简明英汉词典

name
[neim]
n.
名字, 名称, 姓名, 名誉
vt.
命名, 提名, 叫出, 指定
adj.
姓名的, 据以取名的

美国传统词典[双解]

name
name
AHD:[n3m]
D.J.[neim]
K.K.[nem]
n.(名词)

(1)

A word or words by which an entity is designated and distinguished from others:
名字:用以识别或区别他人的存在的一个词或一组词:
some of the most famous names of the 20th century.
20世纪的一些最有名望的名字

(2)

A word or group of words used to describe or evaluate, often disparagingly.
毁谤:用于描述或评价通常贬义的一个词或一组词

(3)

Representation or repute, as opposed to reality:
名义,代表:名义或名誉,与事实相反的:
a democracy in name, a police state in fact.
名为民主国家,实为秘密警察国家

(4)

General reputation:
名声:
a bad name.
坏名声

(5)

A distinguished reputation; renown.
卓越的名声;名望

(6)

An illustrious or outstanding person:
名人:著名的或杰出的人:
some of the most famous names of the 20th century.
一些20世纪最具声望的人
v.tr.(及物动词)
namednam.ingnames

(1)

To give a name to:
给…以名字:
named the child after both grandparents.
以孩子祖父母的名字给他取名

(2)

To mention, specify, or cite by name:
列举,指出:以名字提到、指定或召唤:
named the primary colors.
说出原色的名字

(3)

To call by an epithet:
用绰号称呼:
named them all cowards.
称他们为懦夫

(4)

To nominate for or appoint to a duty, an office, or an honor.
任命:指定被派到某一职位、职务或荣誉

(5)

To specify or fix:
指定或固定:
We need to name the time for our meeting.
我们需要确定我们会面的时间
adj.Informal (形容词)【非正式用语】
Well-known by a name:
著名的:颇有名气的名字的:
a name performer.
著名的表演家

习惯用语

in the name of
By the authority of:
由…的权力机构指定:
Open up in the name of the law!
法律规定开始

to (one's) name
Belonging to one:
属于某人的:
I don't have a hat to my name.
我没有合适的职位

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old English nama * see nò-men-
源自 古英语 nama *参见 nò-men-

继承用法

namable 或

nameable
adj.(形容词)

namer
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

namedesignationdenominationtitleappellationcognomen

(2)

These nouns all denote the word or words by which someone or something is called and identified.
这些名词都指称呼或确定某人或某物的一个词或多个词。

(3)

Name is the general term:
Name 是最为普遍的词:
I can't recall the child's name.
我记不起小孩的名字。
“What is friendship but a name?” (Oliver Goldsmith). A designation is a name given principally to classify according to distinguishing characteristics:
“除了名字友谊还有什么?” (奥利弗·弋德史密斯)。Designation 原则上是针对不同特点而确定的名字以示区别:
During the Depression a shantytown was known by the designation “Hooverville.”
在萧条时期,贫民区以“胡佛村”而闻名。

(4)

Denomination, also a categorizing term, is applied especially to classes of persons or things:
Denomination 也是用于类别,尤指人或事的分类:
pickpockets, formerly known by the denomination “cutpurse.”
扒手,以前称作“cutpurse”。

(5)

Title, applied to people, indicates rank or position and generally connotes distinction and respect (
Title 用于人,指头衔或职位,通常含有显赫和尊敬之意(
a prince who renounced his title when he became an American citizen); applied to entities such as literary or musical forms, it is a distinguishing name (
当成为美国公民时王子宣布他的头衔); 用作实体,如文学或音乐形式,它是表示区别的名称(
looking for a colorful and evocative title for the book). Anappellation is a name other than a proper name that describes or characterizes and that gains currency primarily through use:
为这本书找一个富有色彩并具号召力的名字)。 Appellation 主要是指通过使用赚取现今的名字,通常名不符实:
hasn't yet earned the appellation of expert.
还未曾获得专家的美名。

(6)

Cognomen is frequently used as the equivalent of a first name or a surname or often a nickname:
Cognomen 通常用作与第一个名字、姓或绰号的相等物:
Rufus, an unusual cognomen;
鲁弗斯是不常的姓;
a king renowned under the cognomen “the Just.” See also Synonyms at appoint, celebrity
国王以“公正者”的名字著称 参见同义词 appointcelebrity

现代英汉词典

name
[neIm]
n.

