简明英汉词典

mean
[mi:n, min]
adj.
低劣的, 卑鄙的, 普通的, 吝啬的, 简陋的, 平均的, 惭愧的, 不舒服的
vt.
意谓, 想要, 预定
vi.
用意, 有意义
n.
平均数, 中间, 中庸

美国传统词典[双解]

mean
mean 1
AHD:[m?n]
D.J.[mi8n]
K.K.[min]
v.(动词)
meant[mμnt] mean.ingmeans
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To be used to convey; denote:
传达意思,表示:
“‘The question is,’ said Alice, ‘whether you can make words mean so many different things’” (Lewis Carroll)
“‘问题是’,艾丽斯说,‘是否你能够 使词汇具有那么多不同的意思’” (刘易斯·卡罗尔)

(2)

To act as a symbol of; signify or represent:
意味,象征:作为象征而表现;代表,表示:
In this poem, the budding flower means youth.
在这首诗中,含苞待放的花朵象征着青春

(3)

To intend to convey or indicate:
含意,意味:
“No one means all he says, and yet very few say all they mean, for words are slippery and thought is viscous”(Henry Adams)
“没有人说出的话全都是他的本意,而极少有人能把自己的本意全部说出来,因为文字的表达可以很含糊,而人的思想可以停滞”(亨利·亚当斯)

(4)

To have as a purpose or an intention; intend:
意欲;打算:做为目的或意图而具有;计划:
I meant to go running this morning, but I overslept.
我今天早晨本打算去跑步,但是我睡过头了

(5)

To design, intend, or destine for a certain purpose or end:
图谋,企图:为特定的目的或结果设计、打算或预定:
a building that was meant for storage; a student who was meant to be a scientist.
预定作仓库用的大楼;一名注定成为科学家的学生

(6)

To have as a consequence; bring about:
造成:作为结果而具有;引起:
Friction means heat.
摩擦起热

(7)

To have the importance or value of:
具有重要性或价值:
The opinions of the critics meant nothing to him. She meant so much to me.
对他来说,批评家们的意见没有任何意义。她对我来说那么重要
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To have intentions of a specified kind; be disposed:
有意做,打算:怀有特定用意;被处置:
She means well, despite her blunders.
她用意是好的,尽管她因为无知犯了大错误

习惯用语

mean business【非正式用语】
To be in earnest.
急切,迫切

语源

(1)

Middle English menen
中古英语 menen

(2)

from Old English m?n [to tell of] * see mei-no-
源自 古英语 m?n [告诉] *参见 mei-no-

参考词汇

(1)

meandenoteimportsignify

(2)

The central meaning shared by these verbs is “to convey a particular idea”:
这些动词共有的中心意思是“解释某个特定的意思”:
what does the word serendipity mean?
单词serendipity 是什么意思?

(3)

Pro- may denote “earlier” or “anterior.”
Pro- 可能指“早些”或“在…之前”。
Philadelphia is the city of brotherly love;
费城是个代表兄弟之爱的城市;
that is what its name imports.
那就是它的名字所含有的意义。
A crown signifies royal power.
皇冠表示皇家权力

基本词义

mean
mean 2
AHD:[m?n]
D.J.[mi8n]
K.K.[min]
adj.(形容词)
mean.ermean.est

(1)

Selfish in a petty way; unkind.
自私的,小气的;无情的

(2)

Cruel, spiteful, or malicious.
残酷的、可恶的或怀有恶意的

(3)

Ignoble; base:
卑鄙的:
a mean motive.
卑鄙的动机

(4)

Miserly; stingy.
自私的;吝啬的

(5)

Low in quality or grade; inferior.
品质或等级低劣的;低级的

(6)

Low in value or amount; paltry:
价值或数量低的;微不足道的:
paid no mean amount for the new shoes.
这双新鞋价格非常低

(7)

Common or poor in appearance; shabby:
外表平常或贫穷的;简陋的:
“The rowhouses had been darkened by the rain and looked meaner and grimmer than ever”(Anne Tyler)
“一排排房屋被雨水浇湿,看上去比以前更加破旧阴暗了”(安妮·泰勒)

