简明英汉词典

lose
[lu:z]
vt.
遗失, 浪费, 错过, 输去, 使失去, 使迷路, 使沉溺于
vi.
受损失, 失败

美国传统词典[双解]

lose
lose
AHD:[l?z]
D.J.[lu8z]
K.K.[luz]
v.(动词)
lost[l?st, l?st] los.inglos.es
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To be unsuccessful in retaining possession of; mislay:
遗失:在保管某物时不成功;丢失:
He's always losing his keys on the way out the door.
他经常在路上丢失钥匙

(2)

To come to be deprived of the ownership, care, or control of (something one has had), as by negligence, accident, or theft:
(因疏忽,意外而)失去:由于疏忽、意外或盗窃而被剥夺(某人所拥有的某物)的所有权、管理权或控制权:
I've lost three umbrellas this year. Britain lost its American colonies in a revolution.
今年我丢了三把伞。在革命中,英国丧失了它在北美的殖民地

(3)

To be deprived of (something one has had):
被剥夺(某人曾拥有的某物):
lost their lives; lost her youth through hardship.
失去生命;由于辛劳而失去青春

(4)

To be bereaved of:
丧失:
lost his wife.
他失去了妻子

(5)

To be unable to keep alive:
无法继续存活:无法使…活下去:
a doctor who has lost very few patients.
这位医生鲜有不能治愈的病人

(6)

To be unable to maintain, sustain, or keep:
无法维持,保留或保管:
lost everything in the stock market crash; is losing supporters by changing his mind.
在股市狂跌中丧失了一切;由于改变了主意,将失去支持者

(7)

To fail to win; fail in:
未能获胜;失败:
lost the game; lost the court case.
在比赛中失败;打输了官司

(8)

To fail to use or take advantage of:
未能使用或利用:
Don't lose a chance to improve your position.
不要错过晋级的机会

(9)

To fail to hear, see, or understand:
无法听到、看到或理解:
We lost the plane in the fog. I lost her when she started speaking about thermodynamics.
在浓雾中我们看不到飞机了。当她开始讲热力学时,我理解不了

(10)

To let (oneself) become unable to find the way.
迷路:使(自己)无法找到路

(11)

To remove (oneself), as from everyday reality into a fantasy world.
迷失:将(自己)从日常的现实带入幻想的世界中

(12)

To rid oneself of:
减轻:使自己摆脱:
lost five pounds.
减轻五英磅

(13)

To consume aimlessly; waste:
浪费:无目的地消费;浪费:
lost a week in idle occupations.
在闲混中浪费了一周时间

(14)

To stray or wander from:
从…走失:
lose one's way.
迷路

(15)

To elude or outdistance:
避开,甩掉:
lost their pursuers.
甩掉他们的追踪者

(16)

To be outdistanced by:
被…甩掉:
chased the thieves but lost them.
追踪小偷,但被甩掉了

(17)

To become slow by (a specified amount of time). Used of a timepiece.
变慢:变慢了(一定时间)。用于计时器

(18)

To cause or result in the loss of:
导致…的丧失:造成…的损失,以…的损失为结果:
Failure to reply to the advertisement lost her the job.
未能对广告作出答复使她失去了工作

(19)

To cause to be destroyed. Usually used in the passive:
使被毁坏。通常用于被动:
Both planes were lost in the crash.
两架飞机都在撞机中报废了

(20)

To cause to be damned.
使被诅咒
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To suffer loss.
经受损失

(2)

To be defeated.
被击败

(3)

To operate or run slow. Used of a timepiece.
走慢:工作或运转慢。用于计时器

常用词组

lose out
To fail to achieve or receive an expected gain.
输掉,失败:未能达到或收到预定的目的

习惯用语

lose out on
To miss (an opportunity, for example).
错过(机会)

lose time

(1)

To operate too slowly. Used of a timepiece.
(钟表)走慢:运转得太慢。用于计时器

(2)

To delay advancement.
延误进展

语源

(1)

