简明英汉词典

need
[ni:d]
n.
需要, 必需, 必需品, 要求, 贫困
vt.

(1)

需要

(2)

modal v.必要, 必须

美国传统词典[双解]

need
need
AHD:[n?d]
D.J.[ni8d]
K.K.[nid]
n.(名词)

(1)

A lack of something required or desirable:
需要:对想要或期望的事物的缺乏:
crops in need of water; a need for affection.
需要水的庄稼;对感情的需要

(2)

Something required or wanted; a requisite:
必需品:要求或需要的事物;需要物:
Our needs are modest.
我们的必需品是谦虚

(3)

Necessity; obligation:
必要;义务:
There is no need for you to go.
你没有必要去

(4)

A condition of poverty or misfortune:
贫困:贫穷或不幸的状况:
The family is in dire need.
这个家庭极为贫困
v.(动词)
need.edneed.ingneeds
aux.(助词)
To be under the necessity of or the obligation to:
必须要:必须要,有义务要:
They need not come.
他们不必来
v.tr.(及物动词)
To have need of; require:
需要;想要:
The family needs money.
这个家庭需要钱
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To be in need or want.
需要,想要

(2)

To be necessary.
有必要

语源

(1)

Middle English nede
中古英语 nede

(2)

from Old English n??d} [distress, necessity]
源自 古英语 n??d} [穷困,贫困]

参考词汇

(1)

neednecessityexigencyrequisite

(2)

These nouns denote a condition in which something essential is required or wanted; they also refer to that which is required or wanted.
这些名词都指处于对必需品的要求和需求的一种状况;它们也指需要的或要求的东西。

(3)

Need is the most general:
Need 最普遍:
There's no need to be concerned.
没必要担忧。
She is serene and contented;
她很安详、平静;
her emotional and spiritual needs are being met.
她感情和精神上的需要都得到了满足。

(4)

Necessity more strongly than need suggests urgency, inevitability, or unavoidable obligation:
Necessity 比need 更强, 用来指紧迫的、不可避免的或不可躲避的义务:
“I think the necessity of being ready increases.—Look to it” (Abraham Lincoln).
“我认为做好准备的 紧迫性增加了。——注意” (亚伯拉罕·林肯)。
“The rehabilitation of the cabin became a necessity” (Bret Harte).
“小屋的重新修建已是不可避免的了” (布雷特·哈特)。

(5)

Exigency implies acute urgency, especially that arising from conditions or circumstances such as those of an emergency:
Exigency 指非常紧迫,尤指产生于类似紧急事件的条件或环境:
“No . . . more pernicious [doctrine] was ever invented . . . than that any of [the Constitution's] provisions can be suspended during any of the great exigencies of government” (David Davis)
“没有…曾经创造的 能比在一次政府的危急关头对 条款的取消更为有害的” (大卫·戴维斯)。

(6)

Requisite applies to something indispensable:
Requisite 指不可缺少的事物:
“a place where the three grand requisites of water, fuel and fodder were to be obtained” (James Fenimore Cooper).See also Synonyms at lack
“三种主要必需品,水、燃料和草料都具备的地方” (吉姆斯·费尼莫尔·库珀)参见同义词 lack

用法

(1)

Depending on the sense, the verb need behaves sometimes like an auxiliary verb (such as can or may ) and sometimes like a main verb (such as want or try ). When used as a main verb, need agrees with its subject, takes to before the verb following it, and combines with do in questions, negations, and certain other constructions:
根据语义,动词need 有时当作助动词来使用(如 can 或 may ), 有时象实义动词(如want 或 try )。 当用作实义动词时,need 和主语一致, 把to 放在其后面动词的前面, 在疑问句、否定句或某些特定的造句法上和do 连用:
He needs to go.
他想走。
Does he need to go so soon?
他这么快就要走吗?
He doesn't need to go.
他不需要走。

(2)

When used as an auxiliary verb, need does not agree with its subject, does not take to before the verb following it, and does not combine with do :
当用作助动词时,need 不用和主语一致, 不用把to 放在其后动词的前面, 并且不用和do 连用:
He needn't go.
他不必走。
Need he go so soon?
他这么快就要走吗?