(8)

Low in social status; of humble origins.
社会地位低下的;出身寒微的

(9)

Humiliated or ashamed.
惭愧的,羞愧的

(10)

In poor physical condition; sick or debilitated.
身体不好的;有病的,不舒服的

(11)

Extremely unpleasant or disagreeable:
恼人的,讨厌的:
The meanest storm in years.
这些天来最讨厌的暴风雨

(12)

Informal Ill-tempered.
【非正式用语】 脾气坏的

(13)

Slang
【俚语】

(14)

Hard to cope with; difficult or troublesome:
难对付的;困难的或麻烦的:
He throws a mean fast ball.
他掷一个又快又难以应付的球

(15)

Excellent; skillful:
出色的;熟练的:
She plays a mean game of bridge.
她桥牌打得非常出色

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old English gem?e [common] * see mei- 1
源自 古英语 gem?e [普通的,平常的] *参见 mei- 1

继承用法

meanly
adv.(副词)

参考词汇

(1)

meanlowbaseabjectignoblesordid

(2)

These adjectives mean lacking in the elevation or dignity or falling short of the standards befitting human beings.
这些形容词都是有缺乏尊严或不符合人类的道德标准的含义。

(3)

Mean suggests pettiness; it may also connote traits such as spite or niggardliness:
Mean 有心胸狭窄的含义,同时也指带有恶意或吝啬:
“chok'd with ambition of the meaner sort” (Shakespeare).
“被那种狭窄的野心憋得透不过气来” (莎士比亚)。
“Never ascribe to an opponent motives meaner than your own” (J.M. Barrie). Something low violates standards of morality, ethics, or propriety:
“千万不要和比你自己的动机更恶毒的对手较量” (J.M.巴里)。Low 的人(或事)违背道德、伦理和礼貌的标准:
low cunning;
卑劣的狡诈;
a low trick.
卑劣的恶作剧。

(4)

Base suggests a contemptible, mean-spirited, or selfish lack of human decency:
Base 指思想卑鄙,让人蔑视,缺乏人类的自尊:
“that liberal obedience, without which your army would be a base rabble” (Edmund Burke).
“那心甘情愿的服从;如果没有它,你们的军队将是一群卑鄙的乌合之众” (爱德蒙·伯克)。

(5)

Abject means brought low in condition; it often indicates starkness or hopelessness:
Abject 多指因处于严酷、无望的状态下导致的卑鄙行为:
abject submission;
可鄙的屈服;
abject poverty.
可鄙的贫穷。

(6)

Ignoble means lacking those qualities, such as elevated moral character, that give human beings distinction of mind and soul:
Ignoble 指缺乏那些使人类思想、心灵和精神高贵的品格,如很高的道德水准:
“For my part I think it a less evil that some criminals should escape than that the government should play an ignoble part” (Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.).
“至于我,我认为一些罪犯的脱逃比政府扮演不光彩角色的罪行还要轻” (小奥立佛·文德尔·霍姆)。

(7)

Sordid suggests foul, repulsive degradation:
Sordid 表示令人厌恶的卑鄙:
“It is through art . . . that we can shield ourselves from the sordid perils of actual existence” (Oscar Wilde).
“是艺术…使我们能够避开现实世界卑鄙、肮脏的危险” (奥斯卡·王尔德)

基本词义

mean
mean 3
AHD:[m?n]
D.J.[mi8n]
K.K.[min]
n.(名词)

(1)

Something having a position, quality, or condition midway between extremes; a medium.
中等:在位置、品质、条件上处于两极端中间的;中庸适度

(2)

Mathematics
【数学】

(3)

A number that typifies a set of numbers, such as a geometric mean or an arithmetic mean.
中数:代表一组数的一个数,如几何中数或算术中数

(4)

The average value of a set of numbers.
平均值

(5)

Logic The middle term in a syllogism.
【逻辑学】 三段论的中项

(6)

means (used with a sing. or pl. verb)A method, a course of action, or an instrument by which an act can be accomplished or an end achieved.
means (与单数或复数动词连用)方法,手段:用于完成一个行动或取得一个结果的方法、手段或工具

