简明英汉词典

malign
[mE5lain]
v.
诽谤
adj.
恶毒的

美国传统词典[双解]

malign
ma.lign
AHD:[m…-lon“]
D.J.[m*6lain]
K.K.[m*6la!n]
v.tr.(及物动词)
ma.lignedma.lign.ingma.ligns
To make evil, harmful, and often untrue statements about; speak evil of.
污蔑,中伤:对…说坏的、伤害性的、和常常是不真实的言论;说…的坏话
adj.(形容词)

(1)

Evil in disposition, nature, or intent.
恶毒的,邪恶的:性情、本质或动机上邪恶的

(2)

Evil in influence; injurious.
有害的:具不良影响的;有害的

(3)

Having or showing malice or ill will; malevolent.
恶意的:具有或表现出恶意或不良愿望的;含有恶意的

语源

(1)

Middle English malignen [to attack]
中古英语 malignen [攻击]

(2)

from Old French malignier
源自 古法语 malignier

(3)

from Late Latin malign3o}
源自 后期拉丁语 malign3o}

(4)

from Latin malignus [malign] * see gen-
源自 拉丁语 malignus [恶的] *参见 gen-

(5)

Adj., from Middle English
形容词,源自 中古英语

(6)

from Old French
源自 古法语

(7)

from Latin malignus
源自 拉丁语 malignus

继承用法

maligner
n.(名词)

malignly
adv.(副词)

参考词汇

(1)

maligndefametraducevilifyasperseslandercalumniatelibel

(2)

These verbs mean to make evil, harmful, often untrue statements about another.
这些动词的意思是说别人的坏的、有害的、和常常是不真实的话。

(3)

Malign stresses malicious intent:
Malign 强调的是恶意的动机:
“Have I not taken your part when you were maligned?” (Thackeray).
“当你被人污蔑时我难道不是站在你这边吗?” (萨克雷)。

(4)

Defame connotes damage to reputation, character, or good name brought about by misrepresentation:
Defame 暗指由于虚假的陈述而导致的对名誉、品质或好名声的损害:
The judge ruled that the plaintiff had been defamed and had legitimate grounds for a lawsuit.
法官判定:原告的名誉受损,他进行法律诉讼具有合法前提。

(5)

Traduce implies malicious and false statements resulting in humiliation or disgrace:
Traduce 暗指由于恶意的或歪曲的言论而带来的耻辱或不光彩:
“My character was traduced by Captain Hawkins . . . so much so, that even the ship's company cried out shame” (Frederick Marryat).
“我的人格遭到了霍金斯船长的羞辱…以致船员们都替我觉得无地自容” (弗雷德里克·马里亚特)。

(6)

Vilify pertains to open, deliberate, vicious defamation or denigration:
Vilify 属于那种公开的、蓄意的且恶毒的败坏他人名誉或诋毁他人的行为:
“One who belongs to the most vilified and persecuted minority in history is not likely to be insensible to the freedoms guaranteed by our Constitution” (Felix Frankfurter). To asperse is to spread unfavorable charges or insinuations against:
“那些历史上处于强烈被诋毁和被压迫的少数民族对我们宪章所保证的自由不可能无动于衷” (费里克斯·弗兰福特)。Asperse 是散布对某人不利的攻击或散布影射某人的话:
“a libel tending to asperse or vilify the house of Commons” (Letters of Junius).
“倾向于诋毁、中伤众议院的诽谤言论” (米尼厄斯的信件)。

(7)

Slander and calumniate apply to malicious, false, and defamatory oral expression:
Slander 和calumniate 用于指口头上的恶意的、虚假的和败坏名誉的表述:
slandered his political opponent;
诽谤他的政治对手;
calumniated and ridiculed the President in whose cabinet he had once served.
污蔑并嘲弄那位总统,而他还曾在那位总统的内阁中任职。

(8)

Libel involves the communication of written or pictorial material injurious to the reputation of another:
Libel 涉及到对别人名声有害的书面或图形材料的传播:
The ensuing publicity caused the entertainer to regret having sued the newspaper for libeling his character. See also Synonyms at sinister
接踵而来的暴光令那位演员后悔去状告那报纸影射中伤他的人格 参见同义词 sinister

现代英汉词典

malign
[mE5laIn]
adj.
有害的;邪恶的

词性变化

malign
vt.
诽谤;诋毁

现代英汉综合大辞典

malign
[mE5lain]
adj.
邪恶的, 有害的; 恶性的(疾病等); [罕]有恶意的, 怨恨的

词性变化

malign
[mE5lain]
vt.
诬蔑, 诽谤
n.
诬蔑者

继承用法

malignly
adv.

英文相关词典

malign
defame    slander    slur    smear    benign    

美国传统词典

malign
ma.lign
AHD:[m…-lon“]
D.J.[m*6lain]
K.K.[m*6la!n]
v.tr.
ma.ligned, ma.lign.ing, ma.ligns
To make evil, harmful, and often untrue statements about; speak evil of.
adj.

(1)

Evil in disposition, nature, or intent.

(2)

Evil in influence; injurious.

(3)

Having or showing malice or ill will; malevolent.

语源

(1)

Middle English malignen [to attack]

(2)

from Old French malignier

(3)

from Late Latin malign3o}

(4)

from Latin malignus [malign] * see gen-

(5)

Adj., from Middle English

(6)

from Old French

(7)

from Latin malignus

继承用法

maligner
n.

malignly
adv.

参考词汇

(1)

malign, defame, traduce, vilify, asperse, slander, calumniate, libel

(2)

These verbs mean to make evil, harmful, often untrue statements about another.

(3)

Malign stresses malicious intent:
“Have I not taken your part when you were maligned?” (Thackeray).

(4)

Defame connotes damage to reputation, character, or good name brought about by misrepresentation:
The judge ruled that the plaintiff had been defamed and had legitimate grounds for a lawsuit.

(5)

Traduce implies malicious and false statements resulting in humiliation or disgrace:
“My character was traduced by Captain Hawkins . . . so much so, that even the ship's company cried out shame” (Frederick Marryat).

(6)

Vilify pertains to open, deliberate, vicious defamation or denigration:
“One who belongs to the most vilified and persecuted minority in history is not likely to be insensible to the freedoms guaranteed by our Constitution” (Felix Frankfurter). To asperse is to spread unfavorable charges or insinuations against:
“a libel tending to asperse or vilify the house of Commons” (Letters of Junius).

(7)

Slander and calumniate apply to malicious, false, and defamatory oral expression:
slandered his political opponent;
calumniated and ridiculed the President in whose cabinet he had once served.

(8)

Libel involves the communication of written or pictorial material injurious to the reputation of another:
The ensuing publicity caused the entertainer to regret having sued the newspaper for libeling his character. See also Synonyms at sinister

英汉法学大词典

malign
v.恶意 ,诬害,邪恶,有害

英汉化学大词典

malign
adj.有害的;vt.诽谤

英汉计算机大词典

malign
adj.有害的;vt.诽谤

英汉心理学大词典

malign
恶毒的

英汉医学大词典

malign
n.恶性的,致命的

英汉中医大词典

malign
n.有害的,恶性的

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