简明英汉词典

mortgage
[5mC:^idV]
n.
抵押
v.
抵押

美国传统词典[双解]

mortgage
mort.gage
AHD:[m?r“g1j]
D.J.[6m%8rgid9]
K.K.[6m%rg!d9]
n.Abbr. mtg., mtge.(名词)缩写 mtg.mtge.

(1)

A temporary, conditional pledge of property to a creditor as security for performance of an obligation or repayment of a debt.
抵押:给予债权人临时的、有条件的财产抵押,以此作为履行责任或偿还债务的保证

(2)

A contract or deed specifying the terms of a mortgage.
抵押单据,抵押证明:一种具体规定抵押条件的合约和证书

(3)

The claim of a mortgagee upon mortgaged property.
债权,要求权:索回被抵押财产的抵押权的请求
v.tr.(及物动词)
mort.gagedmort.gag.ingmort.gag.es

(1)

To pledge or convey (property) by means of a mortgage.
抵押:以抵押的方式保证或转移财产

(2)

To make subject to a claim or risk; pledge against a doubtful outcome:
投注:使依附于某一风险或请求;对不确定收入的抵押:
mortgaged their political careers by taking an unpopular stand.
借着采取不受欢迎的立场来投注他们的政治生涯

语源

(1)

Middle English morgage
中古英语 morgage

(2)

from Old French
源自 古法语

(3)

mort [dead] from Vulgar Latin *mortus from Latin mortuus [past participle of] moro [to die] * see mer-
mort [死的] 源自 俗拉丁语 *mortus 源自 拉丁语 mortuus [] moro的过去分词 [死] *参见 mer-

(4)

gage [pledge] [of Germanic origin]
gage [抵押] [源于日耳曼语]

注释
The great jurist Sir Edward Coke, who lived from 1552 to 1634, has explained why the term mortgage comes from the Old French words mort, “dead,” and gage, “pledge.” It seemed to him that it had to do with the doubtfulness of whether or not the mortgagor will pay the debt. If the mortgagor does not, then the land pledged to the mortgagee as security for the debt “is taken from him for ever, and so dead to him upon condition, &c. And if he doth pay the money, then the pledge is dead as to the [mortgagee].” This etymology, as understood by 17th-century attorneys, of the Old French term morgage, which we adopted, may well be correct. The term has been in English much longer than the 17th century, being first recorded in Middle English with the form morgage and the figurative sense “pledge” in a work written before 1393.
伟大法学家爱德华·库克,从1552年活到1634年,已经解释了为什么mortgage 来源于两个古法语词 mort “死”和 gage “抵押”。 在他看来,这似乎意味着与抵押人是否能偿还债务的不确定性有关。如果借款人未偿还债物,那么抵押给贷款人作为债务安全保证的地产“将从他那儿被永远剥夺,因此对他来说在一定条件下失去了全部意义。如果他确实还了债务,那么抵押对于[贷款人]也失去了全部意义”。 这种词源说明,正如被17世纪的律师所理解的,关于古老的法国词morgage 已被我们接受, 可能是完全正确的。这一词早在17世纪以前就在英语中出现了,最早在中世纪英语中以morgage 的形式记录下来, 并在1393年之前写的一部书中始有修辞意义“抵押”

现代英汉词典

mortgage
[5mC:^IdV]
n.

(1)

抵押单据

(2)

抵押所借的款项

(3)

受押人,承受抵押者

词性变化

mortgage
vt.
-gaged, -gaging
抵押(房地等)

现代英汉综合大辞典

mortgage
[5mC:^idV]
n.

(1)

抵押

(2)

抵押单据

(3)

义务; 精神负担
repay one's mortgage in monthly instalment
每月分期付款偿还抵押借款

词性变化

mortgage
[5mC:^idV]
vt.

