简明英汉词典

must
[mQst; mEst]
aux.
必须, 应当, 很可能, 一定, 必须, 肯定, 可以

美国传统词典[双解]

must
must 1
AHD:[m?st]
D.J.[m(st]
K.K.[m(st]
v.aux.(助动词)

(1)

To be obliged or required by morality, law, or custom:
必须:为道德良心、法律或者习惯所要求或强迫:
Citizens must register in order to vote.
为了进行选举,公民们必须登记

(2)

To be compelled, as by a physical necessity or requirement:
必须,必要:由于物质需要和要求而被迫:
Plants must have oxygen in order to live.
为了存活植物必须有氧气

(3)

Used to express a command or an admonition:
一定,必须:用来表示命令或者愿望:
You must not go there alone. You simply must be careful.
你一定不要单独去那里。你一定要小心

(4)

To be determined to; have as a fixed resolve:
一定:下决心一定要;坚持要:
If you must leave, do it quietly.
如果你一定要离开,那就悄悄地走

(5)

Used to indicate inevitability or certainty:
表示不可避免性或者可能性:
We all must die.
我们都会死

(6)

Used to indicate logical probability or presumptive certainty:
可能:用来表示逻辑推断的可能性或假定的必然性:
If the lights were on, they must have been at home.
如果灯亮着,那么他们一定在家
v.intr.Archaic (不及物动词)【古语】
To be required or obliged to go:
被要求或被迫去:
“I must from hence”(Shakespeare)
“我必须从这里走”(莎士比亚)
n.(名词)
Something that is absolutely required or indispensable:
一定,绝对:绝对必要或不可避免的应当去做之事:
Promptness on the job is a must. Comfortable shoes are a must when taking a walking tour of Wales.
工作上准时是绝对必要的。步行去威尔士旅行时舒服的鞋是绝对必要的物品
n.attributive.(定语名词)
Often used to modify another noun:
常用来修饰另一个名词:
a new book that is must reading; a list of must legislation for the session.
一本不可不读的新书;开庭不可缺少的立法一览表

语源

(1)

Middle English moste
中古英语 moste

(2)

from Old English m?e [past tense of] m?tan [to be allowed] * see med-
源自 古英语 m?e [] m?tan的过去时 [被允许] *参见 med-

基本词义

must
must 2
AHD:[m?st]
D.J.[m(st]
K.K.[m(st]
n.(名词)
The quality or condition of being stale or musty.
发霉:陈腐或者发霉的特性或状态

语源
Probably back-formation from musty
可能源自 musty的逆成词

基本词义

must
must 3
AHD:[m?st]
D.J.[m(st]
K.K.[m(st]
n.(名词)
The unfermented or fermenting juice expressed from fruit, especially grapes.
果汁:从水果中压出的发酵或者未发酵的果汁,特别是从葡萄中挤出的

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old English
源自 古英语

(3)

from Latin mustum [neuter of] mustus [new, fresh]
源自 拉丁语 mustum [] mustus的中性 [新的,新鲜的]

基本词义

must
must 4
AHD:[m?st]
D.J.[m(st]
K.K.[m(st]
n.(名词)
Variant of musth
musth的变体

基本词义

must
must 5
AHD:[m?st]
D.J.[m(st]
K.K.[m(st]
n.(名词)
Musk.
麝香

语源

(1)

Scottish
苏格兰语

(2)

from Old French
源自 古法语

(3)

variant of musc * see musk
musc的变体 *参见 musk

现代英汉词典

must
[mEst, mQst]
v.

