me?”(Jimmy Breslin)

(6)

Extending or branching out from:
an artery off the heart.

(7)

Not up to the usual standard of:
off his game.

(8)

So as to abstain from:
went off narcotics.

(9)

Nautical To seaward of:
a mile off Sandy Hook.
v.
offed, off.ing, offs
v.intr.
To go away; leave:
Off with you or I'll call the police.
v.tr.Slang
To murder.

语源

(1)

Variant of Middle English of

(2)

from Old English * see apo-

用法

(1)

In Modern English the compound preposition off of is generally regarded as informal and is best avoided in formal speech and writing:
He stepped off (not off of ) the platform.

(2)

Offis informal as well in its use to indicate a source: formal style requires I borrowed it from (not off ) my brother.

[名词委审定]英汉电子学名词(1993)

off

英汉电力大词典

off
n.断开,关,截止

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

off
断开,截止,关(闭);离开;= OFFice,办公室,局,站,办事处;事务(工作)

英汉电信大词典

off
n.断开,切断

英汉地质大词典

off
n.关,断开,截止

英汉纺织大词典

off
n.停车,关着

英汉航海大词典

off
n.中止

英汉航空大词典

off
n.不亮,熄灭;n.关闭,断开;n.滑开;n.开,向远处

英汉化学大词典

off
prep.离,偏离,相差,截止;adv.距,离开,不足,截止

英汉海运大词典

off
断开,截止,中断旁的,外的远离的,离开的除去,取去ad.离开,脱开,断开离开,脱离

基本词义

off
离开断开关在……海面

基本词义

off
-prep.离开,截止,中断,旁的,外的,远离的,离开的,除去,取去,脱开,断开prep.离开,脱离,离开,断开,关,在…海面

基本词义

off
断开,截止,中断旁的,外的远离的,离开的除去,取去离开,脱开,断开离开,脱离

英汉经贸大词典

off
n.中止

英汉计算机大词典

off
prep.离(偏离,相差;adv.距(离开,不足

英汉机械大词典

off
n.断开,截止

英汉汽车大词典

off
n.断开,在外,离开的

航空英语缩写词典

OFF
Office 办事处,办公室

基本词义

OFF
Office 起飞

基本词义

OFF
Official 官方的,正式的

基本词义

OFF
Office 办事处,办公室

基本词义

OFF
Office 起飞

基本词义

OFF
Official 官方的,正式的

英汉冶金大词典

off
n.断,送断

英汉医学大词典

off
n.有点怪的,不对头的

英汉中医大词典

off
n.有点怪的,不对头的,有毛病的

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