简明英汉词典

nap
[nAp]
n.
(白天)小睡, 打盹, 细毛, 孤注一掷
vi.
小睡, 疏忽
vt.
使拉毛, 修整, 预测...为获胜马

美国传统词典[双解]

nap
nap 1
AHD:[n2p]
D.J.[n#p]
K.K.[n#p]
n.(名词)
A brief sleep, often during the day.
小睡:小睡,常指在白天
v.intr.(不及物动词)
nappednap.pingnaps

(1)

To sleep for a brief period, often during the day; doze.
小睡,打瞌睡:短暂小睡,通常在白天打盹;打瞌睡

(2)

To be unaware of imminent danger or trouble.
不留神:处于没意识到逼近的危险或麻烦之中

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from nappen [to doze]
源自 nappen [打盹]

(3)

from Old English hnappian
源自 古英语 hnappian

注释
The famous verse 4 in Psalm 121, rendered in the King James Version as “Behold, he that keepeth Israel shall neither slumber nor sleep,” is rendered in a Middle English translation as “Loo, ha shal not nappen ne slepen that kepeth ireal.” The word nappen is indeed the Middle English ancestor of our word nap. Lest it be thought undignified to say that God could nap, it must be realized that our word nap was at one time not associated only with the younger and older members of society nor simply with short periods of rest. The ancestors of our word, Old English hnappian and its descendant, Middle English nappen, could both refer to prolonged periods of sleep as well as short ones and also, as in the quotation from Psalm 121, to sleepiness. But these senses have been lost. Since the word has become less dignified, we would not find nap used in a translation of Psalm 121 any longer.
圣经诗篇121中著名的第四节,在钦定圣经译本中记为“看吧,他,守卫以色列的人既不能熟睡也不能打盹,”在中世纪英语中被译为“Loo , ha shal not nappen ne slepen that kepeth ireal”。单词nappen 在中世纪英语中就存在, 是单词nap 的前身。 避免人们不尊敬地认为上帝也能打盹,我们必须认识到单词nap 某些时候不只是与社会中的年轻人和老年人相关, 当然它也不仅指短暂的休息。这个单词的前身,古英语中hnappian 及后来它的衍生词, 中世纪英语中的nappen 都能表示延长时间的睡眠及短暂的睡眠, 如同圣经诗篇121中的引语,表示小睡。但这些意思都已经失传了。因为这个单词逐渐变得不再神圣,我们已无法再找到nap 用于圣经诗篇121的翻译中的意思了

基本词义

nap
nap 2
AHD:[n2p]
D.J.[n#p]
K.K.[n#p]
n.(名词)
A soft or fuzzy surface on fabric or leather.
绒毛:织物或皮革上的柔软或绒毛状的表面
v.tr.(及物动词)
nappednap.pingnaps
To form or raise a soft or fuzzy surface on (fabric or leather).
使起毛:使在(织物或皮革上)形成或隆起柔软或绒毛状的表面

语源

(1)

Alteration perhaps influenced by obsolete French nape [tablecloth]
可能受 已废法语 nape的影响 [桌布]

(2)

of Middle English noppe
中古英语 noppe的变化

(3)

from Middle Dutch
源自 中古荷兰语

基本词义

nap
nap 3
AHD:[n2p]
D.J.[n#p]
K.K.[n#p]
v.tr.(及物动词)
nappednap.pingnaps
To pour or put a sauce or gravy over (a cooked dish):
浇汁:往(做好的菜)上倒或浇料或调味汁:
“a stuffed veal chop napped with an elegant Port sauce”(Jay Jacobs)
“牛肉片上浇有美味的肉汁”(杰·雅格布斯)

语源

(1)

French napper
法语 napper

(2)

from nappe [cover] * see nappe
源自 nappe [覆盖] *参见 nappe

基本词义

nap
nap 4
AHD:[n2p]
D.J.[n#p]
K.K.[n#p]
n.(名词)

(1)

Games
【游戏】

(2)

A card game that resembles whist.
纳普牌戏:类似惠斯特的一种牌戏

(3)

The highest bid in this game, announcing the intention to win five tricks, the maximum number in a hand.Also called napoleon
孤注一掷:这种牌戏中最高叫牌,宣布要赢五圈牌,这是每人手中所拿牌的最大数也作 napoleon

(4)

See napoleon
参见 napoleon

语源
Short for napoleon
napoleon的简写

现代英汉词典

nap 1
[nAp]
vi.
-pp-
午睡;打盹

习惯用语

be caught napping
措手不及

词性变化

nap
n.
小睡;午睡
to have a nap
打个盹

基本词义

nap 2
[nAp]
n.
绒毛;细毛

现代英汉综合大辞典

nap
[nAp]
n.

