简明英汉词典

maroon
[mE5ru:n]
n.
栗色
adj.
栗色的

美国传统词典[双解]

maroon
ma.roon 1
AHD:[m…-r?n“]
D.J.[m*6ru8n]
K.K.[m*6run]
v.tr.(及物动词)
ma.roonedma.roon.ingma.roons

(1)

To put ashore on a deserted island or coast and intentionally abandon.
放逐:将…置于一个荒凉的岛上或海岸边并有意抛弃

(2)

To abandon or isolate with little hope of ready rescue or escape:
使孤立无援:因无太大获救或逃脱的希望而放弃或孤立:
The travelers were marooned by the blizzard.
暴风雪使旅客们孤立无援
n.(名词)

(1)

Often Maroon
常作 Maroon

(2)

A fugitive Black slave in the West Indies in the 17th and 18th centuries.
逃亡黑奴:17或18世纪西印度群岛的逃亡黑奴

(3)

A descendant of such a slave.
逃亡黑奴后裔

(4)

A person who is marooned, as on an island.
被放逐者:被放逐在荒岛上的人

语源

(1)

From French marron [fugitive slave]
源自 法语 marron [逃亡黑奴]

(2)

from American Spanish cimarrón [wild, runaway]
源自 美国西班牙语 cimarrón [野生的,逃跑的]

(3)

perhaps from cima [summit]
可能源自 cima [顶峰]

(4)

from Latin cta [sprout] * see cyma
源自 拉丁语 cta [嫩芽] *参见 cyma

注释
The history of the word maroon, which we associate with desert islands, takes us back to the days of slavery, when the noun maroon was a term in English for a Black person who lived in the mountains and forests of Dutch Guiana (Suriname) and the West Indies, a term that is still used in parts of the Caribbean. These were plantation slaves who had run away to live free in uncultivated parts. The English word is taken from the French word marron, “runaway Black slave,” which in turn was an alteration of American Spanish cimarrón, meaning “runaway slave.” Cimarrón is perhaps from cima, “summit.” Having come into English (first recorded in 1666), maroon took on a life of its own and came to be used as a verb meaning “to be lost in the wilds,” from which our sense “to put ashore on a deserted island or coast” evolved.
单词maroon 与荒岛有关联,其历史可追溯到奴隶制时代, 当时英语中的maroon 这个词指的是生活在荷属圭亚那(苏里南)和西印度群岛的黑人, 在加勒比的某些地区这个词仍在使用。这些人本是种植园里的奴隶,他们逃到未开发的土地上自由自在地生活。英语中的这个词源于法语中的marron , 意思是“逃亡的黑奴”, 它又是美洲西班牙语cimarron 的变形, 其意为“逃亡的奴隶”。Cinmarron 可能源于 cima ,“顶峰”。 进入英语之后(最早的记载在1666年),maroon 具有了自己的内涵, 而且开始被作为动词使用,意思是“在荒野中迷失方向”,我们的“将…置于一个荒凉的岛上或海岸边”这个意思就是从这里发展而来

基本词义

maroon
ma.roon 2
AHD:[m…-r?n“]
D.J.[m*6ru8n]
K.K.[m*6run]
n.Color (名词)【色彩】
A dark reddish brown to dark purplish red.
栗色:暗红棕色到暗紫红色

语源

(1)

French marron [chestnut]
法语 marron [栗子]

(2)

from Italian marrone
源自 意大利语 marrone

现代英汉词典

maroon 1
[mE5ru:n]
adj.
栗色的;茶色的

词性变化

maroon
n.
栗色;茶色

基本词义

maroon 2
[mE5ru:n]
vt.

(1)

(将人)放逐到荒岛上

(2)

使(人)处于孤独无助之境

(3)

闲荡
I was marooned on a lonely country road.
我在一条僻静的乡间道路上闲荡。

词性变化

maroon
n.
被放逐到荒岛上的人

现代英汉综合大辞典

maroon
[mE5ru:n]
n.

(1)

逃亡到西印度群岛等地的黑奴或其后代

(2)

被放逐到孤岛的人

词性变化

maroon
[mE5ru:n]
vt.
把...放逐到孤岛; (因洪水等)使孤立
be marooned on roofs
被(洪水)围困在屋顶上
maroon sb. on a desert island
把某人放逐到荒岛上
During the storm we were marooned in a cabin miles from town.
在风暴中我们被围困在离城数英里的小屋内。

maroon
[mE5ru:n]
vi.

(1)

[美]带着帐篷旅行[野营]

(2)

从奴役下逃亡; 闲荡
maroon about the city
在城里闲荡

继承用法

marooner
n.
海盗; 被流放到孤岛上的人; 逃跑的奴隶; [美]野营旅行者

美国传统词典

maroon
ma.roon 1
AHD:[m…-r?n“]
D.J.[m*6ru8n]
K.K.[m*6run]
v.tr.
ma.rooned, ma.roon.ing, ma.roons

(1)

To put ashore on a deserted island or coast and intentionally abandon.

(2)

To abandon or isolate with little hope of ready rescue or escape:
The travelers were marooned by the blizzard.
n.

(1)

Often Maroon

(2)

A fugitive Black slave in the West Indies in the 17th and 18th centuries.

(3)

A descendant of such a slave.

(4)

A person who is marooned, as on an island.

语源

(1)

From French marron [fugitive slave]

(2)

from American Spanish cimarrón [wild, runaway]

(3)

perhaps from cima [summit]

(4)

from Latin cta [sprout] * see cyma

注释
The history of the word maroon, which we associate with desert islands, takes us back to the days of slavery, when the noun maroon was a term in English for a Black person who lived in the mountains and forests of Dutch Guiana (Suriname) and the West Indies, a term that is still used in parts of the Caribbean. These were plantation slaves who had run away to live free in uncultivated parts. The English word is taken from the French word marron, “runaway Black slave,” which in turn was an alteration of American Spanish cimarrón, meaning “runaway slave.” Cimarrón is perhaps from cima, “summit.” Having come into English (first recorded in 1666), maroon took on a life of its own and came to be used as a verb meaning “to be lost in the wilds,” from which our sense “to put ashore on a deserted island or coast” evolved.

基本词义

maroon
ma.roon 2
AHD:[m…-r?n“]
D.J.[m*6ru8n]
K.K.[m*6run]
n.Color
A dark reddish brown to dark purplish red.

语源

(1)

French marron [chestnut]

(2)

from Italian marrone

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

maroon
【NT】暗红色

英汉纺织大词典

maroon
n.紫色

英汉航海大词典

maroon
n.带着帐蓬旅行

英汉化学大词典

maroon
n.栗色的,褐红色,爆竹;vt.把...放逐到荒岛

英汉经贸大词典

maroon
n.带着帐蓬旅行

英汉计算机大词典

maroon
n.栗色的(褐红色,爆竹);vt.把...放逐到荒岛

英汉消防大词典

maroon
爆竹,鞭炮

英汉中医大词典

maroon
n.栗色的,紫酱色的

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