简明英汉词典

life
[laif]
n.
生命, 生活, 一生, 寿命, 生命力, 传记

美国传统词典[双解]

life
life
AHD:[lof]
D.J.[laif]
K.K.[la!f]
n.(名词)
【复数】 lives[lovz]

(1)

Biology
【生物学】

(2)

The property or quality that distinguishes living organisms from dead organisms and inanimate matter, manifested in functions such as metabolism, growth, reproduction, and response to stimuli or adaptation to the environment originating from within the organism.
生命:活的有机物区别于死的有机物和无机物的特性和性质,主要表现在新陈代谢、生长发育、生殖、对刺激的反应、对环境的适应等有机体本身所固有的机能中

(3)

The characteristic state or condition of a living organism.
生命:活的有机物特有的状态或状况

(4)

Living organisms considered as a group:
生物:活的有机物的总称:
plant life; marine life.
植物;海洋生物

(5)

A living being, especially a person:
活人,人命:活的生命,尤指人:
an earthquake that claimed hundreds of lives.
地震造成几百人死亡

(6)

The physical, mental, and spiritual experiences that constitute existence:
生活:构成存在的心理、智力和精神体验:
the artistic life of a writer.
一个作家的艺术生涯

(7)

The interval of time between birth and death:
一生,寿命:从出生到死亡之间的时间:
She led a good, long life.
她的一生幸福长寿

(8)

The interval of time between one's birth and the present:
生命:从某人出生到目前的这一段时间:
has had hay fever all his life.
他一生下来就一直患枯草热

(9)

A particular segment of one's life:
人生阶段:一个人一生中的某一特定阶段:
my adolescent life.
我的青少年时期

(10)

The period from an occurrence until death:
终身:从出现一直到死亡的时期:
elected for life; paralyzed for life.
为终身选择;终身瘫痪

(11)

Slang A sentence of imprisonment lasting till death.
【俚语】 终身监禁:监禁直到死亡的一种刑罚

(12)

The time for which something exists or functions:
使用期,有效期:某物存在或工作的时间:
the useful life of a car.
汽车的使用寿命

(13)

A spiritual state regarded as a transcending of corporeal death.
灵魂存在:一种被认为超越了肉体死亡的精神状态

(14)

An account of a person's life; a biography.
传记:某人生活的记述;传记

(15)

Human existence, relationships, or activity in general:
生活:广义上人的存在、关系或活动:
real life; everyday life.
真实的生活;日常生活

(16)

A manner of living:
生活方式:
led a hard life.
过着艰难的生活

(17)

A specific, characteristic manner of existence. Used of inanimate objects:
存在:一种特定的、独特的存在方式。用于无生命的物体:
“Great institutions seem to have a life of their own, independent of those who run them”(New Republic)
“大机构似乎有自己的存在方式,独立于经营管理他们的人”(新共和国)

(18)

The activities and interests of a particular area or realm:
活动,社交活动:某一具体的地区或领域的活动或兴趣:
musical life in New York.
纽约的音乐活动

(19)

A source of vitality; an animating force:
活力的源泉;活跃的力量:
She's the life of the show.
她是演出中最活跃的人

(20)

Liveliness or vitality; animation:
活力,生命力;生气:
a face that is full of life.
充满生气的脸

(21)

Something that actually exists regarded as a subject for an artist:
活体模型:作为艺术家的主题的确实存在的东西:
painted from life.
写真绘画

(22)

Actual environment or reality; nature.
世事:实际的环境或现实;自然

(23)

Christian Science God.
【基督教科学派】 上帝

习惯用语

as big as life

(1)

Life-size.
与实物一般大小

(2)

Actually present.
确确实实存在的

bring to life

(1)

To cause to regain consciouness.
使恢复知觉

(2)

To put spirit into; to animate.
使活跃;使生动

(3)

