简明英汉词典

limerick
[5limErik]
n.
五行打油诗(一种通俗幽默短诗,有五行组成,韵式为aabba)

美国传统词典[双解]

limerick
lim.er.ick
AHD:[l1m“…r-1k]
D.J.[6lim*ik]
K.K.[6l!m+!k]
n.(名词)
A light humorous, nonsensical, or bawdy verse of five anapestic lines usually with the rhyme scheme aabba.
五行打油诗:韵脚通常为aabba 的幽默、无聊或下流的抑抑扬格五行诗

语源
After Limerick
源自 Limerick

注释
Etymologies can sometimes be a bit disappointing, as, for example, when one is told that limerick is named after a city or county in Ireland without being told why it is so named. Unfortunately, we run into a difficulty here that is not uncommonly faced by etymologists, namely, that no one is precisely sure why this piece of humorous verse was so named. One theory is that it was named for a group of poets who wrote in Limerick in the 18th century; another, that it came from a custom at parties of making up a nonsense verse and following it with a chorus of “Will you come up to Limerick.” In any case, the first limericks appeared in books published in 1820 and 1821, and the form was popularized by Edward Lear in a collection published in 1846. The word itself, however, is not recorded until 1896. Let us sum up by saying: “There once was a verse form named limerick./No one can account for the name of it./Some think from a game/Or from poets it came./If you know please come up to Limerick.”
查看词源学后会经常令我们失望,这是因为,比如,当某人得知limerick 是由爱尔兰的一城市(或一个郡的)名字而来, 却并不告知这样命名的原因。不幸的是,我们碰到了一个词源学家经常遇到的难题,那就是,没有一个人能确定为什么这种幽默的诗歌这样命名。一种理论认为它是源于18世纪在利默里克写作的一群诗人;还有一种看法认为它是源于一种集会上的风俗,这种风俗要求写完一毫无意义的诗后众人合唱“你将去利默里克吗”。 不管怎样,1820年和1821年出版的这种五行打油诗集子广为流传,爱德华·利尔于1846年出版的集子使这种形式得到普及。但是,这个单词直到1896年才有记载。我们可以通过这么说来总结:“曾经有种诗的形式名叫利默里克。/但没有人能解释它的名字。/有人认为源于一种游戏/或源于一群诗人。/如果你知道就到利默里克来。”

基本词义

Limerick
Lim.er.ick
AHD:[l1m“…r-1k, l1m“r1k]
D.J.[6lim*ik, 6limrik]
K.K.[6l!m+!k, 6l!mr!k]
NONE(无词性)
A borough of southwest Ireland on the Shannon River estuary. It was an important Norse settlement in the 9th and 10th centuries and was taken by the English in the late 12th century. The city is noted for its fine lace. Population, 60,736.
利默尼里克:爱尔兰西南部一地区,位于香农河河口。在9世纪和10世纪时是斯堪的纳维亚人的重要居住地,在12世纪后期被英格兰人占领。以出产精美的绣花边闻名。人口60,736

现代英汉词典

limerick
[5lImErIk]
n.
五行打油诗

现代英汉综合大辞典

limerick
[5limErik]
n.
(按 aabba 押韵的)五行打油诗

美国传统词典

limerick
lim.er.ick
AHD:[l1m“…r-1k]
D.J.[6lim*ik]
K.K.[6l!m+!k]
n.
A light humorous, nonsensical, or bawdy verse of five anapestic lines usually with the rhyme scheme aabba.

语源
After Limerick

注释
Etymologies can sometimes be a bit disappointing, as, for example, when one is told that limerick is named after a city or county in Ireland without being told why it is so named. Unfortunately, we run into a difficulty here that is not uncommonly faced by etymologists, namely, that no one is precisely sure why this piece of humorous verse was so named. One theory is that it was named for a group of poets who wrote in Limerick in the 18th century; another, that it came from a custom at parties of making up a nonsense verse and following it with a chorus of “Will you come up to Limerick.” In any case, the first limericks appeared in books published in 1820 and 1821, and the form was popularized by Edward Lear in a collection published in 1846. The word itself, however, is not recorded until 1896. Let us sum up by saying: “There once was a verse form named limerick./No one can account for the name of it./Some think from a game/Or from poets it came./If you know please come up to Limerick.”

基本词义

Limerick
Lim.er.ick
AHD:[l1m“…r-1k, l1m“r1k]
D.J.[6lim*ik, 6limrik]
K.K.[6l!m+!k, 6l!mr!k]
NONE
A borough of southwest Ireland on the Shannon River estuary. It was an important Norse settlement in the 9th and 10th centuries and was taken by the English in the late 12th century. The city is noted for its fine lace. Population, 60,736.

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