简明英汉词典

mug
[mQ^]
n.
杯子

美国传统词典[双解]

mug
mug 1
AHD:[m?g]
D.J.[m(g]
K.K.[m(g]
n.(名词)

(1)

A heavy cylindrical drinking cup usually having a handle.
杯:一种较沉的筒状饮杯,通常有把手

(2)

The amount that such a cup can hold.
一杯的量:一个这样的杯子可容之量

语源
[Perhaps of Scandinavian origin]
[可能起源于斯堪的纳维亚语]

基本词义

mug
mug 2
AHD:[m?g]
D.J.[m(g]
K.K.[m(g]
n.(名词)

(1)

Informal
【非正式用语】

(2)

The human face.See Synonyms at face
人脸参见 face

(3)

The area of the human mouth, chin, and jaw.
人的嘴、下巴和颏的部位

(4)

A grimace.
鬼脸

(5)

A mug shot.
面部照片

(6)

A thug; a hoodlum.
恶棍,暴徒

(7)

Chiefly British A victim or dupe.
【多用于英国】 受害者,傀儡
v.(动词)
muggedmug.gingmugs
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

Informal To photograph (a person's face) for police files.
【非正式用语】 照像:为警局存档之用而(给一个人的脸部)拍照

(2)

To threaten or assault (a person) with the intent to rob.
袭击:为偷窃而威胁或殴打某人
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To make exaggerated facial expressions, especially for humorous effect.
做鬼脸:做脸部夸张的表情,尤指逗乐时做鬼脸

语源
Probably from mug 1 [possibly in allusion to mugs decorated with grotesque faces]
可能源自 mug1 [可能暗指用鬼脸做装饰的大杯子]

注释
Various senses of the term mug illustrate uses and abuses of the human face. One use to which the face was put in the 18th century was as a form of decoration for cups or mugs. It is probably from these grotesque and striking faces that mug came to mean “face,” the word in this sense being first recorded in 1708. The next recorded development of mug is its use as a verb in 1818 in the sense “to strike in the face.” This verb has developed the sense “to attack and rob,” all too familiar to urban dwellers. The face's role in conveying emotion explains the development of the verb sense “to make faces, grimace,” recorded first in 1855. Another sense of the noun, “photograph or portrait of the face,” found earliest in 1887, is an obvious development, although it is ironic that those who mug criminally end up in a mug book. The use of the face to express affection explains the sense “to kiss, fondle,” recorded first in Australia in 1890.
mug 的各种不同的含义显示了对人脸的使用和滥用。 其中一个用途是在18世纪作为杯子上的装饰图案。也许正是由于这些鬼脸和令人惊讶的脸谱,mug 开始意指“脸”, 该词有此意义最先记录于1708年。此后,另一种有记录mug 的用法作为动词的意思是“打击脸部。” 这个动词以后又发展为“袭击和抢劫”之意,这对城镇居民来说真是太熟悉了。脸在表达感情时所扮演的脸色可以解释该动词的延伸义“做鬼脸,做怪像”, 该意思最早记录于1855年。该名词的另一个意思:“脸部的像片或画像” 最早见于1887年,虽然具有讽刺意味的是那些抢劫犯最终将被警方拍照存档,但这仍然是一个显而易见的进步。运用脸部来表达情爱意指“吻,抚爱”,此用法最早于1890年在澳大利亚有记载

现代英汉词典

mug
[mQ^]
n.

(1)

(有柄的)大杯

(2)

(3)

傻瓜;笨蛋

现代英汉综合大辞典

mug
[mQ^]
n.

(1)

(有柄的)大杯; 一杯容量

(2)

[美]优胜杯

(3)

一种清凉饮料
a beer-mug
啤酒杯
a mug of milk
一大杯牛奶

美国传统词典

mug
mug 1
AHD:[m?g]
D.J.[m(g]
K.K.[m(g]
n.

(1)

A heavy cylindrical drinking cup usually having a handle.

(2)

The amount that such a cup can hold.

语源
[Perhaps of Scandinavian origin]

基本词义

mug
mug 2
AHD:[m?g]
D.J.[m(g]
K.K.[m(g]
n.

(1)

Informal

(2)

The human face.See Synonyms at face

(3)

The area of the human mouth, chin, and jaw.

(4)

A grimace.

(5)

A mug shot.

(6)

A thug; a hoodlum.

(7)

Chiefly British A victim or dupe.
v.
mugged, mug.ging, mugs
v.tr.

(1)

Informal To photograph (a person's face) for police files.

(2)

To threaten or assault (a person) with the intent to rob.
v.intr.
To make exaggerated facial expressions, especially for humorous effect.

语源
Probably from mug 1 [possibly in allusion to mugs decorated with grotesque faces]

注释
Various senses of the term mug illustrate uses and abuses of the human face. One use to which the face was put in the 18th century was as a form of decoration for cups or mugs. It is probably from these grotesque and striking faces that mug came to mean “face,” the word in this sense being first recorded in 1708. The next recorded development of mug is its use as a verb in 1818 in the sense “to strike in the face.” This verb has developed the sense “to attack and rob,” all too familiar to urban dwellers. The face's role in conveying emotion explains the development of the verb sense “to make faces, grimace,” recorded first in 1855. Another sense of the noun, “photograph or portrait of the face,” found earliest in 1887, is an obvious development, although it is ironic that those who mug criminally end up in a mug book. The use of the face to express affection explains the sense “to kiss, fondle,” recorded first in Australia in 1890.

英汉船舶大词典

mug
n.暴徒

英汉法学大词典

mug
n.暴徒 ,嫌疑犯照片,行凶抢劫

英汉航海大词典

mug
n.暴徒

英汉化学大词典

mug
n.有把的大杯,嘴脸,罪犯,马格;vt.拍照,抢劫,攻读

英汉进出口商品词汇大全

mug
带柄啤酒杯

英汉经贸大词典

mug
n.暴徒

英汉计算机大词典

mug
n.有把的大杯(嘴脸,罪犯;vt.拍照(抢劫,攻读)

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