(1)

必须;应当
We must obey orders.
我们必须服从命令。
I must shut the door, or the rain will come in.
我必须把门关上,不然雨就进来了。

(2)

必定;非常可能
You must be tired after your long journey.
你走了这么远的路,一定很累。

词性变化

must
n.
必需的东西; 必须做的事
Warm clothes are a must in the mountains.
住山里必须备有厚衣服。

现代英汉综合大辞典

must
[mQst]
v.aux.
[无时态和人称变化, 后面接不带 to 的动词不定式]

(1)

[表示义务、命令或必要]必须, 应当
Soldiers must obey orders.
军人必须服从命令。
We must keep our word.
我们必须遵守诺言。
You must not do it.
你不可以做那件事。
We must tell him.
我们必须告诉他。

(2)

【说明】过去、未来、完成等式可用 have to 的相应形式来代替, 例如: I must [have to] do it today. 我必须今天做。
I had to do it yesterday. 我本该昨天做。
I shall have to go there some day. 总有一天我会去那儿的。

(3)

[表示推断或指具有较大的可能性]很可能; 谅必[否定用cannot be, could not have +p.p]
You must be very tired.
你一定很累了。
He must have earned a large sum of money.
他一定是挣了一笔巨款。

(4)

[表示主张]一定要, 务必
If it is really lost, it must be found.
如果真丢了, 一定要找回来。

(5)

[表示不可避免性或肯定性]必然要, 必定会
Man must die.
人必有一死。

(6)

[表示与说话人愿望相反及不耐烦]偏要
Why must it rain on Sunday?
偏要在星期天下雨, 讨厌!
Just as I was sitting down to supper, the telephone mustring.
正当我坐下来用晚餐时, 偏偏电话铃响了。

(7)

[方][表示请求]
Must I go now?
我现在可以走了吗?
n.
[口]必须做的事, 必需的东西
The new film is an absolute must.
这部新片不可不看。
adj.
[口]绝对需要的, 不可缺的
must legislation
不可缺少的立法
This is a must book for your reading.
这是一本你必须要读的书。

用法词典

must
(中古英语 moste<古英语 moste 必须)

英文相关词典

must
be obliged to    ought to    should    

[七国语言]英汉农业大词典

must
葡萄汁

[七国语言]英汉轻工业大词典

must
鲜葡萄汁

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

must
葡萄液

美国传统词典

must
must 1
AHD:[m?st]
D.J.[m(st]
K.K.[m(st]
v.aux.

(1)

To be obliged or required by morality, law, or custom:
Citizens must register in order to vote.

(2)

To be compelled, as by a physical necessity or requirement:
Plants must have oxygen in order to live.

(3)

Used to express a command or an admonition:
You must not go there alone. You simply must be careful.

(4)

To be determined to; have as a fixed resolve:
If you must leave, do it quietly.

(5)

Used to indicate inevitability or certainty:
We all must die.

(6)

Used to indicate logical probability or presumptive certainty:
If the lights were on, they must have been at home.
v.intr.Archaic
To be required or obliged to go:
“I must from hence”(Shakespeare)
n.
Something that is absolutely required or indispensable:
Promptness on the job is a must. Comfortable shoes are a must when taking a walking tour of Wales.
n.attributive.
Often used to modify another noun:
a new book that is must reading; a list of must legislation for the session.

语源

(1)

Middle English moste

(2)

from Old English m?e [past tense of] m?tan [to be allowed] * see med-

基本词义

must
must 2
AHD:[m?st]
D.J.[m(st]
K.K.[m(st]
n.
The quality or condition of being stale or musty.

语源
Probably back-formation from musty

基本词义

must
must 3
AHD:[m?st]
D.J.[m(st]
K.K.[m(st]
n.
The unfermented or fermenting juice expressed from fruit, especially grapes.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old English

(3)

from Latin mustum [neuter of] mustus [new, fresh]

基本词义

must
must 4
AHD:[m?st]
D.J.[m(st]
K.K.[m(st]
n.
Variant of musth

基本词义

must
must 5
AHD:[m?st]
D.J.[m(st]
K.K.[m(st]
n.
Musk.

语源

(1)

Scottish

(2)

from Old French

(3)

variant of musc * see musk

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

MUST
= Multipurpose User-oriented Software Technology,面向用户的多用软件技术

英汉化学大词典

must
aux.必须,必定

英汉进出口商品词汇大全

must
葡萄汁

英汉计算机大词典

must
aux.必须(必定)

英汉农牧林大词典

must
n.麦芽法,发酵前或发酵过程中的葡萄汁,新酒

英汉水利大词典

must
n.麦芽法,发酵前或发酵过程中的葡萄汁,新酒

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