简明英汉词典

marshal
[5mB:FEl]
n.
元帅, 典礼官, 执行官, 司仪官
vt.
整顿, 配置, 汇集
vi.
排列, 集合

基本词义

Marshal
[5mB:FEl]
马歇尔(男子名)

美国传统词典[双解]

marshal
mar.shal
AHD:[m?r“sh…l]
D.J.[6m$8.*l]
K.K.[6m$.*l]
n.(名词)

(1)

A military officer of the highest rank in some countries.
元帅,最高指挥官:某些国家最高军衔的军队官员

(2)

A field marshal.
陆军元帅

(3)

A U.S. federal officer of a judicial district who carries out court orders and discharges duties similar to those of a sheriff.
联邦司法区执政官:美国司法区的联邦官员,负责实施法庭命令和征收税金,类似行政司法长官

(4)

A city law enforcement officer in the United States who carries out court orders.
市司法官:美国市法律执行官员,负责实施法庭命令

(5)

The head, especially of a fire department in the United States.
消防队长:美国消防部门的领导

(6)

A fire marshal.
消防局局长

(7)

A person in charge of a parade or ceremony.
司仪者,司礼官:负责游行或典礼的人

(8)

A high official in a royal court, especially one aiding the sovereign in military affairs.
王室最高军务官:王室的高阶官员,尤指帮助君主处理军事事务的人
v.(动词)
mar.shaled也作 mar.shalled mar.shal.ingmarshal.ling mar.shalsmar.shals
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To arrange or place (troops, for example) in line for a parade, maneuver, or review.
排列,安排:为游行、演习或阅兵而按队列安排或放置(如部队)

(2)

To arrange, place, or set in methodical order:
整理,列举:按系统的规则安排、放置或设置:
marshal facts in preparation for an exam.See Synonyms at arrange
为准备考试而列举实例参见 arrange

(3)

To enlist and organize:
参与,组织:
trying to marshal public support.
试图获取公众的支持

(4)

To guide ceremoniously; conduct or usher.
正式地引领;指导或引导
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To take up positions in or as if in a military formation.
编队,编制:按照军队的编制或似按军队的编制排列位置

(2)

To take form or order:
排列成形,排序:
facts marshaling as research progressed.
随着研究工作的不断进展而不断出现的问题

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old French mareschal
源自 古法语 mareschal

(3)

[of Germanic origin]
[源于日耳曼语的]

继承用法

marshalcy 或

marshalship
n.(名词)

注释
Hard-riding marshals of the Wild West in pursuit of criminals reemphasize the relationship of the word marshal with horses. The Germanic ancestor of our word marshal is a compound made up of .marhaz, “horse” (related to the source of our word mare ), and .skalkaz, “servant,” meaning as a whole literally “horse servant,” hence “groom.” The Frankish descendant of this Germanic word, .marahskalk, starting from these humble beginnings, came to designate a high royal official and also a high military commander, not surprisingly so, given the importance of the horse in medieval warfare. The word passed into the period (beginning in 800) in which we speak of Old French, after the Franks and their Germanic language had been fused with the surrounding culture descended from Roman Gaul. When the Normans established a French-speaking official class in England, the Old French word came with them. The Middle English source of our word is first recorded as a surname in 1218 (and the surname Marshal, now spelled Marshall, has been held by some famous people), but it is first recorded as a common noun with the sense “high officer of the royal court” in the first English language proclamation (1258) by an English king, Henry III, after the Norman Conquest. Marshal was applied to this high royal official's deputies, who were officers of courts of law, and the word continued to designate various officials involved with courts of law and law enforcement, including the horseback-riding marshals we are familiar with in the United States.
西部荒野骑着马对罪犯紧追不舍的警长形象,再次强调了marshal 这个词与马之间的联系。 我们这个单词marshal 的日耳曼语原形是一个由 marhaz “马”(与 mare 的语源相关)和 skalkaz “仆人,佣人”组成的合成词, 字面意思是“马的仆人”,也就是后来的“马夫”。这个日耳曼词的法兰克语的演变marahskalk 从最初卑微的含义演变到特指高级王室官员及高级军事将领, 不仅如此,在中世纪的战场上马也被提升到了重要地位。在法兰克人和他们所说的日耳曼语一起融入周围的罗马高卢人文化之后,这个词进入了我们讲古法语的时代(开始于800年)。当诺曼底人在英格兰建立了一个讲法语的官员阶层之后,古法语里的这个词便随之而来。该词在中世纪英语中最早于1218年作为一个姓氏被记录下来(一些著名人士的姓马歇尔,现在的拼写法为Marshall),但作为指“王室的高级官员”的普通名词,它最早出现于英国王亨利三世在诺曼征服之后做的一篇英文公告(1258年)。在此文中Marshal 用于指高级王室官员的代表, 也就是司法官员。该词涉及法律和法律实施的不同官员的含义延续了下来,其中就包括我们所熟悉的美国西部骑在马背上的警长

现代英汉词典

marshal
[5mB:F(E)l]
n.