(7)

means (used with a pl. verb)
means (与复数动词连用)

(8)

Money, property, or other wealth:
金钱,财产或其他富:
You ought to live within your means.
你应该量力为出

(9)

Great wealth:
巨大财富:
a woman of means.
富婆
adj.(形容词)

(1)

Occupying a middle or intermediate position between two extremes.
居中的,中间的;中庸的

(2)

Intermediate in size, extent, quality, time, or degree; medium.
中等的:在两极端之间占具中间位置的,居中的

习惯用语

by all means
Without fail; certainly.
当然;当然可以

by any means
In any way possible; in any case:
用尽各种可能的办法;无论如何:
not by any means an easy opponent.
无论如何也不是一个容易的对手

by means of
With the use of; owing to:
使用;由于:
They succeeded by means of patience and sacrifice.
他们靠耐心和牺牲而取得了成功

by no means
In no sense; certainly not:
并没有;绝不:
This remark by no means should be taken lightly.
这次讲话绝不能等闲视之

语源

(1)

Middle English mene [middle]
中古英语 mene [中间]

(2)

from Old French meien
源自 古法语 meien

(3)

from Latin medi3s
源自 拉丁语 medi3s

(4)

from medius * see medhyo-
源自 medius *参见 medhyo-

用法

(1)

In the sense of “financial resources” means takes a plural verb:
在“经济来源”这个意义上,means 使用的是复数:
His means are more than adequate.
他的财富绰绰有余。

(2)

In the sense of “a way to an end” means may be treated as either a singular or plural. It is singular when referring to a particular strategy or method:
从“方法、手段”的意义上讲,means 既可以是单数,也可以是复数。 如果指的是个别的方法或策略则是单数:
The best means of securing the cooperation of the builders is to appeal to their self-interest.
保证建造者之间合作的最好办法就是满足他们的各自利益。

(3)

It is plural when it refers to a group of strategies or methods:
如果指的是一组方法或策略则是复数:
The most effective means for dealing with the drug problem have generally been those suggested by the affected communities. ·
对付毒品问题最有效的办法是那些受到毒品问题影响的社区所提供的。 ·

(4)

Means is most often followed by of :
Means 后面常跟 of :
a means of noise reduction.
降低噪音的办法。

(5)

But for, to, and toward are also used:
但也跟for,to 和 toward :
a means for transmitting signals;
传递信号的手段;
a means to an end;
达到某个目的的手段;
a means toward achieving social equality.
为实现社会均等而采取的手段

现代英汉词典

mean 1
[mi:n]
vt., vi.
meant, meaning

(1)

表示…意思;作…解释

(2)

意欲;意思是
I mean the red one, not the green one.
我是指那个红的,不是绿的。

(3)

决定做
I mean what I say.
我说到做到。
I meant to give you this book today, but I forgot.
我本来打算今天给你这本书的,可是我忘了。

(4)

(因能力、命运等)注定
I believe he is meant to be a soldier.
我相信他天生是要当军人的。

(5)

有…征兆(迹象)
The dark clouds mean rain.
乌云是下雨的征兆。

(6)

关系重大
My friends mean a lot to me.
我的朋友对我来说非常重要。

习惯用语

be meant to
必须;得要
You are meant to leave a tip.
你得留下小费。

基本词义

mean 2
[mi:n]
adj.

(1)

吝啬的
Peter's father was very mean; he never gave Peter any new clothes.
彼得的父亲很小气,他从不给彼得添新衣服。

(2)

卑鄙的;平庸讨厌的

(3)

差劲的;低劣的
He's no mean teacher.
他可不是个差劲的教师。

(4)

好斗的

基本词义

mean 3
[mi:n]
n.

