简明英汉词典

literally
[5litErEli]
adv.
照字面意义, 逐字地

美国传统词典[双解]

literally
lit.er.al.ly
AHD:[l1t“…r-…-l?]
D.J.[6lit**li8]
K.K.[6l!t+*li]
adv.(副词)

(1)

In a literal manner; word for word:
照字面地,逐字地:
translated the Greek passage literally.
逐字翻译希腊文章

(2)

Abbr. lit.In a literal or strict sense:
缩写 lit.完全地,认真的:在确切或严格的意义上:
Don't take my remarks literally.
别把我的话当真

(3)

Usage Problem
【用法疑难】

(4)

Really; actually:
真实地;确切地:
“There are people in the world who literally do not know how to boil water”(Craig Claiborne)
“世界上确实有不知道该怎么烧水的人”(克雷格·克莱本)

(5)

Used as an intensive before a figurative expression.
在修饰语前表强调

用法

(1)

For more than a hundred years, critics have remarked on the incoherency of using literally in a way that suggests the exact opposite of its primary sense of “in a manner that accords with the literal sense of the words.” In 1926, for example, H.W. Fowler cited the example
数百年来,批评家们一直在讨论literally 的一种用法的不连续性, 这一用法使其具有与主要意义“和字面意思相吻合地”正好相反的含义。例如,在1926年,H.W.福勒援引了这样一个例子
“The 300,000 Unionists . . . will be literally thrown to the wolves.”
“这三十万联邦主义上者……确实会被扔进狼群中”。

(2)

The practice does not stem from a change in the meaning of literally itself—if it did, the word would long since have come to mean “virtually” or “figuratively”—but from a natural tendency to use the word as a general intensive meaning “without exaggeration,” as in They had literally no help from the government on the project, where no contrast with the figurative sense of the words is intended. This looser use of the word literally does not usually create problems, but it can lead to an inadvertently comic effect when the word is used together with an idiomatic expression that has its source in a frozen figure of speech, such as in I literally died laughing.
这一用法并不根源于literally 本身意义的演变——如果是这样的话, 这个词早就会有“几乎”或“比喻地”的意思——而是来源于把这个词用作一个一般的加强词表示“毫不夸张”这样一个自然趋势,正如在事实上他们没有获得政府对这一计划的帮助 中, 并没有与句子的喻意形成任何对比。literally 的这一不精确的用法通常并不会产生什么问题, 但当它与一个源于固定修饰的俗语连用时,会偶尔产生喜剧性效果,如我真的笑死了

现代英汉词典

literally
[5lItErElI]
adv.

(1)

精确地

(2)

逐字翻译地
to translate literally
逐字地翻译

现代英汉综合大辞典

literally
[5litErEli]
adv.

(1)

照字义, 逐字地

(2)

真正, 完全

(3)

差不多, 简直
The children were literally starving.
孩子们的确是在挨饿。
The city was literally destroyed.
城市差不多全毁了。

用法词典

literally
(literal 逐字的 + -ly …地)

英文相关词典

literally
actually    exactly    really    word-for-word    figuratively    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

literally
照字面

美国传统词典

literally
lit.er.al.ly
AHD:[l1t“…r-…-l?]
D.J.[6lit**li8]
K.K.[6l!t+*li]
adv.

(1)

In a literal manner; word for word:
translated the Greek passage literally.

(2)

Abbr. lit.In a literal or strict sense:
Don't take my remarks literally.

(3)

Usage Problem

(4)

Really; actually:
“There are people in the world who literally do not know how to boil water”(Craig Claiborne)

(5)

Used as an intensive before a figurative expression.

用法

(1)

For more than a hundred years, critics have remarked on the incoherency of using literally in a way that suggests the exact opposite of its primary sense of “in a manner that accords with the literal sense of the words.” In 1926, for example, H.W. Fowler cited the example
“The 300,000 Unionists . . . will be literally thrown to the wolves.”

(2)

The practice does not stem from a change in the meaning of literally itself—if it did, the word would long since have come to mean “virtually” or “figuratively”—but from a natural tendency to use the word as a general intensive meaning “without exaggeration,” as in They had literally no help from the government on the project, where no contrast with the figurative sense of the words is intended. This looser use of the word literally does not usually create problems, but it can lead to an inadvertently comic effect when the word is used together with an idiomatic expression that has its source in a frozen figure of speech, such as in I literally died laughing.

英汉化学大词典

literally
adv.字面上,简直

英汉经贸大词典

literally
adv.字面上,简直

英汉计算机大词典

literally
adv.字面上(简直)

电子邮件: 版权所有 一切网及原始资料出版社Copyright © 2004