To make lifelike.
使逼真

come to life
To become animated; grow excited.
变得活跃;变得兴奋

for dear life
Desperately or urgently:
拼命地,绝望地:
I ran for dear life when I saw the tiger.
当我看到老虎时,我感到绝望了

for life
Till the end of one's life.
终生:直到生命终结

for the life of (one)
Though trying hard:
无论如何:
For the life of me I couldn't remember his name.
我无论如何也想不起他的名字

not on your life【非正式用语】
Absolutely not; not for any reason whatsoever.
绝对不;无论如何也不

take (one's) life
To commit suicide.
自杀

take (someone's) life
To commit murder.
谋杀

the good life
A wealthy, luxurious way of living.
富裕、奢侈的生活方式

the life of Riley【非正式用语】
An easy life.
轻松舒适的生活

the life of the party【非正式用语】
An animated, amusing person who is the center of attention at a social gathering.
聚会的灵魂人物:在社交场合是人们注意的焦点的活跃的、有趣的人

to save (one's) life
No matter how hard one tries:
无论如何:不论某人多么努力:
He can't ski to save his life.
他无论如何也不会滑雪

true to life
Conforming to reality.
栩栩如生的

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old English lof * see leip-
源自 古英语 lof *参见 leip-

现代英汉词典

life
[laIf]
n.
lives

(1)

生命
Animals and plants have life.
动物和植物是有生命的。

(2)

生物

(3)

生存期;生存状态

(4)

生活;生计
He leads a happy life in the country.
他在乡村过着幸福的生活。

(5)

一生
a life member
终身会员
all my life
我的一生

(6)

使用期限

(7)

生物(总称)
plant life
植物

(8)

生活经验

(9)

精神;生气
The children were jumping about and full of life.
孩子们来回跳动,充满了活力。

(10)

无期徒刑,终身监禁 (= life imprisonment)

(11)

传记 (= life story)

(12)

模特儿
life classes
画模特儿的写生课

现代英汉综合大辞典

life
[laif]
n.
(pl.lives[laivz])

(1)

生命, 性命

(2)

寿命, 一生, 一辈子

(3)

[总称]生物

(4)

人生, 世事, 处世

(5)

传记

(6)

生活, 生存; 生计, 生涯

(7)

精神, 生气, 活力; [喻]支柱, 灵魂

(8)

无生命物所具有的特性, 弹性

(9)

(死里逃生后的)新生命, 新机会

(10)

活体模型; 实物

(11)

被保险者

(12)

活(动)的状态

(13)

无期徒刑
devote one's whole life to the study of science
一辈子献身于科学研究
The L-of Shakespeare
《莎士比亚传记》
He was fighting for his political life.
他正为他的政治生涯奋斗。
The murderer received a life sentence.
该凶犯被判无期徒刑。

继承用法

life-and-death,life-or-death
adj.
生死攸关的

lifeblood
n.

(1)

保持生命必需的血液; [喻]生命线, 命根子

(2)

生命力或生命之源的力量

lifeboat
[5laIfbEJt]
n.
救生艇

life-force
n.
生命力

life-form
n.
生物

life-giving
adj.

(1)

给予生命力的

(2)

提神的

lifeguard
[5laIf^B:d]
n.
救生员

life-jacket
n.
救生衣

life-kiss
n.
口对口的人工呼吸

lifelong
[5laIflRN]
adj.
毕生的

lifeman
[`laIfmEn]
n.
故意令人感到自卑者

lifemanship
[`laIfmEnFIp]
n.
通过困惑别人(或动摇士气)而使自己占上风的一种手法

lifesaver
n.
救生员; 救命物; [俚]应急的东西

lifesaving
n.
救生(法)

词性变化

life
adj.
救生用的; 救生的

life-sized
adj.
与原物一般大小的

lifespan
[`laIfspAn]
n.
存在时间, 正常运行时间; 平均生命期, 寿命

life-spring
n.
生命源泉

life-strings [pl. ]
n.
维持生命之物

life-style
n.
生活方

lifeway
[`laIfweI]
n.
生活方式, 生活

lifework
[`laIf`w\:k]
n.
毕生的事业, 一生中最重要的工作

lifefull
adj.

