简明英汉词典

mannequin
[5mAnikin]
n.
服装模特儿, 人体模型

美国传统词典[双解]

mannequin
man.ne.quin
AHD:[m2n“1-k1n]
D.J.[6m#nikin]
K.K.[6m#n!k!n]
n.(名词)

(1)

A life-size full or partial representation of the human body, used for the fitting or displaying of clothes; a dummy.
人体模型:如真人大小的、全身或半身的人体模型,用于量试衣服是否合适或展示服装;人体模型

(2)

A jointed model of the human body used by artists, especially to demonstrate the arrangement of drapery.Also called lay figure
模特:关节可以活动的人体模型,为艺术家所使用,特别用来展示绸料的布置也作 lay figure

(3)

One who models clothes; a model.
时装模特:作模型展示衣服的人;时装模特

语源

(1)

French
法语

(2)

from Old French [little man, figurine]
源自 古法语 [小人,小塑像]

(3)

from Middle Dutch mannekijn * see manikin
源自 中古荷兰语 mannekijn *参见 manikin

注释
A department store mannequin is often not a man and often not little, yet mannequin goes back to the Middle Dutch word mannekijn, the diminutive form of man. Of course we must consider the fact that man in Dutch, as in English, has often been used to mean “person.” As for the size of a mannequin, the Middle Dutch word could mean “dwarf” but in Modern Dutch developed the specialized sense of “an artist's jointed model.” This was the sense in which we adopted the word (first recorded in 1570), another term like easel and landscape that was taken over from the terminology of Dutch painters of the time. The word borrowed from Dutch now has the form manikin. We later adopted the French version of the Dutch word as well, giving English mannequin. Mannequinis considered to be first recorded in a dictionary published from 1730 to 1736 or in 1902, depending on whether one regards early forms showing French influence as variants of manikin or as representations of a new word. In any event, mannequin is now the form most commonly encountered and the one commonly used for a department store dummy as well as a live model.
一个百货店的时装模特一般不用男子并且也不会太小,但mannequin 一词来源于中世纪时的荷兰语 mannekijn, 是man 的小词形式。 当然,我们应该考虑到在荷兰语和英语中,man 被用来指“一个人”。 至于人体模型的大小,这个中世纪荷兰词语可以表示“侏儒”,但在现代荷兰语中发展出一个特定的意思是“艺术家的关节活动的人体模型”。我们取的就是这个意思(最早记载于1570年),其它如easel 和 landscape 也是从当时荷兰画家所用术语中搬过来的。 从荷兰语来的这个词今天的形式是manikin 。 我们后来又接受了这个荷兰词的法语变体,英语词是manneqin 。 Mannequin一般认为最早记载于一本字典中, 出版于1730-1736年间或1902年,主要看是把该词的较早的形式看作是用法语影响的manikin 一词的变体还是看作是一个新词。 不论如何,mannequin 一词现在已经是最为常见的形式了, 通常用来表示百货商店里的人体模型或真人模特

现代英汉词典

mannequin
[5mAnIkIn]
n.

(1)

时装模特儿

(2)

模特儿衣架

现代英汉综合大辞典

mannequin
[5mAnikin]
n.
服装模特儿; (橱窗里的)服装模型; 人体模型

[七国语言]英汉轻工业大词典

mannequin
时装模特儿

美国传统词典

mannequin
man.ne.quin
AHD:[m2n“1-k1n]
D.J.[6m#nikin]
K.K.[6m#n!k!n]
n.

(1)

A life-size full or partial representation of the human body, used for the fitting or displaying of clothes; a dummy.

(2)

A jointed model of the human body used by artists, especially to demonstrate the arrangement of drapery.Also called lay figure

(3)

One who models clothes; a model.

语源

(1)

French

(2)

from Old French [little man, figurine]

(3)

from Middle Dutch mannekijn * see manikin

注释
A department store mannequin is often not a man and often not little, yet mannequin goes back to the Middle Dutch word mannekijn, the diminutive form of man. Of course we must consider the fact that man in Dutch, as in English, has often been used to mean “person.” As for the size of a mannequin, the Middle Dutch word could mean “dwarf” but in Modern Dutch developed the specialized sense of “an artist's jointed model.” This was the sense in which we adopted the word (first recorded in 1570), another term like easel and landscape that was taken over from the terminology of Dutch painters of the time. The word borrowed from Dutch now has the form manikin. We later adopted the French version of the Dutch word as well, giving English mannequin. Mannequinis considered to be first recorded in a dictionary published from 1730 to 1736 or in 1902, depending on whether one regards early forms showing French influence as variants of manikin or as representations of a new word. In any event, mannequin is now the form most commonly encountered and the one commonly used for a department store dummy as well as a live model.

英汉纺织大词典

mannequin
n.多缩甘露糖,甘露聚糖

英汉医学大词典

mannequin
n.人体模型

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