Middle English losen
中古英语 losen

(2)

from Old English losian [to perish]
源自 古英语 losian [消失]

(3)

from los [loss] * see leu-
源自 los [损失] *参见 leu-

现代英汉词典

lose
[lu:z]
vt., vi.
lost, losing

(1)

丢失,遗失
I cannot find my watch;I must have lost it.
我找不到手表,我一定把它给丢了。
I tried hard not to lose a word of his lecture.
我努力想听清他讲课讲的每一字每一句。
I had just lost &50 and I felt very upset.
"我刚丢失了50英镑,感到很烦恼。"

(2)

失败,输
Our team lost the football match.
我们队足球比赛输了。
Scotland lost to Australia.
苏格兰队负于澳大利亚队。
He lost the argument.
这场争论他输了。

(3)

使失去
We shouldn't lose heart. We may have another try.
"我们不应该灰心,我们可以再试一次。"
The drug will lose its potency when exposed to moisture.
这药一受潮就会失效。
He has lost his mind.
他失去理智力。;他发疯了。
His foolish remarks and behaviour lost him his job.
他的愚蠢言论和行为使他丢了工作。

(4)

使损失;使丧失
Such behaviour lost him our trust.
他这种行为使得我们不再信任他了。
They lost $2000 on that job.
这笔买卖他们赔了二千美元。

(5)

减少
This watch loses about one minute a day.
这手表一天大约要慢一分钟。

(6)

丧失,失去
Films of that sort have lost their appeal for children.
那种电影对孩子们已经没有吸引力了。
She lost her parents recently.
她最近失去了双亲。
He has lost his job.
他失业了。
Keep calm. You shouldn't lose your composure.
"保持镇静,不要惊慌失措。"
Don't lose hold of my hand.
不要松开我的手。

(7)

摆脱;解除
to lose one's fear of the dark
不再怕黑暗

(8)

没听见;没看见;不知道
His voice was soft and I lost some of his words.
他的声音很轻,有些话我没有听到。
"I'm sorry, you've lost me; could you explain it again?"
"对不起,我没听清楚,你能再解释一遍吗?"

(9)

浪费
We have no time to lose.
我们没有时间好浪费。
Our labour will not be lost.
我们的努力不会白费。

(10)

失去;不再有
l've lost interest in that subject.
我对那事已没有兴趣了。

(11)

没能赶上,误
to lose the boat
误船
to lose the train
没赶上火车

(12)

专心致志
She lost herself in the book.
她专心在书上。

(13)

(钟表)走得慢

(14)

使迷路
They lost their way in the mist.
他们在雾中迷路了。

常用词组

lose out

(1)

损失
Their business lost out on the deal.
他们的商行在那笔交易中亏了本。

(2)

失败,输

现代英汉综合大辞典

lose
[lu:z]
vt.
(lost [lCst])

(1)

丢失, 丧失

(2)

迷路, 使迷惑

(3)

损失, 浪费

(4)

错过, 失去

(5)

看漏, 听漏, 放跑

(6)

输掉; 使失败

(7)

[用被动语态]使毁灭; 使破坏

(8)

使沉湎于

(9)

(赛跑中)超过

(10)

摆脱, 脱离

(11)

无法控制[保持]

(12)

(医生)未能救治(病人)

(13)

减少, 降低
lose memory
丧失记忆
lose one's eyesight
失去视力
lose one's way
迷路
lose oneself in the woods
在森林中迷路
lose an opportunity
错过机会
lose one's train
没赶上火车
lose no time
刻不容缓
lose a game
输一局[场]
lose one's fear
解除忧虑
lose balance
失去平衡
lose one's ground
落伍; 失势
I did not lose a word of his speech.
他的演说我没有听漏一个字。
The ship and its crew were lost on the reef.
那条船及船员都触礁遇难了。
Such behaviour lost him his job.
这种行为使他失去职业。

词性变化

lose
[lu:z]
vi.

