简明英汉词典

martyr
[5mB:tE]
n.
烈士, 殉教者
v.
杀害, 折磨

美国传统词典[双解]

martyr
mar.tyr
AHD:[m?r“t…r]
D.J.[6m$8t*]
K.K.[6m$t+]
n.(名词)

(1)

One who chooses to suffer death rather than renounce religious principles.
殉道者,殉教者,烈士:指宁愿选择去死也不愿放弃其宗教信条的人

(2)

One who makes great sacrifices or suffers much in order to further a belief, cause, or principle.
受难者:为坚持信仰(事业、信条)而作出巨大牺牲或承受巨大痛苦的人

(3)

One who endures great suffering:
长期受苦者:
a martyr to arthritis.
长期受关节炎折磨者

(4)

One who makes a great show of suffering in order to arouse sympathy.
假圣人:假装自我牺牲或受苦以博得别人同情者
v.tr.(及物动词)
mar.tyredmar.tyr.ingmar.tyrs

(1)

To make a martyr of, especially to put to death for devotion to religious beliefs.
处死(坚持信仰者),使殉难:折磨某人,尤其是对为宗教献身的人给极刑

(2)

To inflict great pain on; torment.
使遭受巨大痛苦,折磨

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old English
源自 古英语

(3)

from Late Latin
源自 后期拉丁语

(4)

from Late Greek martur
源自 后期希腊语 martur

(5)

from Greek martus martur- [witness]
源自 希腊语 martus martur- [证人]

现代英汉词典

martyr
[5mB:tE(r)]
n.

(1)

烈士;殉道 者;殉教者

(2)

(与to连用)作某种牺牲来博得声誉的人
John like to make a martyr of himself.
约翰好为沽名钓誉作出点牺牲。

词性变化

martyr
vt.
为信仰而受难或殉难

现代英汉综合大辞典

martyr
[5mB:tE]
n.

(1)

烈士; 殉道者

(2)

受难者, 受苦者; 夸大受苦想博得同情者 martyrs to duty 殉职者 martyrs to love 殉情者 a missionary martyr 殉教者 She is a martyr to continuous headaches. 她是一个不断受到头痛折磨的人。

词性变化

martyr
[5mB:tE]
vt.

(1)

杀害(坚持某种信仰或主义者)

(2)

折磨; 使受难

继承用法

martyrdom
[5mB:tEdEm]
n.
殉教, 殉难[节]; 赴义; 痛苦, 苦难

martyrish
adj.

martyrly
adv.

词性变化

martyr
[5mB:tE]
adj.

习惯用语

be a martyr to
[口]受着...的折磨; 长期患...病

make a martyr

(1)

(of sb.)折磨某人, 让某人吃苦头

(2)

(of oneself)牺牲自己的愿望[利益]以博得信誉(有时是假装牺牲)

特殊用法

Christian M-
基督教的殉道者

revolutionary martyr
革命烈士

英文相关词典

martyr
protomartyr    sufferer    victim    

美国传统词典

martyr
mar.tyr
AHD:[m?r“t…r]
D.J.[6m$8t*]
K.K.[6m$t+]
n.

(1)

One who chooses to suffer death rather than renounce religious principles.

(2)

One who makes great sacrifices or suffers much in order to further a belief, cause, or principle.

(3)

One who endures great suffering:
a martyr to arthritis.

(4)

One who makes a great show of suffering in order to arouse sympathy.
v.tr.
mar.tyred, mar.tyr.ing, mar.tyrs

(1)

To make a martyr of, especially to put to death for devotion to religious beliefs.

(2)

To inflict great pain on; torment.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old English

(3)

from Late Latin

(4)

from Late Greek martur

(5)

from Greek martus martur- [witness]

英汉法学大词典

martyr
n.烈士

英汉航海大词典

martyr
n.烈士

英汉化学大词典

martyr
n.烈士

英汉经贸大词典

martyr
n.烈士

英汉计算机大词典

martyr
n.烈士

英汉能源大词典

martyr
n.烈士

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