简明英汉词典

materialize
[mE5tiEriElaiz]
v.
物化

美国传统词典[双解]

materialize
ma.te.ri.al.ize
AHD:[m…-t?r“?-…-loz”]
D.J.[m*6ti*i8*7laiz]
K.K.[m*6t!ri*7la!z]
v.(动词)
ma.te.ri.al.izedma.te.ri.al.iz.ingma.te.ri.al.iz.es
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To cause to become real or actual:
使成真,实现:使成为真的或确实的:
By building the house, we materialized a dream.
通过建造这所房子,我们实现了一个梦想

(2)

To cause to become materialistic:
使物质化,使具体化:使成为唯物主义的:
“Inequality has the natural and necessary effect . . . of materializing our upper class, vulgarizing our middle class, and brutalizing our lower class”(Matthew Arnold)
“不平等具有一种自然的、必要的效力…使人们的上层阶级物质化,使我们的中层阶级世俗化,使我们的低层阶级残暴化”(马修·阿诺德)
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To assume material or effective form:
实质化;具体化:具备物质的或实际的形式:
Their support on the eastern flank did not materialize.
他们想支援东翼力量的计划未能实现

(2)

To take physical form or shape.
形体化:采取物质的形式或成形

(3)

To appear, especially suddenly.See Synonyms at appear
突然出现参见 appear

继承用法

materialization
AHD:[-…-l1-z3“sh…n] (名词)

materializer
n.(名词)

用法

(1)

In its original senses materialize is used intransitively to mean “to assume material form,” as in Marley's ghost materialized before Scrooge's eyes, or transitively to mean “to cause to assume material form,” as in Disney materialized his dream in a plot of orchard land in Orange County. But these uses are probably less common nowadays than two extended senses of the intransitive sense of the verb. In the first the meaning is roughly “to appear suddenly,” as in No sooner had we set the menu down than a waiter materialized at our table. Some critics have labeled this use incorrect, but the criticism may suggest an overliteralism; used in this way, the verb has the sense “to appear as if by magic.” Materialize also means “to take effective shape, come into existence,” particularly as applied to things or events that have been foreseen or anticipated:
materialize 的最初含义是作为不及物动词时意思是“具有物质形式,” 例如在玛雷的鬼魂在斯克鲁奇眼前显现了 一句中或作及物动词时意思是“使具有物质形式,” 例如在迪斯尼在奥兰治郡的一块果园实现了他的梦想 中。 但是现在这两种用法也许不如该词作为不及物动词的两种延伸的用法更为常见。第一种用法的大致意思是指“突然出现,”例如在我们刚放下菜单不久,侍者就突然出现在我们的饭桌旁 中。 一些批评家认为这种用法不准确,但是这种批评未免太拘泥于字面意思;同样这种用法下,该词还有“仿佛由于魔力而出现”的意思。Materialize 还有“显形,显效,出现”的含义, 尤其适用在已经预料到或被期望的事物。
The promised subsidies never materialized.
允诺的补助金从来没有出现。
It was thought the community would oppose the measure, but no new objections materialized.
据猜想社区可能会反对该措施,但是新的反对意见还没有出现。

(2)

This usage has been criticized, but it is well established in reputable writing and follows a familiar pattern of metaphoric extension. The same logic that allows us to say The plans did not materialize allows us to use equivalent and unobjectionable paraphrases with expressions such as take form and take shape.
这种用法曾经受到批评,但是它曾在一些享有声望的作品中很好地被运用并且跟随了隐喻引申含义的常见模式。我们说计划没有实现 时所用的逻辑允许我们使用相同的、无任何异议的其他表达方式,例如 take form 和 take shape

现代英汉词典

materialize
[mE5tIErIElaIz]
vt., vi.
-ized, -izing

(1)

赋与…形体;使具体化

(2)

实现 (亦作: materialise)

现代英汉综合大辞典

materialize
[mE5tiEriElaiz]
vt.
使具体化; 使物质化; 实现, 使(鬼魂等)现形; 使突然实现
materialize one's ideas
实现自己的理想
With a wave of his hand he materialized a taxi.
他一挥手就召来了一辆出租汽车。
A truck suddenly materialized out of the fog.
一辆卡车突然驶出烟雾。

词性变化

materialize
[mE5tiEriElaiz]
vi.
具体化, 体现; (希望、计划等)实现

继承用法

-zation
[mE9tiEriElai5zeiFEn]
n.
物质化(作用)

materializer
n.
使具体化者, 使物质化者, 实现者

美国传统词典

materialize
ma.te.ri.al.ize
AHD:[m…-t?r“?-…-loz”]
D.J.[m*6ti*i8*7laiz]
K.K.[m*6t!ri*7la!z]
v.
ma.te.ri.al.ized, ma.te.ri.al.iz.ing, ma.te.ri.al.iz.es
v.tr.

(1)

To cause to become real or actual:
By building the house, we materialized a dream.

(2)

To cause to become materialistic:
“Inequality has the natural and necessary effect . . . of materializing our upper class, vulgarizing our middle class, and brutalizing our lower class”(Matthew Arnold)
v.intr.

(1)

To assume material or effective form:
Their support on the eastern flank did not materialize.

(2)

To take physical form or shape.

(3)

To appear, especially suddenly.See Synonyms at appear

继承用法

materialization
AHD:[-…-l1-z3“sh…n] n.

materializer
n.

用法

(1)

In its original senses materialize is used intransitively to mean “to assume material form,” as in Marley's ghost materialized before Scrooge's eyes, or transitively to mean “to cause to assume material form,” as in Disney materialized his dream in a plot of orchard land in Orange County. But these uses are probably less common nowadays than two extended senses of the intransitive sense of the verb. In the first the meaning is roughly “to appear suddenly,” as in No sooner had we set the menu down than a waiter materialized at our table. Some critics have labeled this use incorrect, but the criticism may suggest an overliteralism; used in this way, the verb has the sense “to appear as if by magic.” Materialize also means “to take effective shape, come into existence,” particularly as applied to things or events that have been foreseen or anticipated:
The promised subsidies never materialized.
It was thought the community would oppose the measure, but no new objections materialized.

(2)

This usage has been criticized, but it is well established in reputable writing and follows a familiar pattern of metaphoric extension. The same logic that allows us to say The plans did not materialize allows us to use equivalent and unobjectionable paraphrases with expressions such as take form and take shape.

英汉化学大词典

materialize
n.实现,体现;vt.成为事实,实现

英汉计算机大词典

materialize
vt.成为事实(实现)

英汉机械大词典

materialize
n.成为事实,使…物质化

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