(1)

名,名字,名称;姓名
May I ask your name?
您尊姓大名?
My name is Edward.
我的名字是爱德华。
What is your family name?
您姓什么?
The teacher knows all the pupils by their first name.
教师知道全部学生的名字。

(2)

名声,名誉
He has a name for honesty.
他有诚实的名声。

(3)

名人
the great names of history
历史名人

习惯用语

in the name of
以…的名义;为了…的缘故;凭…的权威
in the name of the law
凭藉法律的权威
He attended the party in the name of his father.
他以他父亲的名义参加聚会。

make a name for oneself
出名,成名
He made a name for himself as a concert pianist.
他以交响乐钢琴演奏家成名。

词性变化

name
vt.
named, naming

(1)

给…取名,命名
They named the child Dick.
他们给孩子取名迪克。

(2)

说出…的名称;叫出…的名 字
Can you name all the plants and trees in this garden?
你能叫得出这个花园里所有花草树木的名称吗?

(3)

任命;提名;指派
Mr Michael has been named as the new chairman.
迈克尔被任命为新的董事长。

(4)

决定,说定
Please name the day for our wedding.
请你决定我们结婚的日子。

常用词组

name after
与(另一人)同名:
John was named after his uncle.
约翰与他叔父同名。
(= name for)

现代英汉综合大辞典

name
[neim]
n.

(1)

名字, 姓名, 名称

(2)

[只用单]名声; 名誉

(3)

知名人士

(4)

族姓; 家族

(5)

【逻】概念的名称; 名词
an assumed name
化名
the honour of one's name
家族的荣誉
a common name
【语】普通名词
the Christian [first, given] name
教名, 名字, 洗礼名
a double barrelled name
(欧美人以两个姓合成的)双姓
a family [last] name
maiden name
女子未出嫁时的姓
the great names of history
历史上的伟人
a man of name
知名人士
exist in name only
有名无实
worth of the name
名副其实的
the middle name
(有些欧美人姓与名中间的名字)当中的名字

词性变化

name
vt.

(1)

命名, 给......取名

(2)

列举, 说出某物的名称

(3)

任命, 提名

(4)

提出, 提到; 选定, 指定

(5)

指控; [英](下院议长因议员不服从裁决等而)点名警告
name the baby Mary
给这婴儿取名玛丽
name sb. for the directorship
提名某人担任局长职务
name the price
开价
name a date
指定日期
The boy was named George after his uncle.
那孩子随他舅父的名子取名乔治。
They named Smith for president.
他们提史密斯为主席.
He was named as the thief.
他被指控为小偷。

name
adj.

(1)

姓名的

(2)

[美俗]著名的

(3)

(作品等)据以取名的; 取某人名字的
a name tag
写姓名用的 标签
a name brand
名牌商标
sb.'s name child
照某人的名字取名的孩子
name day
命名日, 受洗日; [英](股票的)结算日
name part
和剧名同名的角色

继承用法

nameboard
[`neImbR:d]
n.
招牌, 站名牌

namecalling
n.
骂人; 中伤

namesake
[5neImseIk]
n.
同姓名的人; (特指)沿用某人名字的人

nametape
n.
标有名字的布条, 名条

nameable
[`neImEbl]
adj.

namer
n.
命名人; 指名人; 呼名者

习惯用语

A good name is better than great riches.
[谚]好名声胜过财富。

A good name is sooner lost than won.
[谚]美名难得而易失。

a mere name (=only a name)
空名, 有名无实; 默默无闻

a name to conjure with
呼神招鬼用的名字(莎士比亚用语); 具有巨大影响力的名字

answer to the name (of)
名叫, 叫作

as the name implies
顾名思义

bad name (for)
(在某方面)名声坏

be named for
被指定作

be named in honour of
为纪念...而命名

bear[carry]the name
[废]享有盛名, 有名望

big [famous] name
[俚]要人; 名演员

be true to one's name
名副其实

by name
名叫...的; 凭名字

by [of] the name of
名叫...的, 以...名义

call over the names
点名

call sb. names
辱骂某人; 用各种难听的话骂(某人)

can not put a name to
不知道...叫什么

clear sb.'s name
洗刷某人的罪名

drag sb.'s name through the mire
把某人搞臭

enter [put down] one's name for
申请参加

get[make, win] a name (for oneself)
为自己赢得名声

Give it a name. (=N-yours!)
[口俚] 你要什么, 说吧!

have one's name bandied about
受人批评; 遭人非议

have one's name in the gazette
被宣告破产

have one's name up
出名, 扬名

household name [word]
家喻户晓的人或事; 众所周知的词或用语

in God's [Heaven's] name (=in the name of God [Heaven], in the name of goodness)

(1)

(表示惊奇的感叹语)天啊, 上帝啊

(2)

(起誓用语)上帝作证; 苍天在上

(3)

(加强语气用语)到底, 究竟

in name but not in reality
有名无实的

in name only
名义上; 有名无实; 徒有虚名

in one's own name
用自己的名义, 由自己负责

in the name of

(1)

以...的名义

(2)

借...为名; 以...为借口

(3)

