简明英汉词典

near
[niE]
adj.
亲近的, 亲密的, 近, (车, 马等)左侧的, 吝啬的
adv.
(时间, 空间方面)近, 不远
prep.
在...近旁, 近...
v.
接近, 走近

美国传统词典[双解]

near
near
AHD:[n?r]
D.J.[ni*]
K.K.[n!r]
adv.(副词)
near.ernear.est缩写 nr

(1)

To, at, or within a short distance or interval in space or time.
接近地:到附近的范围或时间和空间的间隔、在附近范围或时间和空间的间隔、或在附近范围内或时间和空间的间隔

(2)

Just about; almost; nearly:
几乎:差不多;几乎;接近:
was near exhausted from the labor; near dead after the assault.
工作累得几乎精疲力竭;在袭击后几乎丧命

(3)

With or in a close relationship.
关系紧密地
adj.(形容词)
nearernearest缩写 nr

(1)

Close in time, space, position, or degree:
接近的:在时间、空间、地点或程度上接近:
near equals.
相近的对等物

(2)

Closely related by kinship or association; intimate:
密切的,近亲的:因家族关系或联系紧密相关的;密切的:
a near relative; a near and dear friend.See Synonyms at close
近亲;关系密切的好朋友参见 close

(3)

Nearly occurring but not actually happening:
靠近的,接近的:没有真正的发生但近于发生的:
a near victory; a near disaster.
差一点就成功了;差一点就发生的灾难

(4)

Just barely avoided:
勉强的:好容易才避免的:
a near hit by the incendiary bomb.
幸免于燃烧弹的袭击

(5)

Closely corresponding to or resembling an original:
近似的:非常类似的或接近原形的:
a near likeness.
非常相像

(6)

Closely resembling the genuine article:
接近真品的:
a dress of near satin; near silver beads.
近似绸缎的衣服;近似银的珠子

(7)

Closer of two or more:
较近的:两者或多者当中较接近的一方的:
Take the near street and then turn right.
沿着街道的近侧走然后向右拐

(8)

Being on the left side of an animal or a vehicle.
左侧的:在动物或运输工具左侧的

(9)

Being the animal or vehicle on the left.
在左侧的动物或运输工具的

(10)

Short and direct:
短的,直接的:
the nearest route to town.
到城镇的最短路线

(11)

Stingy; parsimonious.
吝啬的;小气的
prep.(介词)
Close to:
接近:
an inn near London.
靠近伦敦的酒馆
v.(动词)
nearednear.ingnears
v.tr.(及物动词)
To come close or closer to.
靠拢…,接近…
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To draw near or nearer; approach.
接近:向…靠近或更近;接近

语源

(1)

Middle English ner
中古英语 ner

(2)

from Old English n?r [from comparative of] n?ah [close, near] * see n?hw-iz
源自 古英语 n?r [] 源自n?ah的比较级 [近的,附近的] *参见 n?hw-iz

继承用法

nearness
n.(名词)

现代英汉词典

near
[nIE(r)]
adv., prep.
(常与to连用)近地,不远地;近,接近
the near future
不远的将来
The Nelsons are hoping to settle in Australia in the near future / in the not too distant future.
尼尔森一家正希望在短期内定居澳大利亚。
She knew she was near the shore because the light was high up on the cliffs.
她知道已接近海岸了,因为灯是高挂在悬崖上的。
a house near the station
靠近车站的房子
My aunt lives quite near.
我姑姑住得相当近。

词性变化

near
adj.

(1)

亲密的;近亲的
Only near relatives were invited to the wedding.
只有近亲被邀请参加婚礼。
He is my near friend.
他是我亲密的朋友。

(2)

左边的,左侧的;邻近的,接近的
the near front wheel of a car
汽车的左前轮
the pony's near foreleg
小马的左(前)腿
the near bank of the river
较近的河岸

near
vt., vi.
靠近,接近,走近

现代英汉综合大辞典

near
[niE]
adv.

(1)

(空间、时间)接近, 近

(2)

[口]几乎, 差不多

(3)

亲近地, 亲密地

(4)

节俭地, 吝啬地
near run
几乎同时到达终点; 幸免; 并肩; 亲密
The new houses are built too near to us.
这些新房子建造得离我们太近了。
Christmas is drawing near .
圣诞节即将来临。
I was near
[nearly ]
dead with fright.
我几乎给吓死了。

词性变化

near
[niE]
adj.