(1)

平均数;平均值;平均标准
The mean of 7, 9, 14 = 10.
七、九和十四的平均数为十。

(2)

中庸;居中

现代英汉综合大辞典

mean
[mi:n]
vt.
(meant [ment])

(1)

表示...意思, 作...解释

(2)

意指; 意味着

(3)

意欲, 打算

(4)

预定, 指定, 计划

(5)

有价值, 有重要性

(6)

引起, 造成
What do you mean by saying that?
你那样说是什么意思?
What does that word mean? (=What is meant by that word?)
那个词作什么解释?
I mean this one, not that one.
我指的是这个, 不是那个。
Money means nothing to her.
她视金钱如粪土。
Health means everything.
健康就是一切。
I mean business.
我是当真的。
He means you no harm.
他无意伤害你。
He did not mean to go.
他没打算去。
He means this house for his daughter.
他预定把这栋房子给女儿。
This was meant for a joke.
这是笑话。
He was meant for [to be] a doctor.
本来是准备把他培养成为医生的。
Yourfriendshipmeans agreat deal to me.
你的友谊对我很重要。
Friction means heat.
摩擦生热。

词性变化

mean
[mi:n]
vi.

(1)

意欲, 打算, 用意

(2)

有意义
He means well.
他出于好意。
Environment means much to a child.
环境对儿童有着重大意义。

习惯用语

be meant to do
照道理[照规矩]应该

Do you mean to say ...?
你的意思是说...吗? 难道...吗?

What do you mean by ...?

(1)

你这是什么意思?

(2)

(=What on earth do you mean by ...?) 你怎么胆敢...? 你怎么竟然...?

You don't mean to say so!
你不是这个意思吧! 真的吗?

mean ill (to sb. [by sb.])
(对某人)存心不良, (对某人)怀着恶意

mean much [a great deal] to sb.
对某人很重要; 对某人很可贵

mean sb. for
准备让某人干某工作

mean well by [towards, to] sb.
对某人怀好意

mean what one says
说的真心话, 是认真说的

mean well [kindly] (to sb. [towards sb., by sb.])
(对某人)出于好意; (对某人)抱着帮忙的态度

参考词汇
intend    

用法词典

mean
(来自拉丁词根medius中间)

参考词汇

(1)

mean,ignoble,abject这组同义词的一般含义是“卑鄙的”。mean和ignoble的原义指出身低微,mean指社会下层人的出身,ignoble指出身比贵族阶层低下。

(2)

mean 通常表示令人厌恶的反社会的各种特征,如心胸狭窄、气量小等。例如,整个社会都为共同的事业而奋斗,而有的个别人只去经营自己的“小天地”,这种人可谓mean
They have an air of freedom, and they have not a dreary commitment to mean ambitions or love of comfort.
他们有一种奔放不羁的风度,他们没有对卑鄙的野心目标的无聊的追逐和对舒适的迷恋。
He is a man of mean birth.
他是个出身卑微的人。

(3)

ignoble 通常用于修饰人的思想境界,其确切的含义是缺少或没有高尚的情操、崇高的道德或完美的智慧。在掌握这个词时,应知道它的反义词为noble
To bettay a friend is ignoble.
背弃朋友是卑鄙的。

(4)

abject 的含义是“低下”,在修饰事物时,这个词只不过是个强式词。如:abject poverty(赤贫)。不过,如果用词慎重,这个词所表示的“卑鄙的”包含着“被贬低”的意思。此外,在这里简单一提这组词的近义词:base, low, vile。

(5)

base 所表示的“卑鄙的”包含着由于缺乏崇高的思想或者缺少博爱的感情而激起人们的义愤的意义;low 所表示的“卑鄙的”包含着由于做事不合乎道德规范而激起人们的愤怒的意义,比如向毫无保护能力的人进攻,即属此类;vile 所表示的“卑鄙的”包含着低级、下贱、污秽的意义
He is poor but not abject in his manner.
他人虽清贫,但举止并不下作。
But in an old man who has known joys and sorrows, and has achieved whatever work it was in him to do, the fear of death is somewhat abject and ignoble.
然而老年人已经经历各种欢乐和忧伤,而且成就了他力所能及的一切工作,就他来讲,怕死就有些低贱而卑鄙了。

