简明英汉词典

obligation
[7Cbli5^eiFEn]
n.
义务, 职责, 债务

美国传统词典[双解]

obligation
ob.li.ga.tion
AHD:[?b”l1-g3“sh…n]
D.J.[7%bli6gei.*n]
K.K.[7$bl!6ge.*n]
n.(名词)

(1)

The act of binding oneself by a social, legal, or moral tie.
束缚:被社会,法律或道德约束和束缚自己的行为

(2)

A social, legal, or moral requirement, such as a duty, contract, or promise that compels one to follow or avoid a particular course of action.
义务,责任:社会、法律或道德要求,如强迫某人服从或避免某些特定行为的义务、合约或诺言

(3)

A course of action imposed by society, law, or conscience by which one is bound or restricted.
行为规范:被约束或限制社会、法律或良心强加的行为

(4)

The constraining power of a promise, contract, law, or sense of duty.
约束力:承诺、和约、法律或责任感的约束力

(5)

Law
【法律】

(6)

A legal agreement stipulating a specified payment or action, especially if the agreement also specifies a penalty for failure to comply.
合同契约:规定具体支付款项或行为的法律合约,指具体规定对不能遵守的惩罚的

(7)

The document containing the terms of such an agreement.
合同文件:有这种合约条款的文件

(8)

Something owed as payment or in return for a special service or favor.
债务:为了特别的帮助或思惠所欠下的应偿还或报答的东西

(9)

The service or favor for which one is indebted to another.
恩惠:一个人对另一人感激的帮助或恩惠

(10)

The state, fact, or feeling of being indebted to another for a special service or favor received.
受恩惠状态:为了接受的特别帮助或恩惠而感激另一人的状态、事实或感觉

继承用法

obligational
adj.(形容词)

参考词汇

(1)

obligationresponsibilityduty

(2)

These nouns refer to a course of action that is demanded of a person, as by law or conscience.
这些名词指法律或良心等要求一个人的行为。

(3)

Obligation usually applies to a specific constraint arising from a particular cause:
Obligation 通常用于特定原因引起的具体限制:
“Then in the marriage union, the independence of the husband and wife will be equal, their dependence mutual, and their obligations reciprocal” (Lucretia Mott).
“在一桩婚姻中,丈夫与妻子的独立性是平等的,依赖性是互相的,而他们的责任也是彼此之间的” (卢克丽霞·莫特)。

(4)

Responsibility stresses accountability for the fulfillment of an obligation:
Responsibility 强调对履行义务负有责任:
“I believe that every right implies a responsibility; every opportunity, an obligation; every possession, a duty” (John D. Rockefeller, Jr.).
“我相信每一项权利意味着义务;每一个机会意味着束缚;每一份财产意味着责任” (小约翰·D·洛克菲勒)。

(5)

Duty applies especially to constraint deriving from moral or ethical considerations:
Duty 尤指出于道德或伦理的考虑而受到的限制:
“I therefore believe it is my duty to my country to love it, to support its Constitution, to obey its laws, to respect its flag, and to defend it against all enemies” (William Tyler Page).
“因此我相信保卫祖国,支持宪法,遵守法律,尊重国旗,反抗敌人是我的责任” (威廉姆·泰勒·佩奇)

现代英汉词典

obligation
[RblI5^eIF(E)n]
n.
义务;职责;责任

习惯用语

under an obligation
有义务;必须
We are under an obligation to help.
我们有义务帮忙。

现代英汉综合大辞典

obligation
[7Cbli5^eiFEn]
n.

