简明英汉词典

none
[nQn]
adv.
决不, 毫不
pron.
一个也没有, 毫无

美国传统词典[双解]

none
none
AHD:[n?n]
D.J.[n(n]
K.K.[n(n]
pron.(代词)

(1)

No one; not one; nobody:
没人:没有一人;没有人:
None dared to do it.
谁也不敢做这件事

(2)

Not any:
没有一个:
None of my classmates survived the war.
我的同学中无人自战争中生还

(3)

No part; not any:
没有一部分;没有一点:
none of your business.
与你毫不相干
adv.(副词)

(1)

Not at all:
根本不:
He is none too ill.
他一点都没病

(2)

In no way:
无法,绝不:
The jeans looked none the better for having been washed.
因为已被洗过,那件牛仔衣无法看上去更好

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old English n3n
源自 古英语 n3n

(3)

ne [no, not] * see ne
ne [没有,不] *参见 ne 3n [one] * see oi-no- 3n [一] *参见 oi-no-

用法

(1)

It is widely asserted that none is equivalent to no one, and hence requires a singular verb and singular pronoun:
较普遍的认为是none 相当于 no one, 因此要求一个单数动词和单数代词与之相对应:
None of the prisoners was given his soup.
没有一个犯人可以 脱逃。

(2)

It is true that none is etymologically derived from the Old English word 3, “one,” but the word has been used as both a singular and a plural noun from Old English onward. The plural use can be found in reputable sources such as the King James Bible, Dryden, and Burke; and H.W. Fowler described the traditional rule as “a mistake.” Either a singular or a plural verb is acceptably used in a sentence such as None of the conspirators has (or have ) been brought to trial. When none is modified by almost, however, it is difficult to avoid treating the word as a plural:
事实是这样的:none 根据词源学来自于古英语词汇 an “一,” 但是此词从古英语开始既被用作单数名词,又被用作复数名词形式。复数用法可以在规范的原始资料如詹姆士圣经、德莱顿以及伯克的作品中发现。H·W·福勒把传统的规则描述为“一个错误”。 无论是单数还是复数动词均可以被接受用于句子中,如所有的同谋者都未 (或者 have ) 被送审。 然而当none 被 almost 修饰时, 很难避免将此词当作复数:
Almost none of the officials were (not was ) interviewed by the committee.
几乎所有的官员都未(不是 was ) 被委员会接见。

(3)

None can only be plural in its use in sentences such as None but his most loyal supporters believe (not believes ) his story. See Usage Note at every, neither
None 在句中只能用复数形式, 如除了他的最忠实的支持者外,没有人相信 (不是 believes ) 他的故事 参见 everyneither

现代英汉词典

none
[nQn]
pron.

(1)

(与of连用)毫无
'It's none of your business,'the young man said rudely.
'这不干你的事,'这个青年粗鲁地说。
None of your funeral.
与你无关。
None of that money on the table is mine.
桌上没有一分钱是我的。

(2)

没有一个,无一
None of us enjoy getting up early.
我们中间没人喜欢早起。
But none of them has been turned to stone yet!
但是他们谁也没有变成石头!
None of the boys has passed the history examination.
男孩子中没有人历史考试及格。
None of the telephones is
(或 are) working.电话中没有一部不是坏的。
None of the pupils knew the answer.
学生中谁都不知道答案。

习惯用语

have none of
不参加;不允许;不接受
I'll have none of your stupid ideas!
我才不接受你那愚蠢的意见!

none other
(表示惊讶)不是别人,不是别的;就是,正是
It's none other than Tom! We thought you were in Africa!
是汤姆!我们以为你还在非洲!

词性变化

none
adv.
(与the连用)毫不,一点也不
My car is none the worse for wear.
我的汽车一点也没损坏。

习惯用语

none the wiser
不知情;不晓得
If we take only one piece of cake, mother will be none the wiser.
假如我们只吃一块蛋糕,妈妈是不会知道的。

none too
不太;一点也不
She did it none too well.
她做得一点儿也不好。

现代英汉综合大辞典

none
[nQn]
nones 的单数

用法词典

none
来自古英语nan←ne没+an一个

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

none
谁都不

美国传统词典

none
none
AHD:[n?n]
D.J.[n(n]
K.K.[n(n]
pron.

(1)

No one; not one; nobody:
None dared to do it.

(2)

Not any:
None of my classmates survived the war.

(3)

No part; not any:
none of your business.
adv.

(1)

Not at all:
He is none too ill.

(2)

In no way:
The jeans looked none the better for having been washed.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old English n3n

(3)

ne [no, not] * see ne 3n [one] * see oi-no-

用法

(1)

It is widely asserted that none is equivalent to no one, and hence requires a singular verb and singular pronoun:
None of the prisoners was given his soup.

(2)

It is true that none is etymologically derived from the Old English word 3, “one,” but the word has been used as both a singular and a plural noun from Old English onward. The plural use can be found in reputable sources such as the King James Bible, Dryden, and Burke; and H.W. Fowler described the traditional rule as “a mistake.” Either a singular or a plural verb is acceptably used in a sentence such as None of the conspirators has (or have ) been brought to trial. When none is modified by almost, however, it is difficult to avoid treating the word as a plural:
Almost none of the officials were (not was ) interviewed by the committee.

(3)

None can only be plural in its use in sentences such as None but his most loyal supporters believe (not believes ) his story. See Usage Note at every, neither

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

none
【WIN,NT】无,不计分

英汉航海大词典

none
n.没人

英汉化学大词典

none
pron.没有人,无论哪个都不;adv.一点也不

英汉经贸大词典

none
n.没人

英汉计算机大词典

none
n.没有人(谁都不,一点也不);pron.没有人(无论哪个都不)

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