(1)

绒毛; 起绒; 拉绒, 拉毛, 生丝疵点

(2)

(植物表面的)短茸毛, 软的有绒毛的纤维表面

(3)

绑架

词性变化

nap
[nAp]
vt.
(napped; napping)

(1)

使起绒毛, 使拉毛

(2)

修装, 使平滑

继承用法

napless
[`nAplIs]
adj.
无绒毛的, (衣服等)磨破了的

英文相关词典

nap
doze    drowse    siesta    sleep    

美国传统词典

nap
nap 1
AHD:[n2p]
D.J.[n#p]
K.K.[n#p]
n.
A brief sleep, often during the day.
v.intr.
napped, nap.ping, naps

(1)

To sleep for a brief period, often during the day; doze.

(2)

To be unaware of imminent danger or trouble.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from nappen [to doze]

(3)

from Old English hnappian

注释
The famous verse 4 in Psalm 121, rendered in the King James Version as “Behold, he that keepeth Israel shall neither slumber nor sleep,” is rendered in a Middle English translation as “Loo, ha shal not nappen ne slepen that kepeth ireal.” The word nappen is indeed the Middle English ancestor of our word nap. Lest it be thought undignified to say that God could nap, it must be realized that our word nap was at one time not associated only with the younger and older members of society nor simply with short periods of rest. The ancestors of our word, Old English hnappian and its descendant, Middle English nappen, could both refer to prolonged periods of sleep as well as short ones and also, as in the quotation from Psalm 121, to sleepiness. But these senses have been lost. Since the word has become less dignified, we would not find nap used in a translation of Psalm 121 any longer.

基本词义

nap
nap 2
AHD:[n2p]
D.J.[n#p]
K.K.[n#p]
n.
A soft or fuzzy surface on fabric or leather.
v.tr.
napped, nap.ping, naps
To form or raise a soft or fuzzy surface on (fabric or leather).

语源

(1)

Alteration perhaps influenced by obsolete French nape [tablecloth]

(2)

of Middle English noppe

(3)

from Middle Dutch

基本词义

nap
nap 3
AHD:[n2p]
D.J.[n#p]
K.K.[n#p]
v.tr.
napped, nap.ping, naps
To pour or put a sauce or gravy over (a cooked dish):
“a stuffed veal chop napped with an elegant Port sauce”(Jay Jacobs)

语源

(1)

French napper

(2)

from nappe [cover] * see nappe

基本词义

nap
nap 4
AHD:[n2p]
D.J.[n#p]
K.K.[n#p]
n.

(1)

Games

(2)

A card game that resembles whist.

(3)

The highest bid in this game, announcing the intention to win five tricks, the maximum number in a hand.Also called napoleon

(4)

See napoleon

语源
Short for napoleon

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

NAP
= Network Access Processor,网络存取处理机; = Network Access Protocol, 网络访问协议; = Noise Abatement Procedure, 噪声抑制程序; = Noise Analysis Program, 噪声分析程序

英汉地质大词典

nap
n.非乔木花粉

英汉纺织大词典

nap
n.绒毛

英汉化学大词典

nap
n.细毛,打盹;vi.使...起毛,打盹

英汉海运大词典

nap
(织物上面的一层)绒毛

英汉计算机大词典

nap
n.细毛(打盹);vi.使...起毛(打盹)

航空英语缩写词典

NAP
Noise Abatement Procedure 消音程序

基本词义

NAP
Noise Abatement Procedure 降低噪声程序

基本词义

NAP
Noise Abatement Procedure 消音程序

基本词义

NAP
NAPLES 那不勒斯(意大利)

英汉中医大词典

nap
n.小睡,打盹

英汉造纸大词典

nap
n.毛绒,细毛

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