(3)

The auxiliary forms of need are used primarily in present-tense questions, negations, and conditional clauses. They differ subtly in meaning from the main verb forms in that they always refer to an externally imposed obligation. Hence one might say You needn't (or less formally, don't need to ) fill out both forms, but where the sense of necessity is internal to the subject, only the main verb can be used:
Need 的助动词形式主要用于现在时态的疑问句、否定句和条件句中。 它们在意思上和用作实义动词的形式有细微的区别,它们总指外部加强的压力。因此我们可以说你没必要 (或不太正规的 don't need to ) 填两份表格 , 但是对于物体来说需要的意思是内在的,所以只能用实义动词:
I don't need to (not needn't ) be told how to manage my own affairs.
我不需要(而不是 needn't ) 被告诉怎知管理自己的事情 。

(4)

Note also that the use of need as an auxiliary is often accompanied by a presupposition that the activity in question has in fact been performed. The boys needn't have spoken frankly implies that they did in fact speak frankly, whereas the sentence The boys did not need to speak frankly does not; only the latter could be followed by a clause like they conveyed their meanings by indirection.
还需注意need 用作助动词时经常伴随一个先决条件, 质问的动作事实上已经完成了。那些男孩们本来不需要坦诚相告的 意味着他们事实上已经坦率地说了, 然而这个句子男孩们不需要坦诚地说话 就没有这个意思; 只有后者可以在其后跟这样一个句子,如他们间接地表达他们的意思

现代英汉词典

need
[ni:d]
v.

(1)

(否定形式略写为 needn't) (常与to连用)

(2)

需要
Plant needs water.
植物需要水。
He needed all his charm to persuade her that it was not his fault.
他需要使出浑身解数来叫她相信那不是他的错。
My shirt needs a button.
我的衬衫需要一枚钮扣。
She's on holiday; she needed a change from work.
她正在度假,她需要放下工作改变一下生活。
These six kitchens are all needed when the plane is full of passengers.
这六个厨房在飞机载满旅客时都用得着。
You didn't need to tell him the news; it just made him sad.
你无需告诉他这一消息, 那只会使他悲哀。

(3)

必须,不得不
You needn't talk so loud.
你不必这么大声讲话。
Need you go so soon?
你非得这么快就走吗?
We need to work harder.
我们必须更加努力工作。
You needn't have told him the news; he knew it already.
你不必再告诉他这个消息,他已经知道了。

词性变化

need
n.

(1)

缺乏;缺少;需要
children's need for milk
儿童需要牛奶
The hungry children were in need of food.
这些饥饿的孩子需要食物。

(2)

责任;义务
a need for taxes
纳税的义务
No need to go yet, it's still early.
不必走,还早着呢。

(3)

必需品
Their need was fresh water.
他们所必需的是淡水。

(4)

贫穷;困难
illness, need, and other troubles of the world
疾病、贫困以及世界上其他的烦恼
He is in great need.
他穷得很。

习惯用语

if need be
如果需要
If need be, I can come early tomorrow.
如果需要的话,明天我可早来。

现代英汉综合大辞典

need
[ni:d]
n.

(1)

需要, 必需

(2)

缺乏; 穷困; 困难; 危急

(3)

[常用复]需要的东西
be in need of food
需要食物
daily needs
日用品 =There is no need to hurry). 不用着急。
satisfy one's needs
满足某人的需要
from each according to his ability, to each according to his needs
各尽所能, 按需分配
needs test
经济情况调查(如对申请救济金的失业人员和年老者的调查)
help people in need
帮助处于困难中的人们
Is there any need for you to go there?
你有必要去那里吗?
She feels the need of companionship.
她感到需要友谊。
There is no need for [of] hurrying (

词性变化

need
[ni:d]
vt.

(1)

需要

(2)

必须, 有...必要
My car needs repairing.
我的车需要修理。
Does he need any help?
他需要帮忙吗?
You don't need to be told twice.
不必告诉你两遍。

need
[ni:d]
v., aux.
[无人称变化, 多用于否定句, 疑问句; 过去时用 had to, 将来时用 will [shall] have to]需要; 必须, 不得不
You need not
[needn't]
come today.
今天你不必来。 -
N-we make the test?
我们需要做这个试验吗? -
Yes, we must.
是的, 需要。(否定回答: No, we needn't. 不, 不需要。)
He need not have done it.
他本不需要做这件事。

need
[ni:d]
vi.

(1)

生活贫困

(2)

[古]需要(主要用于无人称句)
Give to those that need.
救济贫困者。
There needs no apology.
无辩解的必要。

习惯用语

A friend in need is a friend indeed.
患难之交是真朋友。

at (one's) need
在紧急时; 在困难时; 在危险时

be [stand] in need of ... ...
需要...

cryingneed
迫切的需要

do one's needs
[俚]解大[小]便

had need (to) do sth.
应该做某事

have need of [for]
需要做

have need to do sth.
必须做某事

If need be [were, require]
如果必要的话

in need
在危难中, 在危急中

in case [time] of need
在紧急的时候

N-makes the old wife trot.
[谚]急时老太婆也能跑。

need not have
[后接过去分词]本来不需要

What need(s)?
为什么要这样?

