简明英汉词典

mess
[mes]
n.
混乱, 脏乱
v.
弄乱

美国传统词典[双解]

mess
mess
AHD:[mμs]
D.J.[mes]
K.K.[mWs]
n.(名词)

(1)

A disorderly or dirty accumulation, heap, or jumble:
杂乱,混乱:凌乱或肮脏的一堆、一块或一团:
left a mess in the yard.
把庭院搞得一团糟

(2)

A cluttered, untidy, usually dirty condition:
污秽:混乱的、凌乱的,通常为脏乱的状态:
The kitchen was in a mess.
厨房又脏又乱

(3)

A confused, troubling, or embarrassing condition; a muddle:
混乱的局面:混乱的、扰乱的或令人困窘的情境;混乱:
With divorce and bankruptcy proceedings pending, his personal life was in a mess.
离婚和破产的官司使得他的生活陷入一片混乱当中

(4)

One that is in such a condition:
混乱,肮脏:处于以上情况者:
clothes that were a mess after painting the ceiling; made a mess of their marriage.
粉刷天花板后,衣服被弄得肮脏不堪;把他们的婚姻搞得一团糟

(5)

An amount of food, as for a meal, course, or dish:
一份食物:一顿饭、一道菜或一份菜的食物份量:
cooked up a mess of fish.
烧一盘鱼

(6)

A serving of soft, semiliquid food:
软滑的、半流质的食物:
a mess of porridge.
一碗粥

(7)

A group of people, usually soldiers or sailors, who regularly eat meals together.
共餐者,伙食团:经常一块用膳的一群人,通常指士兵或水手

(8)

Food or a meal served to such a group:
集体膳食:集体用膳人员吃的食物:
took mess with the enlistees.
与新兵们一起用膳

(9)

A mess hall.
集体用膳食堂
v.(动词)
messedmess.ingmess.es
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To make disorderly or soiled; clutter or foul:
弄脏,使混乱:把…弄乱或把…弄脏;使污秽或使凌乱:
a puppy that still messes the floor.
会弄脏地板的小狗

(2)

To botch; bungle.
弄糟;搞砸
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To cause or make a mess.
引起或制造脏乱

(2)

To use or handle something carelessly; fiddle:
摆弄,乱搞:粗心地使用和操作;瞎搞:
messed with the blender until he broke it.
他摆弄着那台搅拌器直至将它弄坏

(3)

To intrude; interfere:
侵入;干预:
messing in the neighbors' affairs.
干预邻居的事情

(4)

To take a meal in a military mess.
聚餐:在军队的集体用膳食堂吃饭

常用词组

mess around 【非正式用语】

(1)

To pass time in aimless puttering.
虚度光阴

(2)

To associate casually or playfully:
随便交往或厮混:
liked to mess around with pals on days off.
喜欢休息日与朋友们厮混

mess up

(1)

Informal To make a mistake, especially from nervousness or confusion:
【非正式用语】 犯错误,尤指因紧张或混乱而致:
messed up and dropped the ball.
慌慌张张把球掉了

(2)

Slang To beat up; manhandle:
【俚语】 狠揍;粗暴地对待:
got messed up in a brawl.
在吵闹中打斗起来

语源

(1)

Middle English mes [course of a meal, food, group of people eating together]
中古英语 mes [一道菜、食物,集体用膳的人员]

(2)

from Old French
源自 古法语

(3)

from Late Latin missus
源自 后期拉丁语 missus

(4)

from Latin [past participle of] mittere [to place]
源自 拉丁语 [] mittere的过去分词 [放置]

现代英汉词典

mess
[mes]
n.

(1)

混乱;杂乱;肮脏
Your room is in a mess. Please tidy it.
你的房间杂乱不堪,请把它打扫干净。
Your books and magazines are almost in a mess; go and put them in order.
"你的书和杂志简直是乱七八糟,去把它们整理一下。"

(2)

外表、行为或思想乱糟糟 的人

(3)

脏东西

(4)

麻烦

(5)

军队食堂

词性变化

mess
vt., vi.

(1)

(常与up连用)弄脏,弄乱;弄糟
to mess one's new dress
弄脏某人的新衣服
I've just cleaned the floor, and you've messed it up again by dropping bits of paper everywhere!
我刚扫干净地板,你又把纸屑弄得到处都是,把地板搞脏。
The boy's clothes are all messed.
这男孩的衣服都弄脏了。

(2)

(与with连用)惹麻烦
Stop messing with the spoon and finish your breakfast.
"不要把匙子弄来弄去,快把早饭吃了。"

常用词组

mess about

(1)

乱做;笨手笨脚地做;胡扯

(2)

乱忙;瞎忙
Stop messing about — finish your work.
别瞎折腾了,把你的工作做完。
Don't mess me about; I just want the money you promised me.
"别对我这样不讲礼,我不过要来拿你答应给我的钱。"

(3)

粗鲁地对待(某人);忽视 (= mess around)

现代英汉综合大辞典

mess
[mes]
n.

(1)

混乱; 大杂烩; 肮脏, 污秽

(2)

(常指半流体的)一份食品; 一堆食物; [古]一道菜; (给猪狗等吃的)杂食

(3)

困难; 困境

(4)

(海、陆军的)伙食团; 集体用膳人员

(5)

(军队中共用的)膳食

(6)

[无冠词]会餐; 食堂; (普通)伙食

(7)

(鱼的)一网; 一次挤得的牛奶; 足够一顿吃的量

(8)

[美俚]笨人

(9)

[美口]几个, 一些; 数量; 大量
mess jacket
短制服(公共场所服务员的制服或军便服); 晚餐(礼)服
mess kit
【军】野战食具
The workers cleaned up the mess before they left.
工人在离开之前把脏东西清理干净了。
You're in a nice mess now you've been caught stealing.
你偷窃被捉, 现在处境可狼狈了。
You've made a mess of the job.
你把这件事办得一塌糊涂。
You're a mess, you'll have to change.
你是个做事没有条理的人, 你得改变自己。

词性变化

mess
vt.

