简明英汉词典

mutual
[5mju:tjuEl, 5mju:tFuEl]
adj.
相互的, 共有的

美国传统词典[双解]

mutual
mu.tu.al
AHD:[my?“ch?-…l]
D.J.[6mju8t.u8*l]
K.K.[6mjut.u*l]
adj.(形容词)

(1)

Having the same relationship each to the other:
彼此相关的:相互之间有共同关系的:
mutual predators.
彼此相关的肉食性动物

(2)

Directed and received in equal amount; reciprocal:
相互的,彼此的:等量指导的或以相等的数量接受的;互惠的:
mutual respect.
相互之间的尊敬

(3)

Possessed in common:
共同拥有的:
mutual interests.
共同的利益

(4)

Of, relating to, or in the form of mutual insurance.
相互保险的:相互保险的,有关相互保险的或相互保险形式的
n.(名词)
A mutual fund.
信托基金

语源

(1)

French mutuel
法语 mutuel

(2)

from Old French
源自 古法语

(3)

from Latin m?s [borrowed] * see mei- 1
源自 拉丁语 m?s [借] *参见 mei- 1

继承用法

mutuality
AHD:[-2l“1-t?] (名词)

mutually
adv.(副词)

用法
Mutual is uncontroversially used to describe a reciprocal relationship between two or more things, in which use it can be paraphrased by expressions involving between or each other. Thus their mutual animosity means “their animosity for each other” or “the animosity between them,” and a mutual defense treaty is one in which each party agrees to come to the defense of the other. But mutual is also widely used where one might expect “common,” as in The bill serves the mutual interests of management and labor and particularly in the expression our mutual friend, which was widespread even before Charles Dickens used it as the title of a novel. Critics have often objected to this use, but it is well established in reputable writing. However, mutual in this latter sense is reserved to describe relations that hold between two or more specific parties and a third person or thing. It cannot be used as a substitute for common in the sense “general”:
Mutual 毫无争议地被用来描述两者或者更多事物之间的相互关系, 可以用一些包括between 或 each other 的表达来解释。 因此他们相互的敌意 意思为“他们彼此之间产生的敌意”或者“他们之间的敌意”, 相互防御条约 意为一个政党同意帮助另一政党进行防御的条约。 但是Mutual 也广泛地用来表示“共同的”, 就象在这个议案满足劳资双方的需要。 特别是在短语我们共同的朋友, 甚至在查理·狄更斯把它作为一本小说名之前就已经广泛应用。评论家们一直以来常常反对这种用法,但是在规范的写作中它已被完全确定下来了。但是mutual 后来产生的意思被用来描述两个或者更多特定元素及物和第三者之间的关系。 当意为“普遍的”时,它不能代替common 来表述“总体”的含义:
English is the common (not mutual ) language of the island.
英语是。(而不用 mutual ) 这个岛的通用语。
It is commonly (not mutually ) believed that Spanish is an easier language than French.
(而不用 mutually ) 相信西班牙语是一种比法语简单的语言

现代英汉词典

mutual
[5mju:tjJEl]
adj.

(1)

共同的
mutual efforts
共同的努力

(2)

互相的;彼此的
to give mutual support and inspiration
相互支持并鼓舞

现代英汉综合大辞典

mutual
[5mju:tjuEl, 5mju:tFuEl]
adj.

(1)

相互的; 彼此的

(2)

[口]共有的, 共同的
our mutual friend
我们共同的朋友
mutual aid
互助
mutual promise
相互的约定
by mutual consent
双方同意
mutual affection
相爱
mutual association
互济会
mutual fund
合股投资
mutual preferential duties
互惠关税

继承用法

mutually
[`mjU:tFJElI, -tjJElI]
adv.

mutualness
n.

英文相关词典

mutual
common    joint    reciprocal    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

mutual
互相

[七国语言]英汉机械大词典

mutual
相互的

美国传统词典

mutual
mu.tu.al
AHD:[my?“ch?-…l]
D.J.[6mju8t.u8*l]
K.K.[6mjut.u*l]
adj.

(1)

Having the same relationship each to the other:
mutual predators.

(2)

Directed and received in equal amount; reciprocal:
mutual respect.

(3)

Possessed in common:
mutual interests.

(4)

Of, relating to, or in the form of mutual insurance.
n.
A mutual fund.

语源

(1)

French mutuel

(2)

from Old French

(3)

from Latin m?s [borrowed] * see mei- 1

继承用法

mutuality
AHD:[-2l“1-t?] n.

mutually
adv.

用法
Mutual is uncontroversially used to describe a reciprocal relationship between two or more things, in which use it can be paraphrased by expressions involving between or each other. Thus their mutual animosity means “their animosity for each other” or “the animosity between them,” and a mutual defense treaty is one in which each party agrees to come to the defense of the other. But mutual is also widely used where one might expect “common,” as in The bill serves the mutual interests of management and labor and particularly in the expression our mutual friend, which was widespread even before Charles Dickens used it as the title of a novel. Critics have often objected to this use, but it is well established in reputable writing. However, mutual in this latter sense is reserved to describe relations that hold between two or more specific parties and a third person or thing. It cannot be used as a substitute for common in the sense “general”:
English is the common (not mutual ) language of the island.
It is commonly (not mutually ) believed that Spanish is an easier language than French.

英汉船舶大词典

mutual
n.互,互相;n.相互

英汉法学大词典

mutual
共同 ,共有 ;adj.互 ,互相

英汉航海大词典

mutual
n.相互的

英汉航空大词典

mutual
n.相互的,彼此的

英汉化学大词典

mutual
adj.相互的,共同的,公共的

英汉海运大词典

mutual
互相的,共同的

基本词义

mutual
相互的

基本词义

mutual
相互的共同的,共有的

英汉经贸大词典

mutual
n.相互的

英汉计算机大词典

mutual
adj.相互的

英汉建筑大词典

mutual
adj.相互的,共同的

英汉心理学大词典

mutual
相互的

英汉医学大词典

mutual
n.相互的

英汉中医大词典

mutual
n.相互的

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