特殊用法

achievement need
进取需要

actual need
实际需要

adolescent need
青少年的需要

borrowing need
贷款(的)要求

cash need
现金需要

consumer need
消费者的要求

energy need
能源需要

financial need
财政需要

long-standing need
长期未能满足的迫切需要

marginal need
边际需要

national need
政府职能需要

primary need
基本[第一]需要

social need
社会需要

subsidy need
津贴需要, 必要津贴额

treatment need
作业法要求

unit manpower needs
单位产品必要的劳动消耗量

user need
用户需要

参考词汇
need     necessity     requisite    
都含“必需”、“需要”的意思。

(1)

need指“急需”, 如:
A friend in need is a friend inneed.
患难之交才是真正的朋友。

(2)

necessity 属正式用语, 指“必要”、“对不可缺少东西的需要”, 如:
They are in need of food, food is a necessity for all living things.
他们需要食物, 食物对一切生物是必不可少的。

(3)

requisite指“必需品”、“对某一特殊目的所不能缺少的东西”, 如:
the requisites for a long march
长途行军所必需的东西。

用法词典

need
中古英语nede<古英语nied

英文相关词典

need
lack    require    want    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

need
需要

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

need
需要, 要求

美国传统词典

need
need
AHD:[n?d]
D.J.[ni8d]
K.K.[nid]
n.

(1)

A lack of something required or desirable:
crops in need of water; a need for affection.

(2)

Something required or wanted; a requisite:
Our needs are modest.

(3)

Necessity; obligation:
There is no need for you to go.

(4)

A condition of poverty or misfortune:
The family is in dire need.
v.
need.ed, need.ing, needs
aux.
To be under the necessity of or the obligation to:
They need not come.
v.tr.
To have need of; require:
The family needs money.
v.intr.

(1)

To be in need or want.

(2)

To be necessary.

语源

(1)

Middle English nede

(2)

from Old English n??d} [distress, necessity]

参考词汇

(1)

need, necessity, exigency, requisite

(2)

These nouns denote a condition in which something essential is required or wanted; they also refer to that which is required or wanted.

(3)

Need is the most general:
There's no need to be concerned.
She is serene and contented;
her emotional and spiritual needs are being met.

(4)

Necessity more strongly than need suggests urgency, inevitability, or unavoidable obligation:
“I think the necessity of being ready increases.—Look to it” (Abraham Lincoln).
“The rehabilitation of the cabin became a necessity” (Bret Harte).

(5)

Exigency implies acute urgency, especially that arising from conditions or circumstances such as those of an emergency:
“No . . . more pernicious [doctrine] was ever invented . . . than that any of [the Constitution's] provisions can be suspended during any of the great exigencies of government” (David Davis)

(6)

Requisite applies to something indispensable:
“a place where the three grand requisites of water, fuel and fodder were to be obtained” (James Fenimore Cooper).See also Synonyms at lack

用法

(1)

Depending on the sense, the verb need behaves sometimes like an auxiliary verb (such as can or may ) and sometimes like a main verb (such as want or try ). When used as a main verb, need agrees with its subject, takes to before the verb following it, and combines with do in questions, negations, and certain other constructions:
He needs to go.
Does he need to go so soon?
He doesn't need to go.

(2)

When used as an auxiliary verb, need does not agree with its subject, does not take to before the verb following it, and does not combine with do :
He needn't go.
Need he go so soon?

(3)

The auxiliary forms of need are used primarily in present-tense questions, negations, and conditional clauses. They differ subtly in meaning from the main verb forms in that they always refer to an externally imposed obligation. Hence one might say You needn't (or less formally, don't need to ) fill out both forms, but where the sense of necessity is internal to the subject, only the main verb can be used:
I don't need to (not needn't ) be told how to manage my own affairs.

(4)

Note also that the use of need as an auxiliary is often accompanied by a presupposition that the activity in question has in fact been performed. The boys needn't have spoken frankly implies that they did in fact speak frankly, whereas the sentence The boys did not need to speak frankly does not; only the latter could be followed by a clause like they conveyed their meanings by indirection.

[名词委审定]英汉心理学名词(1999)

need
需要

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

NEED
= NASA End-to-End Data system,美国国家航天局端-端数据系统

英汉法学大词典

need
v.需要 ;n.需要

英汉航海大词典

need
n.需要

英汉化学大词典

need
aux.需要,缺乏,要求;n.需要,必须

英汉经贸大词典

need
n.需要

英汉计算机大词典

need
aux.需要(缺乏,要求);n.需要(必须)

英汉心理学大词典

need
需要

英汉中医大词典

need
n.需要

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