简明英汉词典

merit
[5merit]
n.
优点, 价值
v.
有益于

美国传统词典[双解]

merit
mer.it
AHD:[mμr“1t]
D.J.[6merit]
K.K.[6mWr!t]
n.(名词)

(1)

Superior quality or worth; excellence:
价值:卓越的品质或价值;优秀之处:
a proposal of some merit; an ill-advised plan without merit.
有价值的建议;未经仔细考虑的无价值的计划

(2)

A quality deserving praise or approval; virtue:
优点:值得表扬赞赏的品质;美德:
a store having the merit of being open late.
这个商店的优点是很晚才打烊

(3)

Demonstrated ability or achievement:
显示出的能力或功绩:
promotions based on merit alone.
完全根据功绩进行提升

(4)

Often merits An aspect of character or behavior deserving approval or disapproval:
常作 merits 功过:优缺点应予赞许或否定的性格方面或行为:
judging people according to their merits.
以其功过来判断人们

(5)

Theology Spiritual credit granted for good works.
【神学】 给予好作品的精神荣誉

(6)

merits
merits

(7)

Law A party's strict legal rights, excluding jurisdictional, personal, or technical aspects.
【法律】 法律权力:一个政党的绝对法律权威,不包括司法、私人或技术等方面

(8)

The factual content of a matter, apart from emotional, contextual, or formal considerations.
是非:一事件事实内容的是非,不包括感情、法律、正式考虑等成分
v.(动词)
mer.it.edmer.it.ingmer.its
v.tr.(及物动词)
To earn; deserve.See Synonyms at earn 1
博得;应受赏或惩参见 earn1
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To be worthy or deserving:
值得或应得:
Pupils are rewarded or corrected, as they merit.
学生会受到他们应得的奖励或惩戒

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old French merite [reward or punishment]
源自 古法语 merite [奖励或惩罚]

(3)

from Latin meritum [from neuter past participle of] mer?re [to deserve] * see (s)mer- 2
源自 拉丁语 meritum [] 源自mer?re的中性过去分词 [应得] *参见 (s)mer- 2

继承用法

meritless
adj.(形容词)

现代英汉词典

merit
[5merIt]
n.
优点;价值;功绩
These so-called merits are often offset by its undesirable effects.
这些所谓的好处往往被鞭炮产生的不良后果抵消了。
There's little merit in passing the driving test if you don't have a car of your own.
"如果你没有自己的汽车,通过驾驶考试也没什么价值。"

词性变化

merit
vt.
应得;应受;值得
His work merits a prize.
他的工作值得奖赏。
He merited all the praise which had been given to him.
他理应受到人们给他的一切称赞。

现代英汉综合大辞典

merit
[5merit]
n.

(1)

长处, 优点; 价值

(2)

[常用复] 功劳, 功勋, 荣誉

(3)

[常用复]功过, 功罪

(4)

[pl. ]【律】法律意义[依据]

(5)

[pl.]是非曲直

(6)

特征; 指标; 指数

(7)

准则

(8)

佳度, (最)优值, 灵敏(工作)值
works of considerable merit
很有价值的著作
the merits of a case
案件的真情
treat someone according to his merits
按某人本身条件[才能]来对待他
You may not like him, but he has his merits.
你也许不喜欢他, 不过他也有自己的长处。
He is a man of merit.
他是有功劳的人。

词性变化

merit
[5merit]
vt.
值得; 应得
The suggestion merits serious consideration.
该建议值得认真考虑。
He certainly merits such a reward.
他确实应得到这样的报酬。

merit
[5merit]
vi.
应受赏[罚]

继承用法

meritable
adj.

meritless
adj.

习惯用语

according to one's merits
按价值; 按资质

have the merits
【律】在诉讼中处于有利的地位

make a merit of (=take merit to oneself for)
以某事居功自夸

make merit with sb.
理应受到某人的感激

on its merits
按事情的是非曲直, 按实质说

on one's merits
按其本身条件(或情况)

stand on one's own merits
靠实力

特殊用法

first-class merit
一等功

gain band merit
增益带宽指标

livestock merit
牲畜质量[等级标准]

overall merit
综合评价

power-band merit
功率-通带指标

radio merit
无线电通信优值

relative merits
优缺点

scale merit
(集成度的)规模指标; 刻度标准; 标度优值

second-class merit
二等功

special-class merit
特等功

technical merit
技术水平

third-class merit
三等功

参考词汇
merit     value     virtue     worth    
都含 “优点”、“价值”的意思。

(1)

merit指“成就或品质中值得赞扬的优点”, 如:
The merits of your plan outweigh the defects.
你制定的计划其优点胜过缺点。

(2)

value 指“重要性”、“价值”, 如:
I set a high value on his advice.
我认为他的忠告很有价值。

(3)

virtue 指“美德”、“优点”, 如:
The great virtue of air travel is speed.
乘飞机旅行的最大优点是速度快。

(4)

worth 着重指“人或物本质中的优点或价值”, 如:
The worth of the new drugs is certain although all their uses are not yet known.
那些新药的价值是肯定的, 尽管它们的用途尚未为人们知道。

用法词典

merit
(来自拉丁语 merere 值得)

英文相关词典

merit
excellence    fineness    goodness    quality    value    worth    defect    demerit    fault    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

merit
功绩;功劳;价值;优点

美国传统词典

merit
mer.it
AHD:[mμr“1t]
D.J.[6merit]
K.K.[6mWr!t]
n.

(1)

Superior quality or worth; excellence:
a proposal of some merit; an ill-advised plan without merit.

(2)

A quality deserving praise or approval; virtue:
a store having the merit of being open late.

(3)

Demonstrated ability or achievement:
promotions based on merit alone.

(4)

Often merits An aspect of character or behavior deserving approval or disapproval:
judging people according to their merits.

(5)

Theology Spiritual credit granted for good works.

(6)

merits

(7)

Law A party's strict legal rights, excluding jurisdictional, personal, or technical aspects.

(8)

The factual content of a matter, apart from emotional, contextual, or formal considerations.
v.
mer.it.ed, mer.it.ing, mer.its
v.tr.
To earn; deserve.See Synonyms at earn 1
v.intr.
To be worthy or deserving:
Pupils are rewarded or corrected, as they merit.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old French merite [reward or punishment]

(3)

from Latin meritum [from neuter past participle of] mer?re [to deserve] * see (s)mer- 2

继承用法

meritless
adj.

英汉船舶大词典

merit
n.品质特征,优点

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

merit
优点,功绩,价值,成就;指标;品质

英汉电信大词典

merit
n.指标,价值

英汉地质大词典

merit
n.价值,优点,特征

英汉法学大词典

merit
n.法律依据 ,法律意义,功,绩

英汉航海大词典

merit
n.价值

英汉航空大词典

merit
n.长处,优点

英汉化学大词典

merit
n.优点,指标,灵敏,价值,功过,功劳,功绩;vt.值得

英汉海运大词典

merit
优点特征指标标准,准则灵敏

基本词义

merit
优点,长处,功绩特征,品质特征指标标准,准则灵敏有…的价值,值得,应得

英汉经贸大词典

merit
n.价值

英汉计算机大词典

merit
n.优点(指标,灵敏;vt.值得

英汉水利大词典

merit
n.优点,指标,准则

英汉冶金大词典

merit
n.价值,优点

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