凭...的权威

in the name of common sense
(用于疑问句表示惊异或愤慨)究竟, 到底

in the name of fortune
(表示惊奇的感叹语)天啊! 哎呀!

in the name of wonder
[口]究竟(为什么)

keep sb.'s name on the books
保留学籍[会籍]; 保留某人候选人资格

know sb. by name

(1)

仅仅知道某人的名字(没有见过面)

(2)

[sb.为复数]知道每个人的名字

leave a name behind
留名后世

lend one's name to
出名赞助的; 用自己的声望支持

live on one's name
靠过去的名望过日子

make [get, win] a name (for oneself)
出名, 成名

make sb. a name
使某人有名声

not to be named on [in] the same day(with)
与......不可同日而语

one's name is mud [dirt]
名誉扫地

pass by [under] the nameof
以...的名字出现

put one's [sb.'s] name down for

(1)

自己(代某人)报名(上学、竞选、参加运动会等)

(2)

写下自己[他人]名字认捐[认购](某某金额)

put one's [sb.'s] name to
自己(或代替某人)签名

redeem one's good name
(通过自己的努力)恢复名誉或荣誉

see one's name in print
看到自己的意见、 观点被刊载在书报上

send in one's [sb.'s] name
(来访时)通报姓名, 递进名片

take one's name off the books
退出学会、俱乐部等组织, 退出竞选; 退学

take sb.'s name in vain
滥用某人的名义, 在背后议论某人

take sb.'s name off the books
把某人从...中除名; 取消某人候选登记; 开除某人的学籍

take the name of God in vain
赌咒发假誓, 诅咒骂人; 滥用上帝的名字

the name of the game
问题的实质; 真正重要的东西; 行动的目的

their name is legion
大量, 众多, 不可胜数(通常指坏事)

to one's name
属于某人自己所有

under the name (of)

(1)

用...名字(指化名, 假名, 笔名等)

(2)

以...的名义

What's his [her, their, its] name?
[口](一时记不起姓名、名称时说)名叫什么的?

What 's in a name ?
名字有什么要紧 ?名称有什么关系?

without a name [of no name]

(1)

无名的, 不出名的

(2)

说不出名字的, 说不出名堂来的

worth [worthy of] the name
无愧于称号的

you name it
[口]凡你想得起的; 不管什么(都有了或都干了等)

name after
以...名字命名

name no names
不提姓名

name names
指名道姓, 公开点名

name sb. for

(1)

提名某人担任(某职务)

(2)

[美](为纪念某人)以其名字为...命名

特殊用法

abbreviated name
缩写[简写]刊名

access name
存取名

additive name
加成名称

adjoining sheet names
相邻图幅名称

alternate name
又名

appellative name
用作普通名词的专有名词

area name
区域名

array name
数组名称

aspect name
示象[显示]名称

assumed name
假名, 笔名

Bayer name
【天】拜尔星名

block name
块名字, 程序块名字

brand name
商标名称; 等级名称; 制造厂牌子

call name
呼叫名称

changed name
作者改名; 作者还有别的姓名(目录用语)

class name
类别名

code name
代号

color name
色名

conjunctive name
连接名称

conditional name
条件名称

data set name
数据集名

declarator name
说明符名称[定义]

devalidated name
失效名称

device name
设备[器件]名称

dummy argument name
哑自变量名, 哑变元名

dummy variable name
哑变量名

entry name
入口名

ethnic name
种族名称

external name
外部名

file name
文件名, 外存储器名

firm name
商号名称

fusion name
稠合名称

generic name
总名称, 属名

generic entry name
总入口名

grade name
(商品)等级名称

group name
组名

hyphenated name
复姓, 双姓(著者)

identifier name
标识符; 名, 名称[字]

illegitimate name
不合法名称

indexed data name
变址数据名

internal name
内部名字

invalid name
无效名(称)

item name
(供应)物品的名称

legal name
依法登记的名称

legitimate name
正统[合法]命名

link name
连接名

logical name
逻辑名称

maiden name
女子未出嫁的姓, 娘家姓

memonic name
助记忆名, 缩写名, 略字名

no name
无签名

nude name
裸名

parent name
母体名, 源名

pet name
昵称, 爱称

physical name
实体名

physical file name
实际文件名字

pitch name
音调名称

priorable name
优先名称

procedurc name
处理步骤名称, 过程名称

proper name
数名; 固有名称

proprietary name
专利商标名

pseudogeneric name
假属名

qualified name
当限[具属, 赋性]名称

qualified data name
限定的数据名

register name
寄存器名

relative name
相对名

relocatable name
浮动名称

replacement name
置换名称

report name
报表名称

revalidated name
复效名称

scientific name
学名

section name
节名, 组名

semi-systematic name
半系统名称

set name
组名, 置位名

signal name
信号名称; 信号机名称

simple name
简名

special name
特殊[专用]名

standardized name
标准名

star names
【天】 星名

street name
行号代名

sub-script qualified name
下标限定名

subscripted data name
下标数据名字

substitutive name
取代名称

symbolic name
符号[记号]名

systematic name
系统名(称); 学名

task name
任务名

trade name
商标, 商品名

trivial name
俗名

valid name
有效名

variable name
变量名

variant name
别名

vernacular name
土名, 俗名

name of account
帐户名称, 会计科目

name of articles [commodity]
品名, 货名

用法词典

name
(来自古英语nama名字)