(1)

充满生气的

(2)

赋于生命的

lifeless
[5laIflIs]
adj.

(1)

无生命的

(2)

呆板的, 不活跃的, 死气沉沉的

(3)

已死的

(4)

无生物的

lifelike
[5laIflaIk]
adj.
逼真的

lifer
[5laIfE(r)]
n.

(1)

无期徒刑犯

(2)

无期徒刑

(3)

职业军人

lifeward
adv.
趋向生命地

习惯用语

a bad life

(1)

不道德的生活

(2)

估计活不到平均寿命的人

a future life
【宗】来生

a good life

(1)

好的生活

(2)

有道德的生活

(3)

可能超过(人寿保险所统计出的)平均寿命的人

a matter of life and death
生死攸关的事情

all one's life
一生

anything for a quiet life
只求生活安宁其他怎么都行

as large as life

(1)

与原物一样大

(2)

[口, 谑]体态容貌完整无缺, 千真万确, 不容置疑

as big as life

(1)

与原物一样大

(2)

[口, 谑]体态容貌完整无缺, 千真万确, 不容置疑

as much as one's life is worth
[口]性命攸关

be given a life
(棒球等游戏中)被迫退场前还有一次机会

bear a charmed life
有护身符, 冥冥中有神保佑

have a charmed life
有护身符, 冥冥中有神保佑

lead a charmed life
有护身符, 冥冥中有神保佑

bet one's life
[俚]拿一切打赌; 确信; 管保没错

Bless my life!
哎呀!好家伙! 我的天哪!

bother the life out of sb.
跟某人纠缠不已; 不给某人安生; 纠缠某人没完

harass the life out of sb.
跟某人纠缠不已; 不给某人安生; 纠缠某人没完

nag the life out of sb.
跟某人纠缠不已; 不给某人安生; 纠缠某人没完

plague the life out of sb.
跟某人纠缠不已; 不给某人安生; 纠缠某人没完

pester the life out of sb.
跟某人纠缠不已; 不给某人安生; 纠缠某人没完

worry the life out of sb.
跟某人纠缠不已; 不给某人安生; 纠缠某人没完

breathe new life into
给予生气, 给予活力, 赋与生机

give new life into
给予生气, 给予活力, 赋与生机

infuse new life into
给予生气, 给予活力, 赋与生机

bring to life
使苏醒[复活]

carry one5s life in one's hands
冒险从事某项活动; 冒生命危险

take one5s life in one's hands
冒险从事某项活动; 冒生命危险

cat -and-dog life
经常争吵的生活; 鸡犬不宁的日子

choke the life out of sb.
把某人闷[掐]死

come to life
苏醒过来

depart (from) this life
离开人间, 逝世

escape with bare life
仅以身免, 死里逃生

escape with life and limb
未受重伤而逃脱

eternal life
【宗】永生

expectation of life (=life expectancy)
(根据概率统计求得的)估计寿命

for dear life
为了逃命, 拼命地, 不顾死活地

for life

(1)

终身

(2)

为着保全生命

for one's life

(1)

(=for the life of me)[用于否定句]无论如何也不..., 死也不肯...

(2)

为了逃命; 拼命地, 全力以赴地

galvanize into [to] life (=galvanize life into)
使(某人)受到刺激而振奋活跃起来; 使(市场)再度活跃; 使(问题)重新提起

gasp one's life away
断气, 死去

gasp one's life out
断气, 死去

get on in life
发迹

give one's life
献出自己的生命, 为...捐躯

lay down one's life
献出自己的生命, 为...捐躯

guy the life out of sb.
无情嘲笑某人

have as many lives as a cat
死不了; 不容易死; 富于生命力

high life

(1)

上流社会的生活, 上流社会

(2)

一种渊源于西非具有强烈节奏的舞蹈

How's life?
你生活得好吗?