(1)

抵押

(2)

誓约; 献身于

(3)

使有义务
mortgage a room to sb. for
£500 用房间向某人押借五百英镑
mortgage oneself to the cause
献身于事业

特殊用法

adjustment mortgage
公司改组整理过程中的抵押

blanket mortgage
总括抵押, 即以债务人全部资产作抵押

chattel mortgage
动产抵押

closed mortgage
限额抵押

closed end mortgage
闭口抵押

consolidated mortgage
把若干笔不同抵押合并为一笔的统一抵押

cutthroat mortgage
不能赎回的抵押

demand mortgage
活期抵押贷款

draft drawn against mortgage
抵押汇票

dry mortgage
产权抵押

farm mortgage
农产抵押

first mortgage
第一抵押权(同一不动产作数个抵押, 第一抵押有优先受偿之权)

floating mortgage
总额[浮动]抵押

future advance mortgage
在抵押品上追加的新债务

general mortgage
一般抵押

guaranteed mortgage
保证抵押

home mortgage
住房抵押

industrial-mineral mortgage
工矿抵押

junior mortgage
次级抵押

maritime mortgage
海商法上的抵押

open mortgage
可加抵押(指已经抵押的财产, 尚可增加押数); 可资抵押

overlying mortgage
次级抵押

partially amortized mortgage
部分分期偿还、其余部分到期偿还的抵押贷款

released mortgage
解除抵押

residential mortgage
住宅抵押

running account mortgage
无一定上限的抵押借款

senior mortgage
优先抵押债务

sinking fund mortgage
偿债基金抵押

straight mortgage
分期付息到期还本的抵押贷款

term mortgage
定期[中期]抵押贷款

underlying mortgage
第一担保抵押

unlimited mortgage
无限制的抵押

mortgage of a ship
船舶抵押

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

mortgage
抵押

美国传统词典

mortgage
mort.gage
AHD:[m?r“g1j]
D.J.[6m%8rgid/]
K.K.[6m%rg!d/]
n.Abbr. mtg., mtge.

(1)

A temporary, conditional pledge of property to a creditor as security for performance of an obligation or repayment of a debt.

(2)

A contract or deed specifying the terms of a mortgage.

(3)

The claim of a mortgagee upon mortgaged property.
v.tr.
mort.gaged, mort.gag.ing, mort.gag.es

(1)

To pledge or convey (property) by means of a mortgage.

(2)

To make subject to a claim or risk; pledge against a doubtful outcome:
mortgaged their political careers by taking an unpopular stand.

语源

(1)

Middle English morgage

(2)

from Old French

(3)

mort [dead] from Vulgar Latin *mortus from Latin mortuus [past participle of] moro [to die] * see mer-

(4)

gage [pledge] [of Germanic origin]

注释
The great jurist Sir Edward Coke, who lived from 1552 to 1634, has explained why the term mortgage comes from the Old French words mort, “dead,” and gage, “pledge.” It seemed to him that it had to do with the doubtfulness of whether or not the mortgagor will pay the debt. If the mortgagor does not, then the land pledged to the mortgagee as security for the debt “is taken from him for ever, and so dead to him upon condition, &c. And if he doth pay the money, then the pledge is dead as to the [mortgagee].” This etymology, as understood by 17th-century attorneys, of the Old French term morgage, which we adopted, may well be correct. The term has been in English much longer than the 17th century, being first recorded in Middle English with the form morgage and the figurative sense “pledge” in a work written before 1393.

英汉船舶大词典

mortgage
n.抵押契据,抵押权

英汉法学大词典

mortgage
按揭 ,出典,抵当,抵押,抵押,抵押品,抵押权,典质

英汉航海大词典

mortgage
n.抵押

英汉化学大词典

mortgage
n.抵押;vt.抵押,保证

英汉海运大词典

mortgage
抵押,抵押权抵押

基本词义

mortgage
抵押

基本词义

mortgage
抵押权抵押

基本词义

Mortgage
抵押权

英汉经贸大词典

mortgage
n.抵押

英汉计算机大词典

mortgage
n.抵押;vt.抵押(保证)

英汉水利大词典

mortgage
n.抵押

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