简明英汉词典

naughty
[5nC:ti]
adj.
顽皮的, 淘气的, 不听话的, 没规矩的, 不适当的, 下流的

美国传统词典[双解]

naughty
naugh.ty
AHD:[n?“t?]
D.J.[6n%8ti8]
K.K.[6n%ti]
adj.(形容词)
naugh.ti.ernaugh.ti.est

(1)

Behaving disobediently or mischievously:
不听话的,顽皮的:
a naughty child.
顽皮的孩子

(2)

Indecent; improper:
不妥的;不适当的:
a naughty wink.
不适当的眨眼

(3)

Archaic Wicked; immoral.
【古语】 邪恶的;不道德的
n.(名词)
【复数】 naugh.ties
One that is naughty.
顽皮的人

语源

(1)

Middle English noughti [wicked]
中古英语 noughti [邪恶的]

(2)

from nought [nothing, evil]
源自 nought [无,邪恶的]

(3)

from Old English n3t [nothing] * see naught
源自 古英语 n3t [无] *参见 naught

继承用法

naughtily
adv.(副词)

naughtiness
n.(名词)

注释
Words have changes in their fortunes over time just as people and institutions do. The word naughty at one time might have been high on one's list as an all-purpose word similar to bad or nice. During the 16th century one could use naughty to mean “unhealthy, unpleasant, bad (with respect to weather), vicious (of an animal), inferior, or bad in quality” (one could say “very naughtie figes” or “naughty corrupt water”). All of these senses have disappeared, however, and naughty is now used mainly in contexts involving mischief or indecency. This recalls its early days in Middle English (with the form noughti ), when the word was restricted to the senses “evil, hostile, ineffectual, and needy.” Middle English noughti, first recorded in works written in the last quarter of the 14th century, was derived from nought, which as a noun had senses such as “evil,” as a pronoun meant “nothing,” and as an adjective could mean such things as “immoral, weak, useless.” Nought was descended from Old English n3, with similar senses, a compound made up of n3, “no,” and wiht, “thing, being.” Thus naughty, in a sense, has risen from nothing, but its fortunes have been better than they are at present.
正像人们和制度那样,词随着时间改变了意思。单词naughty 曾一度作为类似于 bad 或 nice 这种通用词语而列于某人的词汇表中。 在16世纪,人们可以用naughty 来指“不健康的,不舒服的,坏的(和天气相关的),邪恶的(动物),较劣的,或质量坏的”(人们可以说“非常坏的人” 或“不健康的被污染的水”)。 然而所有的这些词义都消失了,现在naughty 主要用于关系到顽皮或不妥的上下文中。 这使人回想起它在中世纪英语的早些时候形式为naughti , 当这个词被限定为用作“邪恶的,敌意的,无用的,和贫穷的”意思。中世纪英语的noughti 最先记录于写于14世纪后二十五年的著作中, 是由nought 派生而来的, 作为名词用有“邪恶”的意思,作为代词用是“没有”的意思,和作为形容词为“不道德的,虚弱的,无用的”。 Nought 是从古英语 nawiht 中传下来的, 并且有相似的意思,由na “没有”和 wiht “事情,事物”组成的合成词。 这样naughty 从某种意义上来说, 从没有中生出,但是其意思却比现在的这些意思好得多

现代英汉词典

naughty
[5nC:tI]
adj.
-tier, -tiest

(1)

没规矩的;顽皮的;淘气的;不听话的
the naughtiest boy in the class
班上最顽皮的孩子
Those naughty boys have been acting up again.
那些陶气的男孩子又在调皮捣蛋了。
The naughty boy devised a plan for winning the entrance tickets to the football match.
这个淘气的男孩想出一种巧妙的办法去弄观看足球比赛的入场券。
Their naughty children always contrive to make such a mess of things.
他们家那些淘气的孩子们老是把家里弄得一团糟。
It's naughty to pull your sister's hair.
拽你姐妹的头发是不乖的。

(2)

不妥当的
It was naughty of Father to stay out so late.
爸爸在外面待到很晚是不对的。

现代英汉综合大辞典

naughty
[5nC:ti]
adj.

(1)

淘气的, 任性的, 不听话的

(2)

不妥的, 不适的

(3)

粗俗的, 下流的

(4)

[古]邪恶的
a naughty pack
坏蛋, 淘气鬼
a naughty novel [novelist]
猥亵的小说[小说家]
It was naughty of you to pull the cat's tail.
你拉猫的尾巴太顽皮了。

继承用法

naughtily
adv.

词性变化

naughtiness
n.

英文相关词典

naughty
bad    disobedient    disorderly    evil    wrong    well-mannered    

美国传统词典

naughty
naugh.ty
AHD:[n?“t?]
D.J.[6n%8ti8]
K.K.[6n%ti]
adj.
naugh.ti.er, naugh.ti.est

(1)

Behaving disobediently or mischievously:
a naughty child.

(2)

Indecent; improper:
a naughty wink.

(3)

Archaic Wicked; immoral.
n.
pl. naugh.ties
One that is naughty.

语源

(1)

Middle English noughti [wicked]

(2)

from nought [nothing, evil]

(3)

from Old English n3t [nothing] * see naught

继承用法

naughtily
adv.

naughtiness
n.

注释
Words have changes in their fortunes over time just as people and institutions do. The word naughty at one time might have been high on one's list as an all-purpose word similar to bad or nice. During the 16th century one could use naughty to mean “unhealthy, unpleasant, bad (with respect to weather), vicious (of an animal), inferior, or bad in quality” (one could say “very naughtie figes” or “naughty corrupt water”). All of these senses have disappeared, however, and naughty is now used mainly in contexts involving mischief or indecency. This recalls its early days in Middle English (with the form noughti ), when the word was restricted to the senses “evil, hostile, ineffectual, and needy.” Middle English noughti, first recorded in works written in the last quarter of the 14th century, was derived from nought, which as a noun had senses such as “evil,” as a pronoun meant “nothing,” and as an adjective could mean such things as “immoral, weak, useless.” Nought was descended from Old English n3, with similar senses, a compound made up of n3, “no,” and wiht, “thing, being.” Thus naughty, in a sense, has risen from nothing, but its fortunes have been better than they are at present.

英汉化学大词典

naughty
adj.顽皮的,淘气的

英汉计算机大词典

naughty
adj.顽皮的(淘气的)

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