I'll bet my life.
我敢用生命担保; 当然, 管保没错。

in life

(1)

[口][用以加强语气]世界上; 根本; 极其

(2)

一生中, 在世之时

lead a dog's life
(使某人)过着受折磨的日子

lead sb. a dog's life
(使某人)过着受折磨的日子

lead fast life
过着放荡的生活

live a double life
过着双重人格的生活, 搞两面派

lead a double life
过着双重人格的生活, 搞两面派

lose one's life
丧命; 死

make sb.'s life a hell
使某人终日苦恼, 过着地狱般的生活

mark for life
给(某人)留下终身的创伤

my life
我的心肝(称呼最心爱的人)

on your life
[口]在任何情况下; 无论如何

pawn one's life
以生命保证

put life into sth.
用全部精力做某事; 使某事充满活力或生机

put some life into sth.
[口]鼓起劲来做某事

put more life into sth.
[口]鼓起劲来做某事

raise to life
使复活

recall to life
使苏醒

retire into private life
退休

risk one's life
拼着性命, 冒生命危险

safe in life and limb
安然无恙

sound in life and limb
安然无恙

save one's life
[口]死也..., 怎么也...

He could not help laughing to save his life
他怎么也忍不住笑。

sb.'s life is not worth a day's purchase
某人很难再活一天[一小时]

sb.'s life is not worth a hour's purchase
某人很难再活一天[一小时]

see life
见见世面; 享受享受; 交游广阔

seek sb.'s life
图谋杀害某人

sell one's life dearly
死得够本; 给敌人巨大损失后而阵亡

settled in life
成家; 生活得到安顿

small life
比真人略小的尺寸(指肖像)

still life
静物写生

take life
杀生

take one's own life
自杀

take sb.'s life
把某人杀死; 夺去某人生命

That's life.
这就是人生。

the life and the soul
灵魂; 首要人物; 活跃分子

the life of Riley
[俚]无忧无虑的生活, 安逸[奢侈]的生活

the other life
【宗】来世

eternal life
【宗】来世

everlasting life
【宗】来世

future life
【宗】来世

That is the life.
这才够劲; 这才够意思。

this life
【宗】今生

to the life
逼真的, 栩栩如生的

upon my life
[口]以我的生命担保; 我敢断言; 说句良心话

What a life!
人生太苦了!

While there is life there is hope.
[谚]留得青山在, 不怕没柴烧。

life for life
以命偿命

Life is but a span.
人生几何; 人生如朝露。

Life is made up of little things.
[谚]人生是由琐碎的事物构成的。

Life is not all beer and skittles.
[谚]人生非只吃喝玩乐而已; 人生非尽乐事。

life of the mind
精神生活; 想象的境界

用法词典

life
来自古英语的lif〈印欧语系的词根leibh生活)

英文相关词典

life
being    existence    death    

[七国语言]英汉电子工程大词典

life
寿命

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

life
生命

[七国语言]英汉机械大词典

life
寿命

[七国语言]英汉建筑大词典

life
寿命

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

life
生命, 生活

[七国语言]英汉物理大词典

life
寿命

[七国语言]英汉医学大词典

life
生活, 生命

[七国语言]英汉原子能大词典

life
寿命, 使用期限

美国传统词典

life
life
AHD:[lof]
D.J.[laif]
K.K.[la!f]
n.
pl. lives[lovz]

(1)

Biology

(2)

The property or quality that distinguishes living organisms from dead organisms and inanimate matter, manifested in functions such as metabolism, growth, reproduction, and response to stimuli or adaptation to the environment originating from within the organism.

(3)

The characteristic state or condition of a living organism.

(4)

Living organisms considered as a group:
plant life; marine life.

(5)

A living being, especially a person:
an earthquake that claimed hundreds of lives.

(6)

The physical, mental, and spiritual experiences that constitute existence:
the artistic life of a writer.

(7)

The interval of time between birth and death:
She led a good, long life.