(1)

弄脏, 搞乱, 搞糟

(2)

[古]供给...伙食, [英方]配给(食物), 分(菜)

(3)

妨碍, 干扰; 粗暴处理
mess up a room
把房子弄乱
The guests will be messed in this building.
客人们安排在这座大楼里就餐。
Your clothes are all messed.
你的衣服都弄脏了。
They messed the thief up pretty badly.
他们狠揍了那贼一顿。

mess
vi.

(1)

供膳

(2)

集体就餐

(3)

弄乱; 陷入混乱

(4)

瞎摆弄; 干涉

(5)

(和异性)调性, 勾搭
mess with married women
和有夫之妇勾搭
Don't mess in the affairs of others.
别干预他人之事。

继承用法

messboy
n.
(船上的)食堂服务员

messcook
n.
=

mess man
(海军)炊事兵

messmate
[`mesmeIt]
n.
同食者

messtin
[5mestin]
n.
饭盒

mess-up
[`mesQp]
n.
[口]混乱

习惯用语

be atmess
在食堂吃饭

be in a mess
乱七八糟, 处境狼狈

clear up the mess
把弄乱的东西整理好, 清理混乱局面

get into a mess
陷入困境, 遇到麻烦

get sb. into a mess
使陷入狼狈处境

go to mess
去食堂吃饭

in a mess
零乱; 肮脏; 陷于窘境

lose the number of one's mess
死, 阵亡; “了帐”

make a mess
[口]拉屎, 大便(尤指婴儿, 动物)

make a mess of
把...弄糟[搞坏]; 把...搞得一塌糊涂

mess about
[口]胡乱摆弄; 瞎混; 瞎忙; 胡闹, 粗鲁对待某人, 动手动脚

mess around
[美俚]浪费时间, 混乱; 管闲事

mess together
集体用餐

mess up

(1)

搞乱, 弄脏, 弄糟

(2)

陷入困境

(3)

粗暴对待; 使(某人)感情上受到创伤; 狠揍

mess with
同...一起用膳; 胡乱摆弄; 搞糟; 干扰; 与...厮混在一起; 参预

特殊用法

advanced mess
先进食堂

air duty mess
空勤灶

Benjamin's mess
最大的份额(来自《圣经》)

candidates' mess
学员灶

diver's mess
潜水灶

environmental mess
环境混乱

ground service mess
地勤[陆勤]灶

see duty mess
海勤灶

ship's crew mess
舰艇灶

submariner's mess
潜艇灶

mess of pottage
付出巨大代价得到的物质享受; 眼前利益

用法词典

mess
(来自中古英语messe<古法语mes<拉丁语missus一道[菜]。源自mittere放,送去)

英文相关词典

mess
contaminate    corrupt    dirty    disfigure    pollute    

美国传统词典

mess
mess
AHD:[mμs]
D.J.[mes]
K.K.[mWs]
n.

(1)

A disorderly or dirty accumulation, heap, or jumble:
left a mess in the yard.

(2)

A cluttered, untidy, usually dirty condition:
The kitchen was in a mess.

(3)

A confused, troubling, or embarrassing condition; a muddle:
With divorce and bankruptcy proceedings pending, his personal life was in a mess.

(4)

One that is in such a condition:
clothes that were a mess after painting the ceiling; made a mess of their marriage.

(5)

An amount of food, as for a meal, course, or dish:
cooked up a mess of fish.

(6)

A serving of soft, semiliquid food:
a mess of porridge.

(7)

A group of people, usually soldiers or sailors, who regularly eat meals together.

(8)

Food or a meal served to such a group:
took mess with the enlistees.

(9)

A mess hall.
v.
messed, mess.ing, mess.es
v.tr.

(1)

To make disorderly or soiled; clutter or foul:
a puppy that still messes the floor.

(2)

To botch; bungle.
v.intr.

(1)

To cause or make a mess.

(2)

To use or handle something carelessly; fiddle:
messed with the blender until he broke it.

(3)

To intrude; interfere:
messing in the neighbors' affairs.

(4)

To take a meal in a military mess.

常用词组

mess around Informal

(1)

To pass time in aimless puttering.

(2)

To associate casually or playfully:
liked to mess around with pals on days off.

mess up

(1)

Informal To make a mistake, especially from nervousness or confusion:
messed up and dropped the ball.

(2)

Slang To beat up; manhandle:
got messed up in a brawl.

语源

(1)

Middle English mes [course of a meal, food, group of people eating together]

(2)

from Old French

(3)

from Late Latin missus

(4)

from Latin [past participle of] mittere [to place]

英汉航海大词典

mess
n.伙食费

英汉化学大词典

mess
n.混乱,弄糟,一组,餐;vt.弄脏,干涉,供膳

英汉海运大词典

mess
食品伙食会餐

基本词义

mess
餐室

基本词义

mess
餐,膳食,会议室,乱七八糟,杂乱,餐室,食品,伙食,会餐

基本词义

mess
餐,膳食餐室,会议室乱七八糟,杂乱

英汉经贸大词典

mess
n.伙食费

英汉计算机大词典

mess
n.混乱(弄糟,一组;vt.弄脏(干涉,供膳)

英汉农牧林大词典

mess
n.食物

英汉医学大词典

mess
n.伙食

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