英文相关词典

mean
average    connote    cross    denote    ill-humored    imply    indicate    intend    irritable    malicious    medium    middle    normal    petty    signify    suggest    testy    unkind    noble    proud    

[七国语言]英汉电子工程大词典

mean
平均

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

mean
平均的;意味着;中间;打算;中间的

[七国语言]英汉机械大词典

mean
平均

[七国语言]英汉机械工程大词典

mean
平均

[七国语言]英汉矿业大词典

mean
平均

[七国语言]英汉农业大词典

mean
平均

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

mean
平均值, 中间值

[七国语言]英汉数学大词典

mean
平均

[七国语言]英汉信息大词典

mean
平均

[七国语言]英汉原子能大词典

mean
平均

美国传统词典

mean
mean 1
AHD:[m?n]
D.J.[mi8n]
K.K.[min]
v.
meant[mμnt] mean.ing, means
v.tr.

(1)

To be used to convey; denote:
“‘The question is,’ said Alice, ‘whether you can make words mean so many different things’” (Lewis Carroll)

(2)

To act as a symbol of; signify or represent:
In this poem, the budding flower means youth.

(3)

To intend to convey or indicate:
“No one means all he says, and yet very few say all they mean, for words are slippery and thought is viscous”(Henry Adams)

(4)

To have as a purpose or an intention; intend:
I meant to go running this morning, but I overslept.

(5)

To design, intend, or destine for a certain purpose or end:
a building that was meant for storage; a student who was meant to be a scientist.

(6)

To have as a consequence; bring about:
Friction means heat.

(7)

To have the importance or value of:
The opinions of the critics meant nothing to him. She meant so much to me.
v.intr.
To have intentions of a specified kind; be disposed:
She means well, despite her blunders.

习惯用语

mean businessInformal
To be in earnest.

语源

(1)

Middle English menen

(2)

from Old English m?n [to tell of] * see mei-no-

参考词汇

(1)

mean, denote, import, signify

(2)

The central meaning shared by these verbs is “to convey a particular idea”:
what does the word serendipity mean?

(3)

Pro- may denote “earlier” or “anterior.”
Philadelphia is the city of brotherly love;
that is what its name imports.
A crown signifies royal power.

基本词义

mean
mean 2
AHD:[m?n]
D.J.[mi8n]
K.K.[min]
adj.
mean.er, mean.est

(1)

Selfish in a petty way; unkind.

(2)

Cruel, spiteful, or malicious.

(3)

Ignoble; base:
a mean motive.

(4)

Miserly; stingy.

(5)

Low in quality or grade; inferior.

(6)

Low in value or amount; paltry:
paid no mean amount for the new shoes.

(7)

Common or poor in appearance; shabby:
“The rowhouses had been darkened by the rain and looked meaner and grimmer than ever”(Anne Tyler)

(8)

Low in social status; of humble origins.

(9)

Humiliated or ashamed.

(10)

In poor physical condition; sick or debilitated.

(11)

Extremely unpleasant or disagreeable:
The meanest storm in years.

(12)

Informal Ill-tempered.

(13)

Slang

(14)

Hard to cope with; difficult or troublesome:
He throws a mean fast ball.

(15)

Excellent; skillful:
She plays a mean game of bridge.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old English gem?e [common] * see mei- 1

继承用法

meanly
adv.

参考词汇

(1)

mean, low, base, abject, ignoble, sordid

(2)

These adjectives mean lacking in the elevation or dignity or falling short of the standards befitting human beings.

(3)

Mean suggests pettiness; it may also connote traits such as spite or niggardliness:
“chok'd with ambition of the meaner sort” (Shakespeare).
“Never ascribe to an opponent motives meaner than your own” (J.M. Barrie). Something low violates standards of morality, ethics, or propriety:
low cunning;
a low trick.

(4)

Base suggests a contemptible, mean-spirited, or selfish lack of human decency:
“that liberal obedience, without which your army would be a base rabble” (Edmund Burke).

(5)

Abject means brought low in condition; it often indicates starkness or hopelessness:
abject submission;
abject poverty.