(8)

The interval of time between one's birth and the present:
has had hay fever all his life.

(9)

A particular segment of one's life:
my adolescent life.

(10)

The period from an occurrence until death:
elected for life; paralyzed for life.

(11)

Slang A sentence of imprisonment lasting till death.

(12)

The time for which something exists or functions:
the useful life of a car.

(13)

A spiritual state regarded as a transcending of corporeal death.

(14)

An account of a person's life; a biography.

(15)

Human existence, relationships, or activity in general:
real life; everyday life.

(16)

A manner of living:
led a hard life.

(17)

A specific, characteristic manner of existence. Used of inanimate objects:
“Great institutions seem to have a life of their own, independent of those who run them”(New Republic)

(18)

The activities and interests of a particular area or realm:
musical life in New York.

(19)

A source of vitality; an animating force:
She's the life of the show.

(20)

Liveliness or vitality; animation:
a face that is full of life.

(21)

Something that actually exists regarded as a subject for an artist:
painted from life.

(22)

Actual environment or reality; nature.

(23)

Christian Science God.

习惯用语

as big as life

(1)

Life-size.

(2)

Actually present.

bring to life

(1)

To cause to regain consciouness.

(2)

To put spirit into; to animate.

(3)

To make lifelike.

come to life
To become animated; grow excited.

for dear life
Desperately or urgently:
I ran for dear life when I saw the tiger.

for life
Till the end of one's life.

for the life of (one)
Though trying hard:
For the life of me I couldn't remember his name.

not on your lifeInformal
Absolutely not; not for any reason whatsoever.

take (one's) life
To commit suicide.

take (someone's) life
To commit murder.

the good life
A wealthy, luxurious way of living.

the life of RileyInformal
An easy life.

the life of the partyInformal
An animated, amusing person who is the center of attention at a social gathering.

to save (one's) life
No matter how hard one tries:
He can't ski to save his life.

true to life
Conforming to reality.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old English lof * see leip-

[名词委审定]英汉电工名词(1998)

life
寿命

英汉船舶大词典

life
n.生活,寿命

英汉电力大词典

life
n.寿命,使用期限

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

life
寿命,使用期限

英汉电信大词典

life
n.寿命

英汉地质大词典

life
n.寿命,操作年限,使用期限

英汉法学大词典

life
n.生计 ,生命,性命

英汉广播大词典

life
n.寿命,使用期限,寿命

英汉航海大词典

life
n.寿命

英汉环境大词典

life
n.生命

英汉航空大词典

life
n.生命,寿命;n.寿命

英汉海运大词典

life
(使用)寿命,(使用)期限,延续时间长久性,耐久性生命,生活,生存

基本词义

life
救生衣耐用度,(使用)期限,延续时间,长久性,耐久性,生命,生活,生存,寿命

基本词义

life
耐用度(使用)期限,延续时间长久性,耐久性生命,生活,生存寿命

基本词义

life
设计寿命,设计使用年限

基本词义

life
生命,生活,生存寿命,使用期限

基本词义

life
(使用)寿命,(使用)期限耐用度

英汉经贸大词典

life
n.寿命

英汉计算机大词典

life
n.生命(寿命,实物

英汉机械大词典

life
n.生命,生命

英汉建筑大词典

life
n.生命,使用期限,耐久性,寿命,操作年限,使用期限

英汉能源大词典

life
n.生命,寿命,实物

航空英语缩写词典

LIFE
Linear Integrated Flight Equipment 线性综合飞行设备

英汉水利大词典

life
n.生命,寿命,使用期限

英汉心理学大词典

life
生命

英汉冶金大词典

life
n.上升,提升;n.生命,寿命

英汉仪器仪表术语词典

life
寿命[ 对不可修复的仪器仪表或器件指发生失效前的工作时间。对可修复的仪器]

英汉医学大词典

life
n.生命

英汉中医大词典

life
n.生命,性命,寿命

英汉造纸大词典

life
n.使用寿命

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