(1)

义务; 职责, 负担

(2)

契约; 证书; 债务

(3)

恩惠; 人情债

习惯用语

be (lie)under an obligation to
对...有义务; 受过...的恩惠

lay an obligation upon
使负债务

lay sb. under an obligation
施恩给某人, 使某人承担义务

put one under an obligation
施恩惠给某人

repay an obligation
报恩

under anobligation(to do)
有义务,一定要

特殊用法

alternative obligation
选择债务

contrac-tual obligation
契约责任

conventional obligations
契约义务

demand obligation
随时支付的债务

fund obligation
资金负担

indivisible obligation
不可分割债务

joint and several obligation
连带债务

legal obligation
法律义务(如合同契约等)

liquidated obligation
已清偿的债务

mutual obligations
相互债务责任

non-interest-bearingobligation
未付利息债务

perfect obligation
完全债务

performance obligation
履行义务的债务

purchase-money obligation
置产债务

surety obligation
保证债务; 索偿债务

unliquidated obligation
未清偿债务

参考词汇
obligation    duty    responsibility    
都含“义务”、“责任”的意思。

(1)

obligation指“一个人在特定时间内必须尽的义务或责任”, 如:
To pay taxes is anobligation.
纳税是一种义务。

(2)

duty 指“按道德、法律、社会习惯或良心应尽的本分、义务和责任”,着重“自觉”,如:
Don't forget your duty to your parents.
不要忘记对父母的责任。

(3)

responsibility 指“由于法律、职业或道德等方面的要求, 而应尽的责任或义务”, 着重“必须对后果负责”, 如:
accept full responsibility for one's error
对自己的错误负完全责任。

用法词典

obligation
oblig[e]+ -ation

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

obligation
义务

美国传统词典

obligation
ob.li.ga.tion
AHD:[?b”l1-g3“sh…n]
D.J.[7%bli6gei.*n]
K.K.[7$bl!6ge.*n]
n.

(1)

The act of binding oneself by a social, legal, or moral tie.

(2)

A social, legal, or moral requirement, such as a duty, contract, or promise that compels one to follow or avoid a particular course of action.

(3)

A course of action imposed by society, law, or conscience by which one is bound or restricted.

(4)

The constraining power of a promise, contract, law, or sense of duty.

(5)

Law

(6)

A legal agreement stipulating a specified payment or action, especially if the agreement also specifies a penalty for failure to comply.

(7)

The document containing the terms of such an agreement.

(8)

Something owed as payment or in return for a special service or favor.

(9)

The service or favor for which one is indebted to another.

(10)

The state, fact, or feeling of being indebted to another for a special service or favor received.

继承用法

obligational
adj.

参考词汇

(1)

obligation, responsibility, duty

(2)

These nouns refer to a course of action that is demanded of a person, as by law or conscience.

(3)

Obligation usually applies to a specific constraint arising from a particular cause:
“Then in the marriage union, the independence of the husband and wife will be equal, their dependence mutual, and their obligations reciprocal” (Lucretia Mott).

(4)

Responsibility stresses accountability for the fulfillment of an obligation:
“I believe that every right implies a responsibility; every opportunity, an obligation; every possession, a duty” (John D. Rockefeller, Jr.).

(5)

Duty applies especially to constraint deriving from moral or ethical considerations:
“I therefore believe it is my duty to my country to love it, to support its Constitution, to obey its laws, to respect its flag, and to defend it against all enemies” (William Tyler Page).

[名词委审定]英汉计算机名词(第二版, 2002)

obligation
义务

英汉船舶大词典

obligation
n.义务,责任;n.债务

英汉法学大词典

obligation
n.义务 ,债,债务,职责

英汉航海大词典

obligation
n.义务,证书

英汉航空大词典

obligation
n.义务,责任

英汉化学大词典

obligation
n.义务,契约,恩惠

英汉海运大词典

obligation

基本词义

obligation
契约债务义务,责任

基本词义

obligation
义务,责任契约债务

基本词义

obligation
义务证券契约

基本词义

obligation
债务义务,责任

英汉经贸大词典

obligation
n.义务,义务,契约,恩惠

英汉计算机大词典

obligation
n.义务(契约,恩惠

英汉建筑大词典

obligation
n.债,责任,待付款

英汉能源大词典

obligation
n.义务,证书,恩惠

英汉水利大词典

obligation
n.义务,责任,约束

英汉心理学大词典

obligation
义务

电子邮件: 版权所有 一切网及原始资料出版社Copyright © 2004