(6)

Ignoble means lacking those qualities, such as elevated moral character, that give human beings distinction of mind and soul:
“For my part I think it a less evil that some criminals should escape than that the government should play an ignoble part” (Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.).

(7)

Sordid suggests foul, repulsive degradation:
“It is through art . . . that we can shield ourselves from the sordid perils of actual existence” (Oscar Wilde).

基本词义

mean
mean 3
AHD:[m?n]
D.J.[mi8n]
K.K.[min]
n.

(1)

Something having a position, quality, or condition midway between extremes; a medium.

(2)

Mathematics

(3)

A number that typifies a set of numbers, such as a geometric mean or an arithmetic mean.

(4)

The average value of a set of numbers.

(5)

Logic The middle term in a syllogism.

(6)

means (used with a sing. or pl. verb)A method, a course of action, or an instrument by which an act can be accomplished or an end achieved.

(7)

means (used with a pl. verb)

(8)

Money, property, or other wealth:
You ought to live within your means.

(9)

Great wealth:
a woman of means.
adj.

(1)

Occupying a middle or intermediate position between two extremes.

(2)

Intermediate in size, extent, quality, time, or degree; medium.

习惯用语

by all means
Without fail; certainly.

by any means
In any way possible; in any case:
not by any means an easy opponent.

by means of
With the use of; owing to:
They succeeded by means of patience and sacrifice.

by no means
In no sense; certainly not:
This remark by no means should be taken lightly.

语源

(1)

Middle English mene [middle]

(2)

from Old French meien

(3)

from Latin medi3s

(4)

from medius * see medhyo-

用法

(1)

In the sense of “financial resources” means takes a plural verb:
His means are more than adequate.

(2)

In the sense of “a way to an end” means may be treated as either a singular or plural. It is singular when referring to a particular strategy or method:
The best means of securing the cooperation of the builders is to appeal to their self-interest.

(3)

It is plural when it refers to a group of strategies or methods:
The most effective means for dealing with the drug problem have generally been those suggested by the affected communities. ·

(4)

Means is most often followed by of :
a means of noise reduction.

(5)

But for, to, and toward are also used:
a means for transmitting signals;
a means to an end;
a means toward achieving social equality.

[名词委审定]英汉农学名词(1993)

mean
[平]均数

[名词委审定]英汉数学名词(1993)

mean
均值

英汉船舶大词典

mean
n.平均,中间的;n.中项

英汉电力大词典

mean
n.平均,平均值

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

mean
意指;打算;中间;平均(数)

英汉电信大词典

mean
n.干均值,中间的

英汉地质大词典

mean
n.平均,平均值,平均数

英汉法学大词典

mean
adj.卑鄙 ,恶劣,中间, 平均

英汉纺织大词典

mean
n.平均值,平均的,中间的

英汉航海大词典

mean
n.平均数

英汉航空大词典

mean
n.平均的,中等的;n.平均温度

英汉化学大词典

mean
n.平均,平均数,中数,平常的,中间的,意味着;vt.意味,意思是,打算,具有意义,预定

英汉海运大词典

mean
中间的,平均的普通的,中等的意思是……,意指

基本词义

mean
中项n.平均数,平均值中间的,平均的普通的,中等的意思是…,意指

基本词义

mean
平均数,平均值,中项平均的,中间的,普通的,中等的

基本词义

mean
平均数,平均值a.平均的,中间的

英汉经贸大词典

mean
n.平均数

英汉计算机大词典

mean
vt.意味(意思是,打算;adj.平均的(下等的,自私的)

英汉机械大词典

mean
n.平均值,平均

英汉建筑大词典

mean
n.中间,均值,平均

英汉农牧林大词典

mean
n.平均,中项,均值,平均,平均值,平均数

英汉水利大词典

mean
n.平均,中数,设备

英汉消防大词典

mean
平均值

英汉心理学大词典

mean
平均数

英汉冶金大词典

mean
n.平均值,平均的

英汉医学大词典

mean
n.平均数

英汉造纸大词典

mean
n.平均值,平均,平均的

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