简明英汉词典

macabre
[mE5kB:br(r)]
adj.
恐怖的, 令人毛骨悚然的, 以死亡为主题的

美国传统词典[双解]

macabre
ma.ca.bre
AHD:[m…-k?“br…, m…-k?b“, -k?“b…r]
D.J.[m*6k$8br*, m*6k$8b, -6k$8b*]
K.K.[m*6k$br*, m*6k$b, -6k$b+]
adj.(形容词)

(1)

Suggesting the horror of death and decay; gruesome:
恐怖的,阴森森的:令人联想起死亡和衰败的恐怖景象的;令人毛骨悚然的:
macabre tales of war and plague in the Middle Ages.See Synonyms at ghastly
中世纪战争和瘟疫事件令人联想起死亡和衰败的恐怖景象参见 ghastly

(2)

Constituting or including a representation of death.
以死亡为主题的:组成或包括关于死亡的描述的

语源

(1)

Ultimately from Old French (Danse) Macabre [(dance) of death]
最终源自 古法语 (Danse) Macabre [死亡的(舞蹈)]

(2)

perhaps alteration of Macabe [Maccabee]
可能为 Macabe的变化 [马加比]

(3)

from Latin Maccabaeus
源自 拉丁语 Maccabaeus

(4)

from Greek Makkabios
源自 希腊语 Makkabios

继承用法

macabrely
adv.(副词)

注释
The word macabre is an excellent example of a word formed with reference to a specific context that has long since disappeared for everyone but scholars. Macabre is first recorded in the phrase Macabrees daunce in a work written around 1430 by John Lydgate. Lydgate expressed it so because he thought Macabree was a French author, although he was actually dealing with the Old French phrase Danse Macabre, “the Dance of Death,” a subject of art and literature. In this dance, Death leads people of all classes and walks of life to the same final end. The macabre element is thought by some to be an alteration of Macabe , “a Maccabee.” The Maccabees were Jewish martyrs who were honored by a feast throughout the Western Church, and reverence for them was linked to reverence for the dead. One of the biblical books of Maccabees also contains a passage (II Maccabees 12:43-45) mentioning sacrifices for the dead and their future resurrection, which has been used to defend the doctrine of Purgatory. Today macabre has no connection with the Maccabees and little connection with the Dance of Death, but it still has to do with death.
单词macabre 是一个极好的例子,创造该词的来龙去脉除了学者之外早已被世人所遗忘。 Macabre 最早见于短语 Macabrees daunce 是在1430年前后约翰·利德盖特写的一本书中。 利德盖特这样表达是因为他认为Macabree 是源于法语的词, 实际上他指的是一个古老的法语短语Danse Macabre, “死神之舞,” 一个艺术与文学的主题。在这个舞蹈中,死神把各种各样的人带到了同一个终点。有人认为macabre 是 Macabe 的变体,“马加比人”。 马加比们就是那些犹太殉道者,在天主教会中通过节日表达对他们的敬意,对他们的尊敬和对死的敬畏是联系在一起的。基督教典籍中关于马加比人的书中有一段文字(Ⅱ马加比人12:43-45)提到对死者的祭祀和他们未来的复活,这段文字被用来捍卫关于炼狱的教义。今天macabre 与马加比人毫无联系, 与死神之舞相关甚少,但它仍与死亡有关

现代英汉词典

macabre
[mE5kB:br(r)]
adj.
可怕的;恐怖的;令人毛骨悚然的
a macabre story
一个可怕的故事

美国传统词典

macabre
ma.ca.bre
AHD:[m…-k?“br…, m…-k?b“, -k?“b…r]
D.J.[m*6k$8br*, m*6k$8b, -6k$8b*]
K.K.[m*6k$br*, m*6k$b, -6k$b+]
adj.

(1)

Suggesting the horror of death and decay; gruesome:
macabre tales of war and plague in the Middle Ages.See Synonyms at ghastly

(2)

Constituting or including a representation of death.

语源

(1)

Ultimately from Old French (Danse) Macabre [(dance) of death]

(2)

perhaps alteration of Macabe [Maccabee]

(3)

from Latin Maccabaeus

(4)

from Greek Makkabios

继承用法

macabrely
adv.

注释
The word macabre is an excellent example of a word formed with reference to a specific context that has long since disappeared for everyone but scholars. Macabre is first recorded in the phrase Macabrees daunce in a work written around 1430 by John Lydgate. Lydgate expressed it so because he thought Macabree was a French author, although he was actually dealing with the Old French phrase Danse Macabre, “the Dance of Death,” a subject of art and literature. In this dance, Death leads people of all classes and walks of life to the same final end. The macabre element is thought by some to be an alteration of Macabe , “a Maccabee.” The Maccabees were Jewish martyrs who were honored by a feast throughout the Western Church, and reverence for them was linked to reverence for the dead. One of the biblical books of Maccabees also contains a passage (II Maccabees 12:43-45) mentioning sacrifices for the dead and their future resurrection, which has been used to defend the doctrine of Purgatory. Today macabre has no connection with the Maccabees and little connection with the Dance of Death, but it still has to do with death.

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