(1)

亏本, 蒙受损失

(2)

失败, 输

(3)

(钟、表等)走慢

(4)

逊色
Does your watch gain or lose?
你的表走得快, 还是走得慢?
My watch loses two minutes a day.
我的表每天慢两分钟。

习惯用语

be lost in
全神贯注于; 沉湎于; 不胜...之至

be lost on[upon]
对...不起作用, 不能引起...的注意

be lost to
不再属于...所有; 对...无动于衷

be lost without sth.
[口]缺少某物就无法有效地工作[愉快地生活]

lose by
因...而遭受损失

lose oneself in
迷路于; 全神贯注于...之中; 消失于

lose out
[口](竞赛)失败; 达不到目的

lose out on
[美口]输去; 未能占...上风

用法词典

lose
(中古英语 lesen, lesen 失<古英语 losian 失) (lost; losing)

英文相关词典

lose
fail    flop    forfeit    mislay    misplace    sacrifice    find    gain    win    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

lose
错过;失去, 丢失, 丢下;输掉, 败

美国传统词典

lose
lose
AHD:[l?z]
D.J.[lu8z]
K.K.[luz]
v.
lost[l?st, l?st] los.ing, los.es
v.tr.

(1)

To be unsuccessful in retaining possession of; mislay:
He's always losing his keys on the way out the door.

(2)

To come to be deprived of the ownership, care, or control of (something one has had), as by negligence, accident, or theft:
I've lost three umbrellas this year. Britain lost its American colonies in a revolution.

(3)

To be deprived of (something one has had):
lost their lives; lost her youth through hardship.

(4)

To be bereaved of:
lost his wife.

(5)

To be unable to keep alive:
a doctor who has lost very few patients.

(6)

To be unable to maintain, sustain, or keep:
lost everything in the stock market crash; is losing supporters by changing his mind.

(7)

To fail to win; fail in:
lost the game; lost the court case.

(8)

To fail to use or take advantage of:
Don't lose a chance to improve your position.

(9)

To fail to hear, see, or understand:
We lost the plane in the fog. I lost her when she started speaking about thermodynamics.

(10)

To let (oneself) become unable to find the way.

(11)

To remove (oneself), as from everyday reality into a fantasy world.

(12)

To rid oneself of:
lost five pounds.

(13)

To consume aimlessly; waste:
lost a week in idle occupations.

(14)

To stray or wander from:
lose one's way.

(15)

To elude or outdistance:
lost their pursuers.

(16)

To be outdistanced by:
chased the thieves but lost them.

(17)

To become slow by (a specified amount of time). Used of a timepiece.

(18)

To cause or result in the loss of:
Failure to reply to the advertisement lost her the job.

(19)

To cause to be destroyed. Usually used in the passive:
Both planes were lost in the crash.

(20)

To cause to be damned.
v.intr.

(1)

To suffer loss.

(2)

To be defeated.

(3)

To operate or run slow. Used of a timepiece.

常用词组

lose out
To fail to achieve or receive an expected gain.

习惯用语

lose out on
To miss (an opportunity, for example).

lose time

(1)

To operate too slowly. Used of a timepiece.

(2)

To delay advancement.

语源

(1)

Middle English losen

(2)

from Old English losian [to perish]

(3)

from los [loss] * see leu-

英汉船舶大词典

lose
n.亏损

英汉法学大词典

lose
v.败 ,丢失,失去, 丧失 ,失败,遗失

英汉航空大词典

lose
n.损失,赔钱;n.遗失,丧失

英汉化学大词典

lose
vt.失去,白费,错过

英汉海运大词典

lose
失,丢,失落,损失白费

基本词义

lose
失,丢失,损失迷(路)变慢(钟表)

基本词义

lose
失,丢,失落白费

基本词义

lose
丢,失落,白费,失,丢失,损失,迷(路),变慢(钟表)

英汉计算机大词典

lose
vt.失去(白费,错过

英汉水利大词典

lose
n.失,损失,错过

英汉中医大词典

lose
n.失,丧失,丢失

电子邮件: 版权所有 一切网及原始资料出版社Copyright © 2004