简明英汉词典

mattress
[5mAtris]
n.
床垫, 空气垫, (用以护堤等的)沉床

美国传统词典[双解]

mattress
mat.tress
AHD:[m2t“r1s]
D.J.[6m#tris]
K.K.[6m#tr!s]
n.(名词)

(1)

A usually rectangular pad of heavy cloth filled with soft material or an arrangement of coiled springs, used as or on a bed.
褥垫,床垫:通常为长方形的棉布垫,内装柔软材料或排列好的弹簧,常用于床上

(2)

An airtight inflatable pad used as or on a bed or as a cushion.
气垫:充气垫子,用作床或放在床上

(3)

A closely woven mat of brush and poles used to protect an embankment, a dike, or a dam from erosion.
(用以护堤、坝等的)柴排,沉排,沉床:荆棘和杆子的密织席,用于保护堤、坝,使不受侵蚀

语源

(1)

Middle English mattresse
中古英语 mattresse

(2)

from Old French materas
源自 古法语 materas

(3)

from Old Italian materasso
源自 古意大利语 materasso

(4)

and from Medieval Latin matracium
并源自 中世纪拉丁语 matracium

(5)

both from Arabic maú?} [place where something is thrown, mat, cushion]
都源自 阿拉伯语 maú?} [放于某物被扔、铺席于或掩盖的地方]

(6)

from ú?a} [to throw]
源自 ú?a} [扔,掷]

注释
The history of the word mattress is a small lesson in the way amenities have come to Europe from the Middle East. During the earlier part of the Middle Ages, Arabic culture was more advanced than that of Europe. One of the amenities of life enjoyed by the Arabs was sleeping on cushions thrown on the floor. Derived from the Arabic word ú?a,} “to throw,” the word maú?} meant “place where something is thrown” and “mat, cushion.” This kind of sleeping surface was adopted by the Europeans during the Crusades, and the Arabic word was taken into Italian (materasso ) and then into Old French ( materas ), from which comes the Middle English word materas , first recorded in a work written around 1300. The Arabic word also became Medieval Latin matracium, another source of our word.
mattress 这个词的由来是康乐设施从中东传到英国的一个小小见证。 中世纪早期,阿拉伯人的文化要比欧洲文化进步。阿拉伯人生活中享受的一个康乐设施就是睡在铺在地上的垫子上。由阿拉伯语中的词taraha “扔”派生出来的词 matrah , 意思是“铺着东西的地方”和“垫子,沙发”。这种睡觉方式被十字军东征时期的欧洲人采用,这个阿拉伯词因此进入意大利语(materasso )和古法语( materas )。 从这两个词又引出最早出现于1300年左右的一部著作中的中古英语词汇materas 。 这个阿拉伯词同时也被收入中世纪拉丁语,即matracium , 这也是我们这个单词的另一个来源

现代英汉词典

mattress
[5mAtrIs]
n.
床垫
Mattress are filled with feathers, cotton, or straw.
床垫里塞满了羽毛、棉花或草。

现代英汉综合大辞典

mattress
[5mAtris]
n.

(1)

床垫

(2)

(护岸)木排, 枝篱

(3)

【建】混凝土地面

(4)

【建】钢筋网

特殊用法

asbestos mattress
石棉褥

ballast mattress
沉碴垫层

double-thickness air-filled mattress
双层气垫

Dutch mattress
荷兰式柴排

rubber mattress
橡胶垫

spring mattress
弹簧垫子

straw mattress
草垫子

wired mattress
夹钢丝的(玻璃纤维)垫, 金属网棉毡, 夹层棉毡

用法词典

mattress
(中古英语 materas<意大利语 materasso<阿拉伯语 matrah 垫子)

[七国语言]英汉建筑大词典

mattress
柴排

[七国语言]英汉轻工业大词典

mattress
褥, 床垫

美国传统词典

mattress
mat.tress
AHD:[m2t“r1s]
D.J.[6m#tris]
K.K.[6m#tr!s]
n.

(1)

A usually rectangular pad of heavy cloth filled with soft material or an arrangement of coiled springs, used as or on a bed.

(2)

An airtight inflatable pad used as or on a bed or as a cushion.

(3)

A closely woven mat of brush and poles used to protect an embankment, a dike, or a dam from erosion.

语源

(1)

Middle English mattresse

(2)

from Old French materas

(3)

from Old Italian materasso

(4)

and from Medieval Latin matracium

(5)

both from Arabic maú?} [place where something is thrown, mat, cushion]

(6)

from ú?a} [to throw]

注释
The history of the word mattress is a small lesson in the way amenities have come to Europe from the Middle East. During the earlier part of the Middle Ages, Arabic culture was more advanced than that of Europe. One of the amenities of life enjoyed by the Arabs was sleeping on cushions thrown on the floor. Derived from the Arabic word ú?a,} “to throw,” the word maú?} meant “place where something is thrown” and “mat, cushion.” This kind of sleeping surface was adopted by the Europeans during the Crusades, and the Arabic word was taken into Italian (materasso ) and then into Old French ( materas ), from which comes the Middle English word materas , first recorded in a work written around 1300. The Arabic word also became Medieval Latin matracium, another source of our word.

英汉船舶大词典

mattress
n.沉排,床垫

英汉纺织大词典

mattress
n.褥,垫子

英汉化学大词典

mattress
n.褥,垫子,褥子

英汉海运大词典

mattress
防波堤席床垫,褥垫

基本词义

mattress
防波堤席床垫,褥垫

英汉进出口商品词汇大全

mattress
褥垫,床垫

英汉计算机大词典

mattress
n.垫子

英汉机械大词典

mattress
n.垫子,坐垫

英汉建筑大词典

mattress
n.沉排,柴排,混凝土基础板

英汉能源大词典

mattress
n.垫子

英汉水利大词典

mattress
n.沉排,柴排,垫层

英汉消防大词典

mattress
床垫

英汉医学大词典

mattress
n.床垫,台垫

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