(1)

高级军官;元帅

(2)

司仪;司礼官

(3)

执法官

词性变化

marshal
vt.
-ll-

(1)

列举;排列

(2)

按礼仪引导某人

(3)

〈铁路〉编组

现代英汉综合大辞典

marshal
[5mB:FEl]
n.

(1)

【军】元帅; 陆军元帅; [英](=Marshal of the Air)空军元帅

(2)

相当于陆军元帅的其他军种将领; 最高级指挥官

(3)

(中古时期王室的)宫内司法官, 司令官

(4)

法警

(5)

司仪者; 典礼官

(6)

美国的联邦法院执行官; 市执法官; 市消防队长; 市警察局长; 典狱长, 狱吏
The oldest general was appointed marshal of the armies.
资格最老的将军被任命为军队的元帅。
The fire marshal directed the hook-and-ladder units.
消防队长指挥云梯消防队。

词性变化

marshal
[5mB:FEl]
vt.

(1)

使排列, 安排

(2)

整顿; 整理

(3)

用仪式引导

(4)

调度(列车的各部分); 给...编组

(5)

(纹章学用语)使连成一体
marshal arguments
整理论椐
marshal sb. into the presence of the minister
引导某人去见部长
marshal soldiers
集结兵力
The general marshaled his army for battle.
将军帅部作战。

marshal
[5mB:FEl]
vi.
排列; 集合; 按次序就位

继承用法

marshalcy,marshalship
n.
元帅的职位[权力, 级别]

特殊用法

Air Chief Marshal
上将

crew's marshal
领奖手

judge's marshal
高等法院巡回法官的秘书

provost marshal
宪兵主任[司令], 军法官

sky marshal
[美]空中警官

Specialist Marshal
专业兵元帅

marshal of arms
兵种元帅

marshal of court
法院执行官, 法警

marshal of services
军种元帅

marshal of state
国家元帅

基本词义

Marshal
[5mB:FEl]
n.
马歇尔(男子名)

英文相关词典

marshal
arrange    conduct    escort    guide    lead    squire    usher    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

marshal
整顿

美国传统词典

marshal
mar.shal
AHD:[m?r“sh…l]
D.J.[6m$8.*l]
K.K.[6m$.*l]
n.

(1)

A military officer of the highest rank in some countries.

(2)

A field marshal.

(3)

A U.S. federal officer of a judicial district who carries out court orders and discharges duties similar to those of a sheriff.

(4)

A city law enforcement officer in the United States who carries out court orders.

(5)

The head, especially of a fire department in the United States.

(6)

A fire marshal.

(7)

A person in charge of a parade or ceremony.

(8)

A high official in a royal court, especially one aiding the sovereign in military affairs.
v.
mar.shaledalso mar.shalled mar.shal.ingmarshal.ling mar.shalsmar.shals
v.tr.

(1)

To arrange or place (troops, for example) in line for a parade, maneuver, or review.

(2)

To arrange, place, or set in methodical order:
marshal facts in preparation for an exam.See Synonyms at arrange

(3)

To enlist and organize:
trying to marshal public support.

(4)

To guide ceremoniously; conduct or usher.
v.intr.

(1)

To take up positions in or as if in a military formation.

(2)

To take form or order:
facts marshaling as research progressed.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old French mareschal

(3)

[of Germanic origin]

继承用法

marshalcy or

marshalship
n.

注释
Hard-riding marshals of the Wild West in pursuit of criminals reemphasize the relationship of the word marshal with horses. The Germanic ancestor of our word marshal is a compound made up of .marhaz, “horse” (related to the source of our word mare ), and .skalkaz, “servant,” meaning as a whole literally “horse servant,” hence “groom.” The Frankish descendant of this Germanic word, .marahskalk, starting from these humble beginnings, came to designate a high royal official and also a high military commander, not surprisingly so, given the importance of the horse in medieval warfare. The word passed into the period (beginning in 800) in which we speak of Old French, after the Franks and their Germanic language had been fused with the surrounding culture descended from Roman Gaul. When the Normans established a French-speaking official class in England, the Old French word came with them. The Middle English source of our word is first recorded as a surname in 1218 (and the surname Marshal, now spelled Marshall, has been held by some famous people), but it is first recorded as a common noun with the sense “high officer of the royal court” in the first English language proclamation (1258) by an English king, Henry III, after the Norman Conquest. Marshal was applied to this high royal official's deputies, who were officers of courts of law, and the word continued to designate various officials involved with courts of law and law enforcement, including the horseback-riding marshals we are familiar with in the United States.

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

marshal
编组,调度;引导;安排,整理

英汉法学大词典

marshal
n.典礼官 ,市执法官,消防队长,元帅,执行员 ;v.安排

英汉航海大词典

marshal
n.调度

英汉航空大词典

marshal
n.引导

英汉化学大词典

marshal
vt.整理,编组,引导;n.元帅,消防队长

英汉经贸大词典

marshal
n.调度

英汉计算机大词典

marshal
vt.整理(编组,引导);n.元帅(消防队长)

英汉机械大词典

marshal
n.整理,引导

英汉水利大词典

marshal
n.整理,安排,砌筑

英汉造纸大词典

marshal
n.整理,引导

电子邮件: 版权所有 一切网及原始资料出版社Copyright © 2004