英文相关词典

name
appellation    label    tag    title    

[七国语言]英汉地理大词典

name
名称

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

name
命名;名;名叫, 叫做

[七国语言]英汉信息大词典

name
名字

英汉双解计算机词典

name

名(字);[名称]
1. An alphanumeric term that identifies a data set, a statement, a program, or a cataloged procedure. The first character of the name must be alphabetic.
一种字母数字项,用于标识某个数据集、语句、程序或已编目的过程。名的首字符必须 是字母。 2. In COBOL, a word composed of not more than 30 characters, which defines a COBOL operand. | 在COBOL语言中,最多由30个字符组成的一种字,用于定义COBOL操作数。 3. In FORTRAN, a string of from one through six alphanumeric characters, which identifies a variable, an array, a function, a subrouting, a common block, or a namelist. | 在FORTRAN语言中,由1到6个字母数字组成的字符串,定义一 个变量、数组、函数、子程序、公用块或名表。参阅data name, qualified name,entry name, external name。

美国传统词典

name
name
AHD:[n3m]
D.J.[neim]
K.K.[nem]
n.

(1)

A word or words by which an entity is designated and distinguished from others:
some of the most famous names of the 20th century.

(2)

A word or group of words used to describe or evaluate, often disparagingly.

(3)

Representation or repute, as opposed to reality:
a democracy in name, a police state in fact.

(4)

General reputation:
a bad name.

(5)

A distinguished reputation; renown.

(6)

An illustrious or outstanding person:
some of the most famous names of the 20th century.
v.tr.
named, nam.ing, names

(1)

To give a name to:
named the child after both grandparents.

(2)

To mention, specify, or cite by name:
named the primary colors.

(3)

To call by an epithet:
named them all cowards.

(4)

To nominate for or appoint to a duty, an office, or an honor.

(5)

To specify or fix:
We need to name the time for our meeting.
adj.Informal
Well-known by a name:
a name performer.

习惯用语

in the name of
By the authority of:
Open up in the name of the law!

to (one's) name
Belonging to one:
I don't have a hat to my name.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old English nama * see nò-men-

继承用法

namable or

nameable
adj.

namer
n.

参考词汇

(1)

name, designation, denomination, title, appellation, cognomen

(2)

These nouns all denote the word or words by which someone or something is called and identified.

(3)

Name is the general term:
I can't recall the child's name.
“What is friendship but a name?” (Oliver Goldsmith). A designation is a name given principally to classify according to distinguishing characteristics:
During the Depression a shantytown was known by the designation “Hooverville.”

(4)

Denomination, also a categorizing term, is applied especially to classes of persons or things:
pickpockets, formerly known by the denomination “cutpurse.”

(5)

Title, applied to people, indicates rank or position and generally connotes distinction and respect (
a prince who renounced his title when he became an American citizen); applied to entities such as literary or musical forms, it is a distinguishing name (
looking for a colorful and evocative title for the book). Anappellation is a name other than a proper name that describes or characterizes and that gains currency primarily through use:
hasn't yet earned the appellation of expert.

(6)

Cognomen is frequently used as the equivalent of a first name or a surname or often a nickname:
Rufus, an unusual cognomen;
a king renowned under the cognomen “the Just.” See also Synonyms at appoint, celebrity

英汉船舶大词典

name
n.号,名,名称

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

name
名(称,字);【微软】邮箱[属性,索引,文件,项目,字段]名

英汉电信大词典

name
n.名字

英汉法学大词典

name
称号 ,名,名称 ;v.指派 ;n.名义

英汉航海大词典

name
n.名字

英汉航空大词典

name
n.名字,姓名

英汉化学大词典

name
n.姓名,名义,名声,著名的人物;vbl.叫,指定,任命,提出

英汉海运大词典

name
名,名称给…取名,命名

基本词义

name
名称,名给…取名,命名

基本词义

name
名称给…取名,命名

英汉经贸大词典

name
n.名字

英汉计算机大词典

name
n.姓名(名义,名声;vbl.叫(指定,任命;n.名字,名称

英汉建筑大词典

name
n.名字,名义,名声

英汉能源大词典

name
n.名称

英汉医学大词典

name
n.名称

英汉中医大词典

name
n.裸花紫珠

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