简明英汉词典

neighbor
[5neibE]
n.
<美> 邻居, 邻国

美国传统词典[双解]

neighbor
neigh.bor
AHD:[n3“b…r]
D.J.[6neib*]
K.K.[6neb+]
n.(名词)

(1)

One who lives near or next to another.
邻居:住在一个人附近或紧挨一个人住的人

(2)

A person, place, or thing adjacent to or located near another.
位置相近的人或事物:接近于一个人或位于其附近的人、地方或事物

(3)

A fellow human being.
人类

(4)

Used as a form of familiar address.
用做相近住址的一种形式
v.(动词)
neigh.boredneigh.bor.ingneigh.bors
v.tr.(及物动词)
To lie close to or border directly on.
接壤:位于附近或直接相连
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To live or be situated close by.
邻近:住在或位于附近
adj.(形容词)
Situated or living near another:
邻近的:位于或住在附近的:
a neighbor state.
相邻州

语源

(1)

Middle English neighebor
中古英语 neighebor

(2)

from Old English n??r}
源自 古英语 n??r}

(3)

n?h [near] * see n?hw-iz
n?h [附近的] *参见 n?hw-iz

(4)

geb?r [dweller] * see bheu-
geb?r [居民] *参见 bheu-

注释
Loving one's neighbor as oneself would be much easier, or perhaps much more difficult, if the word neighbor had kept to its etymological meaning. The source of our word, the assumed West Germanic form .n3?r,} was a compound of the words .n?, “near,” and .b?, “dweller, especially a farmer.” A neighbor, then, was a near dweller. N??r,} the Old English descendant of this West Germanic word, and its descendant in Middle English, neighebor, and our Modern English neighbor have all retained the literal notion, even though one can now have many neighbors whom one does not know, a situation that would have been highly unlikely in earlier times. The extension of this word to mean “fellow” is probably attributable to the Christian concern with the treatment of one's fellow human beings, as in the passage in Matthew 19:19 that urges love of one's neighbor.
象爱自己一样爱邻居会更容易,也可能更难,如果neighbor 这个词保持其词源意义的话。 这个词的来源,假定在西日耳曼语中形式为nahgabur, 是nehwiz “附近的”和 buram “居住者,尤指农夫”的合成词。 那么邻居就是附近的居住者。Neahgebur 这个西日耳曼词发展的古英语形式, 中世纪英语形式nerghebor 及现代英语 neighbor 形式, 都保持了字面意义,即使现在一个可能有许多人都不认识的邻居,这是一种以前很不可能有的情况。这个词的引申意义“人”大概出自基督徒关心如何对待世人,比如在《马太19:19》中就有要求热爱自己邻居的篇章

现代英汉词典

neighbor
[5neIbE(r)]
n.
邻居
My next-door neighbor lives in the house next to mine.
我的隔壁邻居住在紧挨着我家的房子里。

词性变化

neighbor
vi.
(常与on连用)邻近,相邻

美国传统词典

neighbor
neigh.bor
AHD:[n3“b…r]
D.J.[6neib*]
K.K.[6neb+]
n.

(1)

One who lives near or next to another.

(2)

A person, place, or thing adjacent to or located near another.

(3)

A fellow human being.

(4)

Used as a form of familiar address.
v.
neigh.bored, neigh.bor.ing, neigh.bors
v.tr.
To lie close to or border directly on.
v.intr.
To live or be situated close by.
adj.
Situated or living near another:
a neighbor state.

语源

(1)

Middle English neighebor

(2)

from Old English n??r}

(3)

n?h [near] * see n?hw-iz

(4)

geb?r [dweller] * see bheu-

注释
Loving one's neighbor as oneself would be much easier, or perhaps much more difficult, if the word neighbor had kept to its etymological meaning. The source of our word, the assumed West Germanic form .n3?r,} was a compound of the words .n?, “near,” and .b?, “dweller, especially a farmer.” A neighbor, then, was a near dweller. N??r,} the Old English descendant of this West Germanic word, and its descendant in Middle English, neighebor, and our Modern English neighbor have all retained the literal notion, even though one can now have many neighbors whom one does not know, a situation that would have been highly unlikely in earlier times. The extension of this word to mean “fellow” is probably attributable to the Christian concern with the treatment of one's fellow human beings, as in the passage in Matthew 19:19 that urges love of one's neighbor.

[名词委审定]英汉计算机名词(第二版, 2002)

neighbor
近邻

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

neighbor
近邻,邻近,相邻;邻元素

英汉电信大词典

neighbor
n.邻近值

英汉法学大词典

neighbor
n.邻人

英汉化学大词典

neighbor
n.邻居,邻近的东西,邻近值;vt.邻接,相邻,接近

英汉计算机大词典

neighbor
n.邻居(邻近的东西,邻近值);vt.邻接(相邻,接近)

英汉机械大词典

neighbor
n.邻居,邻接

英汉冶金大词典

neighbor
n.邻居,邻接

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