(1)

近的

(2)

关系密切的, 亲密的

(3)

近似的, 勉强的

(4)

(马[车]的)左侧的

(5)

(路等)直达的, 近道的

(6)

吝啬的

(7)

[口]危险的

(8)

[美口]仿制的, 冒充的
in the near future
在不久的将来
a near relation
近亲
near point
【医】近点
near continent
近欧(英国指比利时, 荷兰, 法国, 丹麦)
Near East
近东
a near friend
密友
near beer
淡啤酒
near silk
象真丝的人造丝
a near translation
接近原文的翻译
the near horse of a pair
二匹马中左边那一匹
near wheel
(马车的)左轮
near wheeler
(四马马车的)左后马
near way
捷径, 近路
near work
费眼力的工作; 精密的工作
Although the game was won, it was a very nearthing.
虽然比赛赢了, 但比分非常接近。
You won't get much of him, he is very near.
你从他那得不到什么, 他很吝啬。

near
[niE]
vt.
接近, 驶近, 走近
He must be nearing home by now.
他现在一定已经快到家了。
The ship neared the land.
这条船驶近陆地。

near
[niE]
vi.
接近, 驶近, 走近
The harvest season nears.
收获季节快到了。

near
[niE]
prep.
接近, 近
It is near dinner time.
快到吃晚饭的时间了。
We are near success.
我们要成功了。

继承用法

near-crisis
n.
近危机

near-critical
adj.
近临界的

near-dark
n.
近暗, 浅黑

near-field
n.
【数】拟域

near-miss
n.
靠近弹, 近失弹

near-print
n.
誉写印刷品, 复制本

near-prompt
adj.
近瞬时的

near-ring
n.
近拟环

nearrace
n.
难分上下的赛跑

nearside
adj.
近侧[内侧, 左侧]的

near-sight
n.
近视

near-sighted
adj.
近视的

nearsightedness
n.
近视

near-sonic
adj.
【航空】近音速的

near-space
n.
近空

near-spherical
adj.
类球状

near-synonym
n.
近同义词 near-term

词性变化

near
[niE]
adj.
近期的

near-thermal
adj.
近热(能)的

习惯用语

come near (to)
接近, 赶得上

come [go] near doing
几乎要, 差点儿做

draw near
接近

far and near
到处, 远近

nowhere near (=not anywhere near)
远远不是; 离...很远

near by

(1)

在附近, 邻近

(2)

在...附近, 靠近...

near on [upon]
(时间)将近, 快到

near and dear
极亲密的

nearest and dearest

(1)

最亲密的, 最亲爱的

(2)

[谑]老婆孩子, 家小

用法词典

near
中古英语nere<古挪威语nēar近的

英文相关词典

near
at hand    close    imminent    far    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

near
近的

美国传统词典

near
near
AHD:[n?r]
D.J.[ni*]
K.K.[n!r]
adv.
near.er, near.estAbbr. nr

(1)

To, at, or within a short distance or interval in space or time.

(2)

Just about; almost; nearly:
was near exhausted from the labor; near dead after the assault.

(3)

With or in a close relationship.
adj.
nearer, nearestAbbr. nr

(1)

Close in time, space, position, or degree:
near equals.

(2)

Closely related by kinship or association; intimate:
a near relative; a near and dear friend.See Synonyms at close

(3)

Nearly occurring but not actually happening:
a near victory; a near disaster.

(4)

Just barely avoided:
a near hit by the incendiary bomb.

(5)

Closely corresponding to or resembling an original:
a near likeness.

(6)

Closely resembling the genuine article:
a dress of near satin; near silver beads.

(7)

Closer of two or more:
Take the near street and then turn right.

(8)

Being on the left side of an animal or a vehicle.

(9)

Being the animal or vehicle on the left.

(10)

Short and direct:
the nearest route to town.

(11)

Stingy; parsimonious.
prep.
Close to:
an inn near London.
v.
neared, near.ing, nears
v.tr.
To come close or closer to.
v.intr.
To draw near or nearer; approach.

语源

(1)

Middle English ner

(2)

from Old English n?r [from comparative of] n?ah [close, near] * see n?hw-iz

继承用法

nearness
n.

英汉法学大词典

near
adj.近

英汉航海大词典

near
n.近期

英汉航空大词典

near
n.接近,走近;n.相近的,接近的

英汉化学大词典

near
prep.靠近,将近;adj.近的,左侧的,直达的

英汉海运大词典

near
-prep.接近,近的,接近的,接近 prep.接近,靠近,近,接近,驶近

基本词义

near
近,接近驶近

基本词义

near
近的,接近的ad.近,接近 接近,靠近

基本词义

near
近的,接近的近,接近接近,靠近

英汉经贸大词典

near
n.近期

英汉计算机大词典

near
prep.靠近(将近);adj.近的(左侧的,直达的)

英汉建筑大词典

near
n.近的,近旁的

英汉中医大